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  • Radiation and Environmental Biophysics

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  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Evgenia I. Tolstykh; Marina O. Degteva; V. P. Kozheurov; Elena A. Shishkina; Alexander Romanyukha; Albrecht Wieser; Peter Jacob;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    People living on the banks of the Techa river were exposed to 90Sr in the early 1950s. Data obtained by radiochemical measurements of extracted permanent teeth, 90Sr autopsy measurements in bone and tooth samples, in vivo measurements of surface beta activity of the ant...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    P. E. Briden; P. D. Holt; J. A. Simmons;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    A new approach to the interpretation of the effects of radiation on cells is described, in which sample particle tracks are constructed using a Monte Carlo computer program and the exposure of cellular targets to these tracks is simulated using a second program known as...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    E. M. Fröhlich; H. Blattmann; Pfister L; I. Cordt; Zehnder J; Hedi Fritz-Niggli;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    The macroscopic reaction of the mouse skin was used to derive RBE values for negativeπ-Mesons. Hind limbs of mice were irradiated with pions or X-rays. The pions were produced by the 590 MeV accelerator of the Schweizerisches Institut fur Nuklearforschung (SIN). Early s...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    J. M. Rodríguez-Díaz; G. Sánchez-León;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    After incorporation of radioactive substances, workers are routinely checked by bioassays (isotopic activity excreted via urine, measurements of radionuclides retained in the whole body or in the lungs, etc.). From the results, the isotopic activity incorporated by the ...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    J. H. Diel; J. A. Mewhinney; Raymond A. Guilmette;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    Syrian hamsters, Fischer rats and Beagle dogs inhaled mono-disperse aerosols of PuO2 and were scarificed during the first 16 days after exposure. The microscopic distribution of radiation dose and tissue-at-risk to alpha irradiation around individual particles in lung w...

  • Publication . Article . 1963
    Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Albrecht M. Kellerer; O. Hug;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    Die klassische Treffertheorie geht primar von der Betrachtung statischer Systeme aus und setzt zeitliche Ablaufe nur als nachtragliche Korrekturen in ihr Schema ein. Neuere experimentelle Erfahrungen verlangen eine mathematische Behandlung, die von Anfang an sowohl die ...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Franka Pluder; Zarko Barjaktarovic; Omid Azimzadeh; Simone Mörtl; Anne Krämer; Sylvia Steininger; Hakan Sarioglu; Dariusz Leszczynski; Reetta Nylund; Arvi Hakanen; +3 more
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
    Project: EC | CARDIORISK (211403)

    High doses of ionising radiation damage the heart by an as yet unknown mechanism. A concern for radiological protection is the recent epidemiological data indicating that doses as low as 100–500 mGy may induce cardiac damage. The aim of this study was to identify potent...

  • Publication . Article . 1995
    Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Kellerer Am; Ulrich Hagen;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Simon M. Wright; Jim T. Smith; Nicholas A. Beresford; W. A. Scott;

    Following the 1986 Chernobyl accident radiocaesium levels in sheep meat in some upland areas of the United Kingdom were above the national intervention limit. West Cumbria was one of these areas and restrictions are currently still in place. In addition to deposition fr...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    D. Galeriu; Neil M.J. Crout; A. Melintescu; Nicholas A. Beresford; S.R. Peterson; M. Van Hees;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    Tritium is a potentially important environmental contaminant originating from the nuclear industry, and its behaviour in the environment is controlled by that of hydrogen. Animal food products represent a potentially important source of tritium in the human diet and a n...