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  • Publications
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  • Rural Digital Europe

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  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Vér, András; McKee, Annie; Moriarty, John; Honegger, Sandra; O'Dwyer, Tom;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | NEFERTITI (772705)

    NEFERTITI is a ‘Horizon 2020’ project that will run until the end of 2021. It supports on-farm demonstration activities and farmer-to-farmer learning that supports innovation uptake. The name NEFERTITI reflects the full project title: ‘Networking European Farms to Enhance Cross Fertilisation and Innovation Uptake Through Demonstration’. Networking... The project involves ten networks each with a theme. The themes focus on aspects of innovation in livestock production, arable farming, and horticulture. They bring together 45 regional clusters (‘hubs’) of demonstration farmers and people who innovate in agriculture, such as advisors, facilitators, researchers, industry representatives and policy makers. You can Farm: Farm attractiveness Network 10, called ‘Farm Attractiveness’ has the goal of identifying and supporting new people and new pathways into agriculture across Europe. This network supports knowledge exchange demonstration events held on farms and online, with host farmers who are ‘new entrants’ to agriculture. The objective of the demonstration events are to encourage young people to see farming as a future and career that is both worthwhile and worth considering. Network Activities In 2019 a total of 39 events were organised by Network 10 hubs, all of which were either on-farm or in-organisation. In 2020, 31 events were held, 12 of which were held online in response to the Covid-19 pandemic. Online events organised included webinars, panel discussions, and social media ‘takeovers’. One UK virtual event included contributions from four partner countries. The use of social media was critical to the success of the demonstration events, both on-farm, in organisation, or held online. Social media promotion of events attracted young and diverse audiences, and careful use of different platforms appealed to different localities and types of participants (e.g. agricultural college students). For example, the social media ‘takeovers’ involved young farmers directly uploading stories, videos, pictures, and other content to the social media of partner organisations. Videos from the events could be shared via social media to enhance knowledge exchange and links were made available to allow for later viewing. Findings Multimedia use and the use of diverse social media platforms has the potential increase and target audiences. E.g. Instagram events, targeted at young people, also promoted on Facebook and Twitter, including sharing video links. Virtual events have enabled an international dimension to be added to events. E.g. UK webinar featuring contributions from other partners Online events are available for knowledge exchange with those who cannot participate ‘live’. E.g. Webinar recordings are available on YouTube and Instagram highlights of social media takeovers are available on the host channel, and Instagram TV.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Ida Toivanen; Venla Räsänen; Jari Lindroos; Tomi Oinas; Sakari Taipale;
    Publisher: Editorial Universitat Politècnica de València
    Countries: Spain, Finland

    [EN] The rise of digital technology has enabled us to utilize even more integrated systems for social and health care, but these systems are often complex and time-consuming to learn for the end users without relevant training or experience. We aim to perform Named Entity Recognition based sentiment analysis using the answers of eldercare workers that have taken a survey about the effects of digitalization on their work. The collection of the panel survey data was carried out in two waves: in 2019 and 2021. For the sentiment analysis we compare these two waves to determine the effects of COVID-19 on the work of eldercare workers. The research questions we ask are the following: “Has technology affected eldercare workers’ emotions in their work and how?" and “Has COVID-19 affected eldercare workers’ views on digitalization in their work?”. The main results suggest that criticism of modern technology persists through time – that is, before and after the pandemic the same type of negative and positive sentiments are manifested in the results. However, the familiarization with technology during COVID-19 seems to have been decreasing negative sentiments and increasing positive sentiments regarding digitalization. Due to the smallness of our data, more research should be conducted to make firmer conclusions on the matter.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Henning Brink; Sven Packmohr;
    Publisher: Malmö universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DVMT)

    Higher education institutions (HEIs) are facing significant progress in their digitalization. Covid-19 is an external affordance in which digitalization helps to secure social distance. Internal affordances are requirements to enhance the students’ learning experience. We analyze students’ attitudes toward the digitalization of their HEI based on empirical data from two groups of students within the same study program during the pandemic. The first group started on-campus before the pandemic and was forced into online teaching. The second group started online. Our results show that students, to a high degree, perceive harm in their learning success. At the same time, they have trust in the HEI’s data handling. Generally, the group, which started online, shows a slightly higher negative perception. The differences between the two groups show a low to a medium degree. Our work contributes to clarifying the impact of having to start studies online, which seems to be minor.

  • Publication . Article . Conference object . 2022
    Open Access Romanian
    Authors: 
    ȚURȚURICA Maria-Cristina;
    Publisher: Zenodo

    {"references": ["1.\tUN Secretary-General's Strategy on new Technologies. [citat 15.03.2022]. Disponibil: https://www.un.org/en/newtechnologies/images/pdf/SGs-Strategy-on-New-Technologies.pdf", "2. Consiliul Consultativ al Judec\u0103torilor Europeni, Opinia nr.(2011)14 a CCJE Justi\u021bia \u0219i Tehnologiile Informatice (IT). [citat 15.03.2022]. Dispo-nibil: https://rm.coe.int/1680748207", "3.\tEmma van Gelder, Xandra Kramer and Erlis Themeli. Access to justice in times of corona. [citat 15.03.2022]. Disponibil: https://conflictoflaws. net/2020/access-to-justice-in-times-of-corona/", "4.\tPortalul Na\u021bional al Instan\u021belor de Judecat\u0103. [citat 15.03.2022]. https://instante.justice.md", "5.\tDispozi\u021bia nr. 3 a Comisiei pentru Situa\u021bii Excep\u021bionale a Republicii Moldova din 15 aprilie 2021. [citat 15.03.2022]. Disponibil : https://gov.md/sites/default/files/dispozitia_cse_nr3_15.04.2021_r_.pdf", "6.\tCodul de Procedur\u0103 Civil\u0103 al Republicii Moldova din 30.05.2003. [citat 15.03.2022]. Disponibil: https://www.legis.md/cautare/getResults?doc_ id=129218&lang=ro", "7.\tCodul de Procedur\u0103 Penal\u0103 al Republicii Moldova din 13.03.2003. [ci-tat 15.03.2022]. Disponibil: https://legis.md/cautare/getResults?doc_ id=96049&lang=ro", "8.\tBaran N. Teoria general\u0103 a dreptului, Capitolul 3: Principiile Fundamen-tale ale dreptului. No\u021biune. . [citat 15.03.2022]. Disponibil: https://cis01. central.ucv.ro/csv/curs/tgd/c3.html", "9.\tArseni A. Autoritatea judec\u0103toreasc\u0103 \u2013 veritabil\u0103 institu\u021bie de realizare a ramurii puterii de stat \u00een condi\u021biile edific\u0103rii statului de drept. \u00cen: Revista Na\u021bional\u0103 de Drept, 2013, nr. 11, p.", "10.\tPrinciples for Digital Development. . [citat 15.03.2022]. Disponibil: www. digitalprinciples.org", "11.\tPrincipiile guvern\u0103rii electronice. [citat 15.03.2022]. Disponibil: www. eguvernare.blogspot.com.", "12.\tEuropean eGovernment Action Plan 2016-2020. [citat 15.03.2022]. Dis-ponibil: https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/european-egover-nment-action-plan-2016-2020", "13. Concep\u021bia privind principiile datelor guvernamentale deschise aprobat\u0103 prin Hot\u0103r\u00e2rea Guvernului nr. 700 din 25-08-2014. . [citat 15.03.2022]. Dispo-nibil: https://www.legis.md/cautare/getResults?doc_id=18535&lang=ro"]} Summary The digitalization of judicial services became a stringent necessity, especially during the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic. Many courts managed to stay operational mainly due to availability of information technologies that they could use, which allowed access to justice for litigants. By using videoconferencing and various online communication platforms, courts across the globe conducted, during 2020-2021, thousands of remote trials. While judicial e-services were essential to ensuring courts’ resilience and operabi-lity in crisis times and rapid digitalization of the judiciary sounds enticing, it is crucial to promote and implement it carefully, in strict observance of human rights and liberties. Principles governing the functioning of state powers and of the judiciary characteristic for a democratic society, should also be respected. Various international and regional bodies adopted numerous principles for the digitization of public services in general and for digitalization of judicial services in particular. This article identifies and describes va-rious principles that should govern the process of digitization of judicial services, so that the rights of litigants and other parties to a case are not infringed.

  • Open Access Romanian
    Authors: 
    MANGÎR Vlada;
    Publisher: Zenodo

    {"references": ["1.\tChoffnes, Eileen R., et al. The Domestic and International Impacts of the 2009-H1N1 Influenza A Pandemic: Global Challenges, Global Solutions: Workshop Summary. National Academies Press, 2010.", "Schou, Jannick, and Morten Hjelholt. Digitalization and Public Sector Transformations. Institute for Urban Design (US), 2018.", "3.\tCrimele \u00een timpul COVID-ului. [citat la 08.12.2021]. Disponibil: https://econofact.org/crime-in-the-time-of-covid", "4.\tConsiliul Europei. Conducerea sistemului judiciar - compila\u021bie de comen-tarii pe \u021bar\u0103. Comentariu f\u0103cut de Victoria Palanciuc, membr\u0103 CEPEJ \u0219i co-respondent na\u021bional, Director al Agen\u021biei de Administrare a Instan\u021belor din subordinea Ministerului Justi\u021biei. [citat la 0p.12.2021]. Disponibil: https://www.coe.int/en/web/cepej/compilation-comments#Republic%20of%20 Moldova", "5.\tDeclara\u021bia CEPEJ. Lec\u021bii \u00eenv\u0103\u021bate \u0219i provoc\u0103ri cu care puterea judiciar\u0103 s-a confruntat \u00een timpul \u0219i dup\u0103 pandemia COVID-19. [citat la 08.12.2021]. Disponibil: https://rm.coe.int/declaration-en/16809ea1e2", "6. Consiliul Europei. Impactul \u0219i lec\u021biile crizei COVID-19 \u00een ceea ce prive\u0219te eficien\u021ba justi\u021biei \u0219i func\u021bionarea sistemului judiciar. [citat la 08.12.2021]."]} Summary The COVID-19 pandemic has put its trademark on the 21st century, not only due to the impact it had made on the economic, social and justice sectors, barring the overlap with the digital era. The already developing digitalization process that has started ever since the early 90’s has faced a major turbulence, with the new virus allowing the experts to broaden their perspective on how to use technology to the best interest of the collective, in order to keep the communities safe. This key factor has highlighted that the pandemic has rather stimulated the development of the digital current, mirroring a symbiotic cau-se-effect relationship between the two. This being said, digitalization has been appointed as a pivotal means of governance. The increased contraventions and the ignorance of the judicial system to the pandemic waves, has reflected the mandatory update of the digital tools in our era for catalyzing cyber justice.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Álvarez Castro, Elena; Rubio Escudero, Miguel Ángel; Escutia Muñoz, Domingo;
    Publisher: Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Country: Spain

    Nowadays, space educational activities are essential in schools, in order to show the importance of space research and exploration in our daily and future life. Space related activities provides teachers tools and a fascinating context to get students involved in different disciplines which are ‘difficult’ for them. In addition, programming is one of the most important skills in technological areas. Space technology is full of programming, algorithms, and code. However, students’ perception is different because they think coding is difficult and they will not be able to program a satellite or a rover, so they are not very interested and motivated to learn to program. A widely useful tool to motivate students to learn programming is educational robotics, which uses physical robots and block-based programming interfaces to attract their attention. However, these robots are not accessible for all schools, and it is difficult to use robots in the online environment created by COVID-19. Therefore, online tools are becoming more and more important in education, because they make activities more flexible and accessible for schools and students. In this paper, we show an educational resource that used space robotics as a context achieving two main objectives: to promote space careers and teach and motivate high school students to learn how to program. We also show our conclusions and lessons learned, after implementing this project in two different situations. The students’ challenge is to control a Moon rover, which is on the Moon surface in order to fulfil a space mission. The activities can be performed completely online using an online simulation tool and block-based programming language. We tested the educational material in an online event with many high school pupils and also in a face-to-face lesson with pupils studying a technical module. The experiences and feedbacks were positive and allowed us to improve the initial activities. Moreover, the results show students are more interested in space careers after completing the challenge. Space robotics give us a perfect opportunity to introduce subjects such as programming, robotics, and technology to students. These areas will be essential in the future and we have to change perception of the space industry because it is fundamental for the development of space exploration and our society

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Harjula, E. (Erkki); Kumar, T. (Tanesh); Islam, J. (Johirul); Ejaz, M. (Muneeb); Kovacevic, I. (Ivana);
    Publisher: Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare
    Country: Finland

    According to World Health Organization (WHO), the worldwide prevalence of chronic diseases increases fast and new threats, such as Covid-19 pandemic, continue to emerge, while the aging population continues decaying the dependency ratio. These challenges will cause a huge pressure on the efficacy and cost-efficiency of healthcare systems worldwide. Thanks to the emerging technologies, such as novel medical imaging and monitoring instrumentation, and Internet of Medical Things (IoMT), more accurate and versatile patient data than ever is available for medical use. To transform the technology advancements into better outcome and improved efficiency of healthcare, seamless interoperation of the underlying key technologies needs to be ensured. Novel IoT and communication technologies, edge computing and virtualization have a major role in this transformation. In this article, we explore the combined use of these technologies for managing complex tasks of connecting patients, personnel, hospital systems, electronic health records and medical instrumentation. We summarize our joint effort of four recent scientific articles that together demonstrate the potential of the edge-cloud continuum as the base approach for providing efficient and secure distributed e-health and e-welfare services. Finally, we provide an outlook for future research needs.

  • Open Access German
    Authors: 
    Köhn, Stefanie; Schlumbohm, Anna; Brünger, Martin; Burchardi, Jennifer Marie; Spyra, Karla;
    Publisher: Zenodo

    Hintergrund und Zielstellung Einrichtungen der Suchtrehabilitation und Suchtnachsorge wurden durch die SARS‐CoV‐2-Pandemie mit der Herausforderung konfrontiert, die Aufrechterhaltung des Therapieangebots bei gleichzeitig bestmöglichem Schutz von Patient:innen und Personal vor einer Corona-Infektion zu gewährleisten. Therapeutische Angebote mussten aufgrund der Hygiene-und Schutzmaßnahmen erheblich modifiziert werden, dies betraf insbesondere Angebote im Gruppensetting (Vogelgesang, 2020; Weissinger 2020). Eine Strategie zur Aufrechterhaltung des Therapieangebots war die Nutzung digitaler Angebote oder einzeltherapeutischer Ersatzleistungen der Gruppentherapie, deren Finanzierung durch die Kostenträger gewährleistet wurde (Tabbera et al., 2020). Dieser Beitrag stellt erstmalig empirische Ergebnisse der pandemiebedingten Auswirkungen auf die Therapiegestaltung in der Suchtrehabilitation und zu den Chancen der Nutzung digitaler Angebote aus Einrichtungsperspektive dar. Methoden Die vorliegende Analyse basiert auf Daten einer bundesweiten Online-Befragung von Einrichtungen der Suchtrehabilitation und Suchtnachsorge, die im Herbst 2021 durchgeführt wurde. Die Befragung ist Bestandteil des Forschungsprojektes „Auswirkungen der SARS‐CoV‐2-Pandemie auf die Sucht-Rehabilitation“ (CoV-AZuR). Zielgruppe der Befragung waren Einrichtungen, die mindestens einen Leistungstyp der Suchtrehabilitation (stationäre Rehabilitation (STR), Adaption (ADA), ganztägig ambulante Rehabilitation (TAR), ambulante Rehabilitation (ARS)) oder eine Suchtnachsorge (NAS) anbieten. Der Fragebogen richtete sich an die ärztliche, therapeutische oder kaufmännische Einrichtungsleitung und umfasst sieben Themengebiete. Die Befragung wurde als Vollerhebung geplant, 1.087 Einrichtungsstandorte wurden angeschrieben. Die Einrichtungsleitung konnte pro Einzelstandort oder für mehrere Standorte gemeinsam ausfüllen. Der auswertbare Rücklauf umfasste 301 Fragebögen, die für insgesamt 494 Standorte ausgefüllt wurden. In der vorliegenden Analyse werden Fragen aus dem Themengebiet “Therapeutische Leistungen” deskriptiv ausgewertet. Dazu werden absolute und prozentuale Häufigkeiten präsentiert. Für die Analyse wurden die antwortenden Einrichtungen in zwei Settings gruppiert: Setting 1: stationäres bzw. ganztägig ambulantes Setting (mindestens ein Standort STR, ADA oder TAR) und Setting 2: berufs-/alltagsbegleitendes ambulantes Setting (Einrichtungen, die ausschließlich ARS und/oder NAS anbieten). Ergebnisse Die Gruppe Setting 1 umfasste 83 der 301 antwortenden Einrichtungen (27,5%), die Gruppe Setting 2 218 Einrichtungen (72,5%). In beiden Settings wurde das therapeutische Leistungsangebot pandemiebedingt modifiziert. Von den Einrichtungsleitungen im Setting 1 gaben 62% an, dass die psycho-/suchttherapeutische Gruppentherapie pandemiebedingt verändert wurde. Im Setting 2 traf dies auf 82% zu. Die psycho-/suchttherapeutische Einzeltherapie wurde in Setting 1 in 33% der Einrichtungen modifiziert, in Setting 2 etwa doppelt so oft (60%). Besonders häufig wurden in Setting 1 angehörigenorientierte Interventionen verändert (93%), dies traf in Setting 2 nur auf 55% zu. Das Angebot Sozialberatung/Entlassmanagement wurde seltener geändert (Setting 1: 28%, Setting 2: 31%). Einrichtungen, die von einer Modifikation der Gruppentherapie berichteten, wurden zur Art und Dauer der notwendigen Veränderungen weiter befragt (Tabelle 1). In nahezu allen Einrichtungen erfolgte eine Reduktion der Gruppengröße (Setting 1: 98%, Setting 2: 92%), bei der Hälfte der Einrichtungen durchgehend im Pandemieverlauf. Gruppentherapeutische Angebote via Videokonferenz wurden in beiden Settings angewendet (Setting 1: 40%, Setting 2: 50%), via Telefonkonferenz in Setting 1 (45% vs. 27%). Gruppentherapien wurden von 80% (Setting 1) bzw. 46% (Setting 2) zumindest zeitweise im Freien durchgeführt. In Setting 1 wurden häufig Ersatzangebote in Form von „Hausaufgaben“ (55%) eingesetzt. In Setting 2 waren als Ersatzangebote telefonische/digitale (97%) oder persönliche Einzelgespräche (82%) besonders relevant. Eine weitere Modifikationsstrategie in Setting 1 betraf Frequenzänderungen, wobei bei 39% die Vergabe von mehr Therapieeinheiten pro Woche und bei 45% die Vergabe von weniger Therapieeinheiten benannt wurde. Die befragten Einrichtungen bewerteten die Chancen bei der Nutzung von digitalen Angeboten in der Suchtrehabilitation und -nachsorge je nach Setting unterschiedlich (Tabelle 2). Einrichtungsleitungen im Setting 1 sehen Potentiale in einer verbesserten Kommunikation mit Patient:innen vor und nach der Behandlung (58%) sowie einer besseren Vernetzung mit externen Behandler:innen (60%). Einrichtungen im Setting 2 benennen als wichtigste Chance die höhere Inanspruchnahme von Suchtrehabilitation und -nachsorge durch die Niedrigschwelligkeit digitaler Angebote (60%). Diskussion und Fazit Erstmalig konnten empirische Ergebnisse zur pandemiebedingten Veränderung therapeutischer Angebote in der Suchtrehabilitation und -nachsorge gezeigt werden. In der sucht-/psychotherapeutischen Gruppentherapie, die für die Suchtrehabilitation einen zentralen Therapiebaustein darstellt, mussten von der Mehrheit der Einrichtungen Veränderungen vorgenommen werden. Neben der Reduktion von Gruppengrößen wurden Alternativen zum üblichen Face-to-Face-Setting in geschlossenen Räumen etabliert. Wesentliche Unterschiede in Ausmaß und Art der Modifikation bestehen zwischen Einrichtungen, die ihre Maßnahmen im stationären bzw. ganztägig ambulanten Setting und im berufs-/alltagsbegleitenden ambulanten Setting anbieten. Die Potentiale digitaler Angebote, wie höhere Inanspruchnahme durch die Niedrigschwelligkeit des Angebots und verbesserte Kommunikation mit Patient:innen und externen Behandler:innen vor und nach der Maßnahme, bieten Anhaltspunkte für die Weiterentwicklung der Suchtrehabilitation und -nachsorge. Literatur Tabbara, A., Gross, B., Kukla, G., Domma, J., Geyer, D., Steffen, D. (2020): Auswirkungen der Corona Pandemie auf die (Sucht-)Rehabilitation - aus unterschiedlichen Blickwinkeln. Sucht Aktuell, 2. 24-36. Vogelgesang, M. (2020): Suchtrehabilitation in Zeiten der Pandemie. Sucht Aktuell, 2. 14-23. Weissinger, V. (2020): Übersicht über Auswirkungen der Corona-Pandemie auf das Versorgungs- und Behandlungssystem für suchtkranke Menschen. SUCHT, 66(4). 183-194. This is the Author's Post-print of the publication Köhn S, Schlumbohm A, Brünger M, Burchard JM, Spyra K: Auswirkungen der SARS-CoV-2-Pandemie auf die Therapiegestaltung und Chancen der Digitalisierung in der Suchtrehabilitation und Suchtnachsorge. DRV-Schriften 2022; 126: 135-137

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Ghenita, M; El-Tawy, N;
    Publisher: British Accounting and Finance Association
    Country: United Kingdom

    Every aspect of life has been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, and the global economy has experienced considerable losses. This study aims to provide theoretical insight and relevant information about the current situation of businesses in the case of British small and medium-sized enterprises (SME's), as well as to identify how they are adapting to overcome COVID-19 challenges. The SMEs are a key driver of economic growth and sustainability in the United Kingdom. The study a qualitative approach to identify the most effective adapting strategies by analyzing secondary data. The study's findings revealed that British SME's responded to the pandemic using five long-term strategies; Financial management, government policy, network relationships, digital transformation, and entrepreneur orientation. This study contributes to data analysis, which may be useful for future empirical and strategical research on COVID-19's economic impact.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Shakirova, Gulshat; Fedorenko, Marina; Belousova, Marina;
    Publisher: Pensoft Publishers

    Digitalization of education during the pandemic of COVID-19 fosters the problem of learning motivation of high school students, the polarity in the development of emotional intelligence may appear. The purpose of the study was to identify the relationship between indicators of learning motivation and emotional intelligence in terms of digitalization among high school students. The sample consisted of 63 high school students aged 16 to 17 years. Research methods were questionnaires: “Learning motivation of high school students” (Lukyanova & Kalinina, 2004); "Motivation for success and fear of failure" (Rean, 1999); "Test of emotional intelligence" (Lyusin, 1999); "Emotional intelligence test" (Hall, adapted by Knyazev, Mitrofanova & Bocharov, 2013). The results of the study showed the domination of the affiliation and social motivation of high school students. It means the desire to take a certain position in relations with others and the necessity to have authority in the referent group. The relationship between the general level of emotional intelligence of high school students and the general level of learning motivation was determined. It was recognized that emotion as a special type of knowledge is related to the category of “intelligence” and enables a person to successfully adapt to changing conditions. Emotions and intellect allow motivation to solve cognitive tasks and to build constructive communication.

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203 Research products, page 1 of 21
  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Vér, András; McKee, Annie; Moriarty, John; Honegger, Sandra; O'Dwyer, Tom;
    Publisher: Zenodo
    Project: EC | NEFERTITI (772705)

    NEFERTITI is a ‘Horizon 2020’ project that will run until the end of 2021. It supports on-farm demonstration activities and farmer-to-farmer learning that supports innovation uptake. The name NEFERTITI reflects the full project title: ‘Networking European Farms to Enhance Cross Fertilisation and Innovation Uptake Through Demonstration’. Networking... The project involves ten networks each with a theme. The themes focus on aspects of innovation in livestock production, arable farming, and horticulture. They bring together 45 regional clusters (‘hubs’) of demonstration farmers and people who innovate in agriculture, such as advisors, facilitators, researchers, industry representatives and policy makers. You can Farm: Farm attractiveness Network 10, called ‘Farm Attractiveness’ has the goal of identifying and supporting new people and new pathways into agriculture across Europe. This network supports knowledge exchange demonstration events held on farms and online, with host farmers who are ‘new entrants’ to agriculture. The objective of the demonstration events are to encourage young people to see farming as a future and career that is both worthwhile and worth considering. Network Activities In 2019 a total of 39 events were organised by Network 10 hubs, all of which were either on-farm or in-organisation. In 2020, 31 events were held, 12 of which were held online in response to the Covid-19 pandemic. Online events organised included webinars, panel discussions, and social media ‘takeovers’. One UK virtual event included contributions from four partner countries. The use of social media was critical to the success of the demonstration events, both on-farm, in organisation, or held online. Social media promotion of events attracted young and diverse audiences, and careful use of different platforms appealed to different localities and types of participants (e.g. agricultural college students). For example, the social media ‘takeovers’ involved young farmers directly uploading stories, videos, pictures, and other content to the social media of partner organisations. Videos from the events could be shared via social media to enhance knowledge exchange and links were made available to allow for later viewing. Findings Multimedia use and the use of diverse social media platforms has the potential increase and target audiences. E.g. Instagram events, targeted at young people, also promoted on Facebook and Twitter, including sharing video links. Virtual events have enabled an international dimension to be added to events. E.g. UK webinar featuring contributions from other partners Online events are available for knowledge exchange with those who cannot participate ‘live’. E.g. Webinar recordings are available on YouTube and Instagram highlights of social media takeovers are available on the host channel, and Instagram TV.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Ida Toivanen; Venla Räsänen; Jari Lindroos; Tomi Oinas; Sakari Taipale;
    Publisher: Editorial Universitat Politècnica de València
    Countries: Spain, Finland

    [EN] The rise of digital technology has enabled us to utilize even more integrated systems for social and health care, but these systems are often complex and time-consuming to learn for the end users without relevant training or experience. We aim to perform Named Entity Recognition based sentiment analysis using the answers of eldercare workers that have taken a survey about the effects of digitalization on their work. The collection of the panel survey data was carried out in two waves: in 2019 and 2021. For the sentiment analysis we compare these two waves to determine the effects of COVID-19 on the work of eldercare workers. The research questions we ask are the following: “Has technology affected eldercare workers’ emotions in their work and how?" and “Has COVID-19 affected eldercare workers’ views on digitalization in their work?”. The main results suggest that criticism of modern technology persists through time – that is, before and after the pandemic the same type of negative and positive sentiments are manifested in the results. However, the familiarization with technology during COVID-19 seems to have been decreasing negative sentiments and increasing positive sentiments regarding digitalization. Due to the smallness of our data, more research should be conducted to make firmer conclusions on the matter.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Henning Brink; Sven Packmohr;
    Publisher: Malmö universitet, Institutionen för datavetenskap och medieteknik (DVMT)

    Higher education institutions (HEIs) are facing significant progress in their digitalization. Covid-19 is an external affordance in which digitalization helps to secure social distance. Internal affordances are requirements to enhance the students’ learning experience. We analyze students’ attitudes toward the digitalization of their HEI based on empirical data from two groups of students within the same study program during the pandemic. The first group started on-campus before the pandemic and was forced into online teaching. The second group started online. Our results show that students, to a high degree, perceive harm in their learning success. At the same time, they have trust in the HEI’s data handling. Generally, the group, which started online, shows a slightly higher negative perception. The differences between the two groups show a low to a medium degree. Our work contributes to clarifying the impact of having to start studies online, which seems to be minor.

  • Publication . Article . Conference object . 2022
    Open Access Romanian
    Authors: 
    ȚURȚURICA Maria-Cristina;
    Publisher: Zenodo

    {"references": ["1.\tUN Secretary-General's Strategy on new Technologies. [citat 15.03.2022]. Disponibil: https://www.un.org/en/newtechnologies/images/pdf/SGs-Strategy-on-New-Technologies.pdf", "2. Consiliul Consultativ al Judec\u0103torilor Europeni, Opinia nr.(2011)14 a CCJE Justi\u021bia \u0219i Tehnologiile Informatice (IT). [citat 15.03.2022]. Dispo-nibil: https://rm.coe.int/1680748207", "3.\tEmma van Gelder, Xandra Kramer and Erlis Themeli. Access to justice in times of corona. [citat 15.03.2022]. Disponibil: https://conflictoflaws. net/2020/access-to-justice-in-times-of-corona/", "4.\tPortalul Na\u021bional al Instan\u021belor de Judecat\u0103. [citat 15.03.2022]. https://instante.justice.md", "5.\tDispozi\u021bia nr. 3 a Comisiei pentru Situa\u021bii Excep\u021bionale a Republicii Moldova din 15 aprilie 2021. [citat 15.03.2022]. Disponibil : https://gov.md/sites/default/files/dispozitia_cse_nr3_15.04.2021_r_.pdf", "6.\tCodul de Procedur\u0103 Civil\u0103 al Republicii Moldova din 30.05.2003. [citat 15.03.2022]. Disponibil: https://www.legis.md/cautare/getResults?doc_ id=129218&lang=ro", "7.\tCodul de Procedur\u0103 Penal\u0103 al Republicii Moldova din 13.03.2003. [ci-tat 15.03.2022]. Disponibil: https://legis.md/cautare/getResults?doc_ id=96049&lang=ro", "8.\tBaran N. Teoria general\u0103 a dreptului, Capitolul 3: Principiile Fundamen-tale ale dreptului. No\u021biune. . [citat 15.03.2022]. Disponibil: https://cis01. central.ucv.ro/csv/curs/tgd/c3.html", "9.\tArseni A. Autoritatea judec\u0103toreasc\u0103 \u2013 veritabil\u0103 institu\u021bie de realizare a ramurii puterii de stat \u00een condi\u021biile edific\u0103rii statului de drept. \u00cen: Revista Na\u021bional\u0103 de Drept, 2013, nr. 11, p.", "10.\tPrinciples for Digital Development. . [citat 15.03.2022]. Disponibil: www. digitalprinciples.org", "11.\tPrincipiile guvern\u0103rii electronice. [citat 15.03.2022]. Disponibil: www. eguvernare.blogspot.com.", "12.\tEuropean eGovernment Action Plan 2016-2020. [citat 15.03.2022]. Dis-ponibil: https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/european-egover-nment-action-plan-2016-2020", "13. Concep\u021bia privind principiile datelor guvernamentale deschise aprobat\u0103 prin Hot\u0103r\u00e2rea Guvernului nr. 700 din 25-08-2014. . [citat 15.03.2022]. Dispo-nibil: https://www.legis.md/cautare/getResults?doc_id=18535&lang=ro"]} Summary The digitalization of judicial services became a stringent necessity, especially during the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic. Many courts managed to stay operational mainly due to availability of information technologies that they could use, which allowed access to justice for litigants. By using videoconferencing and various online communication platforms, courts across the globe conducted, during 2020-2021, thousands of remote trials. While judicial e-services were essential to ensuring courts’ resilience and operabi-lity in crisis times and rapid digitalization of the judiciary sounds enticing, it is crucial to promote and implement it carefully, in strict observance of human rights and liberties. Principles governing the functioning of state powers and of the judiciary characteristic for a democratic society, should also be respected. Various international and regional bodies adopted numerous principles for the digitization of public services in general and for digitalization of judicial services in particular. This article identifies and describes va-rious principles that should govern the process of digitization of judicial services, so that the rights of litigants and other parties to a case are not infringed.

  • Open Access Romanian
    Authors: 
    MANGÎR Vlada;
    Publisher: Zenodo

    {"references": ["1.\tChoffnes, Eileen R., et al. The Domestic and International Impacts of the 2009-H1N1 Influenza A Pandemic: Global Challenges, Global Solutions: Workshop Summary. National Academies Press, 2010.", "Schou, Jannick, and Morten Hjelholt. Digitalization and Public Sector Transformations. Institute for Urban Design (US), 2018.", "3.\tCrimele \u00een timpul COVID-ului. [citat la 08.12.2021]. Disponibil: https://econofact.org/crime-in-the-time-of-covid", "4.\tConsiliul Europei. Conducerea sistemului judiciar - compila\u021bie de comen-tarii pe \u021bar\u0103. Comentariu f\u0103cut de Victoria Palanciuc, membr\u0103 CEPEJ \u0219i co-respondent na\u021bional, Director al Agen\u021biei de Administrare a Instan\u021belor din subordinea Ministerului Justi\u021biei. [citat la 0p.12.2021]. Disponibil: https://www.coe.int/en/web/cepej/compilation-comments#Republic%20of%20 Moldova", "5.\tDeclara\u021bia CEPEJ. Lec\u021bii \u00eenv\u0103\u021bate \u0219i provoc\u0103ri cu care puterea judiciar\u0103 s-a confruntat \u00een timpul \u0219i dup\u0103 pandemia COVID-19. [citat la 08.12.2021]. Disponibil: https://rm.coe.int/declaration-en/16809ea1e2", "6. Consiliul Europei. Impactul \u0219i lec\u021biile crizei COVID-19 \u00een ceea ce prive\u0219te eficien\u021ba justi\u021biei \u0219i func\u021bionarea sistemului judiciar. [citat la 08.12.2021]."]} Summary The COVID-19 pandemic has put its trademark on the 21st century, not only due to the impact it had made on the economic, social and justice sectors, barring the overlap with the digital era. The already developing digitalization process that has started ever since the early 90’s has faced a major turbulence, with the new virus allowing the experts to broaden their perspective on how to use technology to the best interest of the collective, in order to keep the communities safe. This key factor has highlighted that the pandemic has rather stimulated the development of the digital current, mirroring a symbiotic cau-se-effect relationship between the two. This being said, digitalization has been appointed as a pivotal means of governance. The increased contraventions and the ignorance of the judicial system to the pandemic waves, has reflected the mandatory update of the digital tools in our era for catalyzing cyber justice.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Álvarez Castro, Elena; Rubio Escudero, Miguel Ángel; Escutia Muñoz, Domingo;
    Publisher: Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
    Country: Spain

    Nowadays, space educational activities are essential in schools, in order to show the importance of space research and exploration in our daily and future life. Space related activities provides teachers tools and a fascinating context to get students involved in different disciplines which are ‘difficult’ for them. In addition, programming is one of the most important skills in technological areas. Space technology is full of programming, algorithms, and code. However, students’ perception is different because they think coding is difficult and they will not be able to program a satellite or a rover, so they are not very interested and motivated to learn to program. A widely useful tool to motivate students to learn programming is educational robotics, which uses physical robots and block-based programming interfaces to attract their attention. However, these robots are not accessible for all schools, and it is difficult to use robots in the online environment created by COVID-19. Therefore, online tools are becoming more and more important in education, because they make activities more flexible and accessible for schools and students. In this paper, we show an educational resource that used space robotics as a context achieving two main objectives: to promote space careers and teach and motivate high school students to learn how to program. We also show our conclusions and lessons learned, after implementing this project in two different situations. The students’ challenge is to control a Moon rover, which is on the Moon surface in order to fulfil a space mission. The activities can be performed completely online using an online simulation tool and block-based programming language. We tested the educational material in an online event with many high school pupils and also in a face-to-face lesson with pupils studying a technical module. The experiences and feedbacks were positive and allowed us to improve the initial activities. Moreover, the results show students are more interested in space careers after completing the challenge. Space robotics give us a perfect opportunity to introduce subjects such as programming, robotics, and technology to students. These areas will be essential in the future and we have to change perception of the space industry because it is fundamental for the development of space exploration and our society

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Harjula, E. (Erkki); Kumar, T. (Tanesh); Islam, J. (Johirul); Ejaz, M. (Muneeb); Kovacevic, I. (Ivana);
    Publisher: Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare
    Country: Finland

    According to World Health Organization (WHO), the worldwide prevalence of chronic diseases increases fast and new threats, such as Covid-19 pandemic, continue to emerge, while the aging population continues decaying the dependency ratio. These challenges will cause a huge pressure on the efficacy and cost-efficiency of healthcare systems worldwide. Thanks to the emerging technologies, such as novel medical imaging and monitoring instrumentation, and Internet of Medical Things (IoMT), more accurate and versatile patient data than ever is available for medical use. To transform the technology advancements into better outcome and improved efficiency of healthcare, seamless interoperation of the underlying key technologies needs to be ensured. Novel IoT and communication technologies, edge computing and virtualization have a major role in this transformation. In this article, we explore the combined use of these technologies for managing complex tasks of connecting patients, personnel, hospital systems, electronic health records and medical instrumentation. We summarize our joint effort of four recent scientific articles that together demonstrate the potential of the edge-cloud continuum as the base approach for providing efficient and secure distributed e-health and e-welfare services. Finally, we provide an outlook for future research needs.

  • Open Access German
    Authors: 
    Köhn, Stefanie; Schlumbohm, Anna; Brünger, Martin; Burchardi, Jennifer Marie; Spyra, Karla;
    Publisher: Zenodo

    Hintergrund und Zielstellung Einrichtungen der Suchtrehabilitation und Suchtnachsorge wurden durch die SARS‐CoV‐2-Pandemie mit der Herausforderung konfrontiert, die Aufrechterhaltung des Therapieangebots bei gleichzeitig bestmöglichem Schutz von Patient:innen und Personal vor einer Corona-Infektion zu gewährleisten. Therapeutische Angebote mussten aufgrund der Hygiene-und Schutzmaßnahmen erheblich modifiziert werden, dies betraf insbesondere Angebote im Gruppensetting (Vogelgesang, 2020; Weissinger 2020). Eine Strategie zur Aufrechterhaltung des Therapieangebots war die Nutzung digitaler Angebote oder einzeltherapeutischer Ersatzleistungen der Gruppentherapie, deren Finanzierung durch die Kostenträger gewährleistet wurde (Tabbera et al., 2020). Dieser Beitrag stellt erstmalig empirische Ergebnisse der pandemiebedingten Auswirkungen auf die Therapiegestaltung in der Suchtrehabilitation und zu den Chancen der Nutzung digitaler Angebote aus Einrichtungsperspektive dar. Methoden Die vorliegende Analyse basiert auf Daten einer bundesweiten Online-Befragung von Einrichtungen der Suchtrehabilitation und Suchtnachsorge, die im Herbst 2021 durchgeführt wurde. Die Befragung ist Bestandteil des Forschungsprojektes „Auswirkungen der SARS‐CoV‐2-Pandemie auf die Sucht-Rehabilitation“ (CoV-AZuR). Zielgruppe der Befragung waren Einrichtungen, die mindestens einen Leistungstyp der Suchtrehabilitation (stationäre Rehabilitation (STR), Adaption (ADA), ganztägig ambulante Rehabilitation (TAR), ambulante Rehabilitation (ARS)) oder eine Suchtnachsorge (NAS) anbieten. Der Fragebogen richtete sich an die ärztliche, therapeutische oder kaufmännische Einrichtungsleitung und umfasst sieben Themengebiete. Die Befragung wurde als Vollerhebung geplant, 1.087 Einrichtungsstandorte wurden angeschrieben. Die Einrichtungsleitung konnte pro Einzelstandort oder für mehrere Standorte gemeinsam ausfüllen. Der auswertbare Rücklauf umfasste 301 Fragebögen, die für insgesamt 494 Standorte ausgefüllt wurden. In der vorliegenden Analyse werden Fragen aus dem Themengebiet “Therapeutische Leistungen” deskriptiv ausgewertet. Dazu werden absolute und prozentuale Häufigkeiten präsentiert. Für die Analyse wurden die antwortenden Einrichtungen in zwei Settings gruppiert: Setting 1: stationäres bzw. ganztägig ambulantes Setting (mindestens ein Standort STR, ADA oder TAR) und Setting 2: berufs-/alltagsbegleitendes ambulantes Setting (Einrichtungen, die ausschließlich ARS und/oder NAS anbieten). Ergebnisse Die Gruppe Setting 1 umfasste 83 der 301 antwortenden Einrichtungen (27,5%), die Gruppe Setting 2 218 Einrichtungen (72,5%). In beiden Settings wurde das therapeutische Leistungsangebot pandemiebedingt modifiziert. Von den Einrichtungsleitungen im Setting 1 gaben 62% an, dass die psycho-/suchttherapeutische Gruppentherapie pandemiebedingt verändert wurde. Im Setting 2 traf dies auf 82% zu. Die psycho-/suchttherapeutische Einzeltherapie wurde in Setting 1 in 33% der Einrichtungen modifiziert, in Setting 2 etwa doppelt so oft (60%). Besonders häufig wurden in Setting 1 angehörigenorientierte Interventionen verändert (93%), dies traf in Setting 2 nur auf 55% zu. Das Angebot Sozialberatung/Entlassmanagement wurde seltener geändert (Setting 1: 28%, Setting 2: 31%). Einrichtungen, die von einer Modifikation der Gruppentherapie berichteten, wurden zur Art und Dauer der notwendigen Veränderungen weiter befragt (Tabelle 1). In nahezu allen Einrichtungen erfolgte eine Reduktion der Gruppengröße (Setting 1: 98%, Setting 2: 92%), bei der Hälfte der Einrichtungen durchgehend im Pandemieverlauf. Gruppentherapeutische Angebote via Videokonferenz wurden in beiden Settings angewendet (Setting 1: 40%, Setting 2: 50%), via Telefonkonferenz in Setting 1 (45% vs. 27%). Gruppentherapien wurden von 80% (Setting 1) bzw. 46% (Setting 2) zumindest zeitweise im Freien durchgeführt. In Setting 1 wurden häufig Ersatzangebote in Form von „Hausaufgaben“ (55%) eingesetzt. In Setting 2 waren als Ersatzangebote telefonische/digitale (97%) oder persönliche Einzelgespräche (82%) besonders relevant. Eine weitere Modifikationsstrategie in Setting 1 betraf Frequenzänderungen, wobei bei 39% die Vergabe von mehr Therapieeinheiten pro Woche und bei 45% die Vergabe von weniger Therapieeinheiten benannt wurde. Die befragten Einrichtungen bewerteten die Chancen bei der Nutzung von digitalen Angeboten in der Suchtrehabilitation und -nachsorge je nach Setting unterschiedlich (Tabelle 2). Einrichtungsleitungen im Setting 1 sehen Potentiale in einer verbesserten Kommunikation mit Patient:innen vor und nach der Behandlung (58%) sowie einer besseren Vernetzung mit externen Behandler:innen (60%). Einrichtungen im Setting 2 benennen als wichtigste Chance die höhere Inanspruchnahme von Suchtrehabilitation und -nachsorge durch die Niedrigschwelligkeit digitaler Angebote (60%). Diskussion und Fazit Erstmalig konnten empirische Ergebnisse zur pandemiebedingten Veränderung therapeutischer Angebote in der Suchtrehabilitation und -nachsorge gezeigt werden. In der sucht-/psychotherapeutischen Gruppentherapie, die für die Suchtrehabilitation einen zentralen Therapiebaustein darstellt, mussten von der Mehrheit der Einrichtungen Veränderungen vorgenommen werden. Neben der Reduktion von Gruppengrößen wurden Alternativen zum üblichen Face-to-Face-Setting in geschlossenen Räumen etabliert. Wesentliche Unterschiede in Ausmaß und Art der Modifikation bestehen zwischen Einrichtungen, die ihre Maßnahmen im stationären bzw. ganztägig ambulanten Setting und im berufs-/alltagsbegleitenden ambulanten Setting anbieten. Die Potentiale digitaler Angebote, wie höhere Inanspruchnahme durch die Niedrigschwelligkeit des Angebots und verbesserte Kommunikation mit Patient:innen und externen Behandler:innen vor und nach der Maßnahme, bieten Anhaltspunkte für die Weiterentwicklung der Suchtrehabilitation und -nachsorge. Literatur Tabbara, A., Gross, B., Kukla, G., Domma, J., Geyer, D., Steffen, D. (2020): Auswirkungen der Corona Pandemie auf die (Sucht-)Rehabilitation - aus unterschiedlichen Blickwinkeln. Sucht Aktuell, 2. 24-36. Vogelgesang, M. (2020): Suchtrehabilitation in Zeiten der Pandemie. Sucht Aktuell, 2. 14-23. Weissinger, V. (2020): Übersicht über Auswirkungen der Corona-Pandemie auf das Versorgungs- und Behandlungssystem für suchtkranke Menschen. SUCHT, 66(4). 183-194. This is the Author's Post-print of the publication Köhn S, Schlumbohm A, Brünger M, Burchard JM, Spyra K: Auswirkungen der SARS-CoV-2-Pandemie auf die Therapiegestaltung und Chancen der Digitalisierung in der Suchtrehabilitation und Suchtnachsorge. DRV-Schriften 2022; 126: 135-137

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Ghenita, M; El-Tawy, N;
    Publisher: British Accounting and Finance Association
    Country: United Kingdom

    Every aspect of life has been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, and the global economy has experienced considerable losses. This study aims to provide theoretical insight and relevant information about the current situation of businesses in the case of British small and medium-sized enterprises (SME's), as well as to identify how they are adapting to overcome COVID-19 challenges. The SMEs are a key driver of economic growth and sustainability in the United Kingdom. The study a qualitative approach to identify the most effective adapting strategies by analyzing secondary data. The study's findings revealed that British SME's responded to the pandemic using five long-term strategies; Financial management, government policy, network relationships, digital transformation, and entrepreneur orientation. This study contributes to data analysis, which may be useful for future empirical and strategical research on COVID-19's economic impact.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Shakirova, Gulshat; Fedorenko, Marina; Belousova, Marina;
    Publisher: Pensoft Publishers

    Digitalization of education during the pandemic of COVID-19 fosters the problem of learning motivation of high school students, the polarity in the development of emotional intelligence may appear. The purpose of the study was to identify the relationship between indicators of learning motivation and emotional intelligence in terms of digitalization among high school students. The sample consisted of 63 high school students aged 16 to 17 years. Research methods were questionnaires: “Learning motivation of high school students” (Lukyanova & Kalinina, 2004); "Motivation for success and fear of failure" (Rean, 1999); "Test of emotional intelligence" (Lyusin, 1999); "Emotional intelligence test" (Hall, adapted by Knyazev, Mitrofanova & Bocharov, 2013). The results of the study showed the domination of the affiliation and social motivation of high school students. It means the desire to take a certain position in relations with others and the necessity to have authority in the referent group. The relationship between the general level of emotional intelligence of high school students and the general level of learning motivation was determined. It was recognized that emotion as a special type of knowledge is related to the category of “intelligence” and enables a person to successfully adapt to changing conditions. Emotions and intellect allow motivation to solve cognitive tasks and to build constructive communication.

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