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  • Other research products
  • Earth System Dynamics (ESD)

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  • Other research product . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Yiou, Pascal; Viovy, Nicolas;
    Project: EC | A2C2 (338965)

    Estimating the risk of forest collapse due to extreme climate events is one of the challenges of adapting to climate change. We adapt a concept from ruin theory, which is widely used in econometrics and the insurance industry, to design a growth–ruin model for trees whi...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Wehrli, Kathrin; Luo, Fei; Hauser, Mathias; Shiogama, Hideo; Tokuda, Daisuke; Kim, Hyungjun; Coumou, Dim; May, Wilhelm; Sager, Philippe; Selten, Frank; +3 more
    Project: EC | DROUGHT-HEAT (617518)

    The mechanisms leading to the occurrence of extreme weather and climate events are varied and complex. They generally encompass a combination of dynamical and thermodynamical processes, as well as drivers external to the climate system, such as anthropogenic greenhouse ...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Luu, Linh N.; Vautard, Robert; Yiou, Pascal; Soubeyroux, Jean-Michel;
    Project: EC | BIO CIRCLE 2 (265608)

    In the autumn, the French Mediterranean area is frequently exposed to heavy precipitation events whose daily accumulation can exceed 300 mm. One of the key processes contributing to these precipitation amounts is the deep convection, which can be resolved explici...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Yiou, Pascal; Viovy, Nicolas;
    Project: EC | A2C2 (338965)

    Estimating the risk of collapse of forests due to extreme climate events is one of the challenges of adaptation to climate change. We adapt a concept from ruin theory, which is widespread in econometrics or the insurance industry, to design a growth/ruin model for trees...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Wehrli, Kathrin; Hauser, Mathias; Seneviratne, Sonia I.;
    Project: EC | DROUGHT-HEAT (617518)

    Extreme temperatures were experienced over a large part of the Northern Hemisphere during the 2018 boreal summer (hereafter referred to as “NH2018 event”), leading to major impacts on agriculture and society in the affected countries. Previous studies highlighted both t...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Wehrli, Kathrin; Hauser, Mathias; Seneviratne, Sonia I.;
    Project: EC | DROUGHT-HEAT (617518)

    Extreme temperatures were experienced over a large part of the Northern Hemisphere during the 2018 boreal summer (hereafter referred to as NH2018 event), leading to major impacts to agriculture and society in the affected countries. Previous studies highlighted both the...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Faranda, Davide; Sato, Yuzuru; Messori, Gabriele; Moloney, Nicholas R.; Yiou, Pascal;
    Project: EC | A2C2 (338965)

    We derive a minimal dynamical systems model for the Northern Hemisphere midlatitude jet dynamics by embedding atmospheric data and by investigating its properties (bifurcation structure, stability, local dimensions) for different atmospheric flow regimes. The derivation...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Vogel, Martha M.; Zscheischler, Jakob; Seneviratne, Sonia I.;
    Project: EC | DROUGHT-HEAT (617518)

    The frequency and intensity of climate extremes is expected to increase in many regions due to anthropogenic climate change. In central Europe extreme temperatures are projected to change more strongly than global mean temperatures, and soil moisture–temperature feedbac...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Parkes, Ben; Defrance, Dimitri; Sultan, Benjamin; Ciais, Philippe; Wang, Xuhui;
    Project: EC | HELIX (603864)

    The ability of a region to feed itself in the upcoming decades is an important issue. The West African population is expected to increase significantly in the next 30 years. The responses of crops to short-term climate change is critical to the population and the decisi...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Lauer, Axel; Jones, Colin; Eyring, Veronika; Evaldsson, Martin; Hagemann, Stefan; Mäkelä, Jarmo; Martin, Gill; Roehrig, Romain; Wang, Shiyu;
    Project: EC | CRESCENDO (641816), EC | EMBRACE (282672)

    The performance of updated versions of the four earth system models (ESMs) CNRM, EC-Earth, HadGEM, and MPI-ESM is assessed in comparison to their predecessor versions used in Phase 5 of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project. The Earth System Model Evaluation Tool (E...