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  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Parashar, B. (Bharti); Pathak, M. (Meeta); Ahmad, A. (Absar);
    Publisher: ScienceScholar
    Country: Indonesia

    Timely analysis of the laboratory characteristics associated with 2019 novel coronavirus infection (COVID-19) can assist with clinical diagnosis and prognosis. This study is a collection of clinical data from 100 hospitalized patients diagnosed with COVID-19 in a dedicated COVID- 19 health center located in a semi-urban area from July to September, 2020. The average age of the patients was 50 years. The proportion of patients with comorbidities was 59%. Lymphocyte counts were reduced in the routine blood-work for all patients, but significantly lower in L2-type patients. Elevation of D-Dimer with near normal PT and APTT were detected in coagulation function tests, and more significant changes were observed in L2-type patients compared to L1-type patients. Serum ferritin levels were sensitive to SARS-CoV (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2) infection and found to rise in L2-type patients more than L1-type patients. Inflammatory markers, CRP and Interleukin-6 (IL-6) were significantly increased in all patients, but higher in L2-type patients compared to L1-type patients. Coming to organ damage, kidney injury was the most common organ affected by COVID-19 followed by heart and liver.

  • Open Access German
    Authors: 
    Robert Koch-Institut;
    Publisher: Zenodo

    Im Datensatz 'COVID-19-Hospitalisierungen' werden die aktuellen Zahlen der nach den Vorgaben des Infektionsschutzgesetzes - IfSG - erfassten hospitalisierten COVID-19-Fälle bereitgestellt. Um den Trend der Anzahl von Hospitalisierungen und der 7-Tage-Hospitalisierungsinzidenz besser bewerten zu können, wird die berichtete Hospitalisierungsinzidenz um eine Schätzung der zu erwartenden Anzahl an verzögert berichteten Hospitalisierungen ergänzt. Neben den Daten der gemeldeten COVID-19-Hospitalisierungen auf Bundes- und Länderebene wird daher ein Nowcasting der Anzahl hospitalisierter Fälle und der 7-Tage-Hospitalisierungsinzidenz auf Bundesebene durchgeführt. Ziel ist die Schätzung der Anzahl von hospitalisierten COVID-19-Fällen mit Meldedatum innerhalb der sieben vorhergehenden Tage - inklusive der noch nicht an das RKI berichteten Hospitalisierungen. Aufbauend auf dem Nowcasting wird eine Schätzung der adjustierten 7-Tage-Hospitalisierungsinzidenz durchgeführt.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Prajarto, Y. N. (YA);
    Publisher: Indonesian Ministry of Communication and Informatics
    Country: Indonesia

    WHO mendeklarasikan wabah COVID-19 menjadi pandemi global dan sebagai PHEIC (Public Health Emergency of International Concern). Keadaan krisis dan darurat kesehatan akibat COVID-19 menyita perhatian besar masyarakat Indonesia. Dalam masa penanganan COVID-19, komunikasi terkait kesehatan yang dilakukan pemerintah dipandang penting untuk dapat mengendalikan situasi. Penelitian ini mengekpolarasi praktik komunikasi kesehatan yang dilakukan pemerintah di saat pandemi COVID-19. Secara khusus, penelitian ini menganalisis pola komunikasi kesehatan yang ditampilkan melalui pernyataan-pernyataan pemerintah di media online kompas.com, tribun.com, dan detik.com. Studi ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan metode analisis isi media. Temuan dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa praktik komunikasi kesehatan masyarakat yang dilakukan pemerintah Indonesia dari 1 Februari 2020 hingga 31 Juli 2020 belum mampu secara optimal membangun kepercayaan masyarakat terhadap penanganan COVID-19 oleh pemerintah. Isi pemberitaan pada ketiga Fase manajemen krisis mengindikasikan bahwa komunikasi kesehatan pemerintah belum sepenuhnya meyakinkan masyarakat tentang jaminan survive dari COVID-19.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Vargas Silva, Oscar Esteban;
    Publisher: Innova Scientific

    One of the activities that suffered the greatest impact from the pandemic and the restrictive measures of social confinement were educational, since all pedagogical tasks were, at first, interrupted and then resumed in distance or virtual mode, that is, mediated by ICT. In this sense, academic research that has addressed the incidents and repercussions in times of pandemic and in relation to ICT with regard to Initial Education are rather scarce when compared with the specialized literature that addresses the same variables, but at the primary, secondary or higher level. Therefore, the purpose of this review article is to collect information about the application of ICT during the COVID-19 pandemic. To achieve this objective, a bibliographic review of specialized literature is carried out based on the topic indicated in databases such as ScienceDirect, Redib, SciELO and Google Scholar. Thus, it will be possible to identify in a panoramic way which have been the ICT tools used in Early Childhood Education, thus it will also be possible to determine the modalities of their use and the possible successes or deficiencies experienced. For these reasons, each of the different sections will refer to various investigations on this topic so important to society, such as the education of those who will be, in some years, its future. To conclude, all the aforementioned will favor the work of future studies by providing a general and tentative panorama on the subject.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Martadinata, T. (Teguh);
    Publisher: Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Pertanian Amuntai
    Country: Indonesia

    Di tengah pandemi ini, pondok pesantren tak bisa bergantung hanya dari iuran belajar para santri, koperasi santri, bantuan donator dan pemerintah. Karena beberapa biaya terfokus pada pemulihan sosial ekonomi dan kesehatan masyarakat. Oleh sebab itu, pondok pesantren harus mampun mandiri dalam bidang berekonomian, diantara upaya kemandirian ini dengan melakukan Budidaya Ikan untuk merevitalisasi ekonomi pondok pesantren. Berdasarkan problem ini maka kajian ini menggunakan penelitian lapangan (field research) yang bersifat kualitatif. Melalui metode analisis deskriptif hermeneutis, kajian ini mampu menjelaskan bahwa Revitalisasi Perekonomian Pondok Pesantren Melalui Budidaya Ikan Pasca Pandemi Covid-19 di Kalimantan Selatan bisa dilakukan untuk membantu perekonomian di kawasan pondok pesantren. Upaya yang dilakukan dalam revitalisasi ini dengan memanfaatkan lahan untuk dibuat kolam penampungan, membuat kolam terpal yang dibantu dengan sistem teknologi bioflok, dan melaukan pembibitan ikan. Selain itu, dilakukan kerjasama dengan berbagai pihak untuk memudahkan memasarkan ikan tersebut.

  • Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Lambert, Anne; Girard, Violaine; Guéraut, Élie; Le Roux, Guillaume; Bonvalet, Catherine;
    Country: France

    Le confinement décrété, en France, en mars 2020 pour faire face à l’épidémie de Covid-19 a brutalement renforcé le rôle du logement dans le déroulement de la vie quotidienne. Cet article analyse les conditions matérielles dans lesquelles s’est déroulé le confinement et la manière dont les logiques d’assignation domestique se sont recomposées pendant cette période en fonction du sexe, de la structure familiale et du milieu social. L’enquête Coconel (Coronavirus et confinement : enquête longitudinale) « Logement et conditions de vie », représentative de la population française, et une série de 21 portraits sociologiques collectés dans différents milieux sociaux montrent ainsi que, si le couple apparaît sur certains plans protecteur face à la crise, la présence d’enfants augmente systématiquement le risque de connaître des difficultés matérielles et subjectives et accentue les écarts de genre et ce, quel que soit le milieu social. Les mères connaissent en confinement une situation d’enfermement domestique plus prononcée que les pères : à l’intérieur du domicile, elles bénéficient moins souvent d’espace personnel pour leurs loisirs, leur travail ou leurs activités propres. Elles sortent aussi moins souvent du domicile en journée, quel que soit le motif.

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Hafizhoh, Q. (Qonitat); Nahriyah, S. (Syafa'atun);
    Publisher: Universitas Majalengka
    Country: Indonesia

    To improve the quality of sustainable education during the Covid-19 outbreak, it is necessary to have innovative innovations in the learning system and fun learning methods for students. The online learning system is one of the new innovations for several public and private schools, especially at the Elementary School and Junior High School (SMP) levels. With the change, teachers are looking for new innovations so that methods that were originally done offline can be put online. The storytelling method is the choice of various existing learning methods that can be combined with online learning systems. This study was carried out with the aim of scientifically analyzing the influence of storytelling methods on online learning in the subject of Islamic Cultural History (SKI) class VIII D MTs Daarul Uluum PUI Majalengka . Based on the survey results, the researchers hope that by using the storytelling method, online learning will be more effective and fun for students, but there are still obstacles in the application of a shorter and limited time. This can be seen from the following indicators: 1) Motivation for Islamic History, 2) Love for Islamic Culture and Civilization, 3) Explanation of Interesting Stories, 4) Exemplary Historical Figures, and 5) Media Supporting Storytelling .The research method that the researcher uses is descriptive quantitative method, namely the research is carried out by looking for numbers seen from the results of questionnaires to students and teachers of the subject, so it is hoped that the research carried out serves to find out, study and describe the influence between variables. The population in this study was the class VIII students of MTs Daarul Uluum PUI, Majalengka amounting to 30 people. The research sample was taken from the population using the census/total sampling method. Thus the number of samples in the study was 30 people. The results showed that there was a good influence between the storytelling method on online learning with a correlation number of 0.523 and a coefficient of determination of 52%. The linkage factor given is in the medium category and there are still 48% of other factors that are related to SKI online learning at MTs Daarul Uluum PUI, Majalengka Kulon Village, Majalengka Regency. Of the 48% of these other factors are the influence of other methods and the use or utilization of other applications that have been implemented in other schools.

  • Open Access
    Publisher: Monterey, California, Naval Postgraduate School
  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Thornlow, Bryan;
    Publisher: Zenodo

    Phylogenetics has been foundational to SARS-CoV-2 research and public health policy, assisting in genomic surveillance, contact tracing, and assessing emergence and spread of new variants. However, phylogenetic analyses of SARS-CoV-2 have often relied on tools designed for de novo phylogenetic inference, in which all data are collected before any analysis is performed and the phylogeny is inferred once from scratch. SARS-CoV-2 datasets do not fit this mould. There are currently over 5 million sequenced SARS-CoV-2 genomes in public databases, with tens of thousands of new genomes added every day. Continuous data collection, combined with the public health relevance of SARS-CoV-2, invites an "online" approach to phylogenetics, in which new samples are added to existing phylogenetic trees every day. The extremely dense sampling of SARS-CoV-2 genomes also invites a comparison between Likelihood and Parsimony approaches to phylogenetic inference. Maximum Likelihood (ML) methods are more accurate when there are multiple changes at a single site on a single branch, but this accuracy comes at a large computational cost, and the dense sampling of SARS-CoV-2 genomes means that these instances will be extremely rare. Therefore, it may be that approaches based on Maximum Parsimony (MP) are sufficiently accurate for reconstructing phylogenies of SARS-CoV-2, and their simplicity means that they can be applied to much larger datasets. Here, we evaluate the performance of de novo and online phylogenetic approaches, and ML and MP frameworks, for inferring large and dense SARS-CoV-2 phylogenies. Overall, we find that online phylogenetics produces similar phylogenetic trees to de novo analyses for SARS-CoV-2, and that MP optimizations produce more accurate SARS-CoV-2 phylogenies than do ML optimizations. Since MP is thousands of times faster than presently available implementations of ML and online phylogenetics is faster than de novo, we therefore propose that, in the context of comprehensive genomic epidemiology of SARS-CoV-2, MP online phylogenetics approaches should be favored. All details for data collection and processing are described at https://github.com/bpt26/parsimony. In March 2021, we developed a phylogeny consisting of 364,427 SARS-CoV-2 whole genomes, pruned of long branches and sequences with multiple ambiguous nucleotides. We assessed several phylogenetic inference and optimization methods using this dataset, as described in our manuscript. Here we include all necessary starting materials for running our analyses. All details for this dataset can be found at https://github.com/bpt26/parsimony. The attached protobuf file is the outcome of the commands described in subrepository 1. Funding provided by: NHGRICrossref Funder Registry ID: http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/100000051Award Number: F31HG010584

  • Open Access Indonesian
    Authors: 
    Camila, A. S. (Alifia); Fadila, R. Z. (Raisa); Salsabiila, R. D. (Rifdah); Rakhmawati, N. A. (Nur);
    Publisher: Perguruan Tinggi Bina Insani
    Country: Indonesia

    Penelitian ini dilatar belakangi atas munculnya COVID-19 yang terjadi di Indonesia, dimana seluruh mahasiswa yang ada di Indonesia diwajibkan untuk melakukan pembelajaran secara daring di rumah. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendapatkan gambaran kecemasan dan kelelahan (fatigue) pada mahasiswa selama pembelajaran daring di masa pandemi COVID-19. Banyak kampus yang menerapkan pembelajaran daring menggunakan aplikasi Zoom Meeting. Perubahan yang cepat dalam metode pembelajaran menyebabkan banyak permasalahan pada kesehatan fisik maupun psikis. Metode yang digunakan adalah teknik pengumpulan data primer dan data sekunder dan diolah dengan metode Likert. Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa seluruh Indonesia dengan sampel 87 mahasiswa. Kuisioner menggunakan google form. Hasil dari penelitian, menunjukkan bahwa Zoom Fatigue berkaitan dengan kehidupan mahasiswa, baik dari segi fisik, mental, dan kehidupan sosial. Kata kunci: covid-19, kelelahan, pembelajaran daring.

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