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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Rowley, Dorothy;

    This study aimed to investigate potential relationships between religiosity, personal social contact, education and gender on societal attitudes towards homosexuality. There were 295 participants (males = 56, females = 239) and a battery of measures was used. Analysis of the data found there was a significant negative correlation between religiosity and attitudes towards homosexual males (R = .226, p 0.05) and gay females (r = -.162, p > 0.05). Gender differences were found with female participants scoring lower in homonegativity in relation to both gay men and women. Author keywords: Attitudes homosexuality, religiosity, gender, personal social contact, education

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ DBS Esourcearrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    DBS Esource
    2016
    Data sources: DBS Esource
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ DBS Esourcearrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      DBS Esource
      2016
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  • Authors: Lord, Montague; Tangtrongjita, Pawat;

    This study provides a review and analysis of the findings from the scoping study on the proposed Malaysian–Thailand Special Border Economic Zone (SBEZ). The study is part of a broader project that intends to support the establishment of an SBEZ that will help to attract investors in productive activities that promote subregional value chains in order to stimulate cross-border trade and investment, serve as a catalyst to commerce along the IMT-GT corridors and help to substantially improve the social and economic welfare of the population along the border provinces. Each border crossing has been assessed on the basis of the following components, details of which are presented in the main body of this report: (a) special economic zone (SEZ) potential; (b) cross-border value chains; (c) transport and logistics; (d) socio-economic development strategy for the area; (e) SME development and business development services: (f) linkages to Indonesia. The proposed SBEZ is best viewed as incremental levels of collaborative of Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia. Level 1 would cover the establishment of SBEZ facilities and supporting activities on either or both sides of the border; Level 2 would involve development of cross-border value chains and hard and soft infrastructure supporting the SBEZ; and Level 3 would consist of collaboration in joint SBEZ facilities and supporting activities. This stepwise approach reflects international best practices for the development of cross-border SEZs in Europe, North America and Asia. It ensures that actions on either side of the border move from an informal to formal mechanisms of collaboration, thereby providing an effective mechanisms for achieving long-term goals for the operation of a joint SBEZ.

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  • Authors: Kamaruzdin, Thaqif; Masih, Mansur;

    Islamic Finance as an industry in recent times has been celebrated for its stability and resilience. With the philosophy of risk sharing and strict rules governing its activities to be in line with Islamic Law (the Shariah), the industry is seen as an alternative to the conventional finance with its tainted image of profit maximizing at any cost causing the Global Financial Crisis of 2008 - 2009. Given this claim it would be interesting to investigate the stability of the Islamic Financial Services Institutions (IFSIs) in comparison to the conventional sector. The Malaysian IFSIs were chosen as a case study as the Malaysia‟s Islamic Finance industry developed in the world with strict Shariah screening. As such, the Malaysian IFSIs are investigated to gain insights into their performance in terms of volatility and correlations with the market and then compared to their competitors by employing an M-GARCH t-DCC and also MODWT Wavelet technique to further dissect this volatility into their contributions from the point of view of different time scales. The findings are that IFSIs are much more volatile than their competitors with seemingly independent spikes in volatility unique to themselves but are low in correlation to the market implying that IFSIs volatility may be independent of the market due to assets that require the risk taking in order to justify earnings. IFSIs may need to cooperate in developing risk management standards and practices to mitigate risk that are unique to themselves as well as review the contracts and assets that may expose the IFSIs to too much risk.

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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Tobin, Patrick; Kechadi, Tahar;

    Virtual Machine Introspection offers the ability to access a virtual machine remotely and extract informationfrom it. Virtual machine introspection allows all processes, local data, and network traffic to be tracked andmade available to the investigation process. These properties offer the possibility to monitor a suspect virtualmachine (VM). Moreover, the access to a VM data is far from being trivial; there are various complex tasks tobe dealt with. For instance the returned data is in a raw format, and it is necessary to remap into a userfriendly representation (canonical representation). In this paper we propose a method of bridging thissemantic gap, and provide a graphical reconstruction of events. This proposal is essentially, the recreation ofa virtual machine at a remote location and the subsequent recreation of all processes, data, network traffic ina virtual machine as they occur in the original. This should be achieved in real-time, which will give anopportunity to quickly make decisions based on the evidence as we collect them in real-time. Our approachinvolves recreating a virtual machine and injecting into it all code and data within the original virtual machine,presenting an identical copy for examination. The approach proposed also has another advantage byallowing all data to be saved for further analysis and verification. 9th International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States, 24-25 March 2014 Science Foundation Ireland

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Research Repository ...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Research Repository ...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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  • Authors: Brochier, Lidia; Freitas, Fábio;

    The paper addresses the features of stock-flow consistent (SFC) canonical versions of neo-Kaleckian (NK) and Supermultiplier (SM) models that introduce either the accumulation of debt of households or firms. The aim of this comparison is twofold: (i) to analyze the implications of a debt accumulation process in each of these models; (ii) to evaluate the extent to which these debt accumulation processes differ due to each model's specific closure. For that purpose, we investigate the relation of debt ratios, demand, and growth, focusing on the conditions for the paradox of debt to arise in each model; and the stability conditions of firms' and household debt ratios. Results suggest that not only the paradox of debt in the firms' sector is not a necessary result of SM models, but the Minskyan debt regime is the sole economically viable one in the long-run. For the NK model, as extensively explored in the literature, firms' leverage ratio can be either pro-cyclical or anti-cyclical. About the demand regimes, in this canonical version of the SM model, firms' debt has no direct effect on demand; as for the NK model, demand can be either debt-led or debt-burdened. As for the household sector, the paradox of debt is a feature of the canonical Supermultiplier model in the long run, yet there may be episodes of rising debt-to-income ratios and financial crises as precipitated by policy decisions. Besides, only the debt-led demand regime is compatible with a stable household debt ratio. In turn, in the neo-Kaleckian model, results are ambiguous in what concerns the two-way relation between demand and household debt.

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  • Authors: Pereira, Alfredo; Pereira, Rui;

    The objective of this work is to examine the environmental, economic, and distribution effects of carbon taxation and environmental tax reform policies in Portugal. Decarbonization of the Portuguese economy will necessarily be based on an increasing electrification of energy demand and the production of electricity from renewable energy resources. Carbon and energy pricing policies coupled with appropriate recycling of the carbon tax revenues can contribute towards the decarbonization of the Portuguese economy and an increase in the use of renewable energy resources in the production of electric power. In this work we provide full details as to the model, calibration, and simulation results within the economic framework of the DGEP model.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Mittermaier, Bernhard;
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Juelich Shared Elect...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Juelich Shared Elect...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Paul, Johanna;
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Publications at Biel...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Publications at Bielefeld University
    2018
    License: "In Copyright" Rights Statement
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Publications at Biel...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Publications at Bielefeld University
      2018
      License: "In Copyright" Rights Statement
  • Authors: Maskos, Michael; Stauber, Roland H.;

    In biological fluids, biomolecules associate with nanoparticles, leading to the formation of a dynamic biomolecule ""corona"" that critically defines the biological identity of the particle. As the bio-physical properties of such decorated particles often differ significantly from those of the formulated particles, a detailed characterization of nanoparticles in biological environments becomes increasingly important though also technically challenging. We introduce experimental methods currently employed for nanoparticle characterization and present examples underlining the complexity of the nano-bio interface. A deep and mechanistic bio-physical understanding of the nano-bio interface is a challenge but also a fundamental prerequisite for future applications in nanobiology, nanomedicine and nano(eco)toxicology.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Trinity's Access to ...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Trinity's Access to ...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Rowley, Dorothy;

    This study aimed to investigate potential relationships between religiosity, personal social contact, education and gender on societal attitudes towards homosexuality. There were 295 participants (males = 56, females = 239) and a battery of measures was used. Analysis of the data found there was a significant negative correlation between religiosity and attitudes towards homosexual males (R = .226, p 0.05) and gay females (r = -.162, p > 0.05). Gender differences were found with female participants scoring lower in homonegativity in relation to both gay men and women. Author keywords: Attitudes homosexuality, religiosity, gender, personal social contact, education

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ DBS Esourcearrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    DBS Esource
    2016
    Data sources: DBS Esource
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ DBS Esourcearrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      DBS Esource
      2016
      Data sources: DBS Esource
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  • Authors: Lord, Montague; Tangtrongjita, Pawat;

    This study provides a review and analysis of the findings from the scoping study on the proposed Malaysian–Thailand Special Border Economic Zone (SBEZ). The study is part of a broader project that intends to support the establishment of an SBEZ that will help to attract investors in productive activities that promote subregional value chains in order to stimulate cross-border trade and investment, serve as a catalyst to commerce along the IMT-GT corridors and help to substantially improve the social and economic welfare of the population along the border provinces. Each border crossing has been assessed on the basis of the following components, details of which are presented in the main body of this report: (a) special economic zone (SEZ) potential; (b) cross-border value chains; (c) transport and logistics; (d) socio-economic development strategy for the area; (e) SME development and business development services: (f) linkages to Indonesia. The proposed SBEZ is best viewed as incremental levels of collaborative of Malaysia, Thailand and Indonesia. Level 1 would cover the establishment of SBEZ facilities and supporting activities on either or both sides of the border; Level 2 would involve development of cross-border value chains and hard and soft infrastructure supporting the SBEZ; and Level 3 would consist of collaboration in joint SBEZ facilities and supporting activities. This stepwise approach reflects international best practices for the development of cross-border SEZs in Europe, North America and Asia. It ensures that actions on either side of the border move from an informal to formal mechanisms of collaboration, thereby providing an effective mechanisms for achieving long-term goals for the operation of a joint SBEZ.

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  • Authors: Kamaruzdin, Thaqif; Masih, Mansur;

    Islamic Finance as an industry in recent times has been celebrated for its stability and resilience. With the philosophy of risk sharing and strict rules governing its activities to be in line with Islamic Law (the Shariah), the industry is seen as an alternative to the conventional finance with its tainted image of profit maximizing at any cost causing the Global Financial Crisis of 2008 - 2009. Given this claim it would be interesting to investigate the stability of the Islamic Financial Services Institutions (IFSIs) in comparison to the conventional sector. The Malaysian IFSIs were chosen as a case study as the Malaysia‟s Islamic Finance industry developed in the world with strict Shariah screening. As such, the Malaysian IFSIs are investigated to gain insights into their performance in terms of volatility and correlations with the market and then compared to their competitors by employing an M-GARCH t-DCC and also MODWT Wavelet technique to further dissect this volatility into their contributions from the point of view of different time scales. The findings are that IFSIs are much more volatile than their competitors with seemingly independent spikes in volatility unique to themselves but are low in correlation to the market implying that IFSIs volatility may be independent of the market due to assets that require the risk taking in order to justify earnings. IFSIs may need to cooperate in developing risk management standards and practices to mitigate risk that are unique to themselves as well as review the contracts and assets that may expose the IFSIs to too much risk.

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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Tobin, Patrick; Kechadi, Tahar;

    Virtual Machine Introspection offers the ability to access a virtual machine remotely and extract informationfrom it. Virtual machine introspection allows all processes, local data, and network traffic to be tracked andmade available to the investigation process. These properties offer the possibility to monitor a suspect virtualmachine (VM). Moreover, the access to a VM data is far from being trivial; there are various complex tasks tobe dealt with. For instance the returned data is in a raw format, and it is necessary to remap into a userfriendly representation (canonical representation). In this paper we propose a method of bridging thissemantic gap, and provide a graphical reconstruction of events. This proposal is essentially, the recreation ofa virtual machine at a remote location and the subsequent recreation of all processes, data, network traffic ina virtual machine as they occur in the original. This should be achieved in real-time, which will give anopportunity to quickly make decisions based on the evidence as we collect them in real-time. Our approachinvolves recreating a virtual machine and injecting into it all code and data within the original virtual machine,presenting an identical copy for examination. The approach proposed also has another advantage byallowing all data to be saved for further analysis and verification. 9th International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States, 24-25 March 2014 Science Foundation Ireland

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Research Repository ...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Research Repository ...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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  • Authors: Brochier, Lidia; Freitas, Fábio;

    The paper addresses the features of stock-flow consistent (SFC) canonical versions of neo-Kaleckian (NK) and Supermultiplier (SM) models that introduce either the accumulation of debt of households or firms. The aim of this comparison is twofold: (i) to analyze the implications of a debt accumulation process in each of these models; (ii) to evaluate the extent to which these debt accumulation processes differ due to each model's specific closure. For that purpose, we investigate the relation of debt ratios, demand, and growth, focusing on the conditions for the paradox of debt to arise in each model; and the stability conditions of firms' and household debt ratios. Results suggest that not only the paradox of debt in the firms' sector is not a necessary result of SM models, but the Minskyan debt regime is the sole economically viable one in the long-run. For the NK model, as extensively explored in the literature, firms' leverage ratio can be either pro-cyclical or anti-cyclical. About the demand regimes, in this canonical version of the SM model, firms' debt has no direct effect on demand; as for the NK model, demand can be either debt-led or debt-burdened. As for the household sector, the paradox of debt is a feature of the canonical Supermultiplier model in the long run, yet there may be episodes of rising debt-to-income ratios and financial crises as precipitated by policy decisions. Besides, only the debt-led demand regime is compatible with a stable household debt ratio. In turn, in the neo-Kaleckian model, results are ambiguous in what concerns the two-way relation between demand and household debt.

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  • Authors: Pereira, Alfredo; Pereira, Rui;

    The objective of this work is to examine the environmental, economic, and distribution effects of carbon taxation and environmental tax reform policies in Portugal. Decarbonization of the Portuguese economy will necessarily be based on an increasing electrification of energy demand and the production of electricity from renewable energy resources. Carbon and energy pricing policies coupled with appropriate recycling of the carbon tax revenues can contribute towards the decarbonization of the Portuguese economy and an increase in the use of renewable energy resources in the production of electric power. In this work we provide full details as to the model, calibration, and simulation results within the economic framework of the DGEP model.

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    Authors: Mittermaier, Bernhard;
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Juelich Shared Elect...arrow_drop_down
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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Paul, Johanna;
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Publications at Biel...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Publications at Bielefeld University
    2018
    License: "In Copyright" Rights Statement
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Publications at Biel...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Publications at Bielefeld University
      2018
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  • Authors: Maskos, Michael; Stauber, Roland H.;

    In biological fluids, biomolecules associate with nanoparticles, leading to the formation of a dynamic biomolecule ""corona"" that critically defines the biological identity of the particle. As the bio-physical properties of such decorated particles often differ significantly from those of the formulated particles, a detailed characterization of nanoparticles in biological environments becomes increasingly important though also technically challenging. We introduce experimental methods currently employed for nanoparticle characterization and present examples underlining the complexity of the nano-bio interface. A deep and mechanistic bio-physical understanding of the nano-bio interface is a challenge but also a fundamental prerequisite for future applications in nanobiology, nanomedicine and nano(eco)toxicology.

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