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70 Research products, page 1 of 7

  • Publications
  • Wellcome Trust
  • English
  • E-LIS

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  • Publication . Preprint . 2012
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Święćkowska, Teresa;
    Project: WT

    In Poland, the gold way of Open Access is developing more dynamically than the green way. With few subscription electronic journals, OA journals are the dominant transitional model from paper to electronic publishing in the field of scholary communication. In the publication of OA journals there is however an growing trend towards contracting services of commercial platforms. The main obstacles in the development of the green way are the lack of OA infrastructures and national as well as institutional policies.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Cassella, Maria;
    Project: WT

    The presentation deals the role of Open Access in the changes affecting the traditional paradigm of scholarly communication. In particular, it analyzes strategical issues of OA, such as communication, economic sustainability, and copyright management.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Pérez-González, Lourdes;
    Publisher: SEDIC ; Biblioteca Nacional de España
    Project: WT

    This paper will introduce some of the agents involved in context of protection (monopoly‐commoditization) / liberalization (open access as a public‐information) of information and their positions, citing the example of recent projects such as CODATA, Science Commons or, Open Data, focused to create tools for open access to scientific data, priority within the new information cyberinfrastructure and e‐science.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Pérez-González, Lourdes;
    Project: WT

    Information and knowledge are the basis for good progress of humanity, the limits on their access and circulation have important implications regarding the development of science, technology and its position with society and human rights. This paper will introduce some of the agents involved in context of protection (monopoly-commoditization) / liberalization (open access as a public-information) of information and their positions, citing the example of recent projects such as CODATA, Science Commons or, Open Data, focused to create tools for open access to scientific data, priority within the new information cyberinfrastructure and e-science.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Szczepańska, Barbara;
    Publisher: Library of Cracow University of Technology
    Project: WT

    [European trends in openness – an overview of strategies and programmes] The European institutions recognized the importance of Open Access in science several years ago. In 2004, the European Commission, through the Directorate of Research, initiated a study of an open model of scientific publishing, and carried out Study on the economic and technical evolution of the scientific publication markets in Europe. Over the subsequent years, numerous reports, studies and summaries of public consultation in the field of Open Access were published. As a consequence, it became mandatory to publish the results of any research financed from the 7th Framework Programme within the Open Access model. The first reference to educational reform and the creation of open knowledge resources can be found in the Lisbon Strategy, which was to give a new dimension to the European economy through directing it towards knowledge and the use of knowledge in economy. Open resources are also important for the preservation of the cultural heritage. The paper will present programs and strategies which originated with the European institutions and promote OA in science and culture at various levels and within various scopes.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    De-Volder, Carolina;
    Project: WT

    All the aspects of scientific communication are explained. An analysis of the impact of the movement for open access to scientific and academic literature was performed: here you will find a full description of its beginnings, definitions of the main terms, goals, the most significant initiatives undertaken all around the world and those strategies designed to get it; the open access journals and self-archiving in repositories - focusing on the progress of the latter – represent the most radical alternative for the development of open access. Then the different practices and attitudes adopted by Argentine librarians towards the self-archiving of their work in the thematic repository E-Lis are also analyzed. We try to determine which factors contribute to the use or non use of the repository.

  • Publication . Conference object . 2010
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Giglia, Elena;
    Project: WT

    A course on Open Access for librarians (in Italian).

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Flamino, Adriana Nascimento;
    Project: WT

    Open Access, Institutional Repositories and Scientific Journals of the MZUSP

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Mendoza-Guerrero, J.A;
    Project: WT

    In the present economies based on the knowledge, to get to quantify the results of the scientific research has a high strategic interest for the scientific policy of any country, institution, organism or even researchers. Through the observation and mathematical statistical treatment of the bibliographical information included in the publications, by means of the bibliometric studies, we can get to estimate the characteristics and the behavior of the science. In Mexico, Health is one of the sectors that count with a greater amount of resources assigned for research, therefore, its scientific production is important. Even though great part of this production comes from universities, a good part of the scientific activity is realized in research institutes and hospitals of both public and private sector. Nevertheless, there is not known what is the positioning in national or international in the matter of production, impact and scientific visibility. The purpose of this work is to identify the thematic visibility of the scientific production of the General Hospital of Mexico in the period of time 1999-2007, in two databases MEDLINE y WEB OF SCIENCE. The final goal is to have the indicators of measure in reference to the quantity of scientific articles produced by the personnel of the hospital in its period of study. Method, for the identification of the scientific production of the hospital, a bibliographical research was conducted in both databases, MEDLINE and WEB OF SCIENCE for the limited period of 1999-2007. Analizing 645 documents with institutional adcription , the thematic visibility of the Hospital was obtained. Records recovered were analized manually and using Microsoft Excel 2003 and BIBEXCEL 2001, identifying the production for units of attention, clinics, laboratories etc., author, year of publication, language, journals, and medical subject headings used in the articles. Besides, the benchmarking of the hospital was obtained opposite to other institutions in a national context. The results as far as the scientific production of the HGM refers, included 645 bibliographical references distributed in nine years included in this study, with visibility in MEDLINE and the WEB OF SCIENCE, obtaining this way, distribution by: year, language, type of document, source of publication, authorship, impact factor for the journals and subject headings. Thematic visibility of the Hospital, according to the MeSH in MEDLINE indicated that the production is mainly related to: Results of a Treatment, Following Studies, Double Blind Studies, Epidemiology in Mexico, etc. On the other hand, the Key Words of the WEB OF SCIENCE indicated that this production is related to Espondilitis Esquilosante, Disease, Proteins and Rheumatoid arthritis, DNA, Identification and Prevalence, principally. The benchmarking of the General Hospital of Mexico reported that within 30 of the most productive institutions in health sciences; was located in the position number eight, over some national institutes of research, medical school, etc. Discussion, results obtained from this study are stored in a database that pretends to be used as base of reference for physical recovery of the production as well as to be incorporated in the institutional repository named Production of the General Hospital of Mexico (PROHGEM). Even more, this report has administrative and political implications at level of application of the results of the study. This is to say, in the processes of making of decisions of the hospital, related to a scientific policy and the management of the resources assigned to the research and the technological development. The services of information for example, the library (CEIDS) of the hospital, must work in some of these finds basis. Conclusions, with the development of this study we confirms to Bradford's Law, which applied in the scientific production of the hospital, identified in the databases MEDLINE and WEB OF SCIENCE for the period 1999-2007, indicates that it possesses high number of relevant articles that center in a limited number of titles of scientific journals. Another law of librarianship confirmed in this study is Lotka's Law, which is simply the description of a quantitative relation between the authors and the articles produced in a given field and in a determinated period.

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Giglia, Elena;
    Project: WT

    Open Access overview for humanities and social sciences

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