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  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Felsch, Corinna L.; Kuypers, Kim P.C.;

    BACKGROUND: Current first-line treatment for social anxiety disorder (SAD), one of the most prevalent anxiety disorders, is limited in its efficacy. Hence, novel treatment approaches are urgently needed. The current review suggests a combination of meditation-based inte...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Honcamp, Hanna; Schwartze, Michael; Linden, David E.J.; El-Deredy, Wael; Kotz, Sonja A.;

    In the absence of sensory stimulation, the brain transits between distinct functional networks. Network dynamics such as transition patterns and the time the brain stays in each network link to cognition and behavior and are subject to much investigation. Auditory verba...

  • Other research product . Other ORP type . 2022
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Criscuolo, Antonio; Pando-Naude, Victor; Bonetti, Leonardo; Vuust, Peter; Brattico, Elvira;

    Through long-term training, music experts acquire complex and specialized sensorimotor skills, which are paralleled by continuous neuro-anatomical and -functional adaptations. The underlying neuroplasticity mechanisms have been extensively explored in decades of researc...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Gravesteijn, E.; Mensink, R.P.; Plat, J.;

    Objectives: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays an essential role in brain and metabolic health. The fact that higher concentrations are associated with improved cognitive performance has resulted in numerous intervention trials that aim at elevating BDNF lev...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Vints, Wouter A J; Levin, Oron; Fujiyama, Hakuei; Verbunt, Jeanine; Masiulis, Nerijus;

    Physical exercise may improve cognitive function by modulating molecular and cellular mechanisms within the brain. We propose that the facilitation of long-term synaptic potentiation (LTP)-related pathways, by products induced by physical exercise (i.e., exerkines), is ...

  • English
    Authors: 
    Qin, Binjie; Chen, Sung-Liang; Miao, Peng; Teng, Zhongzhao;
    Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
    Country: United Kingdom
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    van Hooijdonk, Carmen F M; Drukker, Marjan; van de Giessen, Elsmarieke; Booij, Jan; Selten, Jean-Paul; van Amelsvoort, Therese A M J;

    Alterations of the dopaminergic system may be important neurobiological correlates of vulnerability and transition to psychosis. We systematically reviewed the evidence for dopaminergic alterations demonstrated by in-vivo imaging studies in humans at increased risk of d...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Klooster, Deborah C.W.; Ferguson, Michael A.; Boon, Paul A.J.M.; Baeken, Chris;

    Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a tool that can be used to administer treatment for neuropsychiatric disorders such as major depressive disorder, although the clinical efficacy is still rather modest. Overly general stimulation protocols that cons...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Purg, Nina; Starc, Martina; Slana Ozimič, Anka; Kraljič, Aleksij; Matkovič, Andraž; Repovš, Grega;
    Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
    Country: Slovenia

    Sustained neural activity during the delay phase of spatial working memory tasks is compelling evidence for the neural correlate of active storage and maintenance of spatial information, however, it does not provide insight into specific mechanisms of spatial coding. Th...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Cho, Youngsun T.; Moujaes, Flora; Schleifer, Charles H.; Starc, Martina; Ji, Jie Lisa; Santamauro, Nicole; Adkinson, Brendan D.; Kolobaric, Antonija; Flynn, Morgan; Krystal, John Harrison; +3 more
    Publisher: Academic Press
    Country: Slovenia

    Integrating motivational signals with cognition is critical for goal-directed activities. The mechanisms that link neural changes with motivated working memory continue to be understood. Here, we tested how externally cued and non-cued (internally represented) reward an...