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  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2022
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Richard Paul; Olivier Telle; Samuel Benkimoun;
    Publisher: Springer Singapore
    Country: France

    International audience; The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has led to the implementation of unprecedented public health intervention measures, not least the lockdown of countries worldwide. In our hyperconnected world exemplified by social media, it is now possible to derive quantitative measures of human mobilities at useful spatial scales. In this chapter we discuss how the use of Facebook data enables us not only to capture the impact of lockdown on human mobility but also to assess how changes in mobility contribute to the spread of the virus. By performing a comparative analysis across four countries of differing levels of lockdown—Sweden, US, France and Colombia—we show that mobility contributes a substantial amount to the spread of the disease. This contribution is strongest when the local number of cases is low, but, importantly, is maintained even when the virus is widespread. Current epidemiological models do not take into account such mobility patterns and yet there exists a developed theoretical framework within which mobility can be included. Inclusion of mobility data would allow public health authorities to focus on highly connected hubs of infection and, because mobility patterns are relatively stable over time, would also enable forecasting of how the spread of this or another novel virus is going to occur. Anticipating epidemics and their spread is key for developing suitable but targeted intervention strategies and avoiding draconian lockdowns that are so harmful to the economy.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2022
    Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Slim Zidi; Nadia Hamani; Lyes Kermad;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing
    Country: France

    Nowadays, supply chain disruptions caused by COVID-19 pandemic, demand variation, raw material shortage, etc., made the supply chains unable to deal with emerging market problems. Responding to the new requirements has underscored the need to ensure a reconfigurable supply chain in order to survive in this uncertain economic environment. Indeed, the objective of this study is to identify the quantitative factors of each reconfigurability characteristic representing the reconfigurability assessment indicators (modularity, integrability, convertibility, diagnosability, scalability and customization). Based on the literature review, quantitative factors used to assess the degree of reconfigurability in supply chain are determined. These factors allow classifying reconfigurability characteristics according to the degree of their influence on the supply chain structure or supply chain functions. Through this research work, we try to facilitate the assessment of reconfigurability based on its characteristics in order to determine the ability of the supply chain to cope with new emerging disruptions.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Dalingwater, Louise; Costantini, Iside; Gibbs, Paul;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD

    International audience

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Baraldi, Laurence; Durieux, Christine;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Les réformes engagées depuis les années 2000 en matière d’orientation et de formation professionnelle sont centrées sur la flexicurité à l’échelle européenne et son corollaire français, la sécurisation des parcours professionnels (SPP). Elles promeuvent des dispositifs censés permettre et compenser la flexibilité de l’emploi demandée aux actifs notamment en corrigeant les inégalités d’accès à la formation et en développant des dispositifs d’accompagnement. Dans une logique d’individualisation...

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Bérénice Kübler; Djelloul Arezki; Edina Soldo;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; Cet article questionne la capacité des musées français à faire preuve de résilience organisationnelle face à la crise sanitaire. La nature complexe et contingente de ces établissements nous a conduits à employer une méthodologie exploratoire holistique à même de répondre à leurs caractéristiques. Nous avons construit, sur la base de données secondaires (rapports officiels, guides et webinaires), une taxonomie pragmatique selon la méthode de Grémy et Le Moan (1977), permettant ainsi de répondre à une confusion généralisée dans les sciences humaines et sociales sur les procédures de classification. Cinq dimensions ressortent dans cette taxonomie, révélant la capacité de résilience muséale.

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Hien Laëtitia Do Benoit; Benjamin Benoit;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Vinot, Didier;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The COVID-19 pandemic brings to light an obvious fact that has been forgotten for 20 years: health cannot be treated as a commercial good, and consequently, hospitals cannot be managed like companies. The current situation should help us to conceive of a different hospital for tomorrow. However, the problem of the hospital is more structural than cyclical. Onwhat basis can these principles be rethought? After a diagnosis of the structural blockages in hospitals, principles are put forward to propose the bases of a hospital management renewed by the values of care.; La pandémie du Covid-19 a fait apparaître une évidence oubliée depuis 20 ans : la santé ne peut pas être traitée comme un bien marchand, et donc, l’hôpital ne peut pas être géré comme une entreprise. L’événement conjoncturel que nous vivons doit mieux aider à penser un autre hôpital pour demain. Or, la problématique de l’hôpital est plus structurelle que conjoncturelle. Mais sur quellesbases pourraient être repensés ces principes ? Après un diagnostic des blocages structurels des hôpitaux, nous proposons les fondements d’un management hospitalier renouvelé par les valeurs du soin.

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    David Carassus; Gwenaël Leblong-Masclet;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD

    International audience; The COVID-19 crisis highlights different managerial issues such as strategic, organizational, informational or decision-making processes. This study analyzes all these issues before proposing different solutions connected to improvements in the management methods in local public authorities. These solutions are related to behavioral, instrumental or human dimensions, involving local administrations, but also all of their stakeholders, including citizens, non-profit organizations or even national Government. Through few examples, a paradigm shift is proved necessary in order to be able to respond to current and future environmental changes.; La crise du COVID 19 met en évidence des problématiques managériales de différentes natures, qu’elles soient stratégiques, organisationnelles, informationnelles ou décisionnelles. Cette étude les analyse avant de proposer différentes solutions dans le cadre d’une amélioration des modes de pilotage des politiques locales. Ces solutions concernent alors des dimensions comportementales, instrumentales ou humaines, en mettant en jeu les collectivités locales, mais aussi l’ensemble de leurs parties prenantes, dont les habitants, les associations ou encore l’État. Un changement de paradigme y est avancé comme nécessaire, à travers quelques exemples, pour répondre aux mutations environnementales actuelles et à venir.

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    David Huron;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD

    International audience

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    du Boys, Céline; Bertolucci, Marius;
    Publisher: CAIRN
    Country: France

    International audience; This article examines how France, a model of centralism, responded during the first phase of the Covid-19 crisis between January and October 2020. The theoretical framework of intergovernmental relations is mobilized to reflect on the successes and failures of our administrative-political system in the face of the pandemic. The article is based on a qualitative and quantitative analysis of reports and speeches published by institutional actors during the crisis and shows relations in permanent tension between hyper-centralization and the development of a more flexible and reactive horizontal governance.; Cet article étudie la façon dont la France, modèle de centralisme, a réagi lors de la première phase de la crise de la Covid-19 entre janvier et octobre 2020. Le cadre théorique des relations intergouvernementales est mobilisé pour réfléchir les réussites et les échecs de notre système administrativo-politique face à la pandémie. L’article s’appuie sur une analyse qualitative et quantitative des rapports et discours publiés par les acteurs institutionnels pendant la crise et montre des relations en tension permanente entre une hyper-centralisation et le développement d’une gouvernance horizontale plus souple et réactive.

Advanced search in
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
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arrow_drop_down
Include:
7,075 Research products, page 1 of 708
  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2022
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Richard Paul; Olivier Telle; Samuel Benkimoun;
    Publisher: Springer Singapore
    Country: France

    International audience; The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has led to the implementation of unprecedented public health intervention measures, not least the lockdown of countries worldwide. In our hyperconnected world exemplified by social media, it is now possible to derive quantitative measures of human mobilities at useful spatial scales. In this chapter we discuss how the use of Facebook data enables us not only to capture the impact of lockdown on human mobility but also to assess how changes in mobility contribute to the spread of the virus. By performing a comparative analysis across four countries of differing levels of lockdown—Sweden, US, France and Colombia—we show that mobility contributes a substantial amount to the spread of the disease. This contribution is strongest when the local number of cases is low, but, importantly, is maintained even when the virus is widespread. Current epidemiological models do not take into account such mobility patterns and yet there exists a developed theoretical framework within which mobility can be included. Inclusion of mobility data would allow public health authorities to focus on highly connected hubs of infection and, because mobility patterns are relatively stable over time, would also enable forecasting of how the spread of this or another novel virus is going to occur. Anticipating epidemics and their spread is key for developing suitable but targeted intervention strategies and avoiding draconian lockdowns that are so harmful to the economy.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2022
    Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Slim Zidi; Nadia Hamani; Lyes Kermad;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing
    Country: France

    Nowadays, supply chain disruptions caused by COVID-19 pandemic, demand variation, raw material shortage, etc., made the supply chains unable to deal with emerging market problems. Responding to the new requirements has underscored the need to ensure a reconfigurable supply chain in order to survive in this uncertain economic environment. Indeed, the objective of this study is to identify the quantitative factors of each reconfigurability characteristic representing the reconfigurability assessment indicators (modularity, integrability, convertibility, diagnosability, scalability and customization). Based on the literature review, quantitative factors used to assess the degree of reconfigurability in supply chain are determined. These factors allow classifying reconfigurability characteristics according to the degree of their influence on the supply chain structure or supply chain functions. Through this research work, we try to facilitate the assessment of reconfigurability based on its characteristics in order to determine the ability of the supply chain to cope with new emerging disruptions.

  • English
    Authors: 
    Dalingwater, Louise; Costantini, Iside; Gibbs, Paul;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD

    International audience

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Baraldi, Laurence; Durieux, Christine;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    Les réformes engagées depuis les années 2000 en matière d’orientation et de formation professionnelle sont centrées sur la flexicurité à l’échelle européenne et son corollaire français, la sécurisation des parcours professionnels (SPP). Elles promeuvent des dispositifs censés permettre et compenser la flexibilité de l’emploi demandée aux actifs notamment en corrigeant les inégalités d’accès à la formation et en développant des dispositifs d’accompagnement. Dans une logique d’individualisation...

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Bérénice Kübler; Djelloul Arezki; Edina Soldo;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; Cet article questionne la capacité des musées français à faire preuve de résilience organisationnelle face à la crise sanitaire. La nature complexe et contingente de ces établissements nous a conduits à employer une méthodologie exploratoire holistique à même de répondre à leurs caractéristiques. Nous avons construit, sur la base de données secondaires (rapports officiels, guides et webinaires), une taxonomie pragmatique selon la méthode de Grémy et Le Moan (1977), permettant ainsi de répondre à une confusion généralisée dans les sciences humaines et sociales sur les procédures de classification. Cinq dimensions ressortent dans cette taxonomie, révélant la capacité de résilience muséale.

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Hien Laëtitia Do Benoit; Benjamin Benoit;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Vinot, Didier;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The COVID-19 pandemic brings to light an obvious fact that has been forgotten for 20 years: health cannot be treated as a commercial good, and consequently, hospitals cannot be managed like companies. The current situation should help us to conceive of a different hospital for tomorrow. However, the problem of the hospital is more structural than cyclical. Onwhat basis can these principles be rethought? After a diagnosis of the structural blockages in hospitals, principles are put forward to propose the bases of a hospital management renewed by the values of care.; La pandémie du Covid-19 a fait apparaître une évidence oubliée depuis 20 ans : la santé ne peut pas être traitée comme un bien marchand, et donc, l’hôpital ne peut pas être géré comme une entreprise. L’événement conjoncturel que nous vivons doit mieux aider à penser un autre hôpital pour demain. Or, la problématique de l’hôpital est plus structurelle que conjoncturelle. Mais sur quellesbases pourraient être repensés ces principes ? Après un diagnostic des blocages structurels des hôpitaux, nous proposons les fondements d’un management hospitalier renouvelé par les valeurs du soin.

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    David Carassus; Gwenaël Leblong-Masclet;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD

    International audience; The COVID-19 crisis highlights different managerial issues such as strategic, organizational, informational or decision-making processes. This study analyzes all these issues before proposing different solutions connected to improvements in the management methods in local public authorities. These solutions are related to behavioral, instrumental or human dimensions, involving local administrations, but also all of their stakeholders, including citizens, non-profit organizations or even national Government. Through few examples, a paradigm shift is proved necessary in order to be able to respond to current and future environmental changes.; La crise du COVID 19 met en évidence des problématiques managériales de différentes natures, qu’elles soient stratégiques, organisationnelles, informationnelles ou décisionnelles. Cette étude les analyse avant de proposer différentes solutions dans le cadre d’une amélioration des modes de pilotage des politiques locales. Ces solutions concernent alors des dimensions comportementales, instrumentales ou humaines, en mettant en jeu les collectivités locales, mais aussi l’ensemble de leurs parties prenantes, dont les habitants, les associations ou encore l’État. Un changement de paradigme y est avancé comme nécessaire, à travers quelques exemples, pour répondre aux mutations environnementales actuelles et à venir.

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    David Huron;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD

    International audience

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    du Boys, Céline; Bertolucci, Marius;
    Publisher: CAIRN
    Country: France

    International audience; This article examines how France, a model of centralism, responded during the first phase of the Covid-19 crisis between January and October 2020. The theoretical framework of intergovernmental relations is mobilized to reflect on the successes and failures of our administrative-political system in the face of the pandemic. The article is based on a qualitative and quantitative analysis of reports and speeches published by institutional actors during the crisis and shows relations in permanent tension between hyper-centralization and the development of a more flexible and reactive horizontal governance.; Cet article étudie la façon dont la France, modèle de centralisme, a réagi lors de la première phase de la crise de la Covid-19 entre janvier et octobre 2020. Le cadre théorique des relations intergouvernementales est mobilisé pour réfléchir les réussites et les échecs de notre système administrativo-politique face à la pandémie. L’article s’appuie sur une analyse qualitative et quantitative des rapports et discours publiés par les acteurs institutionnels pendant la crise et montre des relations en tension permanente entre une hyper-centralisation et le développement d’une gouvernance horizontale plus souple et réactive.

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