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  • Publications
  • 2018-2022
  • Open Access
  • RS
  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage
  • Rural Digital Europe

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  • Publication . Conference object . Article . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Djukić, Aleksandra; Joković, Jugoslav; Antonić, Branislav; Zdravković, Jana; Ilić, Nikola;
    Publisher: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
    Countries: Bulgaria, Serbia

    The traditional meaning of an atlas has changed recently, with the prompt rise of digitalisation. This process has also opened new perspectives to collect and present atlas data; the interconnection of the huge quantities of the different data sets, including the new types of data and introducing atlases with new topics as an innovation. The essential meaning of an atlas has been, however, preserved even in its digitalised version – to present spatially related phenomena and items thorough their mapping. The aim of this paper is to discuss about the structure of a digital urban atlas on the example of the creation a new one – the digital atlas of heritage cities and towns along the Danube, one of the main deliverables of DANUrB+ INTERREG Project. This atlas, planned in both hardcopy and digital versions, is still in progress; hence, the main contribution of the paper is to show the expected structure of the digital DANUrB+ Atlas by comparing the project inputs with several already existing digital urban atlases as role-models. This paper is done for INTERREG EU Danube Project “DANube Urban Brand + Building Regional and Local Resilience through the Valorisation of Danube’s Cultural Heritage – DANUrB+” 2020-2022 (No. DTP3-433-2.2).

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Milena Lakicevic;
    Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH

    Summary This paper aims to present the possibilities for creating maps in the programming language R. Even though R is primarily developed as a statistical program, its application in the area of mapping and spatial statistics is becoming frequent and highly relevant. Many R packages make the mapping process easier and user-friendly, and this paper presents the most commonly used ones: “leaflet”, “ggplot2” and “ggmap”. The selection of the R package depends on the user’s proficiency in R programming but also depends on the visual quality of the map the user wants to gain. Based on the questionnaire conducted in this research, the paper recommends application of the “leaflet” package for the beginners, the “ggplot2” package for medium proficient users, and the “ggmap” package for the most advanced R users. After creating maps in R it is possible to conduct additional analysis related to processing of the spatial data contained within, and this would be a recommendation for future research. In this paper, the mapping process is demonstrated on the case study of the National Park “Fruška gora” in Serbia, and different types of maps are presented.

  • Open Access Croatian
    Authors: 
    Dušan Jovanović; Milan Gavrilović; Mirko Borisov; Miro Govedarica;
    Country: Croatia

    Forest and forest ecosystems have a big importance for the whole living world on the earth. Rapid deforestation poses a great danger and increases the effects of climate change. Large forest areas are cut down every year around the world and these activities need to be closely monitored to reduce their negative impact. Knowledge of valid and current geospatial data on forests and forest areas, obtained by interpreting the data by remote sensing methods has great importance for rapid response and management of forest areas. Decisions that are based on outdated and insufficiently precise data can have negative consequences.The researched area of Fruška gora is located in Vojvodina and occupies the northern part of Srem. Due to its natural properties, it enjoys the status of a special nature reserve. Pastures and fertile land, vineyards and orchards, decorate the slopes and lower parts of Fruška gora, while the areas above 300 meters above sea level are covered with dense, deciduous forests.This paper presents a method of analysis of radar Sentinel 1 SAR satellite images, together with a combination of multispectral Sentinel 2 images, with the aim of identifying missing and newly formed forest areas, as well as assessing the usability of free, for everyone available radar satellite images for forest observation.The described methodology is based on the selection of areas of interest, the selection of radar images for the chosen time epoch, image processing, the selection of training sets by combining radar and multispectral images. The classification of radar images was performed on the Cloud platform using the Random Forest classification algorithm. The study showed that in each analysed period from 2016 to 2019, the area under missing forest is larger in relation to the newly created area under forests, as well as the growing trend of new forest areas.Estimation of classification accuracy for each observed time epoch was performed by calculating the error matrix and Kappa statistics, and the average classification accuracy was about 97%. Visual analysis and comparison of the obtained results with historical data confirmed the high accuracy of identification of missing forest areas.The presented method showed that RF classification of free Sentinel 1 and 2 satellite images, can be used as a reliable and up-to-date data for forest monitoring with satisfactory quality and very quickly. Poznavanje točnih i ažurnih geoprostornih podataka o šumama i šumskim površinama dobivenih interpretiranjem podataka metodama daljinskih istraživanja, ima veliko značenje na pravovremenu intervenciju i upravljanje šumskim površinama, dok odluke temeljene na zastarjelim i nedovoljno preciznim podacima mogu imati vrlo negativne posljedice. U ovome radu prezentirana je metoda analize radarskih Sentinel 1 SAR satelitskih snimaka, zajedno s kombinacijom multispektralnih Sentinel 2 snimaka, s ciljem identifikacije nestalih i novo nastalih šumskih površina, kao i ocjenom uporabljivosti besplatnih, svima dostupnih radarskih satelitskih snimaka za promatranje šumskih površina. Klasifikacija radarskih snimaka obavljena je pomoću Random Forest klasifikacijskog algoritma na Cloud platformi. Provedena studija pokazala je da je u svakom analiziranom periodu od 2016. do 2019. godine veća površina pod nestalom šumom u odnosu na novonastalu površinu pod šumama. Procjena točnosti klasifikacije za svaki promatrani period izvršena je računanjem matrice grešaka i Kappa statistike, a prosječna točnost klasifikacije je oko 97%. Vizualnom analizom i usporedbom dobivenih rezultata s povijesnim podacima potvrđena je visoka točnost identifikacije nestalih šumskih površina. Prezentirana metoda je pokazala da se vrlo brzo, na osnovi slobodno dostupnih satelitskih snimaka može doći do pouzdanih i ažurnih podataka zadovoljavajuće kvalitete.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Boško Josimović; Nikola Krunić; Aleksandra Gajić; Božidar Manić;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
    Country: Serbia
    Project: EC | NoAW (688338), MESTD | Spatial, environmental, e... (36035), MESTD | Sustainable spatial devel... (36036)

    AbstractStrategic Environmental Assessment (SEA), as a support to strategic planning, is a starting point in the creation of a sustainable concept of managing waste that is based on the principles of a circular economy. The role of SEA is to guide the planning process towards the goal of securing the best effects in relation to the quality of the living environment and the socio-economic aspects of development. SEA is also an instrument that can be used when making optimal decisions about spatial development, which further contributes to its importance and role in the planning process. The implementation of SEA allows developers to establish the benefits and implications of the proposed spatial changes, taking into account the capacity of the space to sustain the planned development, and to determine the degree of acceptability of the proposed spatial changes. This paper presents a specific method used for impact assessment in SEA for the Agro-Waste Management Plan (AWMP) for Oplenac Vineyard. The specificity of this method is that it combines specific goals, indicators and criteria for assessing the effect of planning solutions formulated in the simulated AWMP for Oplenac Vineyard using a semi-quantitative expert method. The results of the paper indicate the possibility of using GIS tools to increase objectivity in the expert evaluation of planning solutions, particularly in relation to a group of criteria for assessing the spatial dispersion of the impacts. This reduces the subjectivity that is characteristic of all expert methods. The graphical presentation of the results in GIS technology and the use of matrices and graphs to present the results makes them easier to understand and creates a good basis for making optimal decisions on future activities concerning the elimination of waste from wineries and viticulture. The research was carried out within the framework of the NoAW project, which is supported by the European Commission through the Horizon2020 research and innovation program.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Jelena Jovanovic; Robert C. Power; Camille de Becdelievre; Gwenaëlle Goude; Sofija Stefanović;
    Countries: Serbia, France
    Project: EC | BIRTH (640557)

    Research increasingly suggests that natural and social environments shaped the Neolithic expansion of the farming niche into Europe. The Danube Gorges, on account of its position between the Mediterranean and more temperate regions and the presence of archaeological sites with continuous Mesolithic and Neolithic layers of occupation associated with vast burial grounds is ideal for studying the modality of Neolithization. Previous dietary stable isotope (carbon, nitrogen, and sulphur) studies in the Central Balkan area indicate that many Neolithic humans remained reliant on foraged aquatic resources in the Gorges. Until now, there is no unambiguous evidence of cereal consumption in this region. The possibility that the rich aquatic resources of the Danube river habitats within Central Balkans influenced diet and thus delayed uptake of Neolithic cultigens is unanswered. The extensive skeletal record from sites in the Danube Gorges (Central Balkans) with its long temporal sequence, provides the opportunity to reconstruct plant use during Mesolithic and the Neolithic. To assess when cereals and possibly cultivated plants spread to the region, we analysed the microbotanical remains (starch grains and phytoliths) entrapped in the dental calculus of 81 individuals dating from 9100 to 5500 cal BC, recovered from five sites in the Danube Gorges. This study marks the largest study of dental calculus from this period so far conducted. Added to this, we present new radiocarbon dates (n = 17), bone collagen stable isotope data (δ13C and δ15N; n = 5) and data on caries frequency. This dietary study identifies that the growing of crops commenced in the Early Neolithic circa 6000 cal BC and was brought by farming migrants of north-western Anatolian ancestry into the Danube Gorges. Despite bringing a Neolithic agro-pastoral subsistence practices and cultural novelties in the Gorges, these migrants and their descendants adopted some of the local dietary and cultural traditions, suggesting a mosaic pattern of Neolithization. The resulting data provides a better understanding of the tempo and spread of cereal agriculture practices and the role of cereals in the diet of Danube Gorges inhabitants.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Đorđević-Milošević Suzana; Dražić Gordana; Milovanović Jelena; Đorđević Slađana;
    Publisher: Centre for Evaluation in Education and Science (CEON/CEES)

    The improvement of life quality in rural areas is an overall goal of all development strategies in the Western Balkans countries. Rural tourism represents the quality option for diversification of income and employment opportunities in Tropolje region (Canton 10 in Bosnia and Herzegovina). Therefore, the goal of this study is to identify strategic advantages and disadvantages for tourism development in Tropolje region of Dinaric Alps and provide guidelines for its development. The SWOT analysis combined with AHP method was used. In seven domains, 29 strengths, 31 weakness, 25 opportunities and 24 threats were determined, with total intensity 154, 202, 140 and 144 and average rating of influence intensity 5.3, 6.5, 5.6, 5.8, respectively. A significant advantage for tourism development were linked to short supply chains based on natural and cultural heritage of the region.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Darko Stojanovski; Ivana Živaljević; Vesna Dimitrijević; Julie Dunne; Richard P. Evershed; Marie Balasse; Adam Dowle; Jessica Hendy; Krista McGrath; Roman Fischer; +9 more
    Publisher: Public Library Science, San Francisco
    Countries: United Kingdom, France, Serbia
    Project: EC | NEOMILK (324202), EC | LIPDAT (812917), EC | BIRTH (640557), WT , WT | A plaque on both your hou... (108375)

    International audience; he application of biomolecular techniques to archaeological materials from the Balkans is providing valuable new information on the prehistory of the region. This is especially relevant for the study of the neolithisation process in SE Europe, which gradually affected the rest of the continent. Here, to answer questions regarding diet and subsistence practices in early farming societies in the central Balkans, we combine organic residue analyses of archaeological pottery, taxonomic and isotopic study of domestic animal remains and biomolecular analyses of human dental calculus. The results from the analyses of the lipid residues from pottery suggest that milk was processed in ceramic vessels. Dairy products were shown to be part of the subsistence strategies of the earliest Neolithic communities in the region but were of varying importance in different areas of the Balkan. Conversely, milk proteins were not detected within the dental calculus. The molecular and isotopic identification of meat, dairy, plants and beeswax in the pottery lipids also provided insights into the diversity of diet in these early Neolithic communities, mainly based on terrestrial resources. We also present the first compound-specific radiocarbon dates for the region, obtained directly from absorbed organic residues extracted from pottery, identified as dairy lipids.

  • Publication . Other literature type . Article . 2020 . Embargo End Date: 01 Jan 2020
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Ferran Antolín; Amalia Sabanov; Goce Naumov; Raül Soteras;
    Publisher: Cambridge University Press

    A combined archaeobotanical and micro-refuse analysis is being implemented at two Early Neolithic tells currently under excavation in the Pelagonia Valley: Vrbjanska Čuka and Veluška Tumba. The first results suggest similarities with Greek sites that show a relatively broad crop spectrum.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Milica Lajbenšperger; Marija Šegan; Sanja Rajić;
    Publisher: Foundation Pro Scientia Publica

    In the Republic of Serbia the idea that the digitization of cultural heritage could be used to popularize and utilize modern technologies in education was  rst realized in 2012. One of the results of this project was a user study. In this paper we indicate some of project’s fragments and present some of the results of the conducted research.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    M Miloš Marsenić; D Saša Stanojević;
    Publisher: Centre for Evaluation in Education and Science (CEON/CEES)
    Project: MESTD | Kosovo and Metohija Betwe... (47023)

    The development of new technologies and the information society has accelerated changes in everyday life and modern teaching. Information and communication technologies (ICT) better motivate students to learn. In order to better preserve historical sources, they are digitized and thus protected, hence researchers can access the source faster and at a less cost. The possibilities of using the Internet in teaching are vast. It is necessary for schools to have computers, as well as for teachers and students to be motivated to use new electronic sources. Many websites have original historical material, from written and printed sources to audio-visual ones. We can call all this material digital resources (materials, sources, electronic historical sources). Teachers need to create engaging and imaginative teaching materials. However, a critical approach and caution in working with materials from the internet is essential. It is the teacher's responsibility to recommend verified sites and documents. Much of the material on the Internet has been posted with the conscious intention of spreading inaccurate data. The possibilities of ICT are great in history studies, as well. It is possible to modernize teaching at all levels of studies, but the financial capabilities of schools do not allow the possibility of keeping up with those innovations. One of the web portals that can be used for teaching purposes with its digitized content is Europeana. It is a database of the cultural and historical heritage of Europe, through which it is possible to search the digitized material of institutions. The Europeana portal is a broad project that provides free access to tens of millions of digital units. One of the most important collections within this portal is dedicated to the First World War and is called Europeana 1914-1918.

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21 Research products, page 1 of 3
  • Publication . Conference object . Article . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Djukić, Aleksandra; Joković, Jugoslav; Antonić, Branislav; Zdravković, Jana; Ilić, Nikola;
    Publisher: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
    Countries: Bulgaria, Serbia

    The traditional meaning of an atlas has changed recently, with the prompt rise of digitalisation. This process has also opened new perspectives to collect and present atlas data; the interconnection of the huge quantities of the different data sets, including the new types of data and introducing atlases with new topics as an innovation. The essential meaning of an atlas has been, however, preserved even in its digitalised version – to present spatially related phenomena and items thorough their mapping. The aim of this paper is to discuss about the structure of a digital urban atlas on the example of the creation a new one – the digital atlas of heritage cities and towns along the Danube, one of the main deliverables of DANUrB+ INTERREG Project. This atlas, planned in both hardcopy and digital versions, is still in progress; hence, the main contribution of the paper is to show the expected structure of the digital DANUrB+ Atlas by comparing the project inputs with several already existing digital urban atlases as role-models. This paper is done for INTERREG EU Danube Project “DANube Urban Brand + Building Regional and Local Resilience through the Valorisation of Danube’s Cultural Heritage – DANUrB+” 2020-2022 (No. DTP3-433-2.2).

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Milena Lakicevic;
    Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH

    Summary This paper aims to present the possibilities for creating maps in the programming language R. Even though R is primarily developed as a statistical program, its application in the area of mapping and spatial statistics is becoming frequent and highly relevant. Many R packages make the mapping process easier and user-friendly, and this paper presents the most commonly used ones: “leaflet”, “ggplot2” and “ggmap”. The selection of the R package depends on the user’s proficiency in R programming but also depends on the visual quality of the map the user wants to gain. Based on the questionnaire conducted in this research, the paper recommends application of the “leaflet” package for the beginners, the “ggplot2” package for medium proficient users, and the “ggmap” package for the most advanced R users. After creating maps in R it is possible to conduct additional analysis related to processing of the spatial data contained within, and this would be a recommendation for future research. In this paper, the mapping process is demonstrated on the case study of the National Park “Fruška gora” in Serbia, and different types of maps are presented.

  • Open Access Croatian
    Authors: 
    Dušan Jovanović; Milan Gavrilović; Mirko Borisov; Miro Govedarica;
    Country: Croatia

    Forest and forest ecosystems have a big importance for the whole living world on the earth. Rapid deforestation poses a great danger and increases the effects of climate change. Large forest areas are cut down every year around the world and these activities need to be closely monitored to reduce their negative impact. Knowledge of valid and current geospatial data on forests and forest areas, obtained by interpreting the data by remote sensing methods has great importance for rapid response and management of forest areas. Decisions that are based on outdated and insufficiently precise data can have negative consequences.The researched area of Fruška gora is located in Vojvodina and occupies the northern part of Srem. Due to its natural properties, it enjoys the status of a special nature reserve. Pastures and fertile land, vineyards and orchards, decorate the slopes and lower parts of Fruška gora, while the areas above 300 meters above sea level are covered with dense, deciduous forests.This paper presents a method of analysis of radar Sentinel 1 SAR satellite images, together with a combination of multispectral Sentinel 2 images, with the aim of identifying missing and newly formed forest areas, as well as assessing the usability of free, for everyone available radar satellite images for forest observation.The described methodology is based on the selection of areas of interest, the selection of radar images for the chosen time epoch, image processing, the selection of training sets by combining radar and multispectral images. The classification of radar images was performed on the Cloud platform using the Random Forest classification algorithm. The study showed that in each analysed period from 2016 to 2019, the area under missing forest is larger in relation to the newly created area under forests, as well as the growing trend of new forest areas.Estimation of classification accuracy for each observed time epoch was performed by calculating the error matrix and Kappa statistics, and the average classification accuracy was about 97%. Visual analysis and comparison of the obtained results with historical data confirmed the high accuracy of identification of missing forest areas.The presented method showed that RF classification of free Sentinel 1 and 2 satellite images, can be used as a reliable and up-to-date data for forest monitoring with satisfactory quality and very quickly. Poznavanje točnih i ažurnih geoprostornih podataka o šumama i šumskim površinama dobivenih interpretiranjem podataka metodama daljinskih istraživanja, ima veliko značenje na pravovremenu intervenciju i upravljanje šumskim površinama, dok odluke temeljene na zastarjelim i nedovoljno preciznim podacima mogu imati vrlo negativne posljedice. U ovome radu prezentirana je metoda analize radarskih Sentinel 1 SAR satelitskih snimaka, zajedno s kombinacijom multispektralnih Sentinel 2 snimaka, s ciljem identifikacije nestalih i novo nastalih šumskih površina, kao i ocjenom uporabljivosti besplatnih, svima dostupnih radarskih satelitskih snimaka za promatranje šumskih površina. Klasifikacija radarskih snimaka obavljena je pomoću Random Forest klasifikacijskog algoritma na Cloud platformi. Provedena studija pokazala je da je u svakom analiziranom periodu od 2016. do 2019. godine veća površina pod nestalom šumom u odnosu na novonastalu površinu pod šumama. Procjena točnosti klasifikacije za svaki promatrani period izvršena je računanjem matrice grešaka i Kappa statistike, a prosječna točnost klasifikacije je oko 97%. Vizualnom analizom i usporedbom dobivenih rezultata s povijesnim podacima potvrđena je visoka točnost identifikacije nestalih šumskih površina. Prezentirana metoda je pokazala da se vrlo brzo, na osnovi slobodno dostupnih satelitskih snimaka može doći do pouzdanih i ažurnih podataka zadovoljavajuće kvalitete.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Boško Josimović; Nikola Krunić; Aleksandra Gajić; Božidar Manić;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
    Country: Serbia
    Project: EC | NoAW (688338), MESTD | Spatial, environmental, e... (36035), MESTD | Sustainable spatial devel... (36036)

    AbstractStrategic Environmental Assessment (SEA), as a support to strategic planning, is a starting point in the creation of a sustainable concept of managing waste that is based on the principles of a circular economy. The role of SEA is to guide the planning process towards the goal of securing the best effects in relation to the quality of the living environment and the socio-economic aspects of development. SEA is also an instrument that can be used when making optimal decisions about spatial development, which further contributes to its importance and role in the planning process. The implementation of SEA allows developers to establish the benefits and implications of the proposed spatial changes, taking into account the capacity of the space to sustain the planned development, and to determine the degree of acceptability of the proposed spatial changes. This paper presents a specific method used for impact assessment in SEA for the Agro-Waste Management Plan (AWMP) for Oplenac Vineyard. The specificity of this method is that it combines specific goals, indicators and criteria for assessing the effect of planning solutions formulated in the simulated AWMP for Oplenac Vineyard using a semi-quantitative expert method. The results of the paper indicate the possibility of using GIS tools to increase objectivity in the expert evaluation of planning solutions, particularly in relation to a group of criteria for assessing the spatial dispersion of the impacts. This reduces the subjectivity that is characteristic of all expert methods. The graphical presentation of the results in GIS technology and the use of matrices and graphs to present the results makes them easier to understand and creates a good basis for making optimal decisions on future activities concerning the elimination of waste from wineries and viticulture. The research was carried out within the framework of the NoAW project, which is supported by the European Commission through the Horizon2020 research and innovation program.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Jelena Jovanovic; Robert C. Power; Camille de Becdelievre; Gwenaëlle Goude; Sofija Stefanović;
    Countries: Serbia, France
    Project: EC | BIRTH (640557)

    Research increasingly suggests that natural and social environments shaped the Neolithic expansion of the farming niche into Europe. The Danube Gorges, on account of its position between the Mediterranean and more temperate regions and the presence of archaeological sites with continuous Mesolithic and Neolithic layers of occupation associated with vast burial grounds is ideal for studying the modality of Neolithization. Previous dietary stable isotope (carbon, nitrogen, and sulphur) studies in the Central Balkan area indicate that many Neolithic humans remained reliant on foraged aquatic resources in the Gorges. Until now, there is no unambiguous evidence of cereal consumption in this region. The possibility that the rich aquatic resources of the Danube river habitats within Central Balkans influenced diet and thus delayed uptake of Neolithic cultigens is unanswered. The extensive skeletal record from sites in the Danube Gorges (Central Balkans) with its long temporal sequence, provides the opportunity to reconstruct plant use during Mesolithic and the Neolithic. To assess when cereals and possibly cultivated plants spread to the region, we analysed the microbotanical remains (starch grains and phytoliths) entrapped in the dental calculus of 81 individuals dating from 9100 to 5500 cal BC, recovered from five sites in the Danube Gorges. This study marks the largest study of dental calculus from this period so far conducted. Added to this, we present new radiocarbon dates (n = 17), bone collagen stable isotope data (δ13C and δ15N; n = 5) and data on caries frequency. This dietary study identifies that the growing of crops commenced in the Early Neolithic circa 6000 cal BC and was brought by farming migrants of north-western Anatolian ancestry into the Danube Gorges. Despite bringing a Neolithic agro-pastoral subsistence practices and cultural novelties in the Gorges, these migrants and their descendants adopted some of the local dietary and cultural traditions, suggesting a mosaic pattern of Neolithization. The resulting data provides a better understanding of the tempo and spread of cereal agriculture practices and the role of cereals in the diet of Danube Gorges inhabitants.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Đorđević-Milošević Suzana; Dražić Gordana; Milovanović Jelena; Đorđević Slađana;
    Publisher: Centre for Evaluation in Education and Science (CEON/CEES)

    The improvement of life quality in rural areas is an overall goal of all development strategies in the Western Balkans countries. Rural tourism represents the quality option for diversification of income and employment opportunities in Tropolje region (Canton 10 in Bosnia and Herzegovina). Therefore, the goal of this study is to identify strategic advantages and disadvantages for tourism development in Tropolje region of Dinaric Alps and provide guidelines for its development. The SWOT analysis combined with AHP method was used. In seven domains, 29 strengths, 31 weakness, 25 opportunities and 24 threats were determined, with total intensity 154, 202, 140 and 144 and average rating of influence intensity 5.3, 6.5, 5.6, 5.8, respectively. A significant advantage for tourism development were linked to short supply chains based on natural and cultural heritage of the region.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Darko Stojanovski; Ivana Živaljević; Vesna Dimitrijević; Julie Dunne; Richard P. Evershed; Marie Balasse; Adam Dowle; Jessica Hendy; Krista McGrath; Roman Fischer; +9 more
    Publisher: Public Library Science, San Francisco
    Countries: United Kingdom, France, Serbia
    Project: EC | NEOMILK (324202), EC | LIPDAT (812917), EC | BIRTH (640557), WT , WT | A plaque on both your hou... (108375)

    International audience; he application of biomolecular techniques to archaeological materials from the Balkans is providing valuable new information on the prehistory of the region. This is especially relevant for the study of the neolithisation process in SE Europe, which gradually affected the rest of the continent. Here, to answer questions regarding diet and subsistence practices in early farming societies in the central Balkans, we combine organic residue analyses of archaeological pottery, taxonomic and isotopic study of domestic animal remains and biomolecular analyses of human dental calculus. The results from the analyses of the lipid residues from pottery suggest that milk was processed in ceramic vessels. Dairy products were shown to be part of the subsistence strategies of the earliest Neolithic communities in the region but were of varying importance in different areas of the Balkan. Conversely, milk proteins were not detected within the dental calculus. The molecular and isotopic identification of meat, dairy, plants and beeswax in the pottery lipids also provided insights into the diversity of diet in these early Neolithic communities, mainly based on terrestrial resources. We also present the first compound-specific radiocarbon dates for the region, obtained directly from absorbed organic residues extracted from pottery, identified as dairy lipids.

  • Publication . Other literature type . Article . 2020 . Embargo End Date: 01 Jan 2020
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Ferran Antolín; Amalia Sabanov; Goce Naumov; Raül Soteras;
    Publisher: Cambridge University Press

    A combined archaeobotanical and micro-refuse analysis is being implemented at two Early Neolithic tells currently under excavation in the Pelagonia Valley: Vrbjanska Čuka and Veluška Tumba. The first results suggest similarities with Greek sites that show a relatively broad crop spectrum.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Milica Lajbenšperger; Marija Šegan; Sanja Rajić;
    Publisher: Foundation Pro Scientia Publica

    In the Republic of Serbia the idea that the digitization of cultural heritage could be used to popularize and utilize modern technologies in education was  rst realized in 2012. One of the results of this project was a user study. In this paper we indicate some of project’s fragments and present some of the results of the conducted research.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    M Miloš Marsenić; D Saša Stanojević;
    Publisher: Centre for Evaluation in Education and Science (CEON/CEES)
    Project: MESTD | Kosovo and Metohija Betwe... (47023)

    The development of new technologies and the information society has accelerated changes in everyday life and modern teaching. Information and communication technologies (ICT) better motivate students to learn. In order to better preserve historical sources, they are digitized and thus protected, hence researchers can access the source faster and at a less cost. The possibilities of using the Internet in teaching are vast. It is necessary for schools to have computers, as well as for teachers and students to be motivated to use new electronic sources. Many websites have original historical material, from written and printed sources to audio-visual ones. We can call all this material digital resources (materials, sources, electronic historical sources). Teachers need to create engaging and imaginative teaching materials. However, a critical approach and caution in working with materials from the internet is essential. It is the teacher's responsibility to recommend verified sites and documents. Much of the material on the Internet has been posted with the conscious intention of spreading inaccurate data. The possibilities of ICT are great in history studies, as well. It is possible to modernize teaching at all levels of studies, but the financial capabilities of schools do not allow the possibility of keeping up with those innovations. One of the web portals that can be used for teaching purposes with its digitized content is Europeana. It is a database of the cultural and historical heritage of Europe, through which it is possible to search the digitized material of institutions. The Europeana portal is a broad project that provides free access to tens of millions of digital units. One of the most important collections within this portal is dedicated to the First World War and is called Europeana 1914-1918.

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