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  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    César, William;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    The goal of this thesis is the development of technological and numerical tools for the monitoring of indoor air quality. That comprises the design of miniaturized sensors capable of detecting a large number of pollutants, and the development of inverse models allowing ...

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Moura Rebouças, Deborah;
    Country: France

    Les changements climatiques globaux sont responsables de l'augmentation de la fréquence des épisodes de sécheresse et de fortes concentrations d'ozone troposphérique, qui peuvent se produire simultanément pour réduire la croissance des plantes en limitant la production ...

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Mouysset, Sandrine;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    The Spectral Clustering consists in creating, from the spectral elements of a Gaussian affinity matrix, a low-dimension space in which data are grouped into clusters. This unsupervised method is mainly based on Gaussian affinity measure, its parameter and its spectral e...

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Bubien, Virginie;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Hereditary breast cancers (BCs) account for 5-10% of all diagnosed BCs, yet only 50% of such tumors arise in the context of a germline mutation in known tumor suppressor genes such as BRCA1 or BRCA2. The vast genetic heterogeneity which characterizes BRCAx families make...

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    BELLEC, Stevan;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    In this work, we are interested in the evolution of water waves under the gravity force using asymptotics models. We start by recalling the derivation of most used models (Boussinesq, Green-Naghdi,...) and we introduce a new model expressed amplitude-flux, which is an a...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Velichkov, Bozhidar;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: Italy, France

    The shape optimization problems naturally appear in engineering and biology. They aim to answer questions as:-What a perfect wing may look like?-How to minimize the resistance of a moving object in a gas or a fluid?-How to build a rod of maximal rigidity?-What is the be...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Colman, Charlotte;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: France, Belgium

    Fine recycled aggregates are an important waste steam coming from the demolition of old concrete structures. They are up to now not valorized because of an increased water absorption, lower density and higher fines content compared to natural aggregates. Moreover, they ...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Rincel, Marion;
    Country: France
    Project: ANR | IBISS: Incorporation Biologique et Inégalités Sociales de Santé (ANR-12-DSSA-0004)

    Early-life adversity is a main risk factor for psychiatric disorders at adulthood; however the mechanisms underlying the programming effect of stress during development are still unknown. In rodents, chronic maternal separation has long lasting effects in adult offsprin...

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Boudes, Philippe;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    The recognition of the complexity of environmental phenomena and of their links with human activities is a major stake for sciences. This study proposes to explain how sociology can approach environmental thematics and what are the consequences of this opening from the ...

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Joulié, Aurélien;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Q fever is a worldwide zoonosis, due to a strict intracellular bacterium: Coxiella burnetii. Domestic ruminants mainly shed the bacteria in parturition products, vaginal mucus and feces. Humans and animals infect by inhalation of circulating pseudo-spores into the envir...