International audience; The sixteenth issue of Arabian Humanities concludes our special focus on Omani history and society. Our journal is proud to have gathered, over two issues, an impressive and diverse set of authors thanks to the fabulous commitment of three researchers: Marion Breteau, Sterenn Le Maguer and Maho Sebiane who have for long been partners of the Centre français de recherche de la Péninsule Arabique (CEFREPA). While the project had been launched before the Covid-19 pandemic and the end of the five-decade long reign of Sultan Qaboos, it is clear that many of the contributions have been impacted by these two historic events, if only through access to the field in Oman or by providing chronological milestones.In the Sultanate like elsewhere in the Arabian Peninsula, issues linked to travel have become an important matter for foreign researchers. The closure of airports due to the pandemic, the health procedures (however legitimate), and even certain specific costs have complicated our collective capacity to have access to the societies that we study. They have limited the possibility to carry out excavations for archaeologists, discover new archives or even interact, more or less formally, with colleagues who work in universities or academic institutions of the Arabian Peninsula and participate in scientific conferences.In that context, the CEFREPA’s very existence is more than ever an asset. As a French research center which has always valued its permanent presence in the Arabian Peninsula for more than four decades (first in Yemen, then in Saudi Arabia and finally in Kuwait, and has been able to establish partnerships to send researchers for long periods of time in the United Arab Emirates and in Oman), it remains a most relevant tool to reinforce local partnerships and establish fruitful observation posts. It is largely through mutual trust and patience, long standing relationships and collaborations with institutions and actors of the societies we work on, and most importantly we work with, that fieldwork makes full sense. The publications of this issue, focusing on Oman or other areas, are yet another testimony of a philosophy and methodology that despite various crises and difficulties, continues to structure our journal.
Entretien, paru dans : Quaderni 2022/2 (106), pp.119-134. ⟨10.4000/quaderni.2325⟩; Entretien avec Gwenola Le Naour, co-coordinatrice avec Sébastien Gardon et Amandine Gautier de "La santé globale au prisme de l’analyse des politiques publiques, éditions Quæ, Update Sciences & technologies, 2020."Paru dans : Quaderni, 2022/2 (106), pp.119-134. ⟨10.4000/quaderni.2325⟩
International audience; "Le numéro 10 d'Études Digitales a été façonné en deux parties, séparées par un intermède composé d'entretiens. La première concentre les questions théoriques qu'alimentent l'histoire, les statuts de la cartographie et de la visualisation, leurs fonctions intellectuelles, les débats qu'elles induisent chez les savants d'aujourd'hui : que sont le monde, la culture, le savoir ? Trois articles, écrits par Boris Beaude, Patrick Flandrin et Jean Dhombres explorent ces questions. Elles sont suivies de deux autres : comment écrire ce monde, ces mondes de la façon la plus juste (à tous les sens du terme), la plus contemporaine ? Jean-Luc Pinol et Olaf Avenati y répondent en s'appuyant sur les aspects les plus lugubres de l'histoire récente et sur le design. Suit l'intermède, composé de deux entretiens réalisés avec Pierre Dubreuil et Patrice Abry, qui témoignent de formes quasi-industrielles de la cartographique et de leurs apports heuristiques. La seconde partie illustre la première en tentant de répondre à la question « quels voyages, quelles navigations nous permettent les cartes et visualisations actuelles » ? Mathilde Labbé, accompagnée de Julie Aucagne, Pascale Kuntz, Florent Laroche et Vincent Raveneau nous fait découvrir les interactions entre les écrivains et politiques au 19e siècle. Sébastien Biniek, avec Guillaume Touya et Gilles Rouffineau, nous dévoile la puissance politique de la typographie dans les outils grand-public du Géoweb. Dario Rodighiero conjugue art et algorithmes pour fabriquer des visualisations les plus égalitaires possibles. Patricia Loué, artiste dont l'oeuvre s'inspire beaucoup de cartographie, tisse des liens entre littérature, esthétique et cet univers de la cartographie et de la visualisation souvent associé aux ingénieurs ou aux spécialistes des sciences « exactes ». Éric Guichard conclut en détaillant la proximité entre cartographes dotés de réflexivité et « lettrés du numérique ». Il précise alors comment la cartographie nous aide à penser l'écriture du monde en un sens scientifique. "
Entretien avec Théret Bruno, réalisé par Isabelle Gouarné, Mathieu Hauchecorne, Agnès Labrousse, Emmanuel Monneau et Antoine Vion, Politix, 2021/2 (n° 134), p. 109-128; This Interview (with Bruno Théret) follows in the wake of those conducted with Nadine Levratto and Michael Zemmour published in the first volume of this special report. Bruno Théret, a macroeconomist and specialist in economic policy analysis, revisits the analyses he conducted with Bruno Jobert on the neoliberal turn in French public policies to analyze the policies implemented since Emmanuel Macron came to power, and the apparent disruption induced by the pandemic. He also discusses Robert Boyer’s latest proposals on the status of the “anthropogenetic mode of development,” as well as the future of federalism in Europe.; Entretien avec Théret Bruno, réalisé par Isabelle Gouarné, Mathieu Hauchecorne, Agnès Labrousse, Emmanuel Monneau et Antoine Vion, Politix, 2021/2 (n° 134), p. 109-128
The present document defines properties and usage of IoT and M2M technology in Contact Tracing.It introduces the method of Asynchronous Contact Tracing (ACT). ACT registers the presence of SARS-CoV-2 virus on IoT connected objects (waste water, or air conditioning filters, or dirty objects, or dirty cleaning tools, etc.) or connected locations (such as a shops, restaurants, corridors in a supermarket, sanitary facilities in a shopping mall, railway stations, airports terminals and gates, etc.) using Group Test (sometime called in the literature Pooling Test).ACT identifies contacts with IoT connected objects that have been contaminated by the SARS-CoV-2 virus and works in synergy with solutions designed for manual and digital contact tracing to identify and alert people who may have been infected by the virus. In case the object is suspected to host or have hosted the SARS-CoV-2 virus, ACT allows users that have been in contact with the object or visited the connected location to be informed.This shifts the paradigm from synchronously tracing the contacts of the people infected by COVID-19 to asynchronously tracing of contacts of materials (such as infected surfaces, waste-water, air-conditioning filters, etc.) that are hosting the SARS-CoV-2 virus.This enables people who have come into contact asynchronously with those particular materials to be alerted of a potential COVID-19 contagion, and, at the same time, it signals that one or more persons have been in contact with the material which is now spreading the SARS-CoV-2 virus.; Asynchronous Contact Tracing (ACT) traces the IoT connected object that may have been infected by the Covid-19 virus (or future pandemic viruses). This shifts the paradigm, from searching for a person in the process of infecting another to the tracing of both potential contamination and infections, and leveraging on the combination of the two information.The scope of this WI is to standardize the full support of Asynchronous Contact Tracing (ACT) by means of1) providing some examples of use and deployment of ACT by means of a few explanatory use cases.2) specifying the ACT method and its interaction with deployed contact tracing applications for human and systems. This includes the interaction with the different technologies used by non ACT contact tracing solutions.3) specifying the ACT system including application protocols and API.The new ACT method will require the use of existing ready-to-market IoT-based technology and well-established wireless network techniques, in particular the ones specified in the ETSI standards ecosystem. Moreover, it will preserve the user's privacy in accordance with GDPR and/or other regional requirements not requiring the transmission of any personal information by the user.
Contribution à un site web; During the successive lockdowns caused by the Covid-19 pandemic, 80% of students around the world had to continue their courses online. However, videoconferencing while managing a continuous flow of emails can be exhausting and remote working can be difficult to cope with. A group of researchers, mainly from the Innovation, Technology, Economics & Management Laboratory (LITEM – Univ. Paris-Saclay, Univ. d’Évry, IMT-BS), followed a group of students at Université Paris-Saclay during the first lockdown in Spring 2020. Although some students managed to make the change well, many talked of ‘zoom burnout’ and of no longer being able to face being in front of their screens all day. In fact, whether an individual makes a successful transition to remote learning depends on an element which is often ignored - namely the ability to keep an open mind. [...]
The COVID-19 crisis has accelerated the shift to contactless transactions and the “cashless society” model is fueling market innovations, not to mention social discord and the introduction of a “right of access to cash.”; The COVID-19 crisis has accelerated the shift to contactless transactions and the “cashless society” model is fueling market innovations, not to mention social discord and the introduction of a “right of access to cash.”