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  • Digitala Vetenskapliga Arkivet - Ac...
  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Her...

  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Lidström, Isak;

    Sports historians have argued that the type of ball games common in the British Isles, which were practiced by two teams and in which the ball was driven with sticks towards predetermined goals – i.e., hurling, shinty, bandy and hockey – were never played in early modern Sweden. By highlighting descriptions of ballgames in Johannes Schefferus’s The History of Lapland (1674), a source previously ignored by sports historians, this article challenges such a claim. One of the games described by Schefferus has some similarities with the violent stick-and-ball game known in Icelandic sagas as knattleikr. Even greater similarities (such as the start of the game with a face-off and the goals consisting of lines on the short edges) emerge when the game is compared with the Scottish game of shinty. Thus, pre-modern Scandinavia does not appear to have been as isolated in terms of sports and games as has been suggested by Swedish sports historians. QC 20240223

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Publikationer från K...arrow_drop_down
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    Publikationer från KTH
    Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
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    https://doi.org/10.61684/ihs.2...
    Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Publikationer från K...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Publikationer från KTH
      Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      https://doi.org/10.61684/ihs.2...
      Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Nataliia Gavkalova; Bartłomiej Gładysz; Walter Quadrini; Claudio Sassanelli; +10 Authors

    Research background: Digital ecosystems in Europe are heterogenous organizations involving different economies, industries, and contexts. Among them, Digital Innovation Hubs (DIHs) are considered a policy-driven organization fostered by the European Commission to push companies’ digital transition through a wide portfolio of supporting services. Purpose of the article: There are DIHs existing in all European economies, but literature needs more precise indications about their status and nature. The purpose is to study a distribution of DIHs and differences in portfolios of DIHs’ services across European economies. Therefore, the paper wants to deliver more precise data on effects on national and European policies. This is required to define their final role and scope in the complex dynamics of the digital transition, depending on regional context and heterogeneity of industries. Methods: Data on 38 economies was collected from the S3 platform (on both existing and in preparation DIHs) and further verified by native speaking researchers using manual web scrapping of websites of DIHs identified from S3. To find potential similarities of digital ecosystems in different economies as emanated by the existence of DIHs, clusterization (Ward’s method and Euclidean distances) was applied according to the services offered. Economies were clustered according to the number of DIHs and the spread of DIHs intensity in different cities. The results were further analyzed according to the scope of the provided services. Findings & value added: The applied clustering classified European economies in four different sets, according to the types of services offered by the DIHs. These sets are expression of the different digitalization statuses and strategies of the selected economies and, as such, the services a company can benefit from in a specific economy. Potential development-related reasons behind the data-driven clustering are then conjectured and reported, to guide companies and policy makers in their digitalization strategies. QC 20240221

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Oeconomia Copernican...arrow_drop_down
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    Oeconomia Copernicana
    Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Publikationer från KTH
    Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Oeconomia Copernican...arrow_drop_down
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      Oeconomia Copernicana
      Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: Crossref
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Publikationer från KTH
      Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Mengjie Han; Ilkim Canli; Juveria Shah; Xingxing Zhang; +2 Authors

    The concept of a Positive Energy District (PED) has become a vital component of the efforts to accelerate the transition to zero carbon emissions and climate-neutral living environments. Research is shifting its focus from energy-efficient single buildings to districts, where the aim is to achieve a positive energy balance across a given time period. Various innovation projects, programs, and activities have produced abundant insights into how to implement and operate PEDs. However, there is still no agreed way of determining what constitutes a PED for the purpose of identifying and evaluating its various elements. This paper thus sets out to create a process for characterizing PEDs. First, nineteen different elements of a PED were identified. Then, two AI techniques, machine learning (ML) and natural language processing (NLP), were introduced and examined to determine their potential for modeling, extracting, and mapping the elements of a PED. Lastly, state-of-the-art research papers were reviewed to identify any contribution they can make to the determination of the effectiveness of the ML and NLP models. The results suggest that both ML and NLP possess significant potential for modeling most of the identified elements in various areas, such as optimization, control, design, and stakeholder mapping. This potential is realized through the utilization of vast amounts of data, enabling these models to generate accurate and useful insights for PED planning and implementation. Several practical strategies have been identified to enhance the characterization of PEDs. These include a clear definition and quantification of the elements, the utilization of urban-scale energy modeling techniques, and the development of user-friendly interfaces capable of presenting model insights in an accessible manner. Thus, developing a holistic approach that integrates existing and novel techniques for PED characterization is essential to achieve sustainable and resilient urban environments.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Buildingsarrow_drop_down
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    Buildings
    Article . 2024
    Data sources: DOAJ
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    Buildings
    Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Crossref
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Buildingsarrow_drop_down
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      Buildings
      Article . 2024
      Data sources: DOAJ
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      Buildings
      Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: Crossref
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Ağbaht, Mahmut; Greve, Martin;

    Abstract The fann is a genre of oral poetry in the vernacular Arabic of the Alawi community in the Antioch/Hatay province of Turkey. Until recently, it has hardly been mentioned in academic literature. Poetic form and rhythm structure are largely fixed in this genre and it is almost always performed in a similar way; when it comes to the quality of the voice, including a more or less clear melodic shape, there is more left up to the performer. During performances, the rhythmical element dominates the essence of melodic aspects. A preliminary comparison with related genres in the region demonstrates that both the form and performance practice of fann resemble genres in neighbouring Arab countries. Comparison also finds that there is hardly any connection with any Turkish and Kurdish singer-poem tradition as practised in nearby regions. Only recent changes indicate influences from contemporary Turkish music.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Publikationer från U...arrow_drop_down
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    Journal of Semitic Studies
    Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY NC ND
    Data sources: Crossref
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Publikationer från U...arrow_drop_down
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      Journal of Semitic Studies
      Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY NC ND
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Priebe, Janina; Wormbs, Nina;

    Introduction to a special issue Introduction to special issue.

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    https://doi.org/10.48202/25819...
    Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
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      https://doi.org/10.48202/25819...
      Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: M. L. Vickers; M. T. Jones; M. T. Jones; J. Longman; +9 Authors

    The International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) Expedition 396 to the mid-Norwegian margin recovered > 1300 m of pristinely preserved, volcanic-ash-rich sediments deposited during the late Paleocene and early Eocene from close to the centre of the North Atlantic Igneous Province (NAIP). Remarkably, many of these cores contain glendonites, pseudomorphs after the purported cold-water mineral ikaite, from sediments dated to the late Paleocene and early Eocene. These time intervals span some of the hottest climates of the Cenozoic, including the Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM). Global deep-ocean temperatures are not thought to have dropped below 10 ∘C at any point during this time, making the occurrence of supposedly cold-water (near-freezing temperature) glendonite pseudomorphs seemingly paradoxical. This study presents a detailed sedimentological, geochemical, and microscopic study of the IODP Exp. 396 glendonites and presents an updated model for the ikaite-to-calcite transformation for these glendonites. Specifically, we show that early diagenesis of basaltic ashes of the NAIP appear to have chemically promoted ikaite growth in the sediments in this region. Together with existing knowledge of late Paleocene and early Eocene glendonites from Svalbard to the north and early Eocene glendonites from Denmark to the south, these new glendonite finds possibly imply episodic, short-duration, and likely localized cooling in the Nordic Seas region, which may have been directly or indirectly linked to the emplacement of the NAIP.

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    Climate of the Past
    Article . 2024
    Data sources: DOAJ
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    Climate of the Past (CP)
    Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
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      Climate of the Past
      Article . 2024
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      Climate of the Past (CP)
      Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Jerand, Philip; Eriksson, Samuel;
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    Authors: Evens, Siegfried;

    Water is essential to produce nuclear energy and prevent nuclear disasters. As light water reactors are increasingly seen as a solution to achieving a sustainable energy transition and battling the climate crisis, it is more important than ever to investigate the risks of using water for nuclear power production. However, the reactor technologies that manage all that water and steam – pressure vessels, steam generators, pipes, valves, and pumps – have not received much attention from historians, STS scholars, and risk sociologists. Therefore, this dissertation aims to study the risk regulation of these crucial reactor components and materials by national and international actors from a historical perspective. Relying on archival sources from the US, France, Sweden, and multiple international organisations, as well as on interviews, this dissertation aims to write a new, longue durée history of nuclear safety, going back to the origins of water and steam risk management in the nineteenth century. Such a historical perspective on nuclear risk regulation reveals two important insights. Firstly, in the 1950s and 1960s, the usage of water and steam technologies in nuclear reactors revealed new types of risks. These ‘ambi-nuclear risks’ are a hybrid of older steam risks, such as leaks, breaks, and explosions, and new risks of radiation and contamination. Secondly, between the 1950s and 1980s, new regimes were created in the US, France, and Sweden to regulate these risks. Initially, during the 1950s, non-nuclear steam regulations were applied directly to the first nuclear power plants. Yet, as power plants increased in size, accidents occurred, and nuclear technologies became increasingly controversial, ‘ambi-nuclear risk regimes’ were created to adapt or ‘nuclearise’ the older regulations. They included new safety measures and methodologies that were directed toward preventing radiation releases, but at the same time they mobilised older technologies, institutions, knowledges, and ideas related to thermal hydraulics and metallurgy. Ambi-nuclear risk regimes were shaped by a wide variety of historical actors through negotiating boundaries between ‘nuclear’ and ‘non-nuclear’ knowledges, components, risks, and regulations. Private or semi-private engineering associations played a particularly vital role in this. This thesis thus shows how nuclear safety as we know it today became nuclear as the result of a transnational long-term process that was greatly determined by much older non-nuclear water and steam risks. The results of this dissertation contribute to ongoing scholarly debates on risk, nuclear technologies, and water in fields like History of Technology, Environmental3History, STS, and Risk Sociology. Most importantly, the thesis expands the time frame in which nuclear risk has traditionally been studied. It challenges dominant conceptions of nuclear power as innovative or exceptional, instead connecting questions of nuclear risk to longer historical developments in water management and industrialisation. This demonstrates the importance of historical contingency for understanding risk and preventing (nuclear) disasters. Vatten krävs för att producera kärnenergi och förhindra olyckor. Eftersom lättvattenreaktorer alltmer ses som en lösning för att uppnå en hållbar energiomställning och bekämpa klimatkrisen är det viktigare än någonsin att undersöka vilka risker användningen av vatten för kärnkraftsproduktion innebär. Teknikerna som används för att hantera allt vatten och ånga för att förhindra större kärnkraftsolyckor - tryckkärl, ånggeneratorer, rör, ventiler och pumpar - har dock inte fått mycket uppmärksamhet från historiker, STS- forskare och risksociologer. Därför syftar denna avhandling till att studera ur ett historiskt perspektiv hur dessa komponenter och deras risker hanterades och styrdes av nationella och internationella aktörer. Med hjälp av arkivkällor från Sverige, USA, Frankrike och flera internationella organisationer, samt intervjuer, presenterar denna avhandling fram en ny, långsiktig historia om kärnsäkerhet, som går tillbaka till ursprunget för riskhantering kring vatten och ånga under 1800-talet. Ett sådant historiskt perspektiv på riskreglering av kärnkraft ger två viktiga insikter. För det första innebar användningen av vatten- och ångteknik i kärnreaktorer att en ny typ av risker uppstod. Dessa "ambi-nukleära risker" är en hybrid av äldre ångrisker, som läckage, brott eller explosioner, och nya risker för strålning och kontaminering. För det andra, mellan 1950- och 1980-talen skapades system i USA, Frankrike och Sverige för att reglera dessa risker. Till en början, under 1950-talet, tillämpades icke-nukleära ångbestämmelser direkt på de första kärnkraftverken. Men i takt med att kraftverken blev större, olyckor inträffade och kärntekniken blev alltmer kontroversiell skapades "ambi-nukleära riskregimer" för att anpassa eller "nuklearisera" de äldre bestämmelserna. De omfattade nya säkerhetsåtgärder och metoder som var inriktade på att förhindra radioaktiva utsläpp, men samtidigt mobiliserade de äldre tekniker, institutioner, kunskaper och idéer med anknytning till termisk hydraulik och metallurgi. Ambi-nukleära riskregimer utvecklades av en mängd olika historiska aktörer genom förhandlingar om gränser mellan "nukleär" och "icke-nukleär" kunskap, komponenter, risker och regleringar. Privata eller halvprivata ingenjörsorganisationer spelade en särskilt viktig roll i detta sammanhang. Denna avhandling visar således att kärnkraftsäkerhet har blivit kärnteknisk eller nukleär som ett resultat av en transnationell och långsiktig process som i hög grad bestämdes av äldre icke-nukleära vatten- och ångregimer. Resultaten av denna avhandling bidrar till pågående vetenskapliga debatter om risk, kärnteknik och vatten inom teknikhistoria, miljöhistoria, STS och5risksociologi. Avhandlingens viktigaste bidrag är att den har vidgat den tidsram med vilken kärnkraftsrisker traditionellt har studerats. Den har utmanat dominerande uppfattningar om kärnkraft som innovativ eller exceptionell, och istället kopplat frågor om kärnkraftsrisk till längre historiska utvecklingar inom vattenhantering och industrialisering. Detta visar på betydelsen av historiska omständigheter för att skapa nya risker och förhindra (kärnkrafts)katastrofer. L'eau est essentielle pour la production d'énergie nucléaire et pour la prévention des catastrophes nucléaires. Cependant, les technologies des réacteurs qui gèrent l’eau et la vapeur – cuves sous pression, générateurs de vapeur, tuyaux, tubes, vannes et pompes – n'ont pas reçu beaucoup d’attention des personnes historiennes, chercheures STS, et sociologues du risque. Par conséquent, cette thèse propose d’étudier dans une perspective historique la réglementation des risques associés à ces composants et matériaux cruciaux par les acteurs nationaux et internationaux. S'appuyant sur des sources archivistiques provenant de la France, des États- Unis, de la Suède, et des organisations internationales, ainsi que sur une série d’entretiens, cette thèse propose une nouvelle histoire « longue durée » de la sûreté nucléaire, en remontant aux origines de la gestion des risques liés à l'eau et à la vapeur au dix-neuvième siècle. Une telle perspective historique quant à la réglementation des risques nucléaires révèle deux éléments importants. Premièrement, dans les années 1950 et 1960, l'utilisation des technologies de l'eau et de la vapeur dans les réacteurs nucléaires a révélé de nouveaux types de risques. Ces « risques ambi-nucléaires » sont un ensemble hybride des anciens risques liés à la vapeur, tels que les fuites, les ruptures et les explosions, et des nouveaux risques de radiation et de contamination. Deuxièmement, entre les années 1950 et 1980, de nouveaux régimes ont été créés aux États-Unis, en France et en Suède pour réglementer ces risques. Dans un premier temps, au cours des années 1950, des réglementations relatives à la vapeur ont été appliquées directement aux premières centrales nucléaires. Cependant, avec l'augmentation de la taille des centrales, les accidents et la controverse croissante autour des technologies nucléaires, des « régimes de risque ambi-nucléaire » ont été créés afin d'adapter ou de «nucléariser» les anciennes réglementations. Ceux-ci comprenaient de nouvelles mesures de sûreté et des méthodes visant à prévenir les rejets de radiations, mais mobilisant en même temps des technologies, des institutions, des connaissances et des idées plus anciennes liées à l'hydraulique thermique et à la métallurgie. Les régimes de risque ambi-nucléaire ont ainsi été façonnés par une grande variété d'acteurs historiques qui ont négocié les frontières entre les connaissances, les composants, les risques et les réglementations «nucléaires» et «non-nucléaires». Les associations de personnes ingénieures privées ou semi-privées ont joué un rôle particulièrement important à cet égard.7Cette thèse montre donc comment la sûreté nucléaire est devenue « nucléaire ». Les résultats de cette thèse contribuent aux débats scientifiques sur le risque, les technologies nucléaires et l'eau dans l'histoire de la technologie, l'histoire de l'environnement, STS et la sociologie du risque. La thèse élargit le cadre temporel avec lequel le risque nucléaire a été traditionnellement étudié. Elle remet en question les conceptions dominantes de l'énergie nucléaire comme innovante ou exceptionnelle, en reliant plutôt les questions de risque nucléaire à des développements historiques plus longs dans le domaine de la gestion de l'eau. Cela démontre l'importance de la contingence historique pour la création de nouveaux risques, l'évaluation de la « nucléarité » et la création de connaissances, de pratiques et de réglementations pour prévenir les catastrophes nucléaires. QC 20240402

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    Authors: Malmgren, Judit; Avango, Dag; Elenius, Lars; Persson, Curt;
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    Authors: Østigård, Terje; Kaliff, Anders;

    Dødsreisen til den andre siden var ufravikelig og skjebnebestemt. I etno­logiske og historiske kilder var ikke Døden fravær av liv, men følgesvennen som fraktet de døde til et nytt liv blant forfedrene. Helhesten kom og hentet de døende og døde, men Helhesten var ikke kun følgesvennen og transportmiddelet på den siste reisen. Helhesten skulle også begraves med den avdøde, helst levende og gjerne stående, og selv på kirkegårder opp til moderne tid er det historier om hester og andre dyr begravd levende. Helhesten ble gravplassens beskytter og kirkegrim. Enhver ny kirke eller kirkegård hadde en kirkegrim som vokter. Følgesvennen og beskytteren i døden ble avbildet i dyrestil på kirkeporter og runesteiner, men også farlige og uskadeliggjorte dyr, som ormer og drager drept av helter og kjemper i storslagne og kosmiske kamper. De gode vant over det onde og vernet de levende. Døden kom også dansende og dødsdansen tok mennesker med seg til dødsrikene. Spelemannen og Nøkken spilte så intensiv musikk at de levende danset seg til døde og bak alle disse forestillingene ser vi skyggene av Odin. En grunnleggende myte opp gjennom historien er Åsgårdsreien eller Odins jakt. De døde var ikke bare i dødsrikene, men forfedrene og de døde red tilbake til slektningene på sine dødshester.

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    Authors: Lidström, Isak;

    Sports historians have argued that the type of ball games common in the British Isles, which were practiced by two teams and in which the ball was driven with sticks towards predetermined goals – i.e., hurling, shinty, bandy and hockey – were never played in early modern Sweden. By highlighting descriptions of ballgames in Johannes Schefferus’s The History of Lapland (1674), a source previously ignored by sports historians, this article challenges such a claim. One of the games described by Schefferus has some similarities with the violent stick-and-ball game known in Icelandic sagas as knattleikr. Even greater similarities (such as the start of the game with a face-off and the goals consisting of lines on the short edges) emerge when the game is compared with the Scottish game of shinty. Thus, pre-modern Scandinavia does not appear to have been as isolated in terms of sports and games as has been suggested by Swedish sports historians. QC 20240223

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    Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
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    https://doi.org/10.61684/ihs.2...
    Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
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      https://doi.org/10.61684/ihs.2...
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    Authors: Nataliia Gavkalova; Bartłomiej Gładysz; Walter Quadrini; Claudio Sassanelli; +10 Authors

    Research background: Digital ecosystems in Europe are heterogenous organizations involving different economies, industries, and contexts. Among them, Digital Innovation Hubs (DIHs) are considered a policy-driven organization fostered by the European Commission to push companies’ digital transition through a wide portfolio of supporting services. Purpose of the article: There are DIHs existing in all European economies, but literature needs more precise indications about their status and nature. The purpose is to study a distribution of DIHs and differences in portfolios of DIHs’ services across European economies. Therefore, the paper wants to deliver more precise data on effects on national and European policies. This is required to define their final role and scope in the complex dynamics of the digital transition, depending on regional context and heterogeneity of industries. Methods: Data on 38 economies was collected from the S3 platform (on both existing and in preparation DIHs) and further verified by native speaking researchers using manual web scrapping of websites of DIHs identified from S3. To find potential similarities of digital ecosystems in different economies as emanated by the existence of DIHs, clusterization (Ward’s method and Euclidean distances) was applied according to the services offered. Economies were clustered according to the number of DIHs and the spread of DIHs intensity in different cities. The results were further analyzed according to the scope of the provided services. Findings & value added: The applied clustering classified European economies in four different sets, according to the types of services offered by the DIHs. These sets are expression of the different digitalization statuses and strategies of the selected economies and, as such, the services a company can benefit from in a specific economy. Potential development-related reasons behind the data-driven clustering are then conjectured and reported, to guide companies and policy makers in their digitalization strategies. QC 20240221

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    Oeconomia Copernicana
    Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
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    Publikationer från KTH
    Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
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      Oeconomia Copernicana
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      Publikationer från KTH
      Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Mengjie Han; Ilkim Canli; Juveria Shah; Xingxing Zhang; +2 Authors

    The concept of a Positive Energy District (PED) has become a vital component of the efforts to accelerate the transition to zero carbon emissions and climate-neutral living environments. Research is shifting its focus from energy-efficient single buildings to districts, where the aim is to achieve a positive energy balance across a given time period. Various innovation projects, programs, and activities have produced abundant insights into how to implement and operate PEDs. However, there is still no agreed way of determining what constitutes a PED for the purpose of identifying and evaluating its various elements. This paper thus sets out to create a process for characterizing PEDs. First, nineteen different elements of a PED were identified. Then, two AI techniques, machine learning (ML) and natural language processing (NLP), were introduced and examined to determine their potential for modeling, extracting, and mapping the elements of a PED. Lastly, state-of-the-art research papers were reviewed to identify any contribution they can make to the determination of the effectiveness of the ML and NLP models. The results suggest that both ML and NLP possess significant potential for modeling most of the identified elements in various areas, such as optimization, control, design, and stakeholder mapping. This potential is realized through the utilization of vast amounts of data, enabling these models to generate accurate and useful insights for PED planning and implementation. Several practical strategies have been identified to enhance the characterization of PEDs. These include a clear definition and quantification of the elements, the utilization of urban-scale energy modeling techniques, and the development of user-friendly interfaces capable of presenting model insights in an accessible manner. Thus, developing a holistic approach that integrates existing and novel techniques for PED characterization is essential to achieve sustainable and resilient urban environments.

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    Buildings
    Article . 2024
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    Buildings
    Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
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      Buildings
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      Buildings
      Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Ağbaht, Mahmut; Greve, Martin;

    Abstract The fann is a genre of oral poetry in the vernacular Arabic of the Alawi community in the Antioch/Hatay province of Turkey. Until recently, it has hardly been mentioned in academic literature. Poetic form and rhythm structure are largely fixed in this genre and it is almost always performed in a similar way; when it comes to the quality of the voice, including a more or less clear melodic shape, there is more left up to the performer. During performances, the rhythmical element dominates the essence of melodic aspects. A preliminary comparison with related genres in the region demonstrates that both the form and performance practice of fann resemble genres in neighbouring Arab countries. Comparison also finds that there is hardly any connection with any Turkish and Kurdish singer-poem tradition as practised in nearby regions. Only recent changes indicate influences from contemporary Turkish music.

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    Journal of Semitic Studies
    Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY NC ND
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      Journal of Semitic Studies
      Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Priebe, Janina; Wormbs, Nina;

    Introduction to a special issue Introduction to special issue.

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    https://doi.org/10.48202/25819...
    Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
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