These videos were created as part of a KIAS-ATA partnership Grant and were tailored to the partnering school (May 2019- December 2021). The videos were shown to the whole school (about 450 students) once a week for five weeks.
While Greenland discharge has been increasing in the last decades, its impact on the Meridional Overturning Circulation (MOC) is not clearly established. Because of that, the accuracy of this discharge representation in ocean models has not been a priority in large-scale circulation studies. Many models prescribe Greenland discharge solely as liquid runoff from the coast—even though around half of this mass loss is attributed to solid discharge. In this study, we use sensitivity experiments carried out with the Nucleus for European Modeling of the Ocean general circulation model to show the most relevant impacts that different Greenland solid discharge parameterizations (transforming it to liquid runoff or explicitly representing it through an iceberg model) have on the western subpolar Atlantic. We find that icebergs act as freshwater reservoirs that affect how much, when, and where freshwater is delivered to the ocean. They carry large amounts of freshwater away from boundary currents, releasing it in the interior of the subpolar gyre. Moreover, the amount and variability of freshwater delivered to the ocean depend not only on the characteristics of Greenland discharge itself but also on the environmental conditions icebergs are subjected to. We also find a large difference in subsurface temperatures in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, which suggests that different Greenland discharge parameterizations might have far reaching implications beyond the MOC. Although differences in ocean fields between the simulations are usually small and within their interannual variability, they might be relevant as Greenland calving rates increase with global warming.
The repatriation of cultural belongings in Canada is currently subject to few governmental regulations. This booklet serves as a guide for Indigenous communities looking to explore repatriation by providing background information on Acts and policies that could be encountered during their repatriation journey. We hope this resource is helpful to all those starting the process of welcoming their belongings home from institutions in Canada.
Learning Objectives: Identify the four important considerations for dealing with copyright concerns in makerspaces; Understand the relevance of the non-commercial user-generated content exception to makerspace activity; Describe the limitations on creative activity in makerspaces imposed by digital locks (anti-circumvention protection for Technological Protection Measures)
Learning Objectives: Recognize that educational institutions can rely on both fair dealing and educational exceptions outlined in the Copyright Act; Understand and be able to explain the role of fair dealing guidelines in an educational context.