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  • 2015-2024
  • Open Access
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  • Publikationer från KTH
  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Her...

  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Lidström, Isak;

    Sports historians have argued that the type of ball games common in the British Isles, which were practiced by two teams and in which the ball was driven with sticks towards predetermined goals – i.e., hurling, shinty, bandy and hockey – were never played in early modern Sweden. By highlighting descriptions of ballgames in Johannes Schefferus’s The History of Lapland (1674), a source previously ignored by sports historians, this article challenges such a claim. One of the games described by Schefferus has some similarities with the violent stick-and-ball game known in Icelandic sagas as knattleikr. Even greater similarities (such as the start of the game with a face-off and the goals consisting of lines on the short edges) emerge when the game is compared with the Scottish game of shinty. Thus, pre-modern Scandinavia does not appear to have been as isolated in terms of sports and games as has been suggested by Swedish sports historians. QC 20240223

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Publikationer från K...arrow_drop_down
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    Publikationer från KTH
    Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    https://doi.org/10.61684/ihs.2...
    Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Crossref
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Publikationer från K...arrow_drop_down
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      Publikationer från KTH
      Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      https://doi.org/10.61684/ihs.2...
      Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Nataliia Gavkalova; Bartłomiej Gładysz; Walter Quadrini; Claudio Sassanelli; +10 Authors

    Research background: Digital ecosystems in Europe are heterogenous organizations involving different economies, industries, and contexts. Among them, Digital Innovation Hubs (DIHs) are considered a policy-driven organization fostered by the European Commission to push companies’ digital transition through a wide portfolio of supporting services. Purpose of the article: There are DIHs existing in all European economies, but literature needs more precise indications about their status and nature. The purpose is to study a distribution of DIHs and differences in portfolios of DIHs’ services across European economies. Therefore, the paper wants to deliver more precise data on effects on national and European policies. This is required to define their final role and scope in the complex dynamics of the digital transition, depending on regional context and heterogeneity of industries. Methods: Data on 38 economies was collected from the S3 platform (on both existing and in preparation DIHs) and further verified by native speaking researchers using manual web scrapping of websites of DIHs identified from S3. To find potential similarities of digital ecosystems in different economies as emanated by the existence of DIHs, clusterization (Ward’s method and Euclidean distances) was applied according to the services offered. Economies were clustered according to the number of DIHs and the spread of DIHs intensity in different cities. The results were further analyzed according to the scope of the provided services. Findings & value added: The applied clustering classified European economies in four different sets, according to the types of services offered by the DIHs. These sets are expression of the different digitalization statuses and strategies of the selected economies and, as such, the services a company can benefit from in a specific economy. Potential development-related reasons behind the data-driven clustering are then conjectured and reported, to guide companies and policy makers in their digitalization strategies. QC 20240221

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Oeconomia Copernican...arrow_drop_down
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    Oeconomia Copernicana
    Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Crossref
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Publikationer från KTH
    Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Oeconomia Copernican...arrow_drop_down
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      Oeconomia Copernicana
      Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: Crossref
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      Publikationer från KTH
      Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Evens, Siegfried;

    Water is essential to produce nuclear energy and prevent nuclear disasters. As light water reactors are increasingly seen as a solution to achieving a sustainable energy transition and battling the climate crisis, it is more important than ever to investigate the risks of using water for nuclear power production. However, the reactor technologies that manage all that water and steam – pressure vessels, steam generators, pipes, valves, and pumps – have not received much attention from historians, STS scholars, and risk sociologists. Therefore, this dissertation aims to study the risk regulation of these crucial reactor components and materials by national and international actors from a historical perspective. Relying on archival sources from the US, France, Sweden, and multiple international organisations, as well as on interviews, this dissertation aims to write a new, longue durée history of nuclear safety, going back to the origins of water and steam risk management in the nineteenth century. Such a historical perspective on nuclear risk regulation reveals two important insights. Firstly, in the 1950s and 1960s, the usage of water and steam technologies in nuclear reactors revealed new types of risks. These ‘ambi-nuclear risks’ are a hybrid of older steam risks, such as leaks, breaks, and explosions, and new risks of radiation and contamination. Secondly, between the 1950s and 1980s, new regimes were created in the US, France, and Sweden to regulate these risks. Initially, during the 1950s, non-nuclear steam regulations were applied directly to the first nuclear power plants. Yet, as power plants increased in size, accidents occurred, and nuclear technologies became increasingly controversial, ‘ambi-nuclear risk regimes’ were created to adapt or ‘nuclearise’ the older regulations. They included new safety measures and methodologies that were directed toward preventing radiation releases, but at the same time they mobilised older technologies, institutions, knowledges, and ideas related to thermal hydraulics and metallurgy. Ambi-nuclear risk regimes were shaped by a wide variety of historical actors through negotiating boundaries between ‘nuclear’ and ‘non-nuclear’ knowledges, components, risks, and regulations. Private or semi-private engineering associations played a particularly vital role in this. This thesis thus shows how nuclear safety as we know it today became nuclear as the result of a transnational long-term process that was greatly determined by much older non-nuclear water and steam risks. The results of this dissertation contribute to ongoing scholarly debates on risk, nuclear technologies, and water in fields like History of Technology, Environmental3History, STS, and Risk Sociology. Most importantly, the thesis expands the time frame in which nuclear risk has traditionally been studied. It challenges dominant conceptions of nuclear power as innovative or exceptional, instead connecting questions of nuclear risk to longer historical developments in water management and industrialisation. This demonstrates the importance of historical contingency for understanding risk and preventing (nuclear) disasters. Vatten krävs för att producera kärnenergi och förhindra olyckor. Eftersom lättvattenreaktorer alltmer ses som en lösning för att uppnå en hållbar energiomställning och bekämpa klimatkrisen är det viktigare än någonsin att undersöka vilka risker användningen av vatten för kärnkraftsproduktion innebär. Teknikerna som används för att hantera allt vatten och ånga för att förhindra större kärnkraftsolyckor - tryckkärl, ånggeneratorer, rör, ventiler och pumpar - har dock inte fått mycket uppmärksamhet från historiker, STS- forskare och risksociologer. Därför syftar denna avhandling till att studera ur ett historiskt perspektiv hur dessa komponenter och deras risker hanterades och styrdes av nationella och internationella aktörer. Med hjälp av arkivkällor från Sverige, USA, Frankrike och flera internationella organisationer, samt intervjuer, presenterar denna avhandling fram en ny, långsiktig historia om kärnsäkerhet, som går tillbaka till ursprunget för riskhantering kring vatten och ånga under 1800-talet. Ett sådant historiskt perspektiv på riskreglering av kärnkraft ger två viktiga insikter. För det första innebar användningen av vatten- och ångteknik i kärnreaktorer att en ny typ av risker uppstod. Dessa "ambi-nukleära risker" är en hybrid av äldre ångrisker, som läckage, brott eller explosioner, och nya risker för strålning och kontaminering. För det andra, mellan 1950- och 1980-talen skapades system i USA, Frankrike och Sverige för att reglera dessa risker. Till en början, under 1950-talet, tillämpades icke-nukleära ångbestämmelser direkt på de första kärnkraftverken. Men i takt med att kraftverken blev större, olyckor inträffade och kärntekniken blev alltmer kontroversiell skapades "ambi-nukleära riskregimer" för att anpassa eller "nuklearisera" de äldre bestämmelserna. De omfattade nya säkerhetsåtgärder och metoder som var inriktade på att förhindra radioaktiva utsläpp, men samtidigt mobiliserade de äldre tekniker, institutioner, kunskaper och idéer med anknytning till termisk hydraulik och metallurgi. Ambi-nukleära riskregimer utvecklades av en mängd olika historiska aktörer genom förhandlingar om gränser mellan "nukleär" och "icke-nukleär" kunskap, komponenter, risker och regleringar. Privata eller halvprivata ingenjörsorganisationer spelade en särskilt viktig roll i detta sammanhang. Denna avhandling visar således att kärnkraftsäkerhet har blivit kärnteknisk eller nukleär som ett resultat av en transnationell och långsiktig process som i hög grad bestämdes av äldre icke-nukleära vatten- och ångregimer. Resultaten av denna avhandling bidrar till pågående vetenskapliga debatter om risk, kärnteknik och vatten inom teknikhistoria, miljöhistoria, STS och5risksociologi. Avhandlingens viktigaste bidrag är att den har vidgat den tidsram med vilken kärnkraftsrisker traditionellt har studerats. Den har utmanat dominerande uppfattningar om kärnkraft som innovativ eller exceptionell, och istället kopplat frågor om kärnkraftsrisk till längre historiska utvecklingar inom vattenhantering och industrialisering. Detta visar på betydelsen av historiska omständigheter för att skapa nya risker och förhindra (kärnkrafts)katastrofer. L'eau est essentielle pour la production d'énergie nucléaire et pour la prévention des catastrophes nucléaires. Cependant, les technologies des réacteurs qui gèrent l’eau et la vapeur – cuves sous pression, générateurs de vapeur, tuyaux, tubes, vannes et pompes – n'ont pas reçu beaucoup d’attention des personnes historiennes, chercheures STS, et sociologues du risque. Par conséquent, cette thèse propose d’étudier dans une perspective historique la réglementation des risques associés à ces composants et matériaux cruciaux par les acteurs nationaux et internationaux. S'appuyant sur des sources archivistiques provenant de la France, des États- Unis, de la Suède, et des organisations internationales, ainsi que sur une série d’entretiens, cette thèse propose une nouvelle histoire « longue durée » de la sûreté nucléaire, en remontant aux origines de la gestion des risques liés à l'eau et à la vapeur au dix-neuvième siècle. Une telle perspective historique quant à la réglementation des risques nucléaires révèle deux éléments importants. Premièrement, dans les années 1950 et 1960, l'utilisation des technologies de l'eau et de la vapeur dans les réacteurs nucléaires a révélé de nouveaux types de risques. Ces « risques ambi-nucléaires » sont un ensemble hybride des anciens risques liés à la vapeur, tels que les fuites, les ruptures et les explosions, et des nouveaux risques de radiation et de contamination. Deuxièmement, entre les années 1950 et 1980, de nouveaux régimes ont été créés aux États-Unis, en France et en Suède pour réglementer ces risques. Dans un premier temps, au cours des années 1950, des réglementations relatives à la vapeur ont été appliquées directement aux premières centrales nucléaires. Cependant, avec l'augmentation de la taille des centrales, les accidents et la controverse croissante autour des technologies nucléaires, des « régimes de risque ambi-nucléaire » ont été créés afin d'adapter ou de «nucléariser» les anciennes réglementations. Ceux-ci comprenaient de nouvelles mesures de sûreté et des méthodes visant à prévenir les rejets de radiations, mais mobilisant en même temps des technologies, des institutions, des connaissances et des idées plus anciennes liées à l'hydraulique thermique et à la métallurgie. Les régimes de risque ambi-nucléaire ont ainsi été façonnés par une grande variété d'acteurs historiques qui ont négocié les frontières entre les connaissances, les composants, les risques et les réglementations «nucléaires» et «non-nucléaires». Les associations de personnes ingénieures privées ou semi-privées ont joué un rôle particulièrement important à cet égard.7Cette thèse montre donc comment la sûreté nucléaire est devenue « nucléaire ». Les résultats de cette thèse contribuent aux débats scientifiques sur le risque, les technologies nucléaires et l'eau dans l'histoire de la technologie, l'histoire de l'environnement, STS et la sociologie du risque. La thèse élargit le cadre temporel avec lequel le risque nucléaire a été traditionnellement étudié. Elle remet en question les conceptions dominantes de l'énergie nucléaire comme innovante ou exceptionnelle, en reliant plutôt les questions de risque nucléaire à des développements historiques plus longs dans le domaine de la gestion de l'eau. Cela démontre l'importance de la contingence historique pour la création de nouveaux risques, l'évaluation de la « nucléarité » et la création de connaissances, de pratiques et de réglementations pour prévenir les catastrophes nucléaires. QC 20240402

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    Publikationer från KTH
    Doctoral thesis . 2024
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      Publikationer från KTH
      Doctoral thesis . 2024
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    Authors: Arthur dos Santos; Jayr Pereira; Rodrigo Nogueira; Bruno Masiero; +2 Authors

    The increasing number of scientific publications in acoustics, in general, presents difficulties in conducting traditional literature surveys. This work explores the use of a generative pre-trained transformer (GPT) model to automate a literature survey of 117 articles on data-driven speech enhancement methods. The main objective is to evaluate the capabilities and limitations of the model in providing accurate responses to specific queries about the papers selected from a reference human-based survey. While we see great potential to automate literature surveys in acoustics, improvements are needed to address technical questions more clearly and accurately. QC 20240111

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    arXiv.org e-Print Archive
    Other literature type . Preprint . 2023
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    Acta Acustica
    Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
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    Acta Acustica
    Article . 2024
    Data sources: DOAJ
    https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
    Article . 2023
    License: CC BY
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      Other literature type . Preprint . 2023
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      Acta Acustica
      Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
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      Acta Acustica
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      Data sources: DOAJ
      https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
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    Authors: Johansson, Nils;

    This study examines the notion of substitutionalism, which assumes that the introduction of sustainable alternatives will inherently displace unsustainable production and consumption systems. By studying the emergence of two historical examples of sustainable consumption, book and video rental, this study offers a unique opportunity to understand the effects of sharing from a distance and as a dominant consumption practice. The findings show that commercial lending did not displace new sales; instead, it transformed these subjects into mass-consumer products. Rental offered a lower price, greater supply, established new branches, and turned reading books and watching movies at home into consumer cultures. Producers initially resisted rental, but seized shares of the income as rental grew, and controlled the rental market so that cannibalization of the conventional consumption practices was avoided. This research challenges the core assumption of substitutionalism and highlights the need for a deeper understanding of market dynamics. QC 20240403

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    Publikationer från KTH
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      Publikationer från KTH
      Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Fredrik Bertilsson;

    Det här kapitlet vägleds av ett intresse för hur humanistisk kunskap hargjorts användbar i det svenska försvaret i förhållande till informationsteknologiskalandvinningar och nya former av så kallad informationspåverkanunder slutet av 1900-talet. Informationspåverkan avser kort sagtanvändningen av (vilseledande) information i syfte att påverka den allmännaopinionen, demokratiska processer och det politiska beslutsfattandet. Målet med kapitlet är att bidra till en bättre förståelse av denbetydelse som humanistisk kunskap har haft i det svenska försvaret ochdärmed den svenska staten under slutet av 1900-talet. Jag studerar kunskapsom vanligen knyts till utbildningen och forskningen inom humanioraoch humanistiska fakulteter vid universitet och högskolor. Det handlarsärskilt om filosofisk kunskap om bedömningen eller värderingen av argumentoch utsagor i text samt källkritik. Källkritiken utvecklades ursprungligenav historiker under 1800-talet och har som vetenskaplig metod haftett stort inflytande på historievetenskapen i de nordiska länderna, kanskesärskilt i Sverige. QC 20230913 Humanistisk kunskap i den svenska försvarsforskningen: Humanvetenskapen vid FOA 5

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Publikationer från K...arrow_drop_down
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    Publikationer från KTH
    Part of book or chapter of book . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
    https://doi.org/10.22188/krite...
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      Publikationer från KTH
      Part of book or chapter of book . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
      https://doi.org/10.22188/krite...
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    Authors: Piahanau, Aliaksandr;

    Even a short breakdown in fuel supplies can have profound and dramatic consequences for modern economies. This paper explores a major coal shortage in Central Europe after WWI which shook local societies for two years. The dissolution of the Habsburg Empire in 1918 provides a narrower context to this study, while its immediate focus lies upon the development of diplomatic and economic relationships between Czechoslovakia – a WWI victor and an important coal exporter, and Hungary – a war losing state that was a net coal importer. This paper underlines the scale of the Hungarian reliance on fuels from Czechoslovakia, and suggests that this dependency was one of the chief arguments that motivated Budapest to cede Slovakia to Prague’s control and, more generally, to accept the peace terms proposed at the Paris conference. It is safe to conclude that economic considerations played a much greater, if not dominant, role in the adoption of the peace treaty of Trianon of 1920 in Hungary. Overall, the paper demonstrates that cross- border energy interdependence substantially influenced diplo-matic relations in Central Europe immediately after WWI, privile-ging coal-exporting states over coal-importing states. QC 20230607

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    Diplomacy and Statecraft
    Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
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      Diplomacy and Statecraft
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    Authors: Lipskyte, Gabriele;

    This project explores strategies to effectively address the challenges surrounding the ‘dissonant’ heritage of totalitarian regimes. The difficulties associated with this heritage rises from multiple factors, such as the characteristics of materials and objects involved, historical and cultural contexts, political influences, ethical considerations, religious aspects, and personal beliefs of individuals involved. These differences give rise to conflicts and obstacles in preserving and managing such heritage. The main point of disagreement is whether undesired and painful objects and sites should be demolished or if they are to be preserved, how they should be appropriately presented. Therefore, it is essential to adopt a balanced approach that respects diverse perspectives, fosters dialogue, and embraces adaptive strategies. This approach is crucial for ensuring the long-term viability and meaningful interpretation of our shared collective heritage. The case study chosen is Lithuania, a former part of the Soviet Union. Most built heritage from the Soviet era may not be traditionally seen as culturally significant, but it does bear witness to collective memory. The goal is to analyze and propose an adaptive reuse project for a partially abandoned building, the former Taxi Park in Vilnius. To address historical memory, the proposal suggests a programic shift from a Taxi Park to a Film Park. This approach showcases artifacts from the Lithuanian film industry and transforms the space into an archival institution that engages with history. The building is organized in a chronological framework, with different floors that create a cohesive narrative that honors the past, preserves the present, and allows for future engagement. By incorporating these elements, the space serves educational, cultural, and future-oriented purposes.

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    Publikationer från KTH
    Bachelor thesis . 2023
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      Publikationer från KTH
      Bachelor thesis . 2023
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    Authors: Grankvist, Per;

    För att den gröna omställningen i Sverige ska lyckas krävs att mer än 100 000 personer flyttar till Norrland de närmaste åren för att arbeta i de nya industrierna som etableras där och i snabbt växande samhällena. Vilka berättelser skulle kunna få människor att flytta dit, och vilka är det egentligen som ska höra dessa berättelser? Det här är en analys av berättelser om Norrland för de som knappt varit där, för de som är födda där, för de som kan tänka sig att flytta dit och för de som påverkar utan att vara på plats. Analysen innehåller ett antal handgripliga rekommendationer för hur man kan beskriva den norra landsändan på ett sätt som kan varieras beroende på vem som är mottagare men som likväl förenas av en berättelse om regionen som helhet. In order for the green transition in Sweden to succeed, more than 100 000 people to move to the northern part of the country in the coming years to work in the new industries being established there and in the rapidly growing communities. What are the stories that could attract people to move there, and who should hear these stories? This is an analysis of stories about Norrland for those who have barely been there, for those who were born there, for those who might consider moving there, and for those who influence without being there. The analysis provides a number of tangible recommendations on how to describe the North in a way that can be varied depending on the audience, but still united by a narrative of the region as a whole. Del av regeringsuppdrag Thriving North, “Stöd till innovationsarbete inom hållbar stads- och samhällsutveckling i Norrbotten och Västerbotten”QC 20240318 Stöd till innovationsarbete inom hållbar stads- och samhällsutveckling i Norrbotten och Västerbotten

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    Authors: Santosh Nimbhorkar, Jeet;

    The Cloud Radio Access Network (RAN) is a technology used in the telecommunications industry. It provides a flexible, scalable, and costeffective solution for managing and delivering seamless wireless network services. However, the testing of Cloud RAN applications poses formidable challenges due to its complex nature, resulting in potential delays in product delivery and amplified costs. Using the power of test automation is an approach to tackling these challenges. By automating the testing process, we can reduce manual efforts, enhance the accuracy and efficiency of testing procedures, and ultimately expedite the delivery of high-quality products. In this era of cutting-edge advancements, artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) can be used to aid Cloud RAN testing. These technologies empower us to swiftly identify and address complex issues. The goal of this thesis is to have a data-driven approach toward Cloud RAN test automation. Machine learning along with natural language processing techniques are used to automatically predict test cases from test instructions. The test instructions are analyzed and keywords are extracted from them using natural language processing techniques. The performance of two keyword extraction techniques is compared. SpaCy was the best-performing keyword extractor. Test script prediction from these keywords is done using two approaches; using test script names and using test script contents. Random Forest was the best performing model for both these approaches when the data were oversampled and when it was undersampled as well. Cloud Radio Access Network (RAN) är en revolutionerande teknik som används inom telekommunikationsindustrin. Det ger en flexibel, skalbar och kostnadseffektiv lösning för att hantera och leverera sömlösa trådlösa nätverkstjänster. Testningen av Cloud RAN-applikationer innebär dock enorma utmaningar på grund av dess komplexa natur, vilket resulterar i potentiella förseningar i produktleverans och förstärkta kostnader. Att använda kraften i testautomatisering är en avgörande metod för att tackla dessa utmaningar. Genom att automatisera testprocessen kan vi dramatiskt minska manuella ansträngningar, avsevärt förbättra noggrannheten och effektiviteten i testprocedurerna och i slutändan påskynda leveransen av högkvalitativa produkter. I denna era av banbrytande framsteg kan artificiell intelligens (AI) och maskininlärning (ML) användas för att revolutionera Cloud RAN-testning. Dessa banbrytande teknologier ger oss möjlighet att snabbt identifiera och ta itu med komplexa problem. Målet med detta examensarbete är att ha ett datadrivet förhållningssätt till Cloud RAN-testautomatisering. Maskininlärning tillsammans med naturliga språkbehandlingstekniker används för att automatiskt generera testfall från testinstruktioner. Testinstruktionerna analyseras och nyckelord extraheras från dem med hjälp av naturliga språkbehandlingstekniker. Resultatet av två sökordsextraktionstekniker jämförs. SpaCy var den bäst presterande sökordsextraktorn. Förutsägelse av testskript från dessa nyckelord görs med två metoder; använda testskriptnamn och använda testskriptinnehåll. Random forests var den bäst presterande modellen för båda dessa tillvägagångssätt när data överstämplades och även undersamplades.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Lidström, Isak;

    Sports historians have argued that the type of ball games common in the British Isles, which were practiced by two teams and in which the ball was driven with sticks towards predetermined goals – i.e., hurling, shinty, bandy and hockey – were never played in early modern Sweden. By highlighting descriptions of ballgames in Johannes Schefferus’s The History of Lapland (1674), a source previously ignored by sports historians, this article challenges such a claim. One of the games described by Schefferus has some similarities with the violent stick-and-ball game known in Icelandic sagas as knattleikr. Even greater similarities (such as the start of the game with a face-off and the goals consisting of lines on the short edges) emerge when the game is compared with the Scottish game of shinty. Thus, pre-modern Scandinavia does not appear to have been as isolated in terms of sports and games as has been suggested by Swedish sports historians. QC 20240223

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    Publikationer från KTH
    Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
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    https://doi.org/10.61684/ihs.2...
    Article . 2024 . Peer-reviewed
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    Authors: Nataliia Gavkalova; Bartłomiej Gładysz; Walter Quadrini; Claudio Sassanelli; +10 Authors

    Research background: Digital ecosystems in Europe are heterogenous organizations involving different economies, industries, and contexts. Among them, Digital Innovation Hubs (DIHs) are considered a policy-driven organization fostered by the European Commission to push companies’ digital transition through a wide portfolio of supporting services. Purpose of the article: There are DIHs existing in all European economies, but literature needs more precise indications about their status and nature. The purpose is to study a distribution of DIHs and differences in portfolios of DIHs’ services across European economies. Therefore, the paper wants to deliver more precise data on effects on national and European policies. This is required to define their final role and scope in the complex dynamics of the digital transition, depending on regional context and heterogeneity of industries. Methods: Data on 38 economies was collected from the S3 platform (on both existing and in preparation DIHs) and further verified by native speaking researchers using manual web scrapping of websites of DIHs identified from S3. To find potential similarities of digital ecosystems in different economies as emanated by the existence of DIHs, clusterization (Ward’s method and Euclidean distances) was applied according to the services offered. Economies were clustered according to the number of DIHs and the spread of DIHs intensity in different cities. The results were further analyzed according to the scope of the provided services. Findings & value added: The applied clustering classified European economies in four different sets, according to the types of services offered by the DIHs. These sets are expression of the different digitalization statuses and strategies of the selected economies and, as such, the services a company can benefit from in a specific economy. Potential development-related reasons behind the data-driven clustering are then conjectured and reported, to guide companies and policy makers in their digitalization strategies. QC 20240221

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    Oeconomia Copernicana
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    Authors: Evens, Siegfried;

    Water is essential to produce nuclear energy and prevent nuclear disasters. As light water reactors are increasingly seen as a solution to achieving a sustainable energy transition and battling the climate crisis, it is more important than ever to investigate the risks of using water for nuclear power production. However, the reactor technologies that manage all that water and steam – pressure vessels, steam generators, pipes, valves, and pumps – have not received much attention from historians, STS scholars, and risk sociologists. Therefore, this dissertation aims to study the risk regulation of these crucial reactor components and materials by national and international actors from a historical perspective. Relying on archival sources from the US, France, Sweden, and multiple international organisations, as well as on interviews, this dissertation aims to write a new, longue durée history of nuclear safety, going back to the origins of water and steam risk management in the nineteenth century. Such a historical perspective on nuclear risk regulation reveals two important insights. Firstly, in the 1950s and 1960s, the usage of water and steam technologies in nuclear reactors revealed new types of risks. These ‘ambi-nuclear risks’ are a hybrid of older steam risks, such as leaks, breaks, and explosions, and new risks of radiation and contamination. Secondly, between the 1950s and 1980s, new regimes were created in the US, France, and Sweden to regulate these risks. Initially, during the 1950s, non-nuclear steam regulations were applied directly to the first nuclear power plants. Yet, as power plants increased in size, accidents occurred, and nuclear technologies became increasingly controversial, ‘ambi-nuclear risk regimes’ were created to adapt or ‘nuclearise’ the older regulations. They included new safety measures and methodologies that were directed toward preventing radiation releases, but at the same time they mobilised older technologies, institutions, knowledges, and ideas related to thermal hydraulics and metallurgy. Ambi-nuclear risk regimes were shaped by a wide variety of historical actors through negotiating boundaries between ‘nuclear’ and ‘non-nuclear’ knowledges, components, risks, and regulations. Private or semi-private engineering associations played a particularly vital role in this. This thesis thus shows how nuclear safety as we know it today became nuclear as the result of a transnational long-term process that was greatly determined by much older non-nuclear water and steam risks. The results of this dissertation contribute to ongoing scholarly debates on risk, nuclear technologies, and water in fields like History of Technology, Environmental3History, STS, and Risk Sociology. Most importantly, the thesis expands the time frame in which nuclear risk has traditionally been studied. It challenges dominant conceptions of nuclear power as innovative or exceptional, instead connecting questions of nuclear risk to longer historical developments in water management and industrialisation. This demonstrates the importance of historical contingency for understanding risk and preventing (nuclear) disasters. Vatten krävs för att producera kärnenergi och förhindra olyckor. Eftersom lättvattenreaktorer alltmer ses som en lösning för att uppnå en hållbar energiomställning och bekämpa klimatkrisen är det viktigare än någonsin att undersöka vilka risker användningen av vatten för kärnkraftsproduktion innebär. Teknikerna som används för att hantera allt vatten och ånga för att förhindra större kärnkraftsolyckor - tryckkärl, ånggeneratorer, rör, ventiler och pumpar - har dock inte fått mycket uppmärksamhet från historiker, STS- forskare och risksociologer. Därför syftar denna avhandling till att studera ur ett historiskt perspektiv hur dessa komponenter och deras risker hanterades och styrdes av nationella och internationella aktörer. Med hjälp av arkivkällor från Sverige, USA, Frankrike och flera internationella organisationer, samt intervjuer, presenterar denna avhandling fram en ny, långsiktig historia om kärnsäkerhet, som går tillbaka till ursprunget för riskhantering kring vatten och ånga under 1800-talet. Ett sådant historiskt perspektiv på riskreglering av kärnkraft ger två viktiga insikter. För det första innebar användningen av vatten- och ångteknik i kärnreaktorer att en ny typ av risker uppstod. Dessa "ambi-nukleära risker" är en hybrid av äldre ångrisker, som läckage, brott eller explosioner, och nya risker för strålning och kontaminering. För det andra, mellan 1950- och 1980-talen skapades system i USA, Frankrike och Sverige för att reglera dessa risker. Till en början, under 1950-talet, tillämpades icke-nukleära ångbestämmelser direkt på de första kärnkraftverken. Men i takt med att kraftverken blev större, olyckor inträffade och kärntekniken blev alltmer kontroversiell skapades "ambi-nukleära riskregimer" för att anpassa eller "nuklearisera" de äldre bestämmelserna. De omfattade nya säkerhetsåtgärder och metoder som var inriktade på att förhindra radioaktiva utsläpp, men samtidigt mobiliserade de äldre tekniker, institutioner, kunskaper och idéer med anknytning till termisk hydraulik och metallurgi. Ambi-nukleära riskregimer utvecklades av en mängd olika historiska aktörer genom förhandlingar om gränser mellan "nukleär" och "icke-nukleär" kunskap, komponenter, risker och regleringar. Privata eller halvprivata ingenjörsorganisationer spelade en särskilt viktig roll i detta sammanhang. Denna avhandling visar således att kärnkraftsäkerhet har blivit kärnteknisk eller nukleär som ett resultat av en transnationell och långsiktig process som i hög grad bestämdes av äldre icke-nukleära vatten- och ångregimer. Resultaten av denna avhandling bidrar till pågående vetenskapliga debatter om risk, kärnteknik och vatten inom teknikhistoria, miljöhistoria, STS och5risksociologi. Avhandlingens viktigaste bidrag är att den har vidgat den tidsram med vilken kärnkraftsrisker traditionellt har studerats. Den har utmanat dominerande uppfattningar om kärnkraft som innovativ eller exceptionell, och istället kopplat frågor om kärnkraftsrisk till längre historiska utvecklingar inom vattenhantering och industrialisering. Detta visar på betydelsen av historiska omständigheter för att skapa nya risker och förhindra (kärnkrafts)katastrofer. L'eau est essentielle pour la production d'énergie nucléaire et pour la prévention des catastrophes nucléaires. Cependant, les technologies des réacteurs qui gèrent l’eau et la vapeur – cuves sous pression, générateurs de vapeur, tuyaux, tubes, vannes et pompes – n'ont pas reçu beaucoup d’attention des personnes historiennes, chercheures STS, et sociologues du risque. Par conséquent, cette thèse propose d’étudier dans une perspective historique la réglementation des risques associés à ces composants et matériaux cruciaux par les acteurs nationaux et internationaux. S'appuyant sur des sources archivistiques provenant de la France, des États- Unis, de la Suède, et des organisations internationales, ainsi que sur une série d’entretiens, cette thèse propose une nouvelle histoire « longue durée » de la sûreté nucléaire, en remontant aux origines de la gestion des risques liés à l'eau et à la vapeur au dix-neuvième siècle. Une telle perspective historique quant à la réglementation des risques nucléaires révèle deux éléments importants. Premièrement, dans les années 1950 et 1960, l'utilisation des technologies de l'eau et de la vapeur dans les réacteurs nucléaires a révélé de nouveaux types de risques. Ces « risques ambi-nucléaires » sont un ensemble hybride des anciens risques liés à la vapeur, tels que les fuites, les ruptures et les explosions, et des nouveaux risques de radiation et de contamination. Deuxièmement, entre les années 1950 et 1980, de nouveaux régimes ont été créés aux États-Unis, en France et en Suède pour réglementer ces risques. Dans un premier temps, au cours des années 1950, des réglementations relatives à la vapeur ont été appliquées directement aux premières centrales nucléaires. Cependant, avec l'augmentation de la taille des centrales, les accidents et la controverse croissante autour des technologies nucléaires, des « régimes de risque ambi-nucléaire » ont été créés afin d'adapter ou de «nucléariser» les anciennes réglementations. Ceux-ci comprenaient de nouvelles mesures de sûreté et des méthodes visant à prévenir les rejets de radiations, mais mobilisant en même temps des technologies, des institutions, des connaissances et des idées plus anciennes liées à l'hydraulique thermique et à la métallurgie. Les régimes de risque ambi-nucléaire ont ainsi été façonnés par une grande variété d'acteurs historiques qui ont négocié les frontières entre les connaissances, les composants, les risques et les réglementations «nucléaires» et «non-nucléaires». Les associations de personnes ingénieures privées ou semi-privées ont joué un rôle particulièrement important à cet égard.7Cette thèse montre donc comment la sûreté nucléaire est devenue « nucléaire ». Les résultats de cette thèse contribuent aux débats scientifiques sur le risque, les technologies nucléaires et l'eau dans l'histoire de la technologie, l'histoire de l'environnement, STS et la sociologie du risque. La thèse élargit le cadre temporel avec lequel le risque nucléaire a été traditionnellement étudié. Elle remet en question les conceptions dominantes de l'énergie nucléaire comme innovante ou exceptionnelle, en reliant plutôt les questions de risque nucléaire à des développements historiques plus longs dans le domaine de la gestion de l'eau. Cela démontre l'importance de la contingence historique pour la création de nouveaux risques, l'évaluation de la « nucléarité » et la création de connaissances, de pratiques et de réglementations pour prévenir les catastrophes nucléaires. QC 20240402

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    Authors: Arthur dos Santos; Jayr Pereira; Rodrigo Nogueira; Bruno Masiero; +2 Authors

    The increasing number of scientific publications in acoustics, in general, presents difficulties in conducting traditional literature surveys. This work explores the use of a generative pre-trained transformer (GPT) model to automate a literature survey of 117 articles on data-driven speech enhancement methods. The main objective is to evaluate the capabilities and limitations of the model in providing accurate responses to specific queries about the papers selected from a reference human-based survey. While we see great potential to automate literature surveys in acoustics, improvements are needed to address technical questions more clearly and accurately. QC 20240111

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    Acta Acustica
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    Authors: Johansson, Nils;

    This study examines the notion of substitutionalism, which assumes that the introduction of sustainable alternatives will inherently displace unsustainable production and consumption systems. By studying the emergence of two historical examples of sustainable consumption, book and video rental, this study offers a unique opportunity to understand the effects of sharing from a distance and as a dominant consumption practice. The findings show that commercial lending did not displace new sales; instead, it transformed these subjects into mass-consumer products. Rental offered a lower price, greater supply, established new branches, and turned reading books and watching movies at home into consumer cultures. Producers initially resisted rental, but seized shares of the income as rental grew, and controlled the rental market so that cannibalization of the conventional consumption practices was avoided. This research challenges the core assumption of substitutionalism and highlights the need for a deeper understanding of market dynamics. QC 20240403

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    Authors: Fredrik Bertilsson;

    Det här kapitlet vägleds av ett intresse för hur humanistisk kunskap hargjorts användbar i det svenska försvaret i förhållande till informationsteknologiskalandvinningar och nya former av så kallad informationspåverkanunder slutet av 1900-talet. Informationspåverkan avser kort sagtanvändningen av (vilseledande) information i syfte att påverka den allmännaopinionen, demokratiska processer och det politiska beslutsfattandet. Målet med kapitlet är att bidra till en bättre förståelse av denbetydelse som humanistisk kunskap har haft i det svenska försvaret ochdärmed den svenska staten under slutet av 1900-talet. Jag studerar kunskapsom vanligen knyts till utbildningen och forskningen inom humanioraoch humanistiska fakulteter vid universitet och högskolor. Det handlarsärskilt om filosofisk kunskap om bedömningen eller värderingen av argumentoch utsagor i text samt källkritik. Källkritiken utvecklades ursprungligenav historiker under 1800-talet och har som vetenskaplig metod haftett stort inflytande på historievetenskapen i de nordiska länderna, kanskesärskilt i Sverige. QC 20230913 Humanistisk kunskap i den svenska försvarsforskningen: Humanvetenskapen vid FOA 5

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    Publikationer från KTH
    Part of book or chapter of book . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
    https://doi.org/10.22188/krite...
    Part of book or chapter of book . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
    Data sources: Crossref
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Publikationer från K...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Publikationer från KTH
      Part of book or chapter of book . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
      https://doi.org/10.22188/krite...
      Part of book or chapter of book . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
      Data sources: Crossref