Publisher: London School of Economics and Political Science
Countries: France, United Kingdom
contribution à un site web; At a European Council summit held on 17-21 July, EU heads of state and government reached agreement on a recovery package to tackle the socio-economic fallout from Covid-19. Using text analysis, Tatiana Coutto assesses how the deal was portrayed in southern European newspapers and how this coverage differed in the Dutch and German press.
contribution à un site web; 1st lines: A new round of data from the Chapel Hill Expert Survey, covering 2019, is due to be released. The survey, which estimates the positions of political parties on a variety of ideological and policy issues, offers an invaluable tool for assessing political competition in Europe. Ryan Bakker, Liesbet Hooghe, Seth Jolly, Gary Marks, Jonathan Polk, Jan Rovny, Marco Steenbergen, and Milada Anna Vachudova draw on the latest data to examine where European political parties now stand on European integration, and how their positions have changed since the last full survey was conducted in 2014.
contribution à un site web; Several countries in the Western Balkans have responded to the Covid-19 outbreak with draconian measures that entail a further erosion of democracy, writes Natasha Wunsch. She argues the pandemic is shining a spotlight on the impact of geopolitical competition in the Western Balkans, where authoritarian forces are undermining the EU’s democracy promotion efforts.
Project: UKRI | The Network for Integrate... (ES/P008976/1), ANR | ColAForm (ANR-16-FRAL-0010), EC | NormativeEconomics (670103), ANR | CHOp (ANR-17-CE26-0003)
URL des Documents de travail : https://centredeconomiesorbonne.cnrs.fr/publications/ Voir aussi l'article basé sur ce document de travail paru dans "Journal of Economic Methodology, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 2021, 28 (2), pp.143-164. Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 2020.16 - ISSN : 1955-611X International audience Leonard Savage famously contravened his own theory when first confronting the Allais Paradox, but then convinced himself that the had made an error. We examine the formal structure of Savage's ‘error-correcting’ reasoning in the light of (i) behavioural economists' claims to identify the latent preferences of individuals who violate conventional rationality requirements and (ii) John Broome's critique of arguments which presuppose that rationality requirements can be achieved through reasoning. We argue that Savage's reasoning is not vulnerable to Broome's critique, but does not provide support for the view that behavioural scientists can identify and counteract errors in people's choices.
Project: UKRI | Centre for Climate Change... (ES/K006576/1)
CIFOR Infobrief 290; Entender los vínculos que existen entre adaptación y mitigación ayuda a identificar los cobeneficios y reduce las interacciones negativas entre estos dos ámbitos del cambio climático.Entre las barreras se encuentran el aislamiento institucional y la falta de información: los actores que trabajan en adaptación no están bien informados sobre las acciones de mitigación y viceversa.Los análisis de redes de políticas nos permiten ver con mayor claridad las interacciones que existen entre los actores que trabajan en adaptación y aquellos que trabajan en mitigación, y lo que se puede hacer para mejorarlas.También, nos muestran a los actores de siempre y a los inesperados que pueden facilitar los vínculos entre estos dos ámbitos.Este InfoBrief resume los hallazgos de un análisis de redes de políticas climáticas llevado a cabo en Perú y publicado en la revista Climate Policy (Locatelli et al. 2020).
Project: UKRI | Multi-level governance, R... (ES/K00879X/1), UKRI | Centre for Climate Change... (ES/K006576/1)
Pramova E., Locatelli B., Di Gregorio M., Brockhaus M., 2020. Usual and unusual suspects: What network analysis can tell us about climate policy integration. CIFOR Infobrief 282. doi:10.17528/cifor/007592; Key messages: Understanding adaptation-mitigation linkages helps identify co-benefits and reduce negative interactions between the two climate change domains. Barriers include working in institutional silos and lack of information: adaptation actors are not well-informed about mitigation actions and vice-versa. Policy network analysis sheds light on adaptation-mitigation actor interactions and what can be done to improve them. It reveals both the usual and unusual suspects who can foster linkages between the two domains. This InfoBrief summarizes the findings of a climate change policy network analysis conducted in Peru and published in the journal Climate Policy (Locatelli et al. 2020).
Compte-rendu d'ouvrage : Dawson, Clara. Victorian Poetry and the Culture of Evaluation. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2020. In Cercles (http://www.cercles.com). En ligne : http://www.cercles.com/review/r88/Dawson.html; Book Reviews of: Dawson, Clara. Victorian Poetry and the Culture of Evaluation. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2020. In Cercles (http://www.cercles.com). En ligne : http://www.cercles.com/review/r88/Dawson.html
Workshop; Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remain the leading cause of mortality and a major cause of morbidity in Europe. Every year there are more than 6 million new cases of CVD in the EU and more than 11 million in Europe as a whole. With almost 49 million people living with the disease in the EU, the cost to the EU economies is €210 billion a year. There is a growing demand for a reliable cardiac monitoring system to catch the intermittent abnormalities and detect critical cardiac behaviors which, in extreme cases, can lead to sudden death. The objective of the Smart Autonomous Multi Modal Sensors for Vital Signs Monitoring (SmartVista) project is to develop and demonstrate a next generation, cost-effective, smart multimodal sensing platform to reduce incidences of sudden death caused by CVD, and will contribute to the EU vision of an Internet of Things for healthcare. The key innovation in SmartVista is to integrate 1D/2D nanomaterials-based sensors to monitor the heart, thermoelectric energy harvesters to extract energy from the body to power the system and printable battery systems to store this energy. Together these will result in a self-powered device that will autonomously monitor the electrocardiograph, respiratory flow, oxygen flow and temperature of the patient. This information will then be transmitted wirelessly for online health processing. This real-time self-powered monitoring of a patient's health is currently not available. Thus, the technology that will be developed in SmartVista will position us at the forefront of digital health and wearable biosensor technology for wireless monitoring in hospitals and of remote patients, both of which are necessary in this era of an aging population. You can find more information about SmartVista project at the website www.smartvista.eu. Illustration of SmartVista smart wearable device for continuous health monitoring.