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- Publication . Preprint . Article . Other literature type . 2021Open Access EnglishAuthors:Daniel Nevo; Malka Gorfine;Daniel Nevo; Malka Gorfine;Publisher: Oxford University PressProject: NIH | Alzheimer's Disease Patie... (5U01AG006781-29)
An emerging challenge for time-to-event data is studying semi-competing risks, namely when two event times are of interest: a non-terminal event time (e.g. age at disease diagnosis), and a terminal event time (e.g. age at death). The non-terminal event is observed only if it precedes the terminal event, which may occur before or after the non-terminal event. Studying treatment or intervention effects on the dual event times is complicated because for some units, the non-terminal event may occur under one treatment value but not under the other. Until recently, existing approaches (e.g., the survivor average causal effect) generally disregarded the time-to-event nature of both outcomes. More recent research focused on principal strata effects within time-varying populations under Bayesian approaches. In this paper, we propose alternative non time-varying estimands, based on a single stratification of the population. We present a novel assumption utilizing the time-to-event nature of the data, which is weaker than the often-invoked monotonicity assumption. We derive results on partial identifiability, suggest a sensitivity analysis approach, and give conditions under which full identification is possible. Finally, we present non-parametric and semi-parametric estimation methods for right-censored data. 35 pages, 3 figure, 3 tables

Average popularityAverage popularity In bottom 99%Average influencePopularity: Citation-based measure reflecting the current impact.Average influence In bottom 99%Influence: Citation-based measure reflecting the total impact.add Add to ORCIDPlease grant OpenAIRE to access and update your ORCID works.This Research product is the result of merged Research products in OpenAIRE.

You have already added works in your ORCID record related to the merged Research product. - Publication . Article . Presentation . Conference object . Other literature type . Preprint . 2021Open AccessAuthors:Asif Katz; Shlomo Shamai Shitz; Michael Peleg;Asif Katz; Shlomo Shamai Shitz; Michael Peleg;Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)Project: EC | CloudRadioNet (694630)
We investigate the special case of diamond relay comprising a Gaussian channel with identical frequency response from the user to the relays and fronthaul links with limited rate from the relays to the destination. We use the oblivious compress and forward (CF) with distributed compression and decode and forward (DF) where each relay decodes the whole message and sends half of its bits to the destination. We derive achievable rate by using time-sharing between DF and CF. It is proved that optimal CF-DF time sharing is advantageous over superposition of CF and DF. The optimal time sharing proportion between DF and CF and power and rate allocations are different at each frequency and are fully determined.

Average popularityAverage popularity In bottom 99%Average influencePopularity: Citation-based measure reflecting the current impact.Average influence In bottom 99%Influence: Citation-based measure reflecting the total impact.add Add to ORCIDPlease grant OpenAIRE to access and update your ORCID works.This Research product is the result of merged Research products in OpenAIRE.

You have already added works in your ORCID record related to the merged Research product. - Publication . Article . Preprint . 2021Open Access EnglishAuthors:Novikov, Dmitry; Shapiro, Boris; Tahar, Guillaume;Novikov, Dmitry; Shapiro, Boris; Tahar, Guillaume;Project: EC | EffectiveTG (802107)
Meromorphic connections on Riemann surfaces originate and are closely related to the classical theory of linear ordinary differential equations with meromorphic coefficients. Limiting behaviour of geodesics of such connections has been studied by e.g. Abate, Bianchi and Tovena in relation with generalized Poincar\'{e}-Bendixson theorems. At present, it seems still to be unknown whether some of the theoretically possible asymptotic behaviours of such geodesics really exist. In order to fill the gap, we use the branched affine structure induced by a Fuchsian meromorphic connection to present several examples with geodesics having infinitely many self-intersections and quite peculiar omega-limit sets. Comment: 15 pages, 4 figures

Average popularityAverage popularity In bottom 99%Average influencePopularity: Citation-based measure reflecting the current impact.Average influence In bottom 99%Influence: Citation-based measure reflecting the total impact.add Add to ORCIDPlease grant OpenAIRE to access and update your ORCID works.This Research product is the result of merged Research products in OpenAIRE.

You have already added works in your ORCID record related to the merged Research product. - Publication . Article . Preprint . 2021Open Access EnglishAuthors:Ruben Verresen; Ryan Thorngren; Nick G. Jones; Frank Pollmann;Ruben Verresen; Ryan Thorngren; Nick G. Jones; Frank Pollmann;Publisher: American Physical SocietyCountry: United KingdomProject: EC | DYNACQM (771537), NSF | Kavli Institute for Theor... (1748958)
We introduce topological invariants for gapless systems and study the associated boundary phenomena. More generally, the symmetry properties of the low-energy conformal field theory (CFT) provide discrete invariants, establishing the notion of symmetry-enriched quantum criticality. The charges of nonlocal scaling operators, or more generally of symmetry defects, are topological and imply the presence of localized edge modes. We primarily focus on the $1+1d$ case where the edge has a topological degeneracy, whose finite-size splitting can be exponential or algebraic in system size depending on the involvement of additional gapped sectors. An example of the former is given by tuning the spin-1 Heisenberg chain to a symmetry-breaking Ising phase. An example of the latter arises between the gapped Ising and cluster phases: this symmetry-enriched Ising CFT has an edge mode with finite-size splitting $\sim 1/L^{14}$. In addition to such new cases, our formalism unifies various examples previously studied in the literature. Similar to gapped symmetry-protected topological phases, a given CFT can split into several distinct symmetry-enriched CFTs. This raises the question of classification, to which we give a partial answer -- including a complete characterization of symmetry-enriched $1+1d$ Ising CFTs. Non-trivial topological invariants can also be constructed in higher dimensions, which we illustrate for a symmetry-enriched $2+1d$ CFT without gapped sectors. we generalized our framework to 2+1d, and added more examples

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You have already added works in your ORCID record related to the merged Research product. - Publication . Article . Preprint . 2021Open Access EnglishAuthors:Hidetsugu Sakaguchi; Fumihide Hirano; Boris A Malomed;Hidetsugu Sakaguchi; Fumihide Hirano; Boris A Malomed;
It is known that the interplay of the spin-orbit-coupling (SOC) and mean-field self-attraction creates stable two-dimensional (2D) solitons (ground states) in spinor Bose-Einstein condensates. However, SOC destroys the system's Galilean invariance, therefore moving solitons exist only in a narrow interval of velocities, outside of which the solitons suffer delocalization. We demonstrate that the application of a relatively weak moving optical lattice (OL), with the 2D or quasi-1D structure, makes it possible to greatly expand the velocity interval for stable motion of the solitons. The stability domain in the system's parameter space is identified by means of numerical methods. In particular, the quasi-1D OL produces a stronger stabilizing effect than its full 2D counterpart. Some features of the domain are explained analytically. to be published in Journal of Physics B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys

Average popularity In bottom 99%Average influencePopularity: Citation-based measure reflecting the current impact.Average influence In bottom 99%Influence: Citation-based measure reflecting the total impact.add Add to ORCIDPlease grant OpenAIRE to access and update your ORCID works.

You have already added works in your ORCID record related to the merged Research product. - Publication . Article . Preprint . 2021Open Access EnglishAuthors:Yuval Scher; Shlomi Reuveni;Yuval Scher; Shlomi Reuveni;
pmid: 34937380

How much time does it take for two molecules to react? If a reaction occurs upon contact, the answer to this question boils down to the classic first-passage time problem: find the time it takes for the two molecules to meet. However, this is not always the case as molecules switch stochastically between reactive and non-reactive states. The reaction is then said to be "gated" by the internal states of the molecules involved, which could have a dramatic influence on kinetics. A unified, continuous-time, approach to gated reactions on networks was presented in a recent paper [Scher and Reuveni, Phys. Rev. Lett. 127, 018301 (2021)]. Here, we build on this recent advancement and develop an analogous discrete-time version of the theory. Similar to continuous-time, we employ a renewal approach to show that the gated reaction time can always be expressed in terms of the corresponding ungated first-passage and return times, which yields formulas for the generating function of the gated reaction-time distribution and its corresponding mean and variance. In cases where the mean reaction time diverges, we show that the long-time asymptotics of the gated problem is inherited from its ungated counterpart. However, when molecules spend most of their time non-reactive, an interim regime of slower power-law decay emerges prior to the terminal asymptotics. The discretization of time also gives rise to resonances and anti-resonances, which were absent from the continuous-time picture. These features are illustrated using two case studies that also demonstrate how the general approach presented herein greatly simplifies the analysis of gated reactions.

Average popularity In bottom 99%Average influencePopularity: Citation-based measure reflecting the current impact.Average influence In bottom 99%Influence: Citation-based measure reflecting the total impact.add Add to ORCIDPlease grant OpenAIRE to access and update your ORCID works.

You have already added works in your ORCID record related to the merged Research product. - Publication . Preprint . Article . 2021Open AccessAuthors:Carlos Contreras; Eugene Levin; Michael Sanhueza;Carlos Contreras; Eugene Levin; Michael Sanhueza;Publisher: American Physical Society (APS)
In this paper we compare the experimental HERA data with the next-to-leading order approach (NLO) of Ref.[C.~Contreras, E.~Levin, R.~Meneses and M.~Sanhueza,Eur. Phys. J. C 80 (2020) no.11, 1029). This approach includes the re-summed NLO corrections to the kernel of the evolution equation, the correct asymptotic behaviour in the NLO at $\tau = r^2 Q^2_s \,\gg\,1$; the impact parameter dependence of the saturation scale in accord with the Froissarrt theorem as well as the non-linear corrections. In this paper, we successfully describe the experimental data with the quality, which is not worse, than in the leading order fits with larger number of the phenomenological parameters. It is demonstrated, that the data could be described, taking into account both the diffusion on $\ln(k_T)$, which stems from perturbative QCD, and the Gribov's diffusion in impact parameters. It is shown an ability to describe the data at rather large values of $\alpha_S$. Comment: 17pp. 6 figures in pdf files. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:2007.06214

Average popularity In bottom 99%Average influencePopularity: Citation-based measure reflecting the current impact.Average influence In bottom 99%Influence: Citation-based measure reflecting the total impact.add Add to ORCIDPlease grant OpenAIRE to access and update your ORCID works.

You have already added works in your ORCID record related to the merged Research product. - Publication . Article . Preprint . 2021Open Access EnglishAuthors:Benjamini, Itai; Ellis, David;Benjamini, Itai; Ellis, David;Country: United Kingdom
We continue the study of the properties of graphs in which the ball of radius $r$ around each vertex induces a graph isomorphic to the ball of radius $r$ in some fixed vertex-transitive graph $F$, for various choices of $F$ and $r$. This is a natural extension of the study of regular graphs. More precisely, if $F$ is a vertex-transitive graph and $r \in \mathbb{N}$, we say a graph $G$ is {\em $r$-locally $F$} if the ball of radius $r$ around each vertex of $G$ induces a graph isomorphic to the graph induced by the ball of radius $r$ around any vertex of $F$. We consider the following random graph model: for each $n \in \mathbb{N}$, we let $G_n = G_n(F,r)$ be a graph chosen uniformly at random from the set of all unlabelled, $n$-vertex graphs that are $r$-locally $F$. We investigate the properties possessed by the random graph $G_n$ with high probability, for various natural choices of $F$ and $r$. We prove that if $F$ is a Cayley graph of a torsion-free group of polynomial growth, and $r$ is sufficiently large depending on $F$, then the random graph $G_n = G_n(F,r)$ has largest component of order at most $n^{5/6}$ with high probability, and has at least $\exp(n^{\delta})$ automorphisms with high probability, where $\delta>0$ depends upon $F$ alone. Both properties are in stark contrast to random $d$-regular graphs, which correspond to the case where $F$ is the infinite $d$-regular tree. We also show that, under the same hypotheses, the number of unlabelled, $n$-vertex graphs that are $r$-locally $F$ grows like a stretched exponential in $n$, again in contrast with $d$-regular graphs. In the case where $F$ is the standard Cayley graph of $\mathbb{Z}^d$, we obtain a much more precise enumeration result, and more precise results on the properties of the random graph $G_n(F,r)$. Our proofs use a mixture of results and techniques from geometry, group theory and combinatorics. Comment: Full proof of Theorem 7 added. Statement of Proposition 38 has been strengthened slightly. 61 pages

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You have already added works in your ORCID record related to the merged Research product. - Publication . Article . Preprint . 2021Open Access EnglishAuthors:Ignacio A Perez; Dana Vaknin Ben Porath; Cristian E La Rocca; Sergey V Buldyrev; Lidia A Braunstein; Shlomo Havlin;Ignacio A Perez; Dana Vaknin Ben Porath; Cristian E La Rocca; Sergey V Buldyrev; Lidia A Braunstein; Shlomo Havlin;Project: EC | RISE (821115)
In this paper we study the Motter-Lai model of cascading failures induced by overloads in both isotropic and anisotropic spatial networks, generated by placing nodes in a square lattice and using various distributions of link lengths and angles. Anisotropy has not been earlier considered in the Motter-Lai model and is a real feature that may affect the cascading failures. This could reflect the existence of a preferred direction in which a given attribute of the system manifests, such as power lines that follow a city built parallel to the coast. We show that the anisotropy causes a greater spread of damage along the preferential direction of links. We also identify the critical linear size, $l_c$, for a square shaped localized attack, which satisfies with high probability that above $l_c$ the cascading disrupts the giant component of functional nodes, while below $l_c$ the damage does not spread. We find that, for networks with any characteristic link length, their robustness decreases with the strength of the anisotropy. We show that the value of $l_c$ is finite and independent of the system size (for large systems), both for isotropic and anisotropic networks. Thus, in contrast to random attacks, where the critical fraction of nodes that survive the initial attack, $p_c$, is usually below 1, here $p_c = 1$. Note that the analogy to $p_c = 1$ is also found for localized attacks in interdependent spatial networks. Finally, we measure the final distribution of functional cluster sizes and find a power-law behavior, with exponents similar to regular percolation. This indicates that, after the cascade which destroys the giant component, the system is at a percolation critical point. Additionally, we observe a crossover in the value of the distribution exponent, from critical percolation in a two-dimensional lattice for strong spatial embedding, to mean-field percolation for weak embedding. 22 pages, 11 figures

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You have already added works in your ORCID record related to the merged Research product. - Publication . Article . Preprint . 2021Open AccessAuthors:Hagai Perets; Evgeni Grishin;Hagai Perets; Evgeni Grishin;Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)Project: EC | SNeX (865932)
Recent surveys show that wide ($>10^4$ AU) binaries and triples are abundant in the field. We study the long-term evolution of wide hierarchical triple systems and the role played by the Galactic tidal (GT) field. We find that when the timescales of the secular von-Ziepel-Lidov-Kozai and the GT oscillations are comparable, triple evolution becomes chaotic which leads to extreme eccentricities. Consequently, the close pericentre approaches of the inner-binary components lead to strong interactions, mergers and collisions. We use a novel secular evolution code to quantify the key parameters and carry out a population-synthesis study of low and intermediate-mass wide-orbit triples. We find that in $\sim9\%$ of low-mass wide-triples the inner main-sequence binaries collide or tidally-inspiral within $10\ \rm Gyr$, with direct collisions are $6$ times more likely to occur. For the intermediate-mass sample, $\sim7.6\%$ of the systems merge or inspiral with roughly equal probabilities. We discuss the relative fractions of different stellar merger/inspiral outcomes as a function of their evolutionary stage (Main-Sequence, MS; Red-Giant, RG; or White-Dwarf, WD), their transient electromagnetic signatures and the final products of the merger/inspiral. In particular, the rate of WD-WD direct-collisions that lead to type-Ia Supernovae is comparable to other dynamical channels and accounts for at most $0.1\%$ of the observed rate. RG inspirals provide a novel channel for the formation of eccentric common-envelope-evolution binaries. The catalysis of mergers/collisions in triples due to GT could explain a significant fraction, or even the vast majority, of blue-stragglers in the field, produce progenitors for cataclysmic-variables, and give-rise to mergers/collisions of double-RG binaries. Accepted to MNRAS

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###### 11,775 Research products, page 1 of 1,178

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- Publication . Preprint . Article . Other literature type . 2021Open Access EnglishAuthors:Daniel Nevo; Malka Gorfine;Daniel Nevo; Malka Gorfine;Publisher: Oxford University PressProject: NIH | Alzheimer's Disease Patie... (5U01AG006781-29)
An emerging challenge for time-to-event data is studying semi-competing risks, namely when two event times are of interest: a non-terminal event time (e.g. age at disease diagnosis), and a terminal event time (e.g. age at death). The non-terminal event is observed only if it precedes the terminal event, which may occur before or after the non-terminal event. Studying treatment or intervention effects on the dual event times is complicated because for some units, the non-terminal event may occur under one treatment value but not under the other. Until recently, existing approaches (e.g., the survivor average causal effect) generally disregarded the time-to-event nature of both outcomes. More recent research focused on principal strata effects within time-varying populations under Bayesian approaches. In this paper, we propose alternative non time-varying estimands, based on a single stratification of the population. We present a novel assumption utilizing the time-to-event nature of the data, which is weaker than the often-invoked monotonicity assumption. We derive results on partial identifiability, suggest a sensitivity analysis approach, and give conditions under which full identification is possible. Finally, we present non-parametric and semi-parametric estimation methods for right-censored data. 35 pages, 3 figure, 3 tables

Average popularity In bottom 99%Average influencePopularity: Citation-based measure reflecting the current impact.Average influence In bottom 99%Influence: Citation-based measure reflecting the total impact.add Add to ORCIDPlease grant OpenAIRE to access and update your ORCID works.

You have already added works in your ORCID record related to the merged Research product. - Publication . Article . Presentation . Conference object . Other literature type . Preprint . 2021Open AccessAuthors:Asif Katz; Shlomo Shamai Shitz; Michael Peleg;Asif Katz; Shlomo Shamai Shitz; Michael Peleg;Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)Project: EC | CloudRadioNet (694630)
We investigate the special case of diamond relay comprising a Gaussian channel with identical frequency response from the user to the relays and fronthaul links with limited rate from the relays to the destination. We use the oblivious compress and forward (CF) with distributed compression and decode and forward (DF) where each relay decodes the whole message and sends half of its bits to the destination. We derive achievable rate by using time-sharing between DF and CF. It is proved that optimal CF-DF time sharing is advantageous over superposition of CF and DF. The optimal time sharing proportion between DF and CF and power and rate allocations are different at each frequency and are fully determined.

Average popularity In bottom 99%Average influencePopularity: Citation-based measure reflecting the current impact.Average influence In bottom 99%Influence: Citation-based measure reflecting the total impact.add Add to ORCIDPlease grant OpenAIRE to access and update your ORCID works.

You have already added works in your ORCID record related to the merged Research product. - Publication . Article . Preprint . 2021Open Access EnglishAuthors:Novikov, Dmitry; Shapiro, Boris; Tahar, Guillaume;Novikov, Dmitry; Shapiro, Boris; Tahar, Guillaume;Project: EC | EffectiveTG (802107)
Meromorphic connections on Riemann surfaces originate and are closely related to the classical theory of linear ordinary differential equations with meromorphic coefficients. Limiting behaviour of geodesics of such connections has been studied by e.g. Abate, Bianchi and Tovena in relation with generalized Poincar\'{e}-Bendixson theorems. At present, it seems still to be unknown whether some of the theoretically possible asymptotic behaviours of such geodesics really exist. In order to fill the gap, we use the branched affine structure induced by a Fuchsian meromorphic connection to present several examples with geodesics having infinitely many self-intersections and quite peculiar omega-limit sets. Comment: 15 pages, 4 figures

Average popularity In bottom 99%Average influencePopularity: Citation-based measure reflecting the current impact.Average influence In bottom 99%Influence: Citation-based measure reflecting the total impact.add Add to ORCIDPlease grant OpenAIRE to access and update your ORCID works.

You have already added works in your ORCID record related to the merged Research product. - Publication . Article . Preprint . 2021Open Access EnglishAuthors:Ruben Verresen; Ryan Thorngren; Nick G. Jones; Frank Pollmann;Ruben Verresen; Ryan Thorngren; Nick G. Jones; Frank Pollmann;Publisher: American Physical SocietyCountry: United KingdomProject: EC | DYNACQM (771537), NSF | Kavli Institute for Theor... (1748958)
We introduce topological invariants for gapless systems and study the associated boundary phenomena. More generally, the symmetry properties of the low-energy conformal field theory (CFT) provide discrete invariants, establishing the notion of symmetry-enriched quantum criticality. The charges of nonlocal scaling operators, or more generally of symmetry defects, are topological and imply the presence of localized edge modes. We primarily focus on the $1+1d$ case where the edge has a topological degeneracy, whose finite-size splitting can be exponential or algebraic in system size depending on the involvement of additional gapped sectors. An example of the former is given by tuning the spin-1 Heisenberg chain to a symmetry-breaking Ising phase. An example of the latter arises between the gapped Ising and cluster phases: this symmetry-enriched Ising CFT has an edge mode with finite-size splitting $\sim 1/L^{14}$. In addition to such new cases, our formalism unifies various examples previously studied in the literature. Similar to gapped symmetry-protected topological phases, a given CFT can split into several distinct symmetry-enriched CFTs. This raises the question of classification, to which we give a partial answer -- including a complete characterization of symmetry-enriched $1+1d$ Ising CFTs. Non-trivial topological invariants can also be constructed in higher dimensions, which we illustrate for a symmetry-enriched $2+1d$ CFT without gapped sectors. we generalized our framework to 2+1d, and added more examples

Average popularity In bottom 99%Average influencePopularity: Citation-based measure reflecting the current impact.Average influence In bottom 99%Influence: Citation-based measure reflecting the total impact.add Add to ORCIDPlease grant OpenAIRE to access and update your ORCID works.

You have already added works in your ORCID record related to the merged Research product. - Publication . Article . Preprint . 2021Open Access EnglishAuthors:Hidetsugu Sakaguchi; Fumihide Hirano; Boris A Malomed;Hidetsugu Sakaguchi; Fumihide Hirano; Boris A Malomed;
It is known that the interplay of the spin-orbit-coupling (SOC) and mean-field self-attraction creates stable two-dimensional (2D) solitons (ground states) in spinor Bose-Einstein condensates. However, SOC destroys the system's Galilean invariance, therefore moving solitons exist only in a narrow interval of velocities, outside of which the solitons suffer delocalization. We demonstrate that the application of a relatively weak moving optical lattice (OL), with the 2D or quasi-1D structure, makes it possible to greatly expand the velocity interval for stable motion of the solitons. The stability domain in the system's parameter space is identified by means of numerical methods. In particular, the quasi-1D OL produces a stronger stabilizing effect than its full 2D counterpart. Some features of the domain are explained analytically. to be published in Journal of Physics B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys

Average popularity In bottom 99%Average influencePopularity: Citation-based measure reflecting the current impact.Average influence In bottom 99%Influence: Citation-based measure reflecting the total impact.add Add to ORCIDPlease grant OpenAIRE to access and update your ORCID works.

You have already added works in your ORCID record related to the merged Research product. - Publication . Article . Preprint . 2021Open Access EnglishAuthors:Yuval Scher; Shlomi Reuveni;Yuval Scher; Shlomi Reuveni;
pmid: 34937380

How much time does it take for two molecules to react? If a reaction occurs upon contact, the answer to this question boils down to the classic first-passage time problem: find the time it takes for the two molecules to meet. However, this is not always the case as molecules switch stochastically between reactive and non-reactive states. The reaction is then said to be "gated" by the internal states of the molecules involved, which could have a dramatic influence on kinetics. A unified, continuous-time, approach to gated reactions on networks was presented in a recent paper [Scher and Reuveni, Phys. Rev. Lett. 127, 018301 (2021)]. Here, we build on this recent advancement and develop an analogous discrete-time version of the theory. Similar to continuous-time, we employ a renewal approach to show that the gated reaction time can always be expressed in terms of the corresponding ungated first-passage and return times, which yields formulas for the generating function of the gated reaction-time distribution and its corresponding mean and variance. In cases where the mean reaction time diverges, we show that the long-time asymptotics of the gated problem is inherited from its ungated counterpart. However, when molecules spend most of their time non-reactive, an interim regime of slower power-law decay emerges prior to the terminal asymptotics. The discretization of time also gives rise to resonances and anti-resonances, which were absent from the continuous-time picture. These features are illustrated using two case studies that also demonstrate how the general approach presented herein greatly simplifies the analysis of gated reactions.

Average popularity In bottom 99%Average influencePopularity: Citation-based measure reflecting the current impact.Average influence In bottom 99%Influence: Citation-based measure reflecting the total impact.add Add to ORCIDPlease grant OpenAIRE to access and update your ORCID works.

You have already added works in your ORCID record related to the merged Research product. - Publication . Preprint . Article . 2021Open AccessAuthors:Carlos Contreras; Eugene Levin; Michael Sanhueza;Carlos Contreras; Eugene Levin; Michael Sanhueza;Publisher: American Physical Society (APS)
In this paper we compare the experimental HERA data with the next-to-leading order approach (NLO) of Ref.[C.~Contreras, E.~Levin, R.~Meneses and M.~Sanhueza,Eur. Phys. J. C 80 (2020) no.11, 1029). This approach includes the re-summed NLO corrections to the kernel of the evolution equation, the correct asymptotic behaviour in the NLO at $\tau = r^2 Q^2_s \,\gg\,1$; the impact parameter dependence of the saturation scale in accord with the Froissarrt theorem as well as the non-linear corrections. In this paper, we successfully describe the experimental data with the quality, which is not worse, than in the leading order fits with larger number of the phenomenological parameters. It is demonstrated, that the data could be described, taking into account both the diffusion on $\ln(k_T)$, which stems from perturbative QCD, and the Gribov's diffusion in impact parameters. It is shown an ability to describe the data at rather large values of $\alpha_S$. Comment: 17pp. 6 figures in pdf files. arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:2007.06214

Average popularity In bottom 99%Average influencePopularity: Citation-based measure reflecting the current impact.Average influence In bottom 99%Influence: Citation-based measure reflecting the total impact.add Add to ORCIDPlease grant OpenAIRE to access and update your ORCID works.

You have already added works in your ORCID record related to the merged Research product. - Publication . Article . Preprint . 2021Open Access EnglishAuthors:Benjamini, Itai; Ellis, David;Benjamini, Itai; Ellis, David;Country: United Kingdom
We continue the study of the properties of graphs in which the ball of radius $r$ around each vertex induces a graph isomorphic to the ball of radius $r$ in some fixed vertex-transitive graph $F$, for various choices of $F$ and $r$. This is a natural extension of the study of regular graphs. More precisely, if $F$ is a vertex-transitive graph and $r \in \mathbb{N}$, we say a graph $G$ is {\em $r$-locally $F$} if the ball of radius $r$ around each vertex of $G$ induces a graph isomorphic to the graph induced by the ball of radius $r$ around any vertex of $F$. We consider the following random graph model: for each $n \in \mathbb{N}$, we let $G_n = G_n(F,r)$ be a graph chosen uniformly at random from the set of all unlabelled, $n$-vertex graphs that are $r$-locally $F$. We investigate the properties possessed by the random graph $G_n$ with high probability, for various natural choices of $F$ and $r$. We prove that if $F$ is a Cayley graph of a torsion-free group of polynomial growth, and $r$ is sufficiently large depending on $F$, then the random graph $G_n = G_n(F,r)$ has largest component of order at most $n^{5/6}$ with high probability, and has at least $\exp(n^{\delta})$ automorphisms with high probability, where $\delta>0$ depends upon $F$ alone. Both properties are in stark contrast to random $d$-regular graphs, which correspond to the case where $F$ is the infinite $d$-regular tree. We also show that, under the same hypotheses, the number of unlabelled, $n$-vertex graphs that are $r$-locally $F$ grows like a stretched exponential in $n$, again in contrast with $d$-regular graphs. In the case where $F$ is the standard Cayley graph of $\mathbb{Z}^d$, we obtain a much more precise enumeration result, and more precise results on the properties of the random graph $G_n(F,r)$. Our proofs use a mixture of results and techniques from geometry, group theory and combinatorics. Comment: Full proof of Theorem 7 added. Statement of Proposition 38 has been strengthened slightly. 61 pages

Average popularity In bottom 99%Average influencePopularity: Citation-based measure reflecting the current impact.Average influence In bottom 99%Influence: Citation-based measure reflecting the total impact.add Add to ORCIDPlease grant OpenAIRE to access and update your ORCID works.

You have already added works in your ORCID record related to the merged Research product. - Publication . Article . Preprint . 2021Open Access EnglishAuthors:Ignacio A Perez; Dana Vaknin Ben Porath; Cristian E La Rocca; Sergey V Buldyrev; Lidia A Braunstein; Shlomo Havlin;Project: EC | RISE (821115)
In this paper we study the Motter-Lai model of cascading failures induced by overloads in both isotropic and anisotropic spatial networks, generated by placing nodes in a square lattice and using various distributions of link lengths and angles. Anisotropy has not been earlier considered in the Motter-Lai model and is a real feature that may affect the cascading failures. This could reflect the existence of a preferred direction in which a given attribute of the system manifests, such as power lines that follow a city built parallel to the coast. We show that the anisotropy causes a greater spread of damage along the preferential direction of links. We also identify the critical linear size, $l_c$, for a square shaped localized attack, which satisfies with high probability that above $l_c$ the cascading disrupts the giant component of functional nodes, while below $l_c$ the damage does not spread. We find that, for networks with any characteristic link length, their robustness decreases with the strength of the anisotropy. We show that the value of $l_c$ is finite and independent of the system size (for large systems), both for isotropic and anisotropic networks. Thus, in contrast to random attacks, where the critical fraction of nodes that survive the initial attack, $p_c$, is usually below 1, here $p_c = 1$. Note that the analogy to $p_c = 1$ is also found for localized attacks in interdependent spatial networks. Finally, we measure the final distribution of functional cluster sizes and find a power-law behavior, with exponents similar to regular percolation. This indicates that, after the cascade which destroys the giant component, the system is at a percolation critical point. Additionally, we observe a crossover in the value of the distribution exponent, from critical percolation in a two-dimensional lattice for strong spatial embedding, to mean-field percolation for weak embedding. 22 pages, 11 figures

Average popularity In bottom 99%Average influencePopularity: Citation-based measure reflecting the current impact.Average influence In bottom 99%Influence: Citation-based measure reflecting the total impact.add Add to ORCIDPlease grant OpenAIRE to access and update your ORCID works.

You have already added works in your ORCID record related to the merged Research product. - Publication . Article . Preprint . 2021Open AccessAuthors:Hagai Perets; Evgeni Grishin;Hagai Perets; Evgeni Grishin;Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)Project: EC | SNeX (865932)
Recent surveys show that wide ($>10^4$ AU) binaries and triples are abundant in the field. We study the long-term evolution of wide hierarchical triple systems and the role played by the Galactic tidal (GT) field. We find that when the timescales of the secular von-Ziepel-Lidov-Kozai and the GT oscillations are comparable, triple evolution becomes chaotic which leads to extreme eccentricities. Consequently, the close pericentre approaches of the inner-binary components lead to strong interactions, mergers and collisions. We use a novel secular evolution code to quantify the key parameters and carry out a population-synthesis study of low and intermediate-mass wide-orbit triples. We find that in $\sim9\%$ of low-mass wide-triples the inner main-sequence binaries collide or tidally-inspiral within $10\ \rm Gyr$, with direct collisions are $6$ times more likely to occur. For the intermediate-mass sample, $\sim7.6\%$ of the systems merge or inspiral with roughly equal probabilities. We discuss the relative fractions of different stellar merger/inspiral outcomes as a function of their evolutionary stage (Main-Sequence, MS; Red-Giant, RG; or White-Dwarf, WD), their transient electromagnetic signatures and the final products of the merger/inspiral. In particular, the rate of WD-WD direct-collisions that lead to type-Ia Supernovae is comparable to other dynamical channels and accounts for at most $0.1\%$ of the observed rate. RG inspirals provide a novel channel for the formation of eccentric common-envelope-evolution binaries. The catalysis of mergers/collisions in triples due to GT could explain a significant fraction, or even the vast majority, of blue-stragglers in the field, produce progenitors for cataclysmic-variables, and give-rise to mergers/collisions of double-RG binaries. Accepted to MNRAS

Average popularity In bottom 99%Average influencePopularity: Citation-based measure reflecting the current impact.Average influence In bottom 99%Influence: Citation-based measure reflecting the total impact.add Add to ORCIDPlease grant OpenAIRE to access and update your ORCID works.

You have already added works in your ORCID record related to the merged Research product.