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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Molyneux, Stewart G.; Harper, David A.T.; Cooper, Mark R.; Hollis, Steven Philip; Raine, Robert J.; Rushton, Adrian W.A.; Smith, M. Paul; Stone, Philip; Williams, Mark; Woodcock, Nigel H.; +1 more
    Publisher: Geological Society of London
    Country: United Kingdom

    Rock successions in Britain and Ireland, and more especially those in North Wales, were instrumental in the founding and naming of the Ordovician System, and the Anglo-Welsh series established both initially and subsequently were used widely as a standard for Ordovician chronostratigraphy. Although now largely superseded in the global scheme of series and stages, they retain their local and regional importance. The Ordovician System in Britain and Ireland documents the history of a segment of the Earth's crust that incorporated opposing peri-Gondwanan and peri-Laurentian/Laurentian margins of the Iapetus Ocean during its closure, and is accordingly complex. The complexity arises from the volcanic and tectonic processes that accompanied oceanic closure coupled with the effects of eustatic sea-level changes, including the far-field effects of the Late Ordovician glaciation. For the past three decades, Ordovician successions in Britain and Ireland have been discussed in terms of terranes. Here we review Ordovician successions in each terrane, incorporating the results of recent research and correlating those successions via biostratigraphical schemes and radiometric dates to the global Ordovician series and stages.

  • Other research product . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Moat, Ben; Burmeister, Kristin; Firing, Yvonne;
    Publisher: National Oceanography Centre
    Country: United Kingdom

    The aim of this expedition was to recover and redeploy all moorings in the OSNAP array and to obtain a CTD section of hydrographic, nutrients, dissolved oxygen and dissolved organic carbon observations along the OSNAP section. The specific measurement objectives of the cruise were: 1. Recover and redeploy 4 existing mooring along the Ellett Array (EB1, WB1, WB2, RH ADCP) and 3 existing moorings in the Iceland Basin (IB5, IB4, IB3) 2. Deploy new drift-free pressure recorder (Sonardyne Fetch AZA) at EB1. 3. Conduct CTD stations and capture water samples for oxygen, total carbon, alkalinity and nutrients analysis. Data from the CTD stations was provided in near-real time (<12 hours) to the UK Met. Office to be assimilated into their short-range ocean forecast models: global 0.25 degree, North Atlantic 1/12th degree and AMM15 (European NW Shelf, ~ 1.5 km). 4. Recover and redeploy a sediment trap mooring on the Darwin Sea Mounds (DMLTM) as part of the UK Marine Protected Area habitat monitoring programme. 5. Deploy three BGC-Argo floats to maintain the UK contribution to the global ARGO network. 6. Using ship-based instrumentation to measure underway meteorology, sea-surface temperature and salinity, ocean currents from the surface to ~400m depth and waterdepth using a Kongsberg multibeam echo sounding system.

  • Other research product . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Smith, Richard; Howson, Tim; O'Callaghan, Felicity; Askquith-Ellis, Anne; Evans, Jonathan;
    Publisher: UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    Country: United Kingdom

    The COSMOS-UK soil moisture status report provides an insight into the current soil moisture conditions across the UK as monitored by the COSMOS-UK network. The network comprises approximately 50 sites at which a cosmic ray neutron sensor is deployed to monitor soil moisture within a footprint of about 12 hectares. The report is comprised of: maps of end of month soil moisture both as volumetric water content and as a soil moisture index; a short description of current status; and selected time series graphs showing data from the last three years.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Barker, Lucy; Magee, Eugene; Smith, Richard; Crane, Emily; Clemas, Sandie;
    Publisher: UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    Country: United Kingdom

    The monthly summary of hydrological conditions in the United Kingdom is compiled as part of the National Hydrological Monitoring Programme (a joint UKCEH and BGS enterprise). The report features contemporary data for rainfall, river flow, reservoir and groundwater levels in the form of maps and graphs. A commentary is provided on the status of the nation’s water resources and any notable hydrological events during the month. The National River Flow and National Groundwater Level Archives help provide an historical context for these contemporary assessments. Financial support for the production of the Hydrological Summaries is provided by Defra, the Environment Agency, the Scottish Environment Protection Agency, the Rivers Agency in Northern Ireland and the Office of Water Services.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Matthews, Andy; Walk, John; Darroch, Lou; Brown, Jenny; Cardwell, Chris; Gardner, Tom; Jones, Owain; Yelland, Margaret;
    Publisher: National Oceanography Centre
    Country: United Kingdom

    The purpose of this report is to document the communications protocol and test system osd2ERDDAP developed as part of the Enhancing Climate Observations, Models and Data (ECO MAD) project. The approach allows deployed sensors to telemeter small quantities of arbitrary tabular Ocean Science Data (osd) directly to an ERDDAP server via the Internet in a way that is more efficient for the sensor than using ERDDAP’s existing HTML Forms interface. ERDDAP is a data server that provides a simple and consistent way to download subsets of scientific datasets in common file formats and make graphs and maps. It is the online server used by the British Oceanographic Data Centre (BODC) and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to publicly share environmental data in a format that meets international data management standards. Future use of this API with a range of ocean sensors and ERDDAP will increase the efficiency of data streaming. In turn this reduces power (and associated maintenance) requirements that is vital to deliver low-cost long-term monitoring networks, which support climate research and the management of climate impacts.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Beriro, Darren J.; Vane, Christopher H.;
    Publisher: Geological Society of London
    Country: United Kingdom

    Shale rock core from the Bowland Shale Formation, UK was analysed in the laboratory using Rock-Eval(6) pyrolysis and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). These methods are used to characterise the organic constituents of soil and rock. This research is a proof-of-concept study to investigate whether regression models developed using FTIR and Rock-Eval data for the same length of core can be used to estimate selected Rock-Eval parameters. The accuracy of the regression models was assessed using statistical methods, the results of which were used to choose preferred models for each Rock-Eval parameter. Models produced were shown to have an acceptable level of uncertainty for Total Organic Carbon, S1, S2 and S3 outputs which led us to conclude these are potentially suitable for estimating unknown down-core Rock-Eval parameter values. Conversely, the Tmax model had a higher variability in the cross-validation data above the acceptable level of uncertainty which could lead to erroneous estimates. Down-core interpolations of selected Rock-Eval parameters could be practically achieved by modelling FTIR data by maintaining standard sample frequencies for Rock-Eval while supplementing with higher frequencies for FTIR and chemometric analysis.

  • Other research product . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Parry, Simon; Magee, Eugene;
    Publisher: UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    Country: United Kingdom

    The Hydrological Outlook provides an insight into future hydrological conditions across the UK. Specifically, it describes likely trajectories for river flows and groundwater levels on a monthly basis, with a particular focus on the next three months. Well established monitoring programmes provide the current status of both river flows and groundwater levels at many sites across the UK, and data from these programmes provide the starting point for the Outlook. A number of techniques are used to project forwards from the current state and results from these are used to produce a summary that includes a highlights map.

  • Other research product . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Smith, Richard; Howson, Tim; O'Callaghan, Felicity; Askquith-Ellis, Anne; Evans, Jonathan;
    Publisher: UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    Country: United Kingdom

    The COSMOS-UK soil moisture status report provides an insight into the current soil moisture conditions across the UK as monitored by the COSMOS-UK network. The network comprises approximately 50 sites at which a cosmic ray neutron sensor is deployed to monitor soil moisture within a footprint of about 12 hectares. The report is comprised of: maps of end of month soil moisture both as volumetric water content and as a soil moisture index; a short description of current status; and selected time series graphs showing data from the last three years.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Parry, Simon; Killeen, Alannah; Smith, Richard; Crane, Emily; Clemas, Sandie;
    Publisher: UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    Country: United Kingdom

    The monthly summary of hydrological conditions in the United Kingdom is compiled as part of the National Hydrological Monitoring Programme (a joint UKCEH and BGS enterprise). The report features contemporary data for rainfall, river flow, reservoir and groundwater levels in the form of maps and graphs. A commentary is provided on the status of the nation’s water resources and any notable hydrological events during the month. The National River Flow and National Groundwater Level Archives help provide an historical context for these contemporary assessments. Financial support for the production of the Hydrological Summaries is provided by Defra, the Environment Agency, the Scottish Environment Protection Agency, the Rivers Agency in Northern Ireland and the Office of Water Services.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Williams, M.R.; Carnell, E.J.; Tang, Y.S.; Stephens, A.C.M.; Iwanicka, A K.; Duarte, F.; Dragosits, U.;
    Publisher: UK Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
    Country: United Kingdom

    Local prevailing wind patterns play a key role in atmospheric nitrogen (N) input to designated sites, in terms of local ammonia (NH3) concentrations and N deposition originating from local, regional and transboundary sources. The aim of this study is to investigate local wind patterns and their temporal variability using locally measured weather data. These data were analysed in conjunction with NH3 measurements within and surrounding Ballynahone Bog SAC. This report is part of a series that started to analyse data from month-year, with the period investigated in the current report being 1st October 2021 to 31st March 2022. This report aims to assess local wind patterns for the period October 2021 to March 2022 and establish how local wind patterns influence NH3 concentrations.

Advanced search in
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
9,034 Research products, page 1 of 904
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Molyneux, Stewart G.; Harper, David A.T.; Cooper, Mark R.; Hollis, Steven Philip; Raine, Robert J.; Rushton, Adrian W.A.; Smith, M. Paul; Stone, Philip; Williams, Mark; Woodcock, Nigel H.; +1 more
    Publisher: Geological Society of London
    Country: United Kingdom

    Rock successions in Britain and Ireland, and more especially those in North Wales, were instrumental in the founding and naming of the Ordovician System, and the Anglo-Welsh series established both initially and subsequently were used widely as a standard for Ordovician chronostratigraphy. Although now largely superseded in the global scheme of series and stages, they retain their local and regional importance. The Ordovician System in Britain and Ireland documents the history of a segment of the Earth's crust that incorporated opposing peri-Gondwanan and peri-Laurentian/Laurentian margins of the Iapetus Ocean during its closure, and is accordingly complex. The complexity arises from the volcanic and tectonic processes that accompanied oceanic closure coupled with the effects of eustatic sea-level changes, including the far-field effects of the Late Ordovician glaciation. For the past three decades, Ordovician successions in Britain and Ireland have been discussed in terms of terranes. Here we review Ordovician successions in each terrane, incorporating the results of recent research and correlating those successions via biostratigraphical schemes and radiometric dates to the global Ordovician series and stages.

  • Other research product . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Moat, Ben; Burmeister, Kristin; Firing, Yvonne;
    Publisher: National Oceanography Centre
    Country: United Kingdom

    The aim of this expedition was to recover and redeploy all moorings in the OSNAP array and to obtain a CTD section of hydrographic, nutrients, dissolved oxygen and dissolved organic carbon observations along the OSNAP section. The specific measurement objectives of the cruise were: 1. Recover and redeploy 4 existing mooring along the Ellett Array (EB1, WB1, WB2, RH ADCP) and 3 existing moorings in the Iceland Basin (IB5, IB4, IB3) 2. Deploy new drift-free pressure recorder (Sonardyne Fetch AZA) at EB1. 3. Conduct CTD stations and capture water samples for oxygen, total carbon, alkalinity and nutrients analysis. Data from the CTD stations was provided in near-real time (<12 hours) to the UK Met. Office to be assimilated into their short-range ocean forecast models: global 0.25 degree, North Atlantic 1/12th degree and AMM15 (European NW Shelf, ~ 1.5 km). 4. Recover and redeploy a sediment trap mooring on the Darwin Sea Mounds (DMLTM) as part of the UK Marine Protected Area habitat monitoring programme. 5. Deploy three BGC-Argo floats to maintain the UK contribution to the global ARGO network. 6. Using ship-based instrumentation to measure underway meteorology, sea-surface temperature and salinity, ocean currents from the surface to ~400m depth and waterdepth using a Kongsberg multibeam echo sounding system.

  • Other research product . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Smith, Richard; Howson, Tim; O'Callaghan, Felicity; Askquith-Ellis, Anne; Evans, Jonathan;
    Publisher: UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    Country: United Kingdom

    The COSMOS-UK soil moisture status report provides an insight into the current soil moisture conditions across the UK as monitored by the COSMOS-UK network. The network comprises approximately 50 sites at which a cosmic ray neutron sensor is deployed to monitor soil moisture within a footprint of about 12 hectares. The report is comprised of: maps of end of month soil moisture both as volumetric water content and as a soil moisture index; a short description of current status; and selected time series graphs showing data from the last three years.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Barker, Lucy; Magee, Eugene; Smith, Richard; Crane, Emily; Clemas, Sandie;
    Publisher: UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    Country: United Kingdom

    The monthly summary of hydrological conditions in the United Kingdom is compiled as part of the National Hydrological Monitoring Programme (a joint UKCEH and BGS enterprise). The report features contemporary data for rainfall, river flow, reservoir and groundwater levels in the form of maps and graphs. A commentary is provided on the status of the nation’s water resources and any notable hydrological events during the month. The National River Flow and National Groundwater Level Archives help provide an historical context for these contemporary assessments. Financial support for the production of the Hydrological Summaries is provided by Defra, the Environment Agency, the Scottish Environment Protection Agency, the Rivers Agency in Northern Ireland and the Office of Water Services.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Matthews, Andy; Walk, John; Darroch, Lou; Brown, Jenny; Cardwell, Chris; Gardner, Tom; Jones, Owain; Yelland, Margaret;
    Publisher: National Oceanography Centre
    Country: United Kingdom

    The purpose of this report is to document the communications protocol and test system osd2ERDDAP developed as part of the Enhancing Climate Observations, Models and Data (ECO MAD) project. The approach allows deployed sensors to telemeter small quantities of arbitrary tabular Ocean Science Data (osd) directly to an ERDDAP server via the Internet in a way that is more efficient for the sensor than using ERDDAP’s existing HTML Forms interface. ERDDAP is a data server that provides a simple and consistent way to download subsets of scientific datasets in common file formats and make graphs and maps. It is the online server used by the British Oceanographic Data Centre (BODC) and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) to publicly share environmental data in a format that meets international data management standards. Future use of this API with a range of ocean sensors and ERDDAP will increase the efficiency of data streaming. In turn this reduces power (and associated maintenance) requirements that is vital to deliver low-cost long-term monitoring networks, which support climate research and the management of climate impacts.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Beriro, Darren J.; Vane, Christopher H.;
    Publisher: Geological Society of London
    Country: United Kingdom

    Shale rock core from the Bowland Shale Formation, UK was analysed in the laboratory using Rock-Eval(6) pyrolysis and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). These methods are used to characterise the organic constituents of soil and rock. This research is a proof-of-concept study to investigate whether regression models developed using FTIR and Rock-Eval data for the same length of core can be used to estimate selected Rock-Eval parameters. The accuracy of the regression models was assessed using statistical methods, the results of which were used to choose preferred models for each Rock-Eval parameter. Models produced were shown to have an acceptable level of uncertainty for Total Organic Carbon, S1, S2 and S3 outputs which led us to conclude these are potentially suitable for estimating unknown down-core Rock-Eval parameter values. Conversely, the Tmax model had a higher variability in the cross-validation data above the acceptable level of uncertainty which could lead to erroneous estimates. Down-core interpolations of selected Rock-Eval parameters could be practically achieved by modelling FTIR data by maintaining standard sample frequencies for Rock-Eval while supplementing with higher frequencies for FTIR and chemometric analysis.

  • Other research product . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Parry, Simon; Magee, Eugene;
    Publisher: UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    Country: United Kingdom

    The Hydrological Outlook provides an insight into future hydrological conditions across the UK. Specifically, it describes likely trajectories for river flows and groundwater levels on a monthly basis, with a particular focus on the next three months. Well established monitoring programmes provide the current status of both river flows and groundwater levels at many sites across the UK, and data from these programmes provide the starting point for the Outlook. A number of techniques are used to project forwards from the current state and results from these are used to produce a summary that includes a highlights map.

  • Other research product . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Smith, Richard; Howson, Tim; O'Callaghan, Felicity; Askquith-Ellis, Anne; Evans, Jonathan;
    Publisher: UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    Country: United Kingdom

    The COSMOS-UK soil moisture status report provides an insight into the current soil moisture conditions across the UK as monitored by the COSMOS-UK network. The network comprises approximately 50 sites at which a cosmic ray neutron sensor is deployed to monitor soil moisture within a footprint of about 12 hectares. The report is comprised of: maps of end of month soil moisture both as volumetric water content and as a soil moisture index; a short description of current status; and selected time series graphs showing data from the last three years.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Parry, Simon; Killeen, Alannah; Smith, Richard; Crane, Emily; Clemas, Sandie;
    Publisher: UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology
    Country: United Kingdom

    The monthly summary of hydrological conditions in the United Kingdom is compiled as part of the National Hydrological Monitoring Programme (a joint UKCEH and BGS enterprise). The report features contemporary data for rainfall, river flow, reservoir and groundwater levels in the form of maps and graphs. A commentary is provided on the status of the nation’s water resources and any notable hydrological events during the month. The National River Flow and National Groundwater Level Archives help provide an historical context for these contemporary assessments. Financial support for the production of the Hydrological Summaries is provided by Defra, the Environment Agency, the Scottish Environment Protection Agency, the Rivers Agency in Northern Ireland and the Office of Water Services.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Williams, M.R.; Carnell, E.J.; Tang, Y.S.; Stephens, A.C.M.; Iwanicka, A K.; Duarte, F.; Dragosits, U.;
    Publisher: UK Centre for Ecology and Hydrology
    Country: United Kingdom

    Local prevailing wind patterns play a key role in atmospheric nitrogen (N) input to designated sites, in terms of local ammonia (NH3) concentrations and N deposition originating from local, regional and transboundary sources. The aim of this study is to investigate local wind patterns and their temporal variability using locally measured weather data. These data were analysed in conjunction with NH3 measurements within and surrounding Ballynahone Bog SAC. This report is part of a series that started to analyse data from month-year, with the period investigated in the current report being 1st October 2021 to 31st March 2022. This report aims to assess local wind patterns for the period October 2021 to March 2022 and establish how local wind patterns influence NH3 concentrations.

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