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22 Research products, page 1 of 3

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  • Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics (NPG)

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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Robin, Yoann; Yiou, Pascal; Naveau, Philippe;
    Project: EC | A2C2 (338965)

    The climate system can been described by a dynamical system and its associated attractor. The dynamics of this attractor depends on the external forcings that influence the climate. Such forcings can affect the mean values or variances, but regions of the attractor that...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Comişel, H.; Narita, Y.; Motschmann, U.;
    Project: EC | STORM (313038)

    Wavevector anisotropy of ion-scale plasma turbulence is studied at various values of ion beta. Two complementary methods are used. One is multi-point measurements of magnetic field in the near-Earth solar wind as provided by the Cluster spacecraft mission, and the other...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Mäkelä, Jarmo; Susiluoto, Jouni; Markkanen, Tiina; Aurela, Mika; Järvinen, Heikki; Mammarella, Ivan; Hagemann, Stefan; Aalto, Tuula;
    Project: EC | EMBRACE (282672), AKA | ‘Centre of Excellence in ... (272041)

    We examined parameter optimisation in the JSBACH (Kaminski et al., 2013; Knorr and Kattge, 2005; Reick et al., 2013) ecosystem model, applied to two boreal forest sites (Hyytiälä and Sodankylä) in Finland. We identified and tested key parameters in soil hydrology and fo...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Faranda, Davide; Messori, Gabriele; Alvarez-Castro, M. Carmen; Yiou, Pascal;
    Project: EC | A2C2 (338965)

    Atmospheric dynamics are described by a set of partial differential equations yielding an infinite-dimensional phase space. However, the actual trajectories followed by the system appear to be constrained to a finite-dimensional phase space, i.e. a strange attractor. Th...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Wouters, Jeroen; Dolaptchiev, Stamen Iankov; Lucarini, Valerio; Achatz, Ulrich;
    Project: EC | SPARCS (626210)

    We discuss applications of a recently developed method for model reduction based on linear response theory of weakly coupled dynamical systems. We apply the weak coupling method to simple stochastic differential equations with slow and fast degrees of freedom. The weak ...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Mudelsee, Manfred; Bermejo, Miguel A.;
    Project: EC | LINC (289447)

    The tail probability, P, of the distribution of a variable is important for risk analysis of extremes. Many variables in complex geophysical systems show heavy tails, where P decreases with the value, x, of a variable as a power law with a characteristic exponent, α. Ac...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Rehfeld, K.; Molkenthin, N.; Kurths, J.;
    Project: EC | LINC (289447)

    A critical challenge in paleoclimate data analysis is the fact that the proxy data are heterogeneously distributed in space, which affects statistical methods that rely on spatial embedding of data. In the paleoclimate network approach nodes represent paleoclimate proxy...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Vincze, M.; Várai, A.; Barsy, E.; Jánosi, I. M.;
    Project: EC | RECONCILE (226365)

    In a simplified two-dimensional model of a buoyancy-driven overturning circulation, we numerically study the response of the flow to a small localized heat source at the bottom. The flow is driven by differential thermal forcing applied along the top surface boundary. W...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Narita, Y.;
    Project: EC | STORM (313038)

    A parametric model of the inertial-range energy spectrum is constructed for plasma turbulence in the four-dimensional wave vector and frequency domain. The model is based on that of the Eulerian wavenumber-frequency spectrum developed for describing fluid turbulence, an...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Haszpra, T.; Lagzi, I.; Tél, T.;
    Project: EC | PTURB (237521)

    The dispersion of aerosol particle pollutants is studied using 50 members of an ensemble forecast in the example of a hypothetical free atmospheric emission above Fukushima over a period of 2.5 days. Considerable differences are found among the dispersion predictions of...