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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Van Thuan Hoang; Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq; Philippe Gautret;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; Purpose of Review We reviewed the occurrence of outbreaks at past Olympics and discuss the threat of the COVID-19 pandemic at the Tokyo Games. Recent Findings Evidence for large respiratory tract infection outbreaks at past Olympics is scant. Nevertheless, in order to control the spread of the COVID-19 outbreak, the Tokyo 2020 Olympics were postponed for 2021. Given the high contagiousness of the disease and the epidemiology of COVID-19 in Japan, this decision was appropriate and important in order to safeguard athletes and the public. However, it is a major problem for Japan, involving massive financial losses and a lost opportunity for athletes, coaches, and instructors. Up-to-date epidemiological data is needed on which to base an appropriate decision regarding the Tokyo 2021 Olympics. The actual effect of cancellations of such events in reducing the spread of COVID-19 needs to be determined.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    B. Jesse Shapiro;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Article paru dans Peer Community in Evolutionary Biology; International audience; A recommendation – based on reviews by Luca Ferretti and two anonymous reviewers – of the article: Danesh, G., Elie, B., Michalakis, Y., Sofonea, M. T., Bal, A., Behillil, S., Destras, G., Boutolleau, D., Burrel, S., Marcelin, A.-G., Plantier, J.-C., Thibault, V., Simon-Loriere, E., van der Werf, S., Lina, B., Josset, L., Enouf, V. and Alizon, S. and the COVID SMIT PSL group (2020) Early phylodynamics analysis of the COVID-19 epidemic in France. medRxiv, 2020.06.03.20119925, ver. 3 peer-reviewed and recommended by PCI Evolutionary Biology. doi: 10.1101/2020.06.03.20119925

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Gabriel Wainer; Konrad Hinsen; Kelly Gaither;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The articles in this special issue address the role of computing in battling with the COVID-19 pandemic. We are currently dealing with a third wave of the pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2. Cases are spiking in most European countries, Canada, and the United States. The number of reported cases has reached 55 million worldwide, and over 1.3 million people have died.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Leila Chassery; Gaëtan Texier; Vincent Pommier de Santi; Hervé Chaudet; Nathalie Bonnardel; Liliane Pellegrin;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    In late 2019, an epidemic of SARS-CoV-2 broke out in central China. Within a few months, this new virus had spread right across the globe, officially being classified as a pandemic on 11 March 2020. In France, which was also being affected by the virus, the government applied specific epidemiological management strategies and introduced unprecedented public health measures. This article describes the outbreak management system that was applied within the French military and, more specifically, analyzes an outbreak of COVID-19 that occurred on board a nuclear aircraft carrier. We applied the AcciMap systemic analysis approach to understand the course of events that led to the outbreak and identify the relevant human and organizational failures. Results highlight causal factors at several levels of the outbreak management system. They reveal problems with the benchmarks used for diagnosis and decision-making, and underscore the importance of good communication between different levels. We discuss ways of improving epidemiological management in military context.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Maqsood Aslam; Etienne Farvaque;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; Have negative experiences (in particular, natural disasters) that central bankers’ have known in their early life influenced monetary policy decisions in front of the COVID-19 pandemic? We answer this question using a sample of 19 developing countries. We show that central bankers who experienced episodes of epidemics in their early life lowered interest rates faster and lower during the COVID-19 pandemic. Personal experience of decision-makers has contributed strongly to explain their behavior during the crisis.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Christian Hervé;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
  • Publication . Other literature type . Article . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Camille Manfredi; Sylvie Nail;
    Publisher: Laboratoire d’Études et de Recherche sur le Monde Anglophone
    Country: France

    Covid-19, climate change, flash floods, heat waves, wildfires: the present contribution originates at a moment in history when emergencies and their retinue of emergency measures proliferate, supersede and worsen (less often improve) each other, and when the side effects of one inform and transform our perceptions of the other. Between the environmental consequences of the current disease outbreak, its economic impacts on clean energy transition and the increased frequency of natural disaster...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Ettore Recchi; Emanuele Ferragina; Emily Helmeid; Stefan Pauly; Mirna Safi; Nicolas Sauger; Jen Schradie;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: France, France, Italy

    First published online: 26 May 2020 Panel data covering the French population before and after the outbreak of the Covid-19 epidemic reveal that self-reported health and well-being have improved during the lockdown in comparison to previous years. We name this counterintuitive phenomenon the “eye of the hurricane” paradox: the large majority of individuals who are not infected by the virus may be seeing their current condition in a more positive light than they normally would. There are, however, divergences across social groups that reflect socioeconomic inequalities. In particular, blue-collar workers deviate from the prevailing trend as their level of self-reported health declines over the lockdown period, Parisian residents experience a sudden drop in their subjective well-being, and people working long hours at home exhibit higher levels of stress during the quarantine. The CoCo project is funded by the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche (Flash Covid-19 call for projects).

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Dan Laffoley; John M. Baxter; Diva J. Amon; Joachim Claudet; Jason M. Hall-Spencer; Kirsten Grorud-Colvert; Lisa A. Levin; P. Chris Reid; Alex Rogers; Michelle L. Taylor; +2 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: United Kingdom, France, United States

    Author(s): Laffoley, Dan; Baxter, John M; Amon, Diva J; Claudet, Joachim; Hall-Spencer, Jason M; Grorud-Colvert, Kirsten; Levin, Lisa A; Reid, P Chris; Rogers, Alex D; Taylor, Michelle L; Woodall, Lucy C; Andersen, Natalie F

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Andrew E. Clark; Conchita D'Ambrosio; Ilke Onur; Rong Zhu;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: France, Australia
    Project: EC | SERISS (654221), EC | SSHOC (823782), EC | SHARE-COHESION (870628), EC | SHARE-DEV3 (676536)

    This paper examines the empirical relationship between individuals’ cognitive and non-cognitive abilities and COVID-19 compliance behaviors using cross-country data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). We find that both cognitive and non-cognitive skills predict responsible health behaviors during the COVID-19 crisis. Episodic memory is the most important cognitive skill, while conscientiousness and neuroticism are the most significant personality traits. There is also some evidence of a role for an internal locus of control in compliance. usc Refereed/Peer-reviewed

Advanced search in
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
40 Research products, page 1 of 4
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Van Thuan Hoang; Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq; Philippe Gautret;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; Purpose of Review We reviewed the occurrence of outbreaks at past Olympics and discuss the threat of the COVID-19 pandemic at the Tokyo Games. Recent Findings Evidence for large respiratory tract infection outbreaks at past Olympics is scant. Nevertheless, in order to control the spread of the COVID-19 outbreak, the Tokyo 2020 Olympics were postponed for 2021. Given the high contagiousness of the disease and the epidemiology of COVID-19 in Japan, this decision was appropriate and important in order to safeguard athletes and the public. However, it is a major problem for Japan, involving massive financial losses and a lost opportunity for athletes, coaches, and instructors. Up-to-date epidemiological data is needed on which to base an appropriate decision regarding the Tokyo 2021 Olympics. The actual effect of cancellations of such events in reducing the spread of COVID-19 needs to be determined.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    B. Jesse Shapiro;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Article paru dans Peer Community in Evolutionary Biology; International audience; A recommendation – based on reviews by Luca Ferretti and two anonymous reviewers – of the article: Danesh, G., Elie, B., Michalakis, Y., Sofonea, M. T., Bal, A., Behillil, S., Destras, G., Boutolleau, D., Burrel, S., Marcelin, A.-G., Plantier, J.-C., Thibault, V., Simon-Loriere, E., van der Werf, S., Lina, B., Josset, L., Enouf, V. and Alizon, S. and the COVID SMIT PSL group (2020) Early phylodynamics analysis of the COVID-19 epidemic in France. medRxiv, 2020.06.03.20119925, ver. 3 peer-reviewed and recommended by PCI Evolutionary Biology. doi: 10.1101/2020.06.03.20119925

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Gabriel Wainer; Konrad Hinsen; Kelly Gaither;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The articles in this special issue address the role of computing in battling with the COVID-19 pandemic. We are currently dealing with a third wave of the pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2. Cases are spiking in most European countries, Canada, and the United States. The number of reported cases has reached 55 million worldwide, and over 1.3 million people have died.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Leila Chassery; Gaëtan Texier; Vincent Pommier de Santi; Hervé Chaudet; Nathalie Bonnardel; Liliane Pellegrin;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    In late 2019, an epidemic of SARS-CoV-2 broke out in central China. Within a few months, this new virus had spread right across the globe, officially being classified as a pandemic on 11 March 2020. In France, which was also being affected by the virus, the government applied specific epidemiological management strategies and introduced unprecedented public health measures. This article describes the outbreak management system that was applied within the French military and, more specifically, analyzes an outbreak of COVID-19 that occurred on board a nuclear aircraft carrier. We applied the AcciMap systemic analysis approach to understand the course of events that led to the outbreak and identify the relevant human and organizational failures. Results highlight causal factors at several levels of the outbreak management system. They reveal problems with the benchmarks used for diagnosis and decision-making, and underscore the importance of good communication between different levels. We discuss ways of improving epidemiological management in military context.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Maqsood Aslam; Etienne Farvaque;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; Have negative experiences (in particular, natural disasters) that central bankers’ have known in their early life influenced monetary policy decisions in front of the COVID-19 pandemic? We answer this question using a sample of 19 developing countries. We show that central bankers who experienced episodes of epidemics in their early life lowered interest rates faster and lower during the COVID-19 pandemic. Personal experience of decision-makers has contributed strongly to explain their behavior during the crisis.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Christian Hervé;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France
  • Publication . Other literature type . Article . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Camille Manfredi; Sylvie Nail;
    Publisher: Laboratoire d’Études et de Recherche sur le Monde Anglophone
    Country: France

    Covid-19, climate change, flash floods, heat waves, wildfires: the present contribution originates at a moment in history when emergencies and their retinue of emergency measures proliferate, supersede and worsen (less often improve) each other, and when the side effects of one inform and transform our perceptions of the other. Between the environmental consequences of the current disease outbreak, its economic impacts on clean energy transition and the increased frequency of natural disaster...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Ettore Recchi; Emanuele Ferragina; Emily Helmeid; Stefan Pauly; Mirna Safi; Nicolas Sauger; Jen Schradie;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: France, France, Italy

    First published online: 26 May 2020 Panel data covering the French population before and after the outbreak of the Covid-19 epidemic reveal that self-reported health and well-being have improved during the lockdown in comparison to previous years. We name this counterintuitive phenomenon the “eye of the hurricane” paradox: the large majority of individuals who are not infected by the virus may be seeing their current condition in a more positive light than they normally would. There are, however, divergences across social groups that reflect socioeconomic inequalities. In particular, blue-collar workers deviate from the prevailing trend as their level of self-reported health declines over the lockdown period, Parisian residents experience a sudden drop in their subjective well-being, and people working long hours at home exhibit higher levels of stress during the quarantine. The CoCo project is funded by the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche (Flash Covid-19 call for projects).

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Dan Laffoley; John M. Baxter; Diva J. Amon; Joachim Claudet; Jason M. Hall-Spencer; Kirsten Grorud-Colvert; Lisa A. Levin; P. Chris Reid; Alex Rogers; Michelle L. Taylor; +2 more
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: United Kingdom, France, United States

    Author(s): Laffoley, Dan; Baxter, John M; Amon, Diva J; Claudet, Joachim; Hall-Spencer, Jason M; Grorud-Colvert, Kirsten; Levin, Lisa A; Reid, P Chris; Rogers, Alex D; Taylor, Michelle L; Woodall, Lucy C; Andersen, Natalie F

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Andrew E. Clark; Conchita D'Ambrosio; Ilke Onur; Rong Zhu;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: France, Australia
    Project: EC | SERISS (654221), EC | SSHOC (823782), EC | SHARE-COHESION (870628), EC | SHARE-DEV3 (676536)

    This paper examines the empirical relationship between individuals’ cognitive and non-cognitive abilities and COVID-19 compliance behaviors using cross-country data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). We find that both cognitive and non-cognitive skills predict responsible health behaviors during the COVID-19 crisis. Episodic memory is the most important cognitive skill, while conscientiousness and neuroticism are the most significant personality traits. There is also some evidence of a role for an internal locus of control in compliance. usc Refereed/Peer-reviewed

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