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  • Publications
  • 2013-2022
  • Open Access
  • ELTE Digital Institutional Repository (EDIT)

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  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Imre Hamar;
    Publisher: Eotvos Lorand University (ELTE)
    Country: Hungary

    The Buddhāvataṃsaka-sūtra, which served as an ideological foundation for the establishment and gradual development of the Huayan school, is one of the most influential Mahāyāna sūtras in East Asian Buddhism. This article shows how the exegetical tradition that focused on the study of this scripture was started by the scholar monks of the Dilun school, who highly valued the Vasubandhu’s commentary on the Daśabhūmika-sūtra chapter of the Buddhāvataṃsaka-sūtra, and was completed during the Tang dynasty by the masters of the Buddhist exegesis, who later were venerated as patriarchs of the Huayan school. A Buddhāvataṃsaka-sūtra az egyik legjelentősebb Mahāyāna sūtra Kelet-Ázsiában, amely alapján a kínai buddhizmus egyik iskolája, a Huayan megalkotta sajátos tanításait. Ebben a cikkben bemutatjuk, hogy Kínában miként kezdődött el ennek a műnek az egzegetikai tanulmányozása a Dilun iskola tudós szerzetesei által, akik a Buddhāvataṃsaka-sūtra egyik fejezetét, a Daśabhūmika-sūtrát tanulmányozták Vasubandhu kommentárjának segítségével, és hogyan érte el a csúcspontját a Tang-kori mesterek által, akikek később a Huayan-iskola pátriákáiként tiszteltek.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    SALAM ALALI;
    Country: Hungary

    This study is about the African American Harlem Renaissance star Zora Neale Hurston and her link to this movement. She was perceived negatively by some central male figures in this movement because she didn’t follow the trend of “propaganda” for “race lifting.” She was accused of presenting a very negative image of African Americans. This image matches the stereotypical white views of the black. They believed such an image must be suppressed or marginalized in favour of something more urgent that serves the black as a whole. Others found in this approach an attempt on Hurston's part to reach and make her voice heard for the white and her interests with white publishers. In fact, she was a folklorist and anthropologist dedicated to preserving the African American heritage. She transcended the “race people” for an objective and scientific representation of her people. She examines the relationship between Hurston’s text and culture as a text, her role as outsider/ insider in telling the black folktales, occupying an anthropologist job that is classified as exclusively masculine and done by the white.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    István Hoffman; Mirosław Karpiuk;
    Country: Hungary
  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Henrietta Vadászi; Bence Kiss; András Micsonai; Gitta Schlosser; Tamás Szaniszló; Réka Á. Kovács; Balázs A. Györffy; Katalin A. Kékesi; Yuji Goto; Barbara Uzonyi; +2 more
    Publisher: Elsevier BV
    Country: Hungary
  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    István Hoffman; Jarosław Kostrubiec;
    Publisher: University of Bialystok
    Country: Hungary

    Abstract The subject of the article are selected political rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Polish and Hungarian constitutions, which are analysed in the context of possible limitations due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The analysis covers the right to vote in elections and referendums, the freedom of expression and opinion, and the freedom of assembly. The main aim of the article is to identify similarities and differences in the legal solutions adopted in Poland and Hungary in the context of restrictions or threats to political freedoms and rights. As a result of the research carried out, the authors positively verified the hypothesis that Poland and Hungary, although they chose different methodologies to implement the specific legal order applicable due to the coronavirus pandemic, namely Hungary has introduced one of the constitutional states of exception, i.e. the state of danger, while Poland did not introduce a state of natural disaster, the formula for sanctioning restrictions on political freedoms and rights with secondary legislation was similar in both countries. The authors express the view that continuous efforts should be made to develop legal institutions that would allow for a balance between the need to preserve political rights and freedoms and the need to make quick decisions in relation to the pandemic and citizens’ right to health. A pandemic should never be an excuse for those in power to restrict political freedoms and rights for longer periods of time, so as not to make these freedoms and rights the next victims of the SARS-CoV–2 virus.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    József Dombi; Tamás Jónás;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV
    Country: Hungary

    Abstract This paper presents a novel approach to the weighted aggregation and to determination of weights in an aggregation procedure. In our study, we introduce the concept of a weighted aggregation system that consists of two components: (1) a weighting transformation and (2) an aggregation operator, both induced by a common generator function. We provide the necessary and sufficient condition for the form of a generator function-based weighted aggregation system. We show that the weighted quasi-arithmetic means on the non-negative extended real line are none other than the aggregation functions induced by weighted aggregation systems, i.e., these means are compositions of an n -ary aggregation operator and n weighting transformations ( n ∈ N , n ≥ 1 ). Next, using weighted quasi-arithmetic means on the unit interval, we introduce a new, expectation level-based weight determination method and a scoring procedure. In this method, the decision-maker’s expectation levels for the input variables are directly transformed into weights by making use of the generator function of a weighted quasi-arithmetic mean. We utilize this mean as a scoring function to evaluate the decision alternatives. Lastly, by the means of illustrative numerical examples, we present a novel decision model, in which the expectation levels can be even intervals, i.e., the weights are also intervals. Finally, we get an interval-valued score for each alternative.

  • Publication . Other literature type . Part of book or chapter of book . 2022
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Zách, Lili;
    Countries: Hungary, Ireland

    While Trappist monks in France have been producing artisan cheese since the seventeenth century, the ubiquitous trappista cheese in Hungary was generally recognized as a mass-produced and low-quality product at the end of the twentieth century. The origins of the mild flavoured, semi-hard cheese, however, reveal that trappista reached Hungary from Marija Zvijezda Abbey in Banja Luka, Bosnia-Herzegovina. The monastery was founded by Austrian Trappist monk Franz Pfanner in 1869 (then part of the Ottoman Empire), starting cheese production in 1882. This paper explores the contrast between the artisan cheese of Port-du-Salut (and Banja Luka) and the mass-produced Hungarian trappista as there has been a gap in historiography with regard to how this particular cheese gained such immense popularity in Hungary. It traces how the Austro-Hungarian Empire’s colonial mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina contributed to the spread of Trappist cheese consumption and production in Hungary from the late nineteenth century. By providing a comprehensive assessment of how industrial dairy production and trade transformed in Hungary from the days of the dual monarchy until the fall of communism in 1989, this paper investigates how the transnational history of Trappist cheese was shaped by colonial, national and communist forces across several borders.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Zoltán Rónay; Márton Matyasovszky-Németh;
    Country: Hungary

    Abstract There is a general consensus in mainstream education sciences and sociology that the Hungarian educational system has long been highly selective. 1 Although the majority of Hungarian society has high hopes that the educational system promotes social mobility, empirical studies show that the problem of selectivity has not been handled effectively, regardless of the multitude of changes in education policy in past decades. 2 It has become a very fashionable theme in the past few years to denounce the detrimental effects of neoliberalism on the educational system for this failing. 3 We, however, argue that neoliberalism has only played a secondary role in the controversial evolution of educational policy, while its chief causes may rather be found in ambiguous education legislation. As a result of the aforementioned controversy, the impact of neoliberal economic policy on the institutional selectivity of education needs to be clarified. Accordingly, this paper aims to highlight the main patterns of how the neoliberal idea has affected education, as well as its side effects on social mobility.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Gábor Törley; László Zsakó; Péter Bernát;
    Country: Hungary

    When we talk about problem-solving skills, then, generally, programming comes to our minds as an activity that can develop algorithmic thinking and abstraction. Regarding the spreadsheet, the software application area could be our first, and mathematics could be our second thought. When spreadsheets and programming are mentioned together, programming of macros is in focus, which is in fact programming. In this paper, we want to focus on how these two areas impact each other, and we want to emphasize that the spreadsheet is an efficient tool to develop algorithmic thinking. Moreover, there is more “crosstalk” between these two tools. This paper will show through examples that there is a two-way connection between spreadsheet and programming; that is why it can be useful to build the concepts of these two topics mutually on each other. Keywords: spreadsheet, programming, problem solving, algorithmic thinking, teaching methodologies

Advanced search in
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
5,566 Research products, page 1 of 557
  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Imre Hamar;
    Publisher: Eotvos Lorand University (ELTE)
    Country: Hungary

    The Buddhāvataṃsaka-sūtra, which served as an ideological foundation for the establishment and gradual development of the Huayan school, is one of the most influential Mahāyāna sūtras in East Asian Buddhism. This article shows how the exegetical tradition that focused on the study of this scripture was started by the scholar monks of the Dilun school, who highly valued the Vasubandhu’s commentary on the Daśabhūmika-sūtra chapter of the Buddhāvataṃsaka-sūtra, and was completed during the Tang dynasty by the masters of the Buddhist exegesis, who later were venerated as patriarchs of the Huayan school. A Buddhāvataṃsaka-sūtra az egyik legjelentősebb Mahāyāna sūtra Kelet-Ázsiában, amely alapján a kínai buddhizmus egyik iskolája, a Huayan megalkotta sajátos tanításait. Ebben a cikkben bemutatjuk, hogy Kínában miként kezdődött el ennek a műnek az egzegetikai tanulmányozása a Dilun iskola tudós szerzetesei által, akik a Buddhāvataṃsaka-sūtra egyik fejezetét, a Daśabhūmika-sūtrát tanulmányozták Vasubandhu kommentárjának segítségével, és hogyan érte el a csúcspontját a Tang-kori mesterek által, akikek később a Huayan-iskola pátriákáiként tiszteltek.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    SALAM ALALI;
    Country: Hungary

    This study is about the African American Harlem Renaissance star Zora Neale Hurston and her link to this movement. She was perceived negatively by some central male figures in this movement because she didn’t follow the trend of “propaganda” for “race lifting.” She was accused of presenting a very negative image of African Americans. This image matches the stereotypical white views of the black. They believed such an image must be suppressed or marginalized in favour of something more urgent that serves the black as a whole. Others found in this approach an attempt on Hurston's part to reach and make her voice heard for the white and her interests with white publishers. In fact, she was a folklorist and anthropologist dedicated to preserving the African American heritage. She transcended the “race people” for an objective and scientific representation of her people. She examines the relationship between Hurston’s text and culture as a text, her role as outsider/ insider in telling the black folktales, occupying an anthropologist job that is classified as exclusively masculine and done by the white.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    István Hoffman; Mirosław Karpiuk;
    Country: Hungary
  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Henrietta Vadászi; Bence Kiss; András Micsonai; Gitta Schlosser; Tamás Szaniszló; Réka Á. Kovács; Balázs A. Györffy; Katalin A. Kékesi; Yuji Goto; Barbara Uzonyi; +2 more
    Publisher: Elsevier BV
    Country: Hungary
  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    István Hoffman; Jarosław Kostrubiec;
    Publisher: University of Bialystok
    Country: Hungary

    Abstract The subject of the article are selected political rights and freedoms guaranteed by the Polish and Hungarian constitutions, which are analysed in the context of possible limitations due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The analysis covers the right to vote in elections and referendums, the freedom of expression and opinion, and the freedom of assembly. The main aim of the article is to identify similarities and differences in the legal solutions adopted in Poland and Hungary in the context of restrictions or threats to political freedoms and rights. As a result of the research carried out, the authors positively verified the hypothesis that Poland and Hungary, although they chose different methodologies to implement the specific legal order applicable due to the coronavirus pandemic, namely Hungary has introduced one of the constitutional states of exception, i.e. the state of danger, while Poland did not introduce a state of natural disaster, the formula for sanctioning restrictions on political freedoms and rights with secondary legislation was similar in both countries. The authors express the view that continuous efforts should be made to develop legal institutions that would allow for a balance between the need to preserve political rights and freedoms and the need to make quick decisions in relation to the pandemic and citizens’ right to health. A pandemic should never be an excuse for those in power to restrict political freedoms and rights for longer periods of time, so as not to make these freedoms and rights the next victims of the SARS-CoV–2 virus.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    József Dombi; Tamás Jónás;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV
    Country: Hungary

    Abstract This paper presents a novel approach to the weighted aggregation and to determination of weights in an aggregation procedure. In our study, we introduce the concept of a weighted aggregation system that consists of two components: (1) a weighting transformation and (2) an aggregation operator, both induced by a common generator function. We provide the necessary and sufficient condition for the form of a generator function-based weighted aggregation system. We show that the weighted quasi-arithmetic means on the non-negative extended real line are none other than the aggregation functions induced by weighted aggregation systems, i.e., these means are compositions of an n -ary aggregation operator and n weighting transformations ( n ∈ N , n ≥ 1 ). Next, using weighted quasi-arithmetic means on the unit interval, we introduce a new, expectation level-based weight determination method and a scoring procedure. In this method, the decision-maker’s expectation levels for the input variables are directly transformed into weights by making use of the generator function of a weighted quasi-arithmetic mean. We utilize this mean as a scoring function to evaluate the decision alternatives. Lastly, by the means of illustrative numerical examples, we present a novel decision model, in which the expectation levels can be even intervals, i.e., the weights are also intervals. Finally, we get an interval-valued score for each alternative.

  • Publication . Other literature type . Part of book or chapter of book . 2022
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Zách, Lili;
    Countries: Hungary, Ireland

    While Trappist monks in France have been producing artisan cheese since the seventeenth century, the ubiquitous trappista cheese in Hungary was generally recognized as a mass-produced and low-quality product at the end of the twentieth century. The origins of the mild flavoured, semi-hard cheese, however, reveal that trappista reached Hungary from Marija Zvijezda Abbey in Banja Luka, Bosnia-Herzegovina. The monastery was founded by Austrian Trappist monk Franz Pfanner in 1869 (then part of the Ottoman Empire), starting cheese production in 1882. This paper explores the contrast between the artisan cheese of Port-du-Salut (and Banja Luka) and the mass-produced Hungarian trappista as there has been a gap in historiography with regard to how this particular cheese gained such immense popularity in Hungary. It traces how the Austro-Hungarian Empire’s colonial mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina contributed to the spread of Trappist cheese consumption and production in Hungary from the late nineteenth century. By providing a comprehensive assessment of how industrial dairy production and trade transformed in Hungary from the days of the dual monarchy until the fall of communism in 1989, this paper investigates how the transnational history of Trappist cheese was shaped by colonial, national and communist forces across several borders.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Zoltán Rónay; Márton Matyasovszky-Németh;
    Country: Hungary

    Abstract There is a general consensus in mainstream education sciences and sociology that the Hungarian educational system has long been highly selective. 1 Although the majority of Hungarian society has high hopes that the educational system promotes social mobility, empirical studies show that the problem of selectivity has not been handled effectively, regardless of the multitude of changes in education policy in past decades. 2 It has become a very fashionable theme in the past few years to denounce the detrimental effects of neoliberalism on the educational system for this failing. 3 We, however, argue that neoliberalism has only played a secondary role in the controversial evolution of educational policy, while its chief causes may rather be found in ambiguous education legislation. As a result of the aforementioned controversy, the impact of neoliberal economic policy on the institutional selectivity of education needs to be clarified. Accordingly, this paper aims to highlight the main patterns of how the neoliberal idea has affected education, as well as its side effects on social mobility.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Gábor Törley; László Zsakó; Péter Bernát;
    Country: Hungary

    When we talk about problem-solving skills, then, generally, programming comes to our minds as an activity that can develop algorithmic thinking and abstraction. Regarding the spreadsheet, the software application area could be our first, and mathematics could be our second thought. When spreadsheets and programming are mentioned together, programming of macros is in focus, which is in fact programming. In this paper, we want to focus on how these two areas impact each other, and we want to emphasize that the spreadsheet is an efficient tool to develop algorithmic thinking. Moreover, there is more “crosstalk” between these two tools. This paper will show through examples that there is a two-way connection between spreadsheet and programming; that is why it can be useful to build the concepts of these two topics mutually on each other. Keywords: spreadsheet, programming, problem solving, algorithmic thinking, teaching methodologies

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