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  • 2015-2024
  • CZ
  • Digital Library University of West ...
  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Her...

  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Kolektiv autorů;

    Tento dokument byl vytvořen se státní podporou Technologické agentury ČR v rámci Programu ÉTA.

    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Digital Library Univ...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Digital Library Univ...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Vích, David; Skalický, Zdeněk; Šmejdíř, Jan;

    In 2017–2020, rescue archaeological research continued on the deposits above the preserved basement rooms of the western palace of the castle in Brandýs nad Orlicí. The exca vation yielded evidence of the presence of tiled stoves, crown window glass, non-combustible roofing in the form of fragments of barrel tiles and ceramic square tiles that once covered the floors of the upper stories. The interiors of the rooms yielded a diverse variety of kitchen ceramics, metal objects and numerous fragments of hollow glassware.

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    Digital Library University of West Bohemia
    Other literature type . Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
    https://doi.org/10.24132/cb.20...
    Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Digital Library Univ...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      Digital Library University of West Bohemia
      Other literature type . Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
      https://doi.org/10.24132/cb.20...
      Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
      Data sources: Crossref
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    Authors: Pavel Drnovský;

    The study deals with an aristocratic residence located near the village of Lhota Svatogothardská near Hořice in the Podkrkonoší region. The original name of the castle is unknown and is referred to by its folk name – Pustohrad. In the past, undocumented excavations and a series of surface surveys were carried out on the site. The subject of the work is the evaluation of available archaeological finds. Ceramic finds make it possible to chronologically determine up to the course of the 14th century with possible overlaps into the previous and following century. Documented arrowheads correspond to this determination. The site can likely be associated with the numerous written references to members of the lower nobility, who used the name of the village Lhota as a part of their surnames.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Digital Library Univ...arrow_drop_down
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    https://doi.org/10.24132/cb.20...
    Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Digital Library Univ...arrow_drop_down
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      https://doi.org/10.24132/cb.20...
      Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Stehlíková, Anna;

    My bachelor thesis deals with the analysis of natural motives in the oldest Czech historiography. I have excerpted references to nature from the Chronicle of Kosmas and from the works of his followers (Mnich sázavský, Kanovník vyšehradský, Vincencius and Jarloch). I mainly dealt with the work of Kosmas and his first followers (Mnich sázavský and Kanovník vyšehradský). In the first chapter, I analysed the mentioned historical works and their authors. The second chapter focuses on the analysis of the nature records. I compared natural phenomena with today's reality and considered how nature influenced the earlier population and whether the phenomena seen were associated with something unearthly. The work includes references to the natural disasters (floods, high winds and fires), mentions of plague and famine, and references to astronomical phenomena (solar and lunar eclipses, sightings of planets, comets, stars and meteors). Finally, I try to find connections between the mentions that are related to nature. V bakalářské práci se zabývám analýzou přírodních motivů v nejstarší české historiografii. Zmínky o přírodě jsem excerpovala z Kosmovy kroniky a z prací jeho pokračovatelů (Mnich sázavský, Kanovník vyšehradský, Vincencius a Jarloch). Převážně jsem se zabývala prací Kosmy a jeho prvních pokračovatelů (Mnich sázavský a Kanovník vyšehradský). V první kapitole jsem rozebrala zmíněné historické práce a jejich autory. Druhá kapitola je zaměřena na analýzu záznamů o přírodě. Porovnávala jsem přírodní jevy s dnešní skutečností a posuzovala, jak ovlivňovala příroda dřívější obyvatelstvo a zda byly viděné jevy spojovány s něčím nadpozemským. V práci se objevují zmínky o rozmarech přírody (povodně, silné větry a požáry), zmínky o moru a hladomoru a také zmínky o astronomických úkazech (zatmění Slunce a Měsíce, pozorování planet, komet, hvězd a meteoritů). Nakonec se snažím najít souvislosti mezi zmínkami, které jsou spojené s přírodou. Obhájeno

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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Digital Library Univ...arrow_drop_down
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    Authors: Musílková, Květoslava;

    Cílem této diplomové práce je zjistit, jakým způsobem bylo řešeno záškoláctví obecných škol v období od roku 1774 do nástupu komunismu v roce 1948. Zajímalo mě, jak bylo záškoláctví na školách sledováno a jaké právní normy s konkrétními postihy měli ředitelé škol k dispozici k potlačování a nápravě záškoláctví. V kapitole Historie školní docházky je předložen stručný přehled dějin pedagogiky doplněný všemi důležitými právními normami, které zásadním způsobem ovlivňovaly plnění povinné školní docházky, evidenci záškoláctví a postihy zákonných zástupců, kteří opakovaně neposílali své děti do školy. Historické prameny nám podávají svědectví o důsledné evidenci docházky žáků do škol. Ředitelé škol museli měsíčně podávat hlášení okresní zemské školské radě a ta v případě, že žádná domluva nepomáhala, stanovila pokutu, kterou museli rodiče zaplatit. Její výše se stanovovala dle závažnosti přestupku. V případě, že rodiče nebo zákonní zástupci neměli peníze na zaplacení, následoval až několikadenní trest odnětí svobody. Důvodem takto přísných pravidel jistě bylo velmi rozšířené nepochopení důležitosti vzdělání pro další osobní i profesní rozvoj dětí. Druhá kapitola je věnována dvěma významným reformátorům, kteří svými školskými reformami vešli do dějin evropské vzdělanosti a výchovy. Prvním z nich byl Jan Ignác Felbiger, pod jehož velením byl dokončen návrh školního řádu, který byl vydán dne 6. prosince 1774. Druhým významným reformátorem je Ferdinand Kindermann, zakladatel nového typu katolické školy a spoluautor rakouských školských reforem. Třetí až pátá kapitola přináší vzhled do několika mála právních norem, které měly určitý význam pro české školství v obdobích od počátku dvacátého století do konce roku 1948. V podstatě se dá konstatovat, že podobu školské soustavy až do 30. července 1937, kdy byl vydán školní a vyučovací řád pro školy obecné a měšťanské a pro školy (třídy) pomocné, i nadále určovaly Hasnerovy zákony z roku 1869. Zajímavé bylo zjištění, že i nová komunistická vláda v roce 1948, necelé tři měsíce po ujmutí se vlády, vydává nový školský zákon, který rovněž přesně stanovuje finanční postih anebo i trest odnětí svobody zákonným zástupcům za záškoláctví jejich dětí. Šestá kapitola podává přehled zjištěných formulářů týkajících se nedbalé docházky žáků. Konkrétní příklady řešení záškoláctví na školách v roce 1885 a v letech 1925 až 1927 přináší sedmá kapitola této diplomové práce. Získání podkladů pro napsání této práce znamenalo prostudování všech vládních věstníků od roku 1872 až do roku 1948, prostudování zápisů z pedagogických porad a seznámit se s dochovanou historickou korespondencí některých vybraných škol ve státních archivech v Berouně, Příbrami a Národním archivu v Praze na Chodově. Podařilo se mi tak doložit ucelený přehled právních norem, tiskopisů a evidence záškoláctví v uvedeném časovém období a prokázat, že existovaly velice účinné nástroje pro eliminaci záškoláctví. My thesis deals with the history of coping with truancy at primary schools in the period from 1774 to the rise of communism in 1948. I followed monitoring of truancy and legal norms for headmasters to improve school attendance. The chapter History of School Attendance brings a brief history of pedagogy with an overview of legal norms important for an approach to improving school attendance, truancy records and penalty for legal representatives who didn´t send their children to school regularly. Historical sources bring us an evidence of precise records of school attendance. Headmasters were obliged to report truants to their district council, which set a fine for the truants´ parents. The amount of the fine was according to the seriousness of the offence. In case the parents were not able to pay, they had to go to prison for a few days. The reason for such strict rules was misapprehension of school education importance for personal and professional development of children. The second chapter is devoted to two important European school reformers. One of them is Jan Ignác Felbiger who managed finishing School Rules released on 6th December 1774. The other important reformer is Ferdinand Kindermann who established a new type of catholic school and co-authored Austrian School Reforms. The third, fourth and fifth chapters deal with some legal norms which were important for the Czech school system in the period from the beginning of 20th century to the end of 1948. It is possible to say that up to 30th July 1937, when the new school rules for primary schools were accepted, the school system had been directed by Hasner´s Rules released in 1869. An interesting fact is to find that just three months after the communist government seized the reigns they released a new school law which also set a financial penalty or imprisonment for legal representatives of truant children. The sixth chapter gives a review of different forms regarding truancy. The seventh chapter brings some particular ways how truancy was solved in the years from 1925 to 1927. To complete this thesis, I studied all government gazetteers from 1872 to1948, reports from pedagogical councils and preserved historical school correspondence which were found in Beroun and Příbram State Archives and in Prague (Chodov) National Archiv. I managed to realize a complete summary of legal norms, forms and reports of truancy in the set period. I also managed to demonstrate very effective methods for truancy reduction that had existed it that time. Obhájeno

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    Authors: Solár, David;

    Ziel dieser Diplomarbeit ist es, die jüdischen Kulturpersönlichkeiten der Karlsbader Region in den breiteren kulturgeschichtlichen Kontext des jüdischen Lebens in den böhmischen Ländern einzuordnen, wobei der Schwerpunkt auf ausgewählten jüdischen deutschen oder tschechischen Schriftstellern, Publizisten und anderen ausgewählten bedeutenden jüdischen Persönlichkeiten liegt, die zur Popularisierung und wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung der Region beigetragen haben. Neben Persönlichkeiten, die direkt aus der Karlsbader Region stammten, werden auch Persönlichkeiten, die einen Teil ihres Lebens oder während längerer oder wiederholter Kuraufenthalte mit der Karlsbader Region verbunden waren, eingehend untersucht. Ein weiteres Ziel dieser Diplomarbeit ist es, die sozial- und kulturgeschichtlichen Besonderheiten der Karlsbader Region, insbesondere für die jüdische Gemeinde, darzustellen und die tschechisch-deutsch-jüdischen Gesellschaftsbeziehungen in der Region zu veranschaulichen, sowie Beispiele authentischer zeitgenössischer Korrespondenz des ausgewählten Zeitraums zu zeigen. Eine Besonderheit der Region ist die lange Zeit des Verbots der jüdischen Bevölkerung in der Kulturhauptstadt Karlsbad (auf Tschechisch Karlovy Vary) - offiziell seit dem königlichen Verbot von 1499 bis 1848). Die in Karlsbad arbeitenden Juden siedelten sich daher in den umliegenden Städten (insbesondere Lichtenstadt (auf Tschechisch Hroznětín) mit seinem großen jüdischen Viertel) und Dörfern an. In der zweiten Hälfte des 19. und in der ersten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts entwickelte sich das religiöse und kulturelle Leben der Juden in der Karlsbader Region und passte sich sprachlich der deutschsprachigen Bevölkerungsmehrheit an. The aim of this thesis is to place the Jewish cultural personalities of the Carlsbad (Karlovy Vary) Region in the broader cultural-historical context of Jewish life in the Czech lands, focusing on selected Jewish German or Czech writers, publicists and other selected significant Jewish personalities who contributed to the popularization and economic development of the region. In addition to personalities who came directly from the Carlsbad Region, personalities who were associated with the Carlsbad Region for part of their lives or during extended or repeated spa stays are also examined in detail. Another aim of this thesis is to present the social and cultural historical peculiarities of the Carlsbad Region, especially for the Jewish community, and to illustrate the Czech-German-Jewish social relations in the region, as well as to show examples of authentic contemporary correspondence of the selected period. A specific feature of the region is the long period of the ban on the Jewish population in the cultural capital Carlsbad - officially from the royal ban of 1499 until 1848). Jews working in Carlsbad therefore settled in the surrounding towns (especially Hroznětín with its large Jewish quarter) and villages. In the second half of the 19th century and in the first half of the 20th century, the religious and cultural life of Jews in the Carlsbad region developed, adapting linguistically to the German-speaking majority of the population. Obhájeno

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Veselá, Kateřina;

    The bachelor thesis contains a theoretical part containing several chapters dealing with visual perception, the importance of gaze and eyes in communication, as well as an explanation of the concept of interpretation and contemporary art. Another extensive chapter deals with the representation of the eyes in visual culture and their significance, as well as the interpretation of the gaze where the basic philosophical theories that have influenced not only contemporary art - feminism and animism - are outlined. The practical part deals with the creation of artworks of three spatial paintings made up of a frame with a metal wire mesh woven with yarn in the shape of eyes. The works are based on the animist theory of gaze. The last didactic part of the work focuses on an art task that applies interpretation, animism and eye imagery. Bakalářská práce obsahuje teoretickou část obsahující několik kapitol zabývající se vizuální percepcí, významem pohledu a očí v komunikaci, dále vysvětlením pojmu interpretace a současného umění. Další rozsáhlou kapitolou je zobrazování očí ve vizuální kultuře a jejich význam, dále interpretace pohledu kde jsou nastíněny základní filozofické teorie, které ovlivnili nejen současné umění - feminismus a animismus. Praktická část se zabývá vytvořením uměleckých děl tří plastických maleb tvořených z rámu s pletivem protkaným přízí do tvaru očí. Díla vycházejí z animistické teorie pohledu. Poslední didaktická část práce je zaměřena na výtvarný úkol, který uplatňuje interpretaci, animismus a zobrazování očí. Obhájeno

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Honzík, Václav;

    Multi-modal document processing is an area of computer science that focuses on analyzing, understanding, and extracting valuable information from documents that contain multiple types of data. In this work, our main objective is to perform document layout analysis using both visual and textual modalities. Our approach involves the use of instance segmentation models such as Mask R-CNN, YOLOv8, or Cascade R-CNN with a LayoutLMv3 backbone. We employ the outputs of the segmentation models with multi-modal Transformers such as LayoutLMv3 or a fusion model combining German pre-trained BERT with either Vision Transformer or Swin Transformer~V2. Another contribution of this work is a newly created historical "Heimatkunde" dataset, which consists of 4,600 annotations across 329 images and is applicable for multi-modal document layout analysis as well as classification. We train our models on this dataset and are able to achieve excellent results. Therefore, we plan to integrate these models into the Porta Fontium portal. Multimodální zpracování dokumentů je oblast informatiky, která se zaměřuje na analýzu, porozumění a získávání cenných informací z dokumentů, které obsahují více typů dat. V této práci je naším hlavním cílem provést analýzu rozložení dokumentů pomocí obrazu i textu. Náš přístup zahrnuje použití modelů pro segmentaci instancí, jako jsou Mask R-CNN, YOLOv8 nebo Cascade R-CNN s páteří LayoutLMv3. Výstupy segmentačních modelů využíváme v multimodálních Transformerech, jako je LayoutLMv3 nebo ve fúzním modelu, který kombinuje německy předtrénovaného BERTa s Vision Transformerem nebo modelem Swin Transformer V2. Dalším přínosem této práce je také nově vytvořená historická datová sada "Heimatkunde", která se skládá z 4 600 anotací na 329 obrázcích a je použitelná pro multimodální analýzu rozložení dokumentů i pro klasifikaci. Naše modely trénujeme na této datové sadě a jsme schopni dosáhnout výborných výsledků. Tyto modely budou proto reálně využity v historickém portálu Porta Fontium. Obhájeno

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Strolená, Marie;

    The aim of the work is to evaluate the greenery in public spaces, squares and the historical centre of the city. The method of evaluation is field and archival research. The thesis uses photographs, historical plans and paintings from which the quantity and condition of the greenery can be deduced. The greenery in the public spaces is currently satisfactory and fulfils its functions, but the greenery in the square has greatly diminished after the revitalisation. Cílem práce je zhodnocení zeleně na veřejných prostranstvích, na náměstí a v historickém středu města. Metodou hodnocení je terénní a archivní průzkum. V práci jsou používány fotografie, historické plány a malby, ze kterých lze odvodit množství a stav zeleně. Zeleň na veřejných prostranstvích je v současnosti uspokojivá a splňuje své funkce, ale zeleně na náměstí po revitalizaci velmi ubylo. Obhájeno

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    Authors: Kašáková, Tereza;

    The subject of this thesis is the automatic recognition of question types in various languages. The thesis analyzes types of sentences and types of questions, focuses on their intonation and describes its rules in different languages. The issue is looked at from the perspective of speech synthesis, it emphasizes the importance of the correct generation of prosody and, in particular, the typical tone of different types of questions, so that artificial speech is as natural as possible. It is therefore important to automatically distinguish between the types of questions when pre-processing the text before the synthesis. The current work aims to do so using rules, classifiers and the T5 neural network. These approaches are tested using data in several languages and their accuracy values for question types classification are compared. Tématem této práce je automatické rozpoznávání typů otázek v různých jazycích. Práce analyzuje typy vět a typy otázek, zaměřuje se na jejich intonaci a popisuje její pravidla v různých jazycích. Na problematiku se dívá z hlediska syntézy řeči, zvýrazňuje důležitost správného generování prozodie a konkrétně typického tónu různých typů otázek, aby umělá řeč byla co nejpřirozenější. Důležité je tudíž při předzpracování textu před jeho samotnou syntézou automaticky rozlišovat typy otázek. Předkládaná práce se o to snaží využitím pravidel, klasifikátorů a neuronové sítě T5. Tyto přístupy testuje pro data v několika jazycích a porovnává jejich přesnosti při klasifikaci otázek. Obhájeno

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  • image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Authors: Kolektiv autorů;

    Tento dokument byl vytvořen se státní podporou Technologické agentury ČR v rámci Programu ÉTA.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Vích, David; Skalický, Zdeněk; Šmejdíř, Jan;

    In 2017–2020, rescue archaeological research continued on the deposits above the preserved basement rooms of the western palace of the castle in Brandýs nad Orlicí. The exca vation yielded evidence of the presence of tiled stoves, crown window glass, non-combustible roofing in the form of fragments of barrel tiles and ceramic square tiles that once covered the floors of the upper stories. The interiors of the rooms yielded a diverse variety of kitchen ceramics, metal objects and numerous fragments of hollow glassware.

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    Digital Library University of West Bohemia
    Other literature type . Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
    https://doi.org/10.24132/cb.20...
    Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
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      Digital Library University of West Bohemia
      Other literature type . Article . 2023 . Peer-reviewed
      https://doi.org/10.24132/cb.20...
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Pavel Drnovský;

    The study deals with an aristocratic residence located near the village of Lhota Svatogothardská near Hořice in the Podkrkonoší region. The original name of the castle is unknown and is referred to by its folk name – Pustohrad. In the past, undocumented excavations and a series of surface surveys were carried out on the site. The subject of the work is the evaluation of available archaeological finds. Ceramic finds make it possible to chronologically determine up to the course of the 14th century with possible overlaps into the previous and following century. Documented arrowheads correspond to this determination. The site can likely be associated with the numerous written references to members of the lower nobility, who used the name of the village Lhota as a part of their surnames.

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    https://doi.org/10.24132/cb.20...
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    Authors: Stehlíková, Anna;

    My bachelor thesis deals with the analysis of natural motives in the oldest Czech historiography. I have excerpted references to nature from the Chronicle of Kosmas and from the works of his followers (Mnich sázavský, Kanovník vyšehradský, Vincencius and Jarloch). I mainly dealt with the work of Kosmas and his first followers (Mnich sázavský and Kanovník vyšehradský). In the first chapter, I analysed the mentioned historical works and their authors. The second chapter focuses on the analysis of the nature records. I compared natural phenomena with today's reality and considered how nature influenced the earlier population and whether the phenomena seen were associated with something unearthly. The work includes references to the natural disasters (floods, high winds and fires), mentions of plague and famine, and references to astronomical phenomena (solar and lunar eclipses, sightings of planets, comets, stars and meteors). Finally, I try to find connections between the mentions that are related to nature. V bakalářské práci se zabývám analýzou přírodních motivů v nejstarší české historiografii. Zmínky o přírodě jsem excerpovala z Kosmovy kroniky a z prací jeho pokračovatelů (Mnich sázavský, Kanovník vyšehradský, Vincencius a Jarloch). Převážně jsem se zabývala prací Kosmy a jeho prvních pokračovatelů (Mnich sázavský a Kanovník vyšehradský). V první kapitole jsem rozebrala zmíněné historické práce a jejich autory. Druhá kapitola je zaměřena na analýzu záznamů o přírodě. Porovnávala jsem přírodní jevy s dnešní skutečností a posuzovala, jak ovlivňovala příroda dřívější obyvatelstvo a zda byly viděné jevy spojovány s něčím nadpozemským. V práci se objevují zmínky o rozmarech přírody (povodně, silné větry a požáry), zmínky o moru a hladomoru a také zmínky o astronomických úkazech (zatmění Slunce a Měsíce, pozorování planet, komet, hvězd a meteoritů). Nakonec se snažím najít souvislosti mezi zmínkami, které jsou spojené s přírodou. Obhájeno

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    Authors: Musílková, Květoslava;

    Cílem této diplomové práce je zjistit, jakým způsobem bylo řešeno záškoláctví obecných škol v období od roku 1774 do nástupu komunismu v roce 1948. Zajímalo mě, jak bylo záškoláctví na školách sledováno a jaké právní normy s konkrétními postihy měli ředitelé škol k dispozici k potlačování a nápravě záškoláctví. V kapitole Historie školní docházky je předložen stručný přehled dějin pedagogiky doplněný všemi důležitými právními normami, které zásadním způsobem ovlivňovaly plnění povinné školní docházky, evidenci záškoláctví a postihy zákonných zástupců, kteří opakovaně neposílali své děti do školy. Historické prameny nám podávají svědectví o důsledné evidenci docházky žáků do škol. Ředitelé škol museli měsíčně podávat hlášení okresní zemské školské radě a ta v případě, že žádná domluva nepomáhala, stanovila pokutu, kterou museli rodiče zaplatit. Její výše se stanovovala dle závažnosti přestupku. V případě, že rodiče nebo zákonní zástupci neměli peníze na zaplacení, následoval až několikadenní trest odnětí svobody. Důvodem takto přísných pravidel jistě bylo velmi rozšířené nepochopení důležitosti vzdělání pro další osobní i profesní rozvoj dětí. Druhá kapitola je věnována dvěma významným reformátorům, kteří svými školskými reformami vešli do dějin evropské vzdělanosti a výchovy. Prvním z nich byl Jan Ignác Felbiger, pod jehož velením byl dokončen návrh školního řádu, který byl vydán dne 6. prosince 1774. Druhým významným reformátorem je Ferdinand Kindermann, zakladatel nového typu katolické školy a spoluautor rakouských školských reforem. Třetí až pátá kapitola přináší vzhled do několika mála právních norem, které měly určitý význam pro české školství v obdobích od počátku dvacátého století do konce roku 1948. V podstatě se dá konstatovat, že podobu školské soustavy až do 30. července 1937, kdy byl vydán školní a vyučovací řád pro školy obecné a měšťanské a pro školy (třídy) pomocné, i nadále určovaly Hasnerovy zákony z roku 1869. Zajímavé bylo zjištění, že i nová komunistická vláda v roce 1948, necelé tři měsíce po ujmutí se vlády, vydává nový školský zákon, který rovněž přesně stanovuje finanční postih anebo i trest odnětí svobody zákonným zástupcům za záškoláctví jejich dětí. Šestá kapitola podává přehled zjištěných formulářů týkajících se nedbalé docházky žáků. Konkrétní příklady řešení záškoláctví na školách v roce 1885 a v letech 1925 až 1927 přináší sedmá kapitola této diplomové práce. Získání podkladů pro napsání této práce znamenalo prostudování všech vládních věstníků od roku 1872 až do roku 1948, prostudování zápisů z pedagogických porad a seznámit se s dochovanou historickou korespondencí některých vybraných škol ve státních archivech v Berouně, Příbrami a Národním archivu v Praze na Chodově. Podařilo se mi tak doložit ucelený přehled právních norem, tiskopisů a evidence záškoláctví v uvedeném časovém období a prokázat, že existovaly velice účinné nástroje pro eliminaci záškoláctví. My thesis deals with the history of coping with truancy at primary schools in the period from 1774 to the rise of communism in 1948. I followed monitoring of truancy and legal norms for headmasters to improve school attendance. The chapter History of School Attendance brings a brief history of pedagogy with an overview of legal norms important for an approach to improving school attendance, truancy records and penalty for legal representatives who didn´t send their children to school regularly. Historical sources bring us an evidence of precise records of school attendance. Headmasters were obliged to report truants to their district council, which set a fine for the truants´ parents. The amount of the fine was according to the seriousness of the offence. In case the parents were not able to pay, they had to go to prison for a few days. The reason for such strict rules was misapprehension of school education importance for personal and professional development of children. The second chapter is devoted to two important European school reformers. One of them is Jan Ignác Felbiger who managed finishing School Rules released on 6th December 1774. The other important reformer is Ferdinand Kindermann who established a new type of catholic school and co-authored Austrian School Reforms. The third, fourth and fifth chapters deal with some legal norms which were important for the Czech school system in the period from the beginning of 20th century to the end of 1948. It is possible to say that up to 30th July 1937, when the new school rules for primary schools were accepted, the school system had been directed by Hasner´s Rules released in 1869. An interesting fact is to find that just three months after the communist government seized the reigns they released a new school law which also set a financial penalty or imprisonment for legal representatives of truant children. The sixth chapter gives a review of different forms regarding truancy. The seventh chapter brings some particular ways how truancy was solved in the years from 1925 to 1927. To complete this thesis, I studied all government gazetteers from 1872 to1948, reports from pedagogical councils and preserved historical school correspondence which were found in Beroun and Příbram State Archives and in Prague (Chodov) National Archiv. I managed to realize a complete summary of legal norms, forms and reports of truancy in the set period. I also managed to demonstrate very effective methods for truancy reduction that had existed it that time. Obhájeno

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