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  • Diposit Digital de Documents de la UAB
  • Research Repository of Catalonia
  • COVID-19

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  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Maestripieri, Lara; Gallego, Raquel; Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. Institut de Govern i Polítiques Públiques;
    Publisher: Federacion Espanola de Sociologia
    Country: Spain

    El modelo de Estado de Bienestar del sur de Europa se caracteriza por el importante papel del cuidado proporcionado por la familia. Numerosos estudios muestran la sobrecarga funcional de las familias con menores de tres años, en que el trabajo no remunerado es realizado principalmente por las mujeres (incluso si trabajan a tiempo completo), en un contexto en que la provisión pública y privada de cuidado infantil es insuficiente para cubrir las necesidades familiares. En Barcelona, la aparición de proyectos socialmente innovadores ha cubierto parcialmente la demanda de cuidados a la infancia de 0 a 3 años. Estos proyectos se basan en comunidades de cuidados formadas por madres, padres y educadoras. Sin embargo, el COVID-19 ha tenido un fuerte impacto en los participantes en innovaciones sociales como madres de día o hogares de crianza, espacios de crianza y grupos de crianza. Las educadoras que trabajan en estos proyectos tuvieron dificultades para sobrevivir económicamente cuando el confinamiento de la primavera de 2020 les obligó a cerrar, lo que a su vez obligó a las madres a compatibilizar con mayor dificultad trabajo y cuidados. A distinctive role of family care defines the southern European welfare models. Several studies have highlighted the functional overload for families with children under three years old, in which unpaid work is mainly provided by women (even when they work full time), in a context in which the public and private childcare provision is insufficient to meet families' needs. In Barcelona, the emergence of socially innovative projects has partially covered the demand for 0-3 childcare. These projects are based on communities of care made up of parents and educators. However, COVID-19 has severely impacted the participants in social innovations such as childminders, free-education nurseries, and community care groups. Educators working in these projects struggled to survive economically when the 2020 spring lockdown forced them to close, while the closures obliged mothers to juggle work with care. This article presents the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on mothers and educators involved in socially innovative 0-3 childcare projects in Barcelona. The paper uses qualitative and quantitative empirical material gathered between May 2020 and June 2021: interviews with representatives of childcare associations, educators and mothers (before and after the outbreak of COVID-19 in Spain), and a survey with mothers with children under three (after the lockdown). The results of our investigation show that the communities behind the projects constituted a crucial resource. Parents and educators helped each other, sharing care and financial resources to keep the projects going and find new solutions to the work-family balance.

  • Open Access Spanish; Castilian
    Authors: 
    Pilar Carrasquer Oto;
    Country: Spain

    La pandemia derivada del Covid-19 está poniendo a prueba las condiciones de trabajo y de empleo. No sólo por su impacto directo en el empleo y en las condiciones de vida, sino porque se ha convertido, además, en el escenario en que se están desarrollando mutaciones de gran calado en el trabajo, el empleo y las relaciones laborales. Digitalización, salud mental, teletrabajo, son conceptos clave para comprender los retos del presente en esos ámbitos. Al tiempo que, regulación, estabilidad y certidumbre en el empleo reemergen como asidero en esta sociedad líquida y pandémica. La pandèmia està posant a prova les condicions de treball i d'ocupació. No només pel seu impacte directe en l'ocupació i en les condicions de vida, sinó perquè s'ha convertit, a més, en l' escenari en què s'estan desenvolupant mutacions de fons en el treball, l'ocupació i les relacions laborals. Digitalització, salut mental, teletreball, són conceptes clau per comprendre els reptes del present en aquests àmbits. Al temps que, regulació, estabilitat i certesa en l' ocupació re emergeixen com a allò on agafar-se en aquesta societat líquida i pandèmica. The pandemic resulting of Covid-19 is testing working and employment conditions. Not only because of its direct impact on employment and living conditions, but also because it has become the scenario in which far-reaching changes are developing in work, employment, and industrial relations. Digitalization, mental health, teleworking, are key concepts to understand the challenges of the present in these areas. At the same time, regulation, stability, and certainty in employment re-emerge as a foothold in this liquid and pandemic society.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Santiago Tejedor; Laura Cervi; Fernanda Tusa; Mónica Gracia Villar;
    Publisher: MDPI AG
    Country: Spain

    The authors wish to express their feelings of gratitude and consideration to the Universidad Europea del Atlántico for funding this research. Altres ajuts: Universidad Europea del Atlántico This study compares the information coverage of the vaccine against the information of the COVID-19 pandemic in eight newspapers (two per country) from the United Kingdom, France, Spain and the United States. The newspapers analyzed are The Times and The Guardian (United Kingdom), Le Monde and Le Figaro (France), El País and El Mundo (Spain), and The New York Times and The Washington Post (United States). On a methodological level, the work uses a descriptive approach of hemerographic analysis. As a result, it is observed-in the case of coverage of the pandemic-that the presence of affected persons and health personnel in the front-page information was negligible, with a predominance of news journalistic genres (brief and newsworthy, especially), evidencing a leading role of political figures and the high degree of politicization of the crisis. In addition, the visual frames in the analyzed newspapers tended to promote humanization through emotional representation. On the other hand, the results of the news coverage of the vaccine showed a predominance of news journalistic genres, wherein supranational entities and pharmaceutical companies starred in the front pages to a greater extent. The study denotes the importance of media literacy among citizens, especially in the face of this type of informational events of global significance.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Juan M. Leyva-Moral; Juliana Castro Ávila; Marta Villar; Beti López; Héctor Adell; Mercè Meroño; Kevin Santander; Laia Ferrer; Jocelyn Mesías-Gazmuri; Rocío Astudillo Alonso; +3 more
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
    Country: Spain

    AbstractThe objective of the study was to describe the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on sex workers in accessing health and social services. A qualitative study was conducted using semi-structured interviews with 29 participants in Barcelona, Spain. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis. Four themes were identified: (1) impact of COVID-19 on physical/mental health, (2) barriers and facilitators to health/social service access, (3) health decision-making, and (4) suggestions for future pandemic situations. Barriers to accessing health services were structural. Non-governmental organization support was the main facilitating factor. A person-centered, intersectional approach is suggested for future practice, considering co-occurring syndemic factors.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Amadeo Sena-Torralba; Ruslan Álvarez-Diduk; Claudio Parolo; Andrew Piper; Arben Merkoçi;
    Publisher: American Chemical Society
    Country: Spain
    Project: EC | MICROB-PREDICT (825694), EC | PREMOTHER (795635), EC | GrapheneCore3 (881603)

    We acknowledge financial support to the project AC21_2/ 00044 (GLEBIOASSAY), funded by Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII) and cofunded by the European Union, MICROBPREDICT project (European Union Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement 825694), and Graphene Flagship Core 3 (European Union Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement 881603). ICN2 is funded by CERCA programme, Generalitat de Catalunya. Grant SEV-2017-0706 is funded by MCIN/ AEI/10.13039/501100011033. The authors also acknowledge the Project PID2021-124795NB-I00 funded by MCIN/AEI/ 10.13039/501100011033/and FEDER Una manera de hacer Europa and the project PAPYRUS: Grant PLEC2021-007972 funded by MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033 and by the “European Union NextGenerationEU/PRTR”. The authors acknowledge Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) for the project “COVID19-122” granted in the call “Nuevas ayudas extraordinarias a proyectos de investigación en el marco de las medidas urgentes extraordinarias para hacer frente al impacto económico y social del COVID-19” (Ayudas CSIC-COVID-19). A.S.-T. acknowledges MINECO for the Juan de la Cierva Formación fellowship (FJC2020-043927-I). C.P. acknowledges the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions Individual Fellowship; this project received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement 795635. C.P. (ISGlobal) also acknowledges support from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation** and State Research Agency through the “Centro de Excelencia Severo Ochoa 2019−2023” Program (CEX2018-000806-S). Lateral flow assays (LFAs) are currently the most used point-of-care sensors for both diagnostic (e.g., pregnancy test, COVID-19 monitoring) and environmental (e.g., pesticides and bacterial monitoring) applications. Although the core of LFA technology was developed several decades ago, in recent years the integration of novel nanomaterials as signal transducers or receptor immobilization platforms has brought improved analytical capabilities. In this Review, we present how nanomaterial-based LFAs can address the inherent challenges of point-of-care (PoC) diagnostics such as sensitivity enhancement, lowering of detection limits, multiplexing, and quantification of analytes in complex samples. Specifically, we highlight the strategies that can synergistically solve the limitations of current LFAs and that have proven commercial feasibility. Finally, we discuss the barriers toward commercialization and the next generation of LFAs. Peer reviewed

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Nigeer Te; Jordi Rodon; Rhea Creve; Mónica Pérez; Joaquim Segalés; Júlia Vergara-Alert; Albert Bensaid;
    Country: Spain
    Project: EC | VetBioNet (731014)

    AbstractMiddle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) poses a serious threat to public health. Here, we established an ex vivo alpaca tracheal explant (ATE) model using an air-liquid interface culture system to gain insights into MERS-CoV infection in the camelid lower respiratory tract. ATE can be infected by MERS-CoV, being 103 TCID50/mL the minimum viral dosage required to establish a productive infection. IFNs and antiviral ISGs were not induced in ATE cultures in response to MERS-CoV infection, strongly suggesting that ISGs expression observed in vivo is rather a consequence of the IFN induction occurring in the nasal mucosa of camelids.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Stefan Drews; Ivan Savin; Jeroen C.J.M. van den Bergh; Sergio Villamayor-Tomás;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV
    Countries: Netherlands, Netherlands, Spain, Russian Federation

    It remains unclear how COVID-19 has affected public engagement with the climate crisis. According to the finite-pool-of-worry hypothesis, concern about climate change should have decreased after the pandemic, in turn reducing climate-policy acceptance. Here we test these and several other conjectures by using survey data from 1172 Spanish participants who responded before and after the first wave of COVID-19, allowing for both aggregate and within-person analyses. We find that on average climate concern has decreased, while acceptance of most climate policies has increased. At the individual-level, adverse health experiences are unrelated to these changes. The same holds for negative economic experiences, with the exception that unemployment is associated with reduced acceptance of some policies. Complementary to the finite-pool-of-worry test, we examine three additional pandemic-related issues. As we find, (1) higher climate concern and policy acceptance are associated with a belief that climate change contributed to the COVID-19 outbreak; (2) higher policy acceptance is associated with a positive opinion about how the government addressed the COVID-19 crisis; (3) citizens show favorable attitudes to a carbon tax with revenues used to compensate COVID-19-related expenditures. Overall, we conclude there is support for addressing the global climate crisis even during a global health crisis. © 2022 Elsevier B.V. 253/2020, 660089, RyC-2017-22782; Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades, MCIU: CEX2019-000940-MEU; European Research Council, ERC; Russian Science Foundation, RSF: 19-18-00262; Horizon 2020: 741087 This work was funded by an ERC Advanced Grant from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme [grant agreement n° 741087 ]. Ivan Savin acknowledges financial support from the Russian Science Foundation [RSF grant number 19-18-00262 ]. Sergio Villamayor-Tomas' work was supported by a Marie Curie IF grant (nr. 660089 ), Ramon y Cajal Fellowship (RyC-2017-22782), financial support from the Federal University of Minas Gerais´ Visiting Professor program (Contrato n° 253/2020 ), and the financial support from the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities , through the “ María de Maeztu ” programme for Units of Excellence ( CEX2019-000940-MEU ).

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Jaume Alijotas‐Reig; Victor García‐GImenez; Peter J. Velthuis; Frank B. Niessen; Tom S. Decates;
    Countries: Netherlands, Spain, Netherlands

    COVID-19; Inflammation; Soft tissue fillers COVID-19; Inflamación; Rellenos de tejidos blandos COVID-19; Inflamació; Farciments de teixits tous Background Adverse events (AE) after COVID-19 vaccines, particularly, but not solely, with those messenger RNA (mRNA)-based vaccines, have rarely been reported in patients previously treated with dermal fillers (DF). Objective To evaluate the morphology, clinical characteristics, the timing of presentation, and outcomes of inflammatory AE appeared in patients injected with DF, after anti-COVID-19 vaccination. Methods Descriptive study of a case series of 20 consecutive patients collected after the occurrence of AE in previously filled areas post COVID-19 vaccination. Results From January 2021 to July 2021, we analyzed 20 AE reactions triggered by COVID-19 vaccines in the previously mentioned cohort. They were vaccinated with Pfizer/Biontech (11; 55%), Moderna (5; 25%), Astra-Zeneca (3; 15%), and Sputnik (1; 5%). The most common manifestations were oedema/swelling, angioedema, erythema, skin induration, and granuloma. Less common reactions included myalgia and lymphadenopathy. In 13/20 (65%) cases, the AE appeared after the first dose of vaccine. These inflammatory AE appeared more rapidly after the second dose than after the first one. In 13/20 (65%) cases, the symptomatology subsided with anti-inflammatory/antihistaminic drugs, while spontaneously in 3/20 (15%). The manifestations are ongoing.in the remaining four cases (20%). Conclusion Although probably rare, both RNA-based and adenovirus-based anti-COVID-19 vaccines can cause inflammatory bouts in patients previously treated with DF. In these cases, caution should be paid on subsequent vaccine doses, considering a tailored risk/benefit for any case before next vaccination.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Liming Hu; Enric Calucho; Celia Fuentes-Chust; Claudio Parolo; Andrea Idili; Ruslan Álvarez-Diduk; Lourdes Rivas; Arben Merkoçi;
    Country: Spain
    Project: EC | MICROB-PREDICT (825694), EC | PROBIST (754510), EC | GrapheneCore3 (881603)

    We acknowledge Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) for the project “COVID19-122” granted in the call “Nuevas ayudas extraordinarias a proyectos de investigación en el marco de las medidas urgentes extraordinarias para hacer frente al impacto económico y social del COVID-19 (Ayudas CSIC-COVID-19)”. We acknowledge also the MICROB-PREDICT project that has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 825694. Financial support from the EU Graphene Flagship Core 3 Project (No. 881603) is also acknowledged. This article reflects only the authors' view, and the European Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains. ICN2 is funded by the CERCA programme/Generalitat de Catalunya. ICN2 is supported by the Severo Ochoa Centres of Excellence programme, funded by the Spanish Research Agency (AEI, grant no. SEV-2017-0706). E. C. acknowledges Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación of Spain and Fondo Social Europeo for the Fellowship PRE2018-084856 awarded under the call ‘Ayudas para contratos predoctorales para la formación de doctores, Subprograma Estatal de Formación del Programa Estatal de Promoción del Talento y su Empleabilidad en I+D+i’, under the framework of ‘Plan Estatal de Investigación Científica y Técnica y de Innovación 2017–2020’. L. H. acknowledges the China Scholarship Council. L. H., E. C. and C. F.-C. acknowledge the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB) for their support. C. P. (ISGlobal) also acknowledges support from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation and State Research Agency through the “Centro de Excelencia Severo Ochoa 2019–2023” Program (CEX2018-000806-S), and support from the Generalitat de Catalunya through the CERCA Program. A. I. was supported by a PROBIST postdoctoral fellowship funded by the European Research Council (Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No. 754510). This manuscript aims at raising the attention of the scientific community to the need for better characterised bioreceptors for fast development of point-of-care diagnostic devices able to support mass frequency testing. Particularly, we present the difficulties encountered in finding suitable antibodies for the development of a lateral flow assay for detecting the nucleoprotein of SARS-CoV-2. Peer reviewed

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Jireh, Ejoku; Ngalyuka Nzau, Julius;
    Publisher: Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona
    Country: Spain

    The article compares the way COVID-19 has been managed in the East African Community and in the EU. How were the initial measures in each of the regions and what have been the consequences of the measures adopted, especially those related to confinement and vaccination. It discusses how the strength of European integration and the notable economic and technological development of its member states have provided a comparative advantage over the resources available to the East African Community. They conclude that, in addition to the undoubted importance of advancing in economic development, continuing to deepen regional cooperation in African territory would be an opportunity to better manage future threats. L'article compara la manera com s'ha gestionat la COVID-19 a la Comunitat d'Àfrica Oriental ia la UE. Com van ser les mesures inicials a cadascuna de les regions i quines han estat les conseqüències que han tingut les mesures adoptades, especialment les relacionades amb el confinament i la vacunació. Planteja com la solidesa de la integració europea i el notable desenvolupament econòmic i tecnològic dels seus Estats membres han suposat un avantatge comparatiu respecte als recursos amb què han comptat la Comunitat de l'Àfrica Oriental. Conclouen que, a més de la importància indubtable d'avançar en el desenvolupament econòmic, continuar aprofundint en la cooperació regional en territori africà suposaria una oportunitat per poder gestionar millor amenaces futures. El artículo compara la forma en que se ha gestionado la COVID-19 en la Comunidad de África Oriental y en la UE. Cómo fueron las medidas iniciales en cada una de las regiones y cuáles han sido las consecuencias que han tenido las medidas adoptadas, especialmente las relacionadas con el confinamiento y la vacunación. Plantea cómo la solidez de la integración europea y el notable desarrollo económico y tecnológico de sus Estados miembros han supuesto una ventaja comparativa, respecto a los recursos con los que han contado la Comunidad de África Oriental. Concluyen que, además de la indudable importancia de avanzar en el desarrollo económico, seguir profundizando en la cooperación regional en territorio africano supondría una oportunidad para poder gestionar mejor futuras amenazas.

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