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  • Authors: Droixhe, Daniel;

    This paper is concerned with landmarks in the history of the idea of cancerous contagiousness from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment. The origins of the idea of cancerous contagiousness is considered on the basis of Galen’s distinction between scabiesleprosy, cancer and elephantiasis. Paul of Aegina (seventh century) established the association between these latter diseases. In the fourteenth century, a ‘new line of inquiry’ developed concerning the transmission of diseases like plague, and G. Fracastoro (1546) applied this approach by stating that putrefaction and inflammation notably produce elephantiasis, which is obviously contagious, as inflammation and heat, without putrefaction, produce cancer. J. Fernel (1548) applied the process of syphilitic contamination to ulcerated cancer, whose vapour ‘is widely dispersed’ and which ‘quickly kills by its malignancy’. G. Cardano (1564) reacted against these views, and declared that cancer was could not be transmitted by contact. But A. Zacuth (1629–1634) and N. Tulp (1652) provided instances of such transmission. D. Sennert, who is often said to have accepted Zacuth’s testimony, was doubtful and suggested, rather than contagion, transmission by heredity. This type of explanation was privileged during Classical Age, until experiments on animals or human beings infected by cancerous liquid took place during the Enlightenment in France and England. Pichler (1786) finally recommended forbidding marriage between people suffering from cancer

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  • Authors: Veymiers, Richard; Bricault, Laurent; Amoroso, Nicolas;

    Der ursprünglich aus Persien stammende, aber von den Römern neu erfundene Gott Mithras erfreute sich über drei Jahrhunderte lang von einem Ende des römischen Reiches bis zum anderen eines überwältigenden Erfolgs. Vom schottischen Hochland bis zur Wüste Sahara, von den Stränden des Atlantiks bis zu den Ufern des Euphrat werden bei archäologischen Ausgrabungen Jahr für Jahr immer wieder Zeugnisse dieses Kults gefunden, der zwischen dem 1. und 4. Jh. n. Chr. Zehntausende von Anhängern anzog. MITHRA - Mobility and Intercultural Dialogue for the Transmission of Heritage from Roman Antiquity 2020-2023

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  • Authors: Royen, Virgile;

    Ce récit est le premier de deux articles portant sur la naissance de la politique scientifique en Belgique. Il étudie la mutation du financement et de l'administration de la recherche dans ce pays, d'un modèle de financement privé et d'autogestion par les scientifiques à un modèle de 'Big Science' caractérisé par une forte augmentation du financement public et une direction de la science par les pouvoirs publics. Bestor

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  • Authors: Andrade, Rita Morais de; Duarte Cândido, Manuelina Maria; Volpi, Maria Cristina;

    In this episode we talk with Maria Cristina Volpi about her research work in the history of clothing and fashion from the collection of the D. João VI Museum at the School of Fine Arts of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. We also talk about Brazil's participation in ICOM's Costume Committee. Les sens, les temps et les destins des choses

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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Scheltiens, Vincent;
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Institutional Reposi...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Institutional Reposi...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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  • Authors: George, Philippe;
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  • Authors: Delye, Emmanuel; Wymmersch, Guillaume;
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  • Authors: Marchandisse, Alain;
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  • Authors: Valenti, Gianluca;
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  • Authors: George, Philippe;

    Relations entre le pays mosan et la Catalogne autour de l'an mil

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  • Authors: Droixhe, Daniel;

    This paper is concerned with landmarks in the history of the idea of cancerous contagiousness from the Renaissance to the Enlightenment. The origins of the idea of cancerous contagiousness is considered on the basis of Galen’s distinction between scabiesleprosy, cancer and elephantiasis. Paul of Aegina (seventh century) established the association between these latter diseases. In the fourteenth century, a ‘new line of inquiry’ developed concerning the transmission of diseases like plague, and G. Fracastoro (1546) applied this approach by stating that putrefaction and inflammation notably produce elephantiasis, which is obviously contagious, as inflammation and heat, without putrefaction, produce cancer. J. Fernel (1548) applied the process of syphilitic contamination to ulcerated cancer, whose vapour ‘is widely dispersed’ and which ‘quickly kills by its malignancy’. G. Cardano (1564) reacted against these views, and declared that cancer was could not be transmitted by contact. But A. Zacuth (1629–1634) and N. Tulp (1652) provided instances of such transmission. D. Sennert, who is often said to have accepted Zacuth’s testimony, was doubtful and suggested, rather than contagion, transmission by heredity. This type of explanation was privileged during Classical Age, until experiments on animals or human beings infected by cancerous liquid took place during the Enlightenment in France and England. Pichler (1786) finally recommended forbidding marriage between people suffering from cancer

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  • Authors: Veymiers, Richard; Bricault, Laurent; Amoroso, Nicolas;

    Der ursprünglich aus Persien stammende, aber von den Römern neu erfundene Gott Mithras erfreute sich über drei Jahrhunderte lang von einem Ende des römischen Reiches bis zum anderen eines überwältigenden Erfolgs. Vom schottischen Hochland bis zur Wüste Sahara, von den Stränden des Atlantiks bis zu den Ufern des Euphrat werden bei archäologischen Ausgrabungen Jahr für Jahr immer wieder Zeugnisse dieses Kults gefunden, der zwischen dem 1. und 4. Jh. n. Chr. Zehntausende von Anhängern anzog. MITHRA - Mobility and Intercultural Dialogue for the Transmission of Heritage from Roman Antiquity 2020-2023

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  • Authors: Royen, Virgile;

    Ce récit est le premier de deux articles portant sur la naissance de la politique scientifique en Belgique. Il étudie la mutation du financement et de l'administration de la recherche dans ce pays, d'un modèle de financement privé et d'autogestion par les scientifiques à un modèle de 'Big Science' caractérisé par une forte augmentation du financement public et une direction de la science par les pouvoirs publics. Bestor

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  • Authors: Andrade, Rita Morais de; Duarte Cândido, Manuelina Maria; Volpi, Maria Cristina;

    In this episode we talk with Maria Cristina Volpi about her research work in the history of clothing and fashion from the collection of the D. João VI Museum at the School of Fine Arts of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. We also talk about Brazil's participation in ICOM's Costume Committee. Les sens, les temps et les destins des choses

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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Scheltiens, Vincent;
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Institutional Reposi...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Institutional Reposi...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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  • Authors: George, Philippe;
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