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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Covington, Martin B.;

    This paper examines the issues involved in the resolution of interjurisdictional water transfer disputes in Virginia. Current interjurisdictional water transfers take place without the full compensation of all individuals and corporate entities that are damaged by the transfers. Water transfer projects remove land from the property tax base of host jurisdiction without compensation for the permanent loss of property tax revenue involved. Due to these uncompensated losses political resistance to such proposals is automatic and intense and leads to delays in the implementation of even worthwhile projects with low levels of negative environmental and social impacts. The existence of these uncompensated, and in some cases unrecognised, external costs and the delays and costs associated with political opposition to water transfers leads to economically less than optimum proposals being adopted to satisfy the water needs of transferring jurisdictions. After examining the institutional mechanisms available in Virginia to facilitate the resolution of interjurisdictional disputes, and similar mechanisms in other states, a proposal is developed to help resolve such conflicts in a more efficient manner that will lead to more nearly optimum proposals for water supply development being adopted and a lessening of the political conflict currently associated with attempts to implement interjurisdictional water transfer proposals in Virginia. M.S.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ VTechWorksarrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ VTechWorksarrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Chen, Zhuo;

    The 20th century witnessed the successive upsurges of feminist movements on the European and North American land. The in-depth reflection of feminists upon gender issues has also given birth to feminist thoughts which are still influential today on women’s lifestyle and way of thinking. When feminist thoughts were introduced to the translation field, new forefront was opened for translators to reinvestigate the gendered nature of language and women’s role in the translation process. Feminist translation studies and practices, thereby, have achieved vigorous development in the west. However, the development of feminist translation in China has been retarded as compared with that in the west after it was introduced. Researchers in this field tended to focus their attention on the review of western feminist translation theories or the study of the Chinese translation of feminist literature in English. Few have claimed to be a feminist translator and conducted relative practices. In this dissertation, the author attempts to explore the reason behind this dilemma and put forward tentative solutions. By carrying out a case study on Lin Yutang’s translation of Fu Sheng Liu Ji (浮生六记), a Chinese classic known for its detailed and vivid depiction of traditional Chinese women, the author explores how Lin, as a Chinese translator, process gender issues and construct Chinese female image under the guidance of his unique feminist ideology in his translation. The author aspires to draw enlightenment from Lin’s case to add new perspectives to feminist translation studies and practices in China and facilitate the localization of this translation genre in its unique cultural context. Master of Arts (Translation and Interpretation)

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Bill, Kristen;

    Recent shifts in wildfire activity in regions of boreal North America indicate decreased resiliency of carbon pools and forest state. Here, I quantify the initial response and long-term recovery of belowground carbon pools to wildfire across various vegetation trajectories in ~140,000km2 area of the Northwest Territories, Canada, across 502 stands ranging from 1-100 years post-fire. Recovery of soil organic carbon depth and stocks post-fire are regulated primarily by time, moisture level, and their interaction. Hydric sites store more carbon than mesic and dry sites, and rates of post-fire soil carbon accumulation are slower in wetter stands than in mesic or dry stands. My results also suggest that shifts in vegetation state are likely to reduce soil organic carbon depth and stocks during the fire-free period. By modelling across gradients of fire history, hydrology, and vegetation dominance, we can predict the short- and long-term consequences of wildfire for ecosystem carbon behaviour. This research was funded by Northern Science Training Program (NSTP), Northern Water Futures, NASA, and was in kind partnership with the Government of the Northwest Territories.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ DSpace at the Univer...arrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Kaller, Damon M;
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    Authors: Wally, Owen Stephen Donald;

    Genetic engineering is a promising strategy for creating agriculturally significant resistance in carrot. Several different transgenic strategies, in addition to conducting a detailed quantification of commonly used promoters to achieve disease resistance were investigated. Tissue-specific patterns and levels of protein expression were characterized in transgenic carrot plants transformed with the ?-glucuronidase gene driven by five promoters: Cauliflower moasaic virus 35S, double 35S (D35S), Arabidopsis ubiquitin (UBQ3), mannopine synthase (mas2) or rooting loci promoter (rolD). UBQ3 promoter provided the highest levels of expression in roots, while D35S and 35S promoters had high expression in leaves. rolD and Mas2 promoters had enhanced root expression; however levels were much lower compared to the constitutive promoters, which were subsequently used in this research. Genes encoding a rice peroxidase (POC1), wheat chitinase (383) and ?1,3- glucanase (638) were introduced into carrot. Lines expressing 638 alone had no enhanced resistance to B. cinerea or S. scleorotiorum, while 383 lines reduced disease symptoms by up to 40%. When 638 and 383 were co-expressed resistance levels were similar to 383 alone. High levels of disease resistance were seen in lines expressing POC1 with 70-90% reduction in symptoms to B. cinerea and S. sclerotiorum. POC1 lines had 20-30% increases in lignin levels in petioles and roots, which was enhanced with pathogen challenge. Several defence genes exhibited strong induction in POC1 expressing plants when induced with fungal cell wall elicitor. Additionally, POC1 lines had reduced H2O2 accumulation during oxidative burst response. POC1 derived resistance was effective towards necrotrophic pathogens. Over-expression of Arabidopsis Nonexpressor of Pathogenesis Related protein 1 was studied in carrot, with two independent lines successfully generated and analyzed. There was no detectable activation of the systemic acquire resistance (SAR) pathways in the absence of pathogens, however, the lines exhibited more intense and longer lasting activation of SAR when elicited with fungal cell walls or Salicylic acid. Both lines were highly resistant against biotrophic and necrotrophic foliar pathogens and the roots were resistant towards A. radicina, indicating broad-spectrum disease resistance. The results from this study demonstrate the feasibility of engineering disease resistance in carrot using several different approaches.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Simon Fraser Univers...arrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Simon Fraser Univers...arrow_drop_down
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    Authors: Nassar, Ahmed Khalaf;

    The rapid pace of urban growth in Dubai has attracted the attention of economists, environmentalists and urban planners. This thesis quantifies the extent of urbanisation within the Emirate since the discovery of oil and investigates the impacts of such growth on urban temperatures. The study used remotely-sensed imagery in the absence of publicly available data on city growth and microclimate. The study used a hybrid classification method and landscape metrics to capture historical urban forms, rates and engines of growth in the Emirate. Stepwise multiple regression analysis techniques were subsequently used to investigate the relationship between the rate and form of urbanisation and the intensity of the urban heat sink between 1990 and 2011. Local Climate Zones were then developed to specifically investigate the impacts of urban geometry variables and proximity to water on both urban heat sinks during the day-time and urban heat islands during the night. The study revealed a significant increase in urban area over time (1972-2011) with accelerated phases of growth, linked to local and global economic conditions, occurring during specific periods. Physical urban growth has now outpaced population growth, indicating urban sprawl. This growth has occurred at the expense of sand and has included a significant increase in vegetation and water bodies unlike other desert cities in the Gulf region. The results demonstrated that urban growth has promoted a heat sink effect during daytime and that all urban land use types contributed to this effect. Urban albedo was not responsible for the daytime urban heat sink; other factors including the specific heat capacity of urban materials, urban geometry and proximity to the Gulf were mainly responsible. Furthermore, increases in vegetation cover and impervious surface cover over time have contributed to the daytime (morning) urban heat sink. At night-time, urban geometry and proximity to the Gulf were the major influences upon the formation of urban heat islands. This research contributes to better understanding of urbanisation in desert cities as demonstrated through Dubai, revealing previously unknown spatiotemporal variations in urban areas across the city through the use of a time-series of satellite images. The findings provide new insights into the impacts of land cover, land use, proximity to water and urban geometry on the formation of urban heat sinks and urban heat islands in the desert environment.

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    Lancaster EPrints
    Thesis . 2015
    Data sources: Lancaster EPrints
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Lancaster EPrints
      Thesis . 2015
      Data sources: Lancaster EPrints
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    Authors: JULIO ANTONIO LARA HERNÁNDEZ;

    Tesis de Licenciatura

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    ResearchGate Data
    Thesis . 2012
    Data sources: Datacite
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      Thesis . 2012
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    Authors: Blank, Richard P.;

    Reconfigurability and reliability are two keys for the success of an AUV mission control software. The Strategic layer of our software architecture is the level where control of the mission is accomplished. Here, code may change to meet the requirements of different missions and must therefore be easily reconfigurable. Structured programming is one method of developing this logical control code for the Strategic level. This thesis will show that this approach is a workable alternative to a strict rule based language currently proposed, but may end up with a large number of code lines to consider if missions are changed. http://archive.org/details/astructuredprogr1094539912 Lieutenant, United States Navy. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

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    Authors: Sailaja, Dronamraju Rani;

    This is an ethnographic study of SOSAD (Save Our Sons And Daughters), which is a Detroit-based, self-help organization of parents and relatives whose children have been killed by other children. This organization formed through the collective effort of a group of parents led by Ms. Clementine Barfield whose son was killed in Detroit. The organization has the following objectives: a) Providing a support group for the parents whose children are killed. b) Actions to increase awareness of the problem and to create programmes aimed toward prevention of crime and the protection of the community. c) Lobbying for legislation to prevent the sale and use of guns, particularly handguns. This research describes the history and formation of SOSAD and attempts to assess the ways in which SOSAD members construct their definitions of the problem of "kids killing kids", as well as their perspectives on the causes and solutions. It includes an assessment of the organization's potential and it's dual role as a self-help group and national grass-roots movement. This research includes a profile of the child and youth killings and patterns of killing for the years 1984-'88. A comparision of SOSAD with similar organizations in the war zones" in Los Angeles, Washington and Chicago is included along with a review of children in war in different parts of the world. This research mainly focusses on SOSAD and it's formation and on the processes and activities, which help it achieve the goal of curbing the problem of children killing children. A Symbolic Interaction perspective is adopted by this research. A qualitative methodology of participant observation and interactive interviews is utilised to obtain data about the organization. The conclusions drawn from the research are the following: a) SOSAD has an impact on the community. The organization has effectively raised the consciousness of the community regarding the problem. b) It's role as a counsellor and a support group helps the parents alleviate their grief. c) It voices the community's anguish against the increasing availability of drugs and guns. d) There are similar organizations which, like SOSAD, fight the problem of children killing children in some of the major cities of United States. SOSAD has acquired a position of organizations. leadership and the respect of the other This research involved the study of the organization, SOSAD, which began as self-help group and is now a nationally recognised national movement.

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    Authors: Timur, Murat;

    Ankara : The Department of Management and the Graduate School of Business Administration of Bilkent Univ., 1993. Thesis (Master's) -- Bilkent University, 1993. Includes bibliographical references leaves 63-66. This study presents a software developed by using Nested Generalized Exemplars, for predicting Istanbul Securities Exchange Composite Index. Information reflected in the past values of frequently used monetary variables are used to predict stock returns. Daily returns of the composite index are predicted by using: Central Bank effective selling price of US Dollar and Deutsche Mark, Istanbul Tahtakale closing selling price of Turkish Republic gold coin and one ounce of gold, Commercial Banks (İş Bank, Akbank, Yapı Kredi Bank, and Ziraat Bank) 3-month average deposit rate and 3-month Government bond interest rates. Data prior to the dates on which the predictions are made are used to learn the forecasting power of variables on composite index and to generate the appropriate rules. The results reveal that the information reflected in the past prices of the variables have significant effects on the ISE composite index. Timur, Murat M.B.A

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Covington, Martin B.;

    This paper examines the issues involved in the resolution of interjurisdictional water transfer disputes in Virginia. Current interjurisdictional water transfers take place without the full compensation of all individuals and corporate entities that are damaged by the transfers. Water transfer projects remove land from the property tax base of host jurisdiction without compensation for the permanent loss of property tax revenue involved. Due to these uncompensated losses political resistance to such proposals is automatic and intense and leads to delays in the implementation of even worthwhile projects with low levels of negative environmental and social impacts. The existence of these uncompensated, and in some cases unrecognised, external costs and the delays and costs associated with political opposition to water transfers leads to economically less than optimum proposals being adopted to satisfy the water needs of transferring jurisdictions. After examining the institutional mechanisms available in Virginia to facilitate the resolution of interjurisdictional disputes, and similar mechanisms in other states, a proposal is developed to help resolve such conflicts in a more efficient manner that will lead to more nearly optimum proposals for water supply development being adopted and a lessening of the political conflict currently associated with attempts to implement interjurisdictional water transfer proposals in Virginia. M.S.

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    Authors: Chen, Zhuo;

    The 20th century witnessed the successive upsurges of feminist movements on the European and North American land. The in-depth reflection of feminists upon gender issues has also given birth to feminist thoughts which are still influential today on women’s lifestyle and way of thinking. When feminist thoughts were introduced to the translation field, new forefront was opened for translators to reinvestigate the gendered nature of language and women’s role in the translation process. Feminist translation studies and practices, thereby, have achieved vigorous development in the west. However, the development of feminist translation in China has been retarded as compared with that in the west after it was introduced. Researchers in this field tended to focus their attention on the review of western feminist translation theories or the study of the Chinese translation of feminist literature in English. Few have claimed to be a feminist translator and conducted relative practices. In this dissertation, the author attempts to explore the reason behind this dilemma and put forward tentative solutions. By carrying out a case study on Lin Yutang’s translation of Fu Sheng Liu Ji (浮生六记), a Chinese classic known for its detailed and vivid depiction of traditional Chinese women, the author explores how Lin, as a Chinese translator, process gender issues and construct Chinese female image under the guidance of his unique feminist ideology in his translation. The author aspires to draw enlightenment from Lin’s case to add new perspectives to feminist translation studies and practices in China and facilitate the localization of this translation genre in its unique cultural context. Master of Arts (Translation and Interpretation)

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    Authors: Bill, Kristen;

    Recent shifts in wildfire activity in regions of boreal North America indicate decreased resiliency of carbon pools and forest state. Here, I quantify the initial response and long-term recovery of belowground carbon pools to wildfire across various vegetation trajectories in ~140,000km2 area of the Northwest Territories, Canada, across 502 stands ranging from 1-100 years post-fire. Recovery of soil organic carbon depth and stocks post-fire are regulated primarily by time, moisture level, and their interaction. Hydric sites store more carbon than mesic and dry sites, and rates of post-fire soil carbon accumulation are slower in wetter stands than in mesic or dry stands. My results also suggest that shifts in vegetation state are likely to reduce soil organic carbon depth and stocks during the fire-free period. By modelling across gradients of fire history, hydrology, and vegetation dominance, we can predict the short- and long-term consequences of wildfire for ecosystem carbon behaviour. This research was funded by Northern Science Training Program (NSTP), Northern Water Futures, NASA, and was in kind partnership with the Government of the Northwest Territories.

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    Authors: Kaller, Damon M;
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    Authors: Wally, Owen Stephen Donald;

    Genetic engineering is a promising strategy for creating agriculturally significant resistance in carrot. Several different transgenic strategies, in addition to conducting a detailed quantification of commonly used promoters to achieve disease resistance were investigated. Tissue-specific patterns and levels of protein expression were characterized in transgenic carrot plants transformed with the ?-glucuronidase gene driven by five promoters: Cauliflower moasaic virus 35S, double 35S (D35S), Arabidopsis ubiquitin (UBQ3), mannopine synthase (mas2) or rooting loci promoter (rolD). UBQ3 promoter provided the highest levels of expression in roots, while D35S and 35S promoters had high expression in leaves. rolD and Mas2 promoters had enhanced root expression; however levels were much lower compared to the constitutive promoters, which were subsequently used in this research. Genes encoding a rice peroxidase (POC1), wheat chitinase (383) and ?1,3- glucanase (638) were introduced into carrot. Lines expressing 638 alone had no enhanced resistance to B. cinerea or S. scleorotiorum, while 383 lines reduced disease symptoms by up to 40%. When 638 and 383 were co-expressed resistance levels were similar to 383 alone. High levels of disease resistance were seen in lines expressing POC1 with 70-90% reduction in symptoms to B. cinerea and S. sclerotiorum. POC1 lines had 20-30% increases in lignin levels in petioles and roots, which was enhanced with pathogen challenge. Several defence genes exhibited strong induction in POC1 expressing plants when induced with fungal cell wall elicitor. Additionally, POC1 lines had reduced H2O2 accumulation during oxidative burst response. POC1 derived resistance was effective towards necrotrophic pathogens. Over-expression of Arabidopsis Nonexpressor of Pathogenesis Related protein 1 was studied in carrot, with two independent lines successfully generated and analyzed. There was no detectable activation of the systemic acquire resistance (SAR) pathways in the absence of pathogens, however, the lines exhibited more intense and longer lasting activation of SAR when elicited with fungal cell walls or Salicylic acid. Both lines were highly resistant against biotrophic and necrotrophic foliar pathogens and the roots were resistant towards A. radicina, indicating broad-spectrum disease resistance. The results from this study demonstrate the feasibility of engineering disease resistance in carrot using several different approaches.

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    Authors: Nassar, Ahmed Khalaf;

    The rapid pace of urban growth in Dubai has attracted the attention of economists, environmentalists and urban planners. This thesis quantifies the extent of urbanisation within the Emirate since the discovery of oil and investigates the impacts of such growth on urban temperatures. The study used remotely-sensed imagery in the absence of publicly available data on city growth and microclimate. The study used a hybrid classification method and landscape metrics to capture historical urban forms, rates and engines of growth in the Emirate. Stepwise multiple regression analysis techniques were subsequently used to investigate the relationship between the rate and form of urbanisation and the intensity of the urban heat sink between 1990 and 2011. Local Climate Zones were then developed to specifically investigate the impacts of urban geometry variables and proximity to water on both urban heat sinks during the day-time and urban heat islands during the night. The study revealed a significant increase in urban area over time (1972-2011) with accelerated phases of growth, linked to local and global economic conditions, occurring during specific periods. Physical urban growth has now outpaced population growth, indicating urban sprawl. This growth has occurred at the expense of sand and has included a significant increase in vegetation and water bodies unlike other desert cities in the Gulf region. The results demonstrated that urban growth has promoted a heat sink effect during daytime and that all urban land use types contributed to this effect. Urban albedo was not responsible for the daytime urban heat sink; other factors including the specific heat capacity of urban materials, urban geometry and proximity to the Gulf were mainly responsible. Furthermore, increases in vegetation cover and impervious surface cover over time have contributed to the daytime (morning) urban heat sink. At night-time, urban geometry and proximity to the Gulf were the major influences upon the formation of urban heat islands. This research contributes to better understanding of urbanisation in desert cities as demonstrated through Dubai, revealing previously unknown spatiotemporal variations in urban areas across the city through the use of a time-series of satellite images. The findings provide new insights into the impacts of land cover, land use, proximity to water and urban geometry on the formation of urban heat sinks and urban heat islands in the desert environment.

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    Lancaster EPrints
    Thesis . 2015
    Data sources: Lancaster EPrints
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      Lancaster EPrints
      Thesis . 2015
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    Authors: JULIO ANTONIO LARA HERNÁNDEZ;

    Tesis de Licenciatura

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    Thesis . 2012
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      Thesis . 2012
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    Authors: Blank, Richard P.;

    Reconfigurability and reliability are two keys for the success of an AUV mission control software. The Strategic layer of our software architecture is the level where control of the mission is accomplished. Here, code may change to meet the requirements of different missions and must therefore be easily reconfigurable. Structured programming is one method of developing this logical control code for the Strategic level. This thesis will show that this approach is a workable alternative to a strict rule based language currently proposed, but may end up with a large number of code lines to consider if missions are changed. http://archive.org/details/astructuredprogr1094539912 Lieutenant, United States Navy. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.

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