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  • 2024-2024
  • Open Access
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  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Her...

  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Hörauf, Georg;

    The following study serves to develop consciousness about the smaller, not very well-known,emigration from the two southern Swedish cities of Växjö and Kalmar, which are situated inthe province of Småland, to Germany between 1865 and 1914. By using the digital archive ofEmiWeb, the gender, age and marital status of the emigrants have been analyzed and theyhave been categorized into three different social classes depending on the title or occupationthey had at the time of emigration. Furthermore, the results of the research of the two citieshave been compared with each other which resulted in a lot of similarities between the citieswhere the greatest part of the emigrants were between the ages of 20 and 29, unmarried, andpart of the working class. Overall, every age group was represented which also includedindividuals over the age of 50 and children between the ages of 0 and 9. Members of themiddle class and bourgeoisie were also present but to a lesser extent. Concerning the gender among the emigrants, the results of this study show that the proportion of women is greaterthan that of men, foremost in the first of the five periods in which this study is divided. Altogether this study provides a deeper insight and understanding of which people emigratedto Germany. However, the number of unregistered emigrants hinders the capacity to present areliable and comprehensive generalization about them.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Digitala Vetenskapli...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Digitala Vetenskapli...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Morejón Labrada, Sonia; Marquez-Barja, Johann; Ramírez Martin, Carlos;

    Abstract: The 'Management Platform for the Cultural Heritage of eastern Cuba' was developed in collaboration among the Universidad de Oriente and the University of Antwerp with the support of the VlirUos Program. It shows the results of research carried out by professors from the Universidad de Oriente. In its content there are documents on the built heritage of the city of Santiago de Cuba, the documentary heritage of notarial documents from the five eastern provinces, the audiovisual heritage with documentaries produced in eastern Cuba from 1986 -2016, as well as other documents that support the heritage values of the Universidad de Oriente. Its development has a multidisciplinary approach, it is flexible and secure, it facilitates the relationship among content and cross-searches, it allows the management of geographic information. From all the stored information, statistical reports are created that support decision-making about preventive conservation and the valorization of cultural heritage.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Institutional Reposi...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Institutional Reposi...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: BÅNG, ANTHONY; JÖNSSON, IDA;

    The way in which humanity’s past is categorized has a considerable impact on people’s perceptions of history. Hence, it is crucial for history professors to reflect on and be aware of how various periodizations may affect their teaching. This paper comprises an overview of research concerning periodization and its potential influence on history teaching. Our aspiration is that professional educators will greatly benefit from the information presented. The majority of the research has been found by utilizing the databases ERC, ERIC and SwePub. Remaining material have either been introduced to us during previous courses at Malmö University or been encountered as cited sources in previously chosen research articles. All relevant information has been utilized in the construction of this overview, and there has been no valuation regarding researchers’ potential standpoints on the matter. Our investigation has made visible that periodizations, regardless of their design, tend to be exclusionary and misleading. The eurocentric periodization in particular has been repeatedly criticized by historians due to its evident glorification of the Occident. The eurocentrism frequently tied to periodization often impinges on history teaching materials; something which is bound to affect pupils’ perceptions of the past. In an increasingly globalized world,diverse ideas of history have come to collide in heterogeneous classrooms. Therefore, it is imperative for teachers to discuss various understandings of bygone days with their students. In spite of its apparent flaws, research indicates that periodization is a necessity after all. The division of the past into manageable chunks constitutes a vital foundation most requisite for pupils’ learning. Surprisingly, a deficient amount of research has been conducted regarding periodization and its relation to history teaching. Needless to say, the subject deserves further recognition, as periodization is a historiographical tool used almost everywhere. 

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    Authors: Myllylä, Saara;

    This thesis navigates the complex landscape of cultural heritage digitization in Finland, focusing on standardization and preservation challenges. Examining technological advancements and industry collaborations, the research adopts a case study approach, partnering with Tietoa Oy and the Finnish Heritage Agency. The study explores the guiding principles for cultural heritage digitization, emphasizing the importance of site selection, preservation considerations, and the impact of technology development. An analysis of digitization projects, particularly the Ainola Artist Homes, reveals the evolving influence of equipment, technology, and techniques on digital model fidelity. As a contribution to the ongoing discourse, this thesis aims to provide nuanced insights into the challenges of standardization in cultural heritage digitization, offering a perspective that aligns with the ever-changing demands of the field. Tämä opinnäytetyö tarkastelee kulttuuriperinnön digitointia Suomessa, keskittyen standardointiin ja säilyttämisen haasteisiin. Tutkimus hyödyntää tapaustutkimusta yhteistyössä Tietoa Oy:n ja Museoviraston kanssa. Tutkimus syventyy kulttuuriperinnön digitoinnin ohjaaviin periaatteisiin, korostaen esinevalintaa, säilyttämisen näkökohtia ja teknologian kehityksen vaikutusta. Analyyttinen tarkastelu digitointiprojekteista, erityisesti taiteilija koti Ainola-projektista, paljastaa laitteiden, teknologian ja menetelmien kehityksen vaikutukset digitaalisten mallien laatuun. Osana jatkuvaa keskustelua tämä opinnäytetyö pyrkii tarjoamaan hienovaraisen näkemyksen standardoinnin haasteisiin kulttuuriperinnön digitalisoinnissa, tarjoten näkökulman, joka mukautuu alati muuttuviin vaatimuksiin alalla.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Theseusarrow_drop_down
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    Theseus
    Other ORP type . 2024 . 2023
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Theseusarrow_drop_down
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      Theseus
      Other ORP type . 2024 . 2023
      Data sources: Theseus
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Robertson, Alexa;

    The paper reports an historical-archaeological study of a place in Stockholm’s Old Town that has been associated with German immigrants since the 12th century. Today’s Juno Quarter was once the site of a hall that hosted the ceremonies and feast-day celebrations of the Saint Gertrud guild. Historical sources say it was the largest of some 20 guildhouses in medieval Stockholm, yet nothing is known about its size and shape, or whether and how it was incorporated into the chapel built on the site in 1580 or the church that stands there today, built in 1682. Drawing on the ideas and techniques of buildings archaeology, the undercroft is analysed with the aim of situating the place of the guildhouse in the space of medieval Stockholm, at the crossroads between royal power (it lay down the hill from the castle), clerical power (it was in the shadow of the Blackfriars monastery, dismantled after the Reformation) and commercial power (it would have overlooked the harbour where the Baltic Sea met Lake Mälaren, on which iron ore was transported from the north, bound for the continent). With the use of analogies, the place that the Stockholm Germans made for themselves is situated in the larger context of a medieval Europe undergoing dynamic urbanisation, and the rise of a cosmopolitan mercantile class.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Digitala Vetenskapli...arrow_drop_down
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    Authors: Emnéus Ekström, Måns;

    During the 9th and 10th centuries large amounts of Islamic coins arrived in Scandinavia. Most of them were used as silver in a bullion-economy and were often fragmented because of this. However, their use was not limited to only economic purposes because we see large amounts of pendants made of these coins. By suspending a coin with a loop or only a hole you transform it into something completely different, something that has a new meaning. This new meaning is the focus of this thesis and by analysing graves where Islamic coin pendants were deposited, we can conclude how they were thought of and used. In this thesis I conclude that Islamic coin-pendants were used as status objects during the Viking-age, by both elite and non-elite people in Uppland. The Islamic inscriptions on the coins were most likely not understood and probably only seen as symbols and patterns similarly to other European coin-pendants.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Digitala Vetenskapli...arrow_drop_down
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    Authors: Wester, Linn; Stenvall, Elin;

    Toxic language on the internet and what is often referred to in everyday terms as cyberbullying includes insults, threats and offensive language. Toxic language is particularly noticeable on social media. It is possible to detect toxic language on the internet with the help of machine learning in the form of, among other things, Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques, which automatically recognize typical characteristics of toxic language. Previous Swedish research has investigated the presence of toxic language on social media using machine learning, but there is still a lack of research on the increasingly popular platform TikTok. Through the study, the authors intend to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of toxic comments on TikTok using both a machine learning technique and manual methods. The study is meant to provide a better understanding of what young people encounter in the comments on TikTok. The study applies a mixed method in a document survey of 69 895 comments. Hatescan was used to automatically classify the likelihood of toxic language appearing in the comments. Based on this probability, a section of the comments could be sampled and manually analysed using theory, leading to both quantitative and qualitative findings. The results of the study showed that the prevalence of toxic language was relatively small, with 0.24% of 69 895 comments considered toxic based on an automatic and manual analysis. The type of toxic language that occurred the most in the study was shown to be obscene language, the majority of which contained swear words. Toxiskt språk på internet och det som ofta i vardagliga termer benämns som näthat innefattar kränkningar, hot och stötande språk. Toxiskt språk är särskilt märkbart på sociala medier. Det går att upptäcka toxiskt språk på internet med hjälp av maskininlärning som automatiskt känner igen typiska särdrag för toxiskt språk. Tidigare svensk forskning har undersökt förekomsten av toxiskt språk på sociala medier med hjälp av maskininlärning, men det saknas fortfarande forskning på den allt mer populära plattformen TikTok. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka förekomsten och särdragen av toxiska kommentarer på TikTok med hjälp av maskininlärning och manuella metoder. Studien är menad att ge en bättre förståelse för vad unga möts av i kommentarerna på TikTok. Studien applicerar en mixad metod i en dokumentundersökning av 69 895 kommentarer. Maskininlärningsmodellen Hatescan användes för att automatiskt klassificera sannolikheten att toxiskt språk förekommer i kommentarerna. Utifrån denna sannolikhet analyserades ett urval av kommentarerna manuellt, vilket ledde till både kvantitativa och kvalitativa fynd. Resultatet av studien visade att omfattningen av toxiskt språk var relativt liten, där 0,24% av 69 895 kommentarer ansågs vara toxiska enligt en både automatiserad och manuell bedömning. Den typ av toxiskt språk som mest förekom i undersökningen visades vara obscent språk, som till majoriteten innehöll svordomar.

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    Authors: Lilja, Linnéa;

    This study aims to analyze the motif of Julia Margaret Cameron’s photograph The Rosebud Garden of Girls from 1868 regarding its literary sources, codes and how the women are depicted. The purpose is to find out whether the photograph romanticize or challenge the Victorian conventions. The applied method is Erwin Panofskys iconographical and iconological analysis methods. The theoretical framework consists of art historian Griselda Pollocks report regarding private and public spheres and how women and men are divided between these. Art historian Leena-Maija Rossi’s reasoning concerning female masquerade has also contributed a theoretical basis. The result shows a paradoxical picture of the Victorian view on women and how this is reflected in The Rosebud Garden of Girls. 

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    Authors: Lundin, Mikael;

    The purpose of the study is to present a valid definition of how the struggle against the Cathars was portrayed in papal propaganda between 1179-1236. This is seen as important because of the contradictory state of research and deserves an answer. One line in the research field claims it was a genocide, another claims it was not and another line claims that the whole idea of a genocide definition in this struggle is anachronistic. This study seeks to explore how this struggle against the Cathars could be explained in its time as well as an explanation for our time. The results shows that the main goal was to defend the Church and its unity, one sub goal was to convert and to offer opportunities for renunciation, and another sub goal was annihilation. The sources admit that both an eradication of the view if self and of the collective group were a general line. The Cathars could make an apology, if they did they escaped death. The study claims it was not a genocide because of this. But an intention was eradication. This is seen as a tenable historical definition. It´s an example of religious persecution in it´s most violent form. The study further claims that the organization and planning were systematic in order to accomplish the goals. There are some aspects of these results that indicate that new knowledge has been presented. The society was characterized by religious intolerance, the actions of the papacy must be seen in this context.

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    Authors: Ginnerskov, Josef;

    What is sociology? For centuries sociologists have struggled to answer this question and repeatably proclaimed that their discipline is in crisis. The problem has generated a field of its own, the sociology of sociology, where sociologists of knowledge offer concepts for how the paradigmatic status of discipline and its crisis ought to be understood. Yet, the foundation of these understandings has often been limited to conceptual reasonings, historical exposes, and anecdotes from prominent scholars. Following the increasing availability of digitized texts and the development of computational techniques, new venues have been opened for investigating the empirical bearing of what sociology is. This dissertation offers a synthesis of, and a contribution to, this growing literature at the intersection of the sociology of knowledge and computational social science. The starting point is a review of literature in the sociology of sociology that has found that our discipline is believed to exist in a state of fragmentation, lacks a paradigm, and is conditioned by the context of its production. Akin to the supposed crisis, these conceptualizations are often taken for granted rather than being empirically put to test. This is why this dissertation aims to shed new light on the crisis of sociology by empirically scrutinizing prevailing disciplinary understandings with an interpretative and theory-driven methodological approach to computational text analysis (i.e., word correlation networks, topic modeling, stylometry, and shallow neural networks). To account for textual representations of sociological knowledge that are firmly institutionalized and exist across different local contexts, hundreds of dissertations in this discipline published in Sweden between 1980 and 2019 by five main universities have been digitized to form two corpora – 380 full-texts and 850 abstracts. Using these corpora, the conceptualizations are operationalized to be able to scrutinize, and trace, reoccurring instances where dissertations allude to certain images of sociology, which, drawing on the work of Margaret Masterman, can be regarded as crude replicas of paradigms. The study design allows us to problematize prevailing understandings of what sociology is. In contrast to the notion of fragmentation, the corpora are constituted by a core conditioned by local institutions attuned to different paradigmatic images of sociology. A discrepancy is also found between the two corpora where the abstracts appear to follow a divide between qualitative and quantitative research, and the full-texts are characterized by five paradigms with distinct methodological, epistemological, and ontological positions. These results suggest that the coexistence of multiple paradigms has been conflated with fragmentation and that sociologists tend to present their knowledge along the lines of simplified dichotomies. In response to the crisis, a more fruitful approach might be to embrace paradigm pluralism. As a contribution to the sociology of knowledge, this dissertation is an example of how the methodological divide can be overcome by merging insights from the conceptual strand with a hermeneutical take on computational methods to empirically explore taken-for-granted assumptions behind the production of disciplinary knowledge.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Hörauf, Georg;

    The following study serves to develop consciousness about the smaller, not very well-known,emigration from the two southern Swedish cities of Växjö and Kalmar, which are situated inthe province of Småland, to Germany between 1865 and 1914. By using the digital archive ofEmiWeb, the gender, age and marital status of the emigrants have been analyzed and theyhave been categorized into three different social classes depending on the title or occupationthey had at the time of emigration. Furthermore, the results of the research of the two citieshave been compared with each other which resulted in a lot of similarities between the citieswhere the greatest part of the emigrants were between the ages of 20 and 29, unmarried, andpart of the working class. Overall, every age group was represented which also includedindividuals over the age of 50 and children between the ages of 0 and 9. Members of themiddle class and bourgeoisie were also present but to a lesser extent. Concerning the gender among the emigrants, the results of this study show that the proportion of women is greaterthan that of men, foremost in the first of the five periods in which this study is divided. Altogether this study provides a deeper insight and understanding of which people emigratedto Germany. However, the number of unregistered emigrants hinders the capacity to present areliable and comprehensive generalization about them.

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    Authors: Morejón Labrada, Sonia; Marquez-Barja, Johann; Ramírez Martin, Carlos;

    Abstract: The 'Management Platform for the Cultural Heritage of eastern Cuba' was developed in collaboration among the Universidad de Oriente and the University of Antwerp with the support of the VlirUos Program. It shows the results of research carried out by professors from the Universidad de Oriente. In its content there are documents on the built heritage of the city of Santiago de Cuba, the documentary heritage of notarial documents from the five eastern provinces, the audiovisual heritage with documentaries produced in eastern Cuba from 1986 -2016, as well as other documents that support the heritage values of the Universidad de Oriente. Its development has a multidisciplinary approach, it is flexible and secure, it facilitates the relationship among content and cross-searches, it allows the management of geographic information. From all the stored information, statistical reports are created that support decision-making about preventive conservation and the valorization of cultural heritage.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: BÅNG, ANTHONY; JÖNSSON, IDA;

    The way in which humanity’s past is categorized has a considerable impact on people’s perceptions of history. Hence, it is crucial for history professors to reflect on and be aware of how various periodizations may affect their teaching. This paper comprises an overview of research concerning periodization and its potential influence on history teaching. Our aspiration is that professional educators will greatly benefit from the information presented. The majority of the research has been found by utilizing the databases ERC, ERIC and SwePub. Remaining material have either been introduced to us during previous courses at Malmö University or been encountered as cited sources in previously chosen research articles. All relevant information has been utilized in the construction of this overview, and there has been no valuation regarding researchers’ potential standpoints on the matter. Our investigation has made visible that periodizations, regardless of their design, tend to be exclusionary and misleading. The eurocentric periodization in particular has been repeatedly criticized by historians due to its evident glorification of the Occident. The eurocentrism frequently tied to periodization often impinges on history teaching materials; something which is bound to affect pupils’ perceptions of the past. In an increasingly globalized world,diverse ideas of history have come to collide in heterogeneous classrooms. Therefore, it is imperative for teachers to discuss various understandings of bygone days with their students. In spite of its apparent flaws, research indicates that periodization is a necessity after all. The division of the past into manageable chunks constitutes a vital foundation most requisite for pupils’ learning. Surprisingly, a deficient amount of research has been conducted regarding periodization and its relation to history teaching. Needless to say, the subject deserves further recognition, as periodization is a historiographical tool used almost everywhere. 

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    Authors: Myllylä, Saara;

    This thesis navigates the complex landscape of cultural heritage digitization in Finland, focusing on standardization and preservation challenges. Examining technological advancements and industry collaborations, the research adopts a case study approach, partnering with Tietoa Oy and the Finnish Heritage Agency. The study explores the guiding principles for cultural heritage digitization, emphasizing the importance of site selection, preservation considerations, and the impact of technology development. An analysis of digitization projects, particularly the Ainola Artist Homes, reveals the evolving influence of equipment, technology, and techniques on digital model fidelity. As a contribution to the ongoing discourse, this thesis aims to provide nuanced insights into the challenges of standardization in cultural heritage digitization, offering a perspective that aligns with the ever-changing demands of the field. Tämä opinnäytetyö tarkastelee kulttuuriperinnön digitointia Suomessa, keskittyen standardointiin ja säilyttämisen haasteisiin. Tutkimus hyödyntää tapaustutkimusta yhteistyössä Tietoa Oy:n ja Museoviraston kanssa. Tutkimus syventyy kulttuuriperinnön digitoinnin ohjaaviin periaatteisiin, korostaen esinevalintaa, säilyttämisen näkökohtia ja teknologian kehityksen vaikutusta. Analyyttinen tarkastelu digitointiprojekteista, erityisesti taiteilija koti Ainola-projektista, paljastaa laitteiden, teknologian ja menetelmien kehityksen vaikutukset digitaalisten mallien laatuun. Osana jatkuvaa keskustelua tämä opinnäytetyö pyrkii tarjoamaan hienovaraisen näkemyksen standardoinnin haasteisiin kulttuuriperinnön digitalisoinnissa, tarjoten näkökulman, joka mukautuu alati muuttuviin vaatimuksiin alalla.

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    Theseus
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Robertson, Alexa;

    The paper reports an historical-archaeological study of a place in Stockholm’s Old Town that has been associated with German immigrants since the 12th century. Today’s Juno Quarter was once the site of a hall that hosted the ceremonies and feast-day celebrations of the Saint Gertrud guild. Historical sources say it was the largest of some 20 guildhouses in medieval Stockholm, yet nothing is known about its size and shape, or whether and how it was incorporated into the chapel built on the site in 1580 or the church that stands there today, built in 1682. Drawing on the ideas and techniques of buildings archaeology, the undercroft is analysed with the aim of situating the place of the guildhouse in the space of medieval Stockholm, at the crossroads between royal power (it lay down the hill from the castle), clerical power (it was in the shadow of the Blackfriars monastery, dismantled after the Reformation) and commercial power (it would have overlooked the harbour where the Baltic Sea met Lake Mälaren, on which iron ore was transported from the north, bound for the continent). With the use of analogies, the place that the Stockholm Germans made for themselves is situated in the larger context of a medieval Europe undergoing dynamic urbanisation, and the rise of a cosmopolitan mercantile class.

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    Authors: Emnéus Ekström, Måns;

    During the 9th and 10th centuries large amounts of Islamic coins arrived in Scandinavia. Most of them were used as silver in a bullion-economy and were often fragmented because of this. However, their use was not limited to only economic purposes because we see large amounts of pendants made of these coins. By suspending a coin with a loop or only a hole you transform it into something completely different, something that has a new meaning. This new meaning is the focus of this thesis and by analysing graves where Islamic coin pendants were deposited, we can conclude how they were thought of and used. In this thesis I conclude that Islamic coin-pendants were used as status objects during the Viking-age, by both elite and non-elite people in Uppland. The Islamic inscriptions on the coins were most likely not understood and probably only seen as symbols and patterns similarly to other European coin-pendants.

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    Authors: Wester, Linn; Stenvall, Elin;

    Toxic language on the internet and what is often referred to in everyday terms as cyberbullying includes insults, threats and offensive language. Toxic language is particularly noticeable on social media. It is possible to detect toxic language on the internet with the help of machine learning in the form of, among other things, Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques, which automatically recognize typical characteristics of toxic language. Previous Swedish research has investigated the presence of toxic language on social media using machine learning, but there is still a lack of research on the increasingly popular platform TikTok. Through the study, the authors intend to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of toxic comments on TikTok using both a machine learning technique and manual methods. The study is meant to provide a better understanding of what young people encounter in the comments on TikTok. The study applies a mixed method in a document survey of 69 895 comments. Hatescan was used to automatically classify the likelihood of toxic language appearing in the comments. Based on this probability, a section of the comments could be sampled and manually analysed using theory, leading to both quantitative and qualitative findings. The results of the study showed that the prevalence of toxic language was relatively small, with 0.24% of 69 895 comments considered toxic based on an automatic and manual analysis. The type of toxic language that occurred the most in the study was shown to be obscene language, the majority of which contained swear words. Toxiskt språk på internet och det som ofta i vardagliga termer benämns som näthat innefattar kränkningar, hot och stötande språk. Toxiskt språk är särskilt märkbart på sociala medier. Det går att upptäcka toxiskt språk på internet med hjälp av maskininlärning som automatiskt känner igen typiska särdrag för toxiskt språk. Tidigare svensk forskning har undersökt förekomsten av toxiskt språk på sociala medier med hjälp av maskininlärning, men det saknas fortfarande forskning på den allt mer populära plattformen TikTok. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka förekomsten och särdragen av toxiska kommentarer på TikTok med hjälp av maskininlärning och manuella metoder. Studien är menad att ge en bättre förståelse för vad unga möts av i kommentarerna på TikTok. Studien applicerar en mixad metod i en dokumentundersökning av 69 895 kommentarer. Maskininlärningsmodellen Hatescan användes för att automatiskt klassificera sannolikheten att toxiskt språk förekommer i kommentarerna. Utifrån denna sannolikhet analyserades ett urval av kommentarerna manuellt, vilket ledde till både kvantitativa och kvalitativa fynd. Resultatet av studien visade att omfattningen av toxiskt språk var relativt liten, där 0,24% av 69 895 kommentarer ansågs vara toxiska enligt en både automatiserad och manuell bedömning. Den typ av toxiskt språk som mest förekom i undersökningen visades vara obscent språk, som till majoriteten innehöll svordomar.

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    Authors: Lilja, Linnéa;

    This study aims to analyze the motif of Julia Margaret Cameron’s photograph The Rosebud Garden of Girls from 1868 regarding its literary sources, codes and how the women are depicted. The purpose is to find out whether the photograph romanticize or challenge the Victorian conventions. The applied method is Erwin Panofskys iconographical and iconological analysis methods. The theoretical framework consists of art historian Griselda Pollocks report regarding private and public spheres and how women and men are divided between these. Art historian Leena-Maija Rossi’s reasoning concerning female masquerade has also contributed a theoretical basis. The result shows a paradoxical picture of the Victorian view on women and how this is reflected in The Rosebud Garden of Girls. 

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    Authors: Lundin, Mikael;

    The purpose of the study is to present a valid definition of how the struggle against the Cathars was portrayed in papal propaganda between 1179-1236. This is seen as important because of the contradictory state of research and deserves an answer. One line in the research field claims it was a genocide, another claims it was not and another line claims that the whole idea of a genocide definition in this struggle is anachronistic. This study seeks to explore how this struggle against the Cathars could be explained in its time as well as an explanation for our time. The results shows that the main goal was to defend the Church and its unity, one sub goal was to convert and to offer opportunities for renunciation, and another sub goal was annihilation. The sources admit that both an eradication of the view if self and of the collective group were a general line. The Cathars could make an apology, if they did they escaped death. The study claims it was not a genocide because of this. But an intention was eradication. This is seen as a tenable historical definition. It´s an example of religious persecution in it´s most violent form. The study further claims that the organization and planning were systematic in order to accomplish the goals. There are some aspects of these results that indicate that new knowledge has been presented. The society was characterized by religious intolerance, the actions of the papacy must be seen in this context.

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    Authors: Ginnerskov, Josef;

    What is sociology? For centuries sociologists have struggled to answer this question and repeatably proclaimed that their discipline is in crisis. The problem has generated a field of its own, the sociology of sociology, where sociologists of knowledge offer concepts for how the paradigmatic status of discipline and its crisis ought to be understood. Yet, the foundation of these understandings has often been limited to conceptual reasonings, historical exposes, and anecdotes from prominent scholars. Following the increasing availability of digitized texts and the development of computational techniques, new venues have been opened for investigating the empirical bearing of what sociology is. This dissertation offers a synthesis of, and a contribution to, this growing literature at the intersection of the sociology of knowledge and computational social science. The starting point is a review of literature in the sociology of sociology that has found that our discipline is believed to exist in a state of fragmentation, lacks a paradigm, and is conditioned by the context of its production. Akin to the supposed crisis, these conceptualizations are often taken for granted rather than being empirically put to test. This is why this dissertation aims to shed new light on the crisis of sociology by empirically scrutinizing prevailing disciplinary understandings with an interpretative and theory-driven methodological approach to computational text analysis (i.e., word correlation networks, topic modeling, stylometry, and shallow neural networks). To account for textual representations of sociological knowledge that are firmly institutionalized and exist across different local contexts, hundreds of dissertations in this discipline published in Sweden between 1980 and 2019 by five main universities have been digitized to form two corpora – 380 full-texts and 850 abstracts. Using these corpora, the conceptualizations are operationalized to be able to scrutinize, and trace, reoccurring instances where dissertations allude to certain images of sociology, which, drawing on the work of Margaret Masterman, can be regarded as crude replicas of paradigms. The study design allows us to problematize prevailing understandings of what sociology is. In contrast to the notion of fragmentation, the corpora are constituted by a core conditioned by local institutions attuned to different paradigmatic images of sociology. A discrepancy is also found between the two corpora where the abstracts appear to follow a divide between qualitative and quantitative research, and the full-texts are characterized by five paradigms with distinct methodological, epistemological, and ontological positions. These results suggest that the coexistence of multiple paradigms has been conflated with fragmentation and that sociologists tend to present their knowledge along the lines of simplified dichotomies. In response to the crisis, a more fruitful approach might be to embrace paradigm pluralism. As a contribution to the sociology of knowledge, this dissertation is an example of how the methodological divide can be overcome by merging insights from the conceptual strand with a hermeneutical take on computational methods to empirically explore taken-for-granted assumptions behind the production of disciplinary knowledge.

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