Jean de Blanot, the enigmatic Iacobus Aurelianus, and Jean Blanc de Marseille are the first known French lawyers trained in Italy to have shown interest in one of the most famous custumals in medieval Europe, the Lombard book of fiefs known by the name of Libri Feudorum. Considering that this compilation was increasingly gaining authority in the Italian law schools, this chapter shows how these three lawyers re-elaborated these teachings and compared (or opposed) them to local bodies of norms. By observing how they developed different notions of custom and argued about the validity of the Libri Feudorum outside Lombardy, the chapter unveils the problematic dialectics between Civil law, local custom, and practice, and provides some insights into the making of the ius commune, its practical and historical roots, its geographical dimensions.
Considering the built environment as the most enduring receiver of human behaviour, one can easily assume vernacular heritage as an objective consequence of the essential features of specific local communities. [...]
ITALIANO: Attraverso le pergamene dell’archivio gentilizio, il saggio ricostruisce le vicende e i percorsi di costruzione e di consolidamento del ruolo politico e sociale degli Albertini di Cimitile, un’importante famiglia dell’élite nolana, di professionisti del diritto e dai consolidati rapporti con la dinastia comitale degli Orsini, nel periodo a cavallo tra il tardo Medioevo e la prima età moderna. / ENGLISH: Through the parchments of the aristocratic archive, the essay reconstructs the events and paths of construction and consolidation of the political and social role of the Albertini of Cimitile, an important family of the Nolan élite, of legal professionals and with consolidated relations with the Orsini count dynasty, in the period between the late Middle Ages and the early modern period.
Starting from the example of San Miniato al Monte, the essay dwells on the relationship existing between Florentine aristocracy and religious institutions. These were indispensable elements for the occupation of the urban ‘political space’, thanks to the social networks they controlled. Their political role – until now poorly investigated – was clearly recognised by the new ruling groups (Popolo). For this reason, the Florentine Popolo’s regime at the end of the thirteenth century tried to break the connection between aristocratic families and religious institutions, also through the use of precise rules that had become part of the Ordinamenti di Giustizia.
ITALIANO: Tra il secolo XII e il XIII le donne delle stirpi signorili del contesto ligure appaiono impegnate, stando alla documentazione per lo più di impronta urbanocentrica pervenuta, quasi solo nella devoluzione del patrimonio familiare. Queste donne si trovano a contribuire alla gestione dell’inarrestabile declino politico delle proprie stirpi, in un décalage accelerato. In qualche caso riescono forse a inserirsi in città o a mediare rispetto ai funzionamenti di una presenza familiare bilocata tra territorio e città. / ENGLISH: Between the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, women from several Ligurian aristocratic families appear to have been engaged, according to the documentation relative mostly to the urban context, almost only in the devolution of family property. These women eventually had to contribute to the management of the inevitable political decline of their lineages, in an accelerated décalage. In some cases, they were perhaps able to settle in the city or to mediate within families which were present in both territory and city.
In this article, the author analyzes how the broad theme of the reception of Humanism and Renaissance is treated in two important histories of Ukrainian literature, respectively Muza Roksolans’ka. Ukrajins’ka literatura XVI-XVIII stolit’ by Valerij Ševčuk (Kyiv, “Lybid'”, 2004-2005), in two volumes, and Istorija ukrajins’koji literatury in twelve volumes (2014-) published by the publishing house of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine Naukova Dumka. The disappearance of Soviet ideological constraints has brought about the emergence of various aspects of this theme: the multilingualism (especially as regards literature written in Latin), the multiple identity of writers of the so-called Pohranyččja, the literature written in Latin, are just a few. However, some aspects still need to be addressed: among then the supranational approach should be adequately considered when dealing with the spread of Humanism-Renaissance.
Although still in a provisional form, as befits a field of study still undergoing consolidation, the text tries to summarize the results that emerged from the contributions collected in the volume and from their comparison; outlining, even before real conclusions, a series of clues, cues and problematic issues with which scientific reflection will have to face in the near future. Therefore, they are to be read as many beginnings of research paths, to be followed towards a plausible way of including ecosystem services in the bioregional planning of the territory.
This article analyzes some questiones quodlibetales (1296-1297) delivered by Peter of Trabibus, a Florentine Franciscan of Santa Croce. He reflects on and attempts to regulate Florentine society in times of unprecedented political and economic dynamism. Dealing with the definition of “new” sins, these questions examine tantalizing cases pertaining to economic life outside the convent, and which thus constitute matters of great juridical and political interest. The critical edition of Petrus of Trabibus’ questions 17 to 22, Quodlibet 2, here published for the first time, completes this contribution.