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  • 2013-2022
  • Open Access
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  • ECOADAPT

  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Leclerc, Grégoire;

    We introduce Fuzzy Cognitive Modelling (FCM) and provide step by step guidance and tips for using iModeler (both qualitative and quantitative approaches), the use of FCM in EcoAdapt Story and Simulation (S&S) approach based on Structured Decision Making, and briefly describe the FCM models being developed in the three study sites. This version correspond to iModeler version 4 (January 2004).

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Agritroparrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Agritrop
    Book . 2015
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Fallot, Abigaïl; Le Coq, Jean-François; Salinas, Julio Cesar; Aguilar, Teresa; +3 Authors

    Climate threats exacerbate issues of natural resource management in rural landscapes, namely water, forest and agricultural land. In order to consistently address these issues, we highlight the usefulness of a joint vision of the landscape where the actors share their knowledge on the mechanisms at work when considering the central problem that affect the landscape as well as the proposed solutions. On the basis of several case studies, we present and analyze participatory conceptual modelling as a process and a series of methods that allow building a shared understanding of the landscape as a socio-ecological system. The case study that better illustrates the diversity of suitable methods and necessary adjustments in the modelling process, is the Zapoco watershed in the Chiquitano Model Forest (Bolivia), characterized both by its natural richness and its economic poverty. In the framework of the research-action EcoAdapt project for community-based adaptation at the landscape level, we reviewed the modelling approaches which better served our purpose and ended in the articulation of tools belonging to different approaches. As a main result, we obtained graphical representations that the actors can easily understand and use to describe their context (Open Standards for the Practices of Conservation), their practices (Problem-Actors-Resources-Dynamics-Interactions) and their history (Resilience thinking). In a practical way, the models built address the complexity of the landscape and bring into focus needs for research (knowledge gaps, main uncertainties) and for action (coordination failures, unsustainable dynamics). From the perspective of companion modelling, we finally discuss the outreach of participatory conceptual modelling in the promotion of climate smart agriculture. International audience

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ HAL Descartes; Mémoi...arrow_drop_down
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Delgado Serrano, María del Mar; Mistry, Jayalaxshmi; Matzdorf, Bettina; Leclerc, Gregoire;

    This Special Feature gathers the results of five research projects funded by the 7th Research Framework Program of the European Union and aims to identify successful cases of community-based management of environmental challenges in Latin America. The funding scheme, Research for the benefit of Civil Society Organizations, fostered innovative research approaches between civil society and research organizations. More than 20 field sites have been explored, and issues such as trade-offs between conservation and development, scientific versus local knowledge, social learning, ecosystem services, community owned solutions, scaling-up and scalingout strategies, the influence of context and actors in effective environmental management and governance, and the conflicts of interests around natural resources have been addressed. Based on our experiences as project coordinators, in this editorial we reflect on some of the important lessons gained for research praxis and impact, focusing on knowledge of governance models and their scaling-out and scaling-up, and on methods and tools to enable action research at the science–civil society interface. The results highlight the richness of community-based management experiences that exist in Latin America and the diversity of approaches to encourage the sustainable community-based management of environmental challenges.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Agritroparrow_drop_down
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Ecology and Society
    Article
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    Ecology and Society
    Article . 2017 . Peer-reviewed
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    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Ecology and Society
    Article . 2017
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    DOAJ
    Article . 2017
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    Ecology and Society
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    Ecology and Society
    Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Agritrop
    Article . 2017
    Data sources: Agritrop
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      Article . 2017 . Peer-reviewed
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Agritrop
      Article . 2017
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Fernández, Alfonso; Muñoz, Ariel; González-Reyes, Álvaro; Aguilera-Betti, Isabella; +8 Authors

    Streamflow in south-central Chile (SCC, ∼ 37–42∘ S) is vital for agriculture, forestry production, hydroelectricity, and human consumption. Recent drought episodes have generated hydrological deficits with damaging effects on these activities. This region is projected to undergo major reductions in water availability, concomitant with projected increases in water demand. However, the lack of long-term records hampers the development of accurate estimations of natural variability and trends. In order to provide more information on long-term streamflow variability and trends in SCC, here we report findings of an analysis of instrumental records and a tree-ring reconstruction of the summer streamflow of the Río Imperial (∼ 37∘ 40′ S–38∘ 50′ S). This is the first reconstruction in Chile targeted at this season. Results from the instrumental streamflow record (∼ 1940 onwards) indicated that the hydrological regime is fundamentally pluvial with a small snowmelt contribution during spring, and evidenced a decreasing trend, both for the summer and the full annual record. The reconstruction showed that streamflow below the average characterized the post-1980 period, with more frequent, but not more intense, drought episodes. We additionally found that the recent positive phase of the Southern Annular Mode has significantly influenced streamflow. These findings agree with previous studies, suggesting a robust regional signal and a shift to a new hydrological scenario. In this paper, we also discuss implications of these results for water managers and stakeholders; we provide rationale and examples that support the need for the incorporation of tree-ring reconstructions into water resources management.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Copernicus Publicati...arrow_drop_down
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    Copernicus Publications
    Other ORP type . 2019
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Copernicus Publicati...arrow_drop_down
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      Copernicus Publications
      Other ORP type . 2019
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    Authors: Cuevas, Melissa; Fallot, Abigaïl;

    Este documento presenta un diagnóstico de la información existente, a nivel cuantitativo y cualitativo, de las actividades principales en el territorio seleccionado en términos del empleo, la situación del agua y el uso de la tierra en tres Bosques Modelos en Bolivia, Argentina y Chile. El Bosque Modelo Chiquitano se encuentra ubicado en una de las últimas regiones forestales tropicales secas de América del Sur, en el departamento de Santa Cruz, Bolivia. El municipio de Concepción representa un área de 28,514 km2 y una población de 21,000 personas (estimación 2010), 89% con necesidades básicas insatisfechas en cuanto al servicio de agua. Las actividades principales en términos de empleo en Concepción son la agricultura, la ganadería y la silvicultura, seguidas de la industria manufacturera y el comercio. El Bosque Modelo Jujuy se encuentra ubicado en los departamentos de El Carmen y San Antonio, en la provincia de Jujuy, Argentina. Representa un área de 912 + 690 = 1,602 km2 y una población de 97,039 + 4,466 = 101,505 personas (censo 2010). 29% de los hogares sufren de privación material. Las actividades principales del municipio en términos de empleo son la agricultura, la ganadería y la silvicultura, seguidas del comercio y la administración pública. El Bosque Modelo Araucarias de Alto Malleco se encuentra ubicado en la XIX Región, Chile e incluye las comunas de Lonquimay y Curacautín. Representa un área de 3,914 + 1,664 = 5,578 km2 y una población de 15,376 + 11,482 = 26,858 habitantes (estimación 2011) con tasas de pobreza alcanzando 34%. Las principales fuentes de ingreso de estas comunas son la ganadería, la actividad forestal y la agricultura, seguidas del comercio y el turismo. La ganadería en Lonquimay en general es de trashumancia entre invernadas y veranadas, debido a las condiciones geográficas y climáticas. This paper presents a diagnosis of the existing information, quantitative and qualitative, on the main activities in the selected landscapes in terms of employment, water situation and land use , in three Model Forests in Bolivia, Argentina and Chile. The Chiquitano Model Forest is located in one of the last tropical dry forest regions of South America, in the department of Santa Cruz, Bolivia. The municipal district of Concepcion represents an area of 28,514 square kilometers and a population of about 21,000 persons. The main activities in terms of employment in Concepción are agriculture, livestock and forestry, followed by manufacturing and trade. The Jujuy Model Forest is located in the departments of El Carmen and San Antonio, in the province of Jujuy, Argentina. The area is of 1,602 km2 and the population of 101,505 persons. The main activities in terms of employment in El Carmen and San Antonio are agriculture, livestock and forestry, followed by the trade and public administration. The Araucarias de Alto Malleco Model Forest is located in the communes of Lonquimay and Caracautin in the province of Malleco in Region XIX, Chile. The territory is 5,578 km wide and hosts about 27,000 persons. The main sources of income of these communes are livestock, forestry and agriculture, followed by trade and tourism. Lonquimay livestock is predominantly transhumant between wintering and summer pastures, due to the geographic and climatic conditions. 57 pages

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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ HAL Descartesarrow_drop_down
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    Authors: Sabourin, Eric; Schillinger, Ralf; Cronenbold, Romy; Sandoval, Claudio; +5 Authors

    This document is about the methodology of social validation of the Climate Change Adaptation Plans and its implementation in the three Model Forests (MFs) of the EcoAdapt project. The first part of the paper presents the background and the work method. The second part deals with the specific advances and results of each of the three model forests participating in the EcoAdapt project in regards to the strategy of social validation of their climate change adaptation plans and the pilot “energizing” projects. The third part offers a transversal analysis with some conclusions and recommendations for social validation of adaptation options in the context of an action research project.

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    Authors: Alfonso Fernández; Ariel A. Muñoz; Álvaro González-Reyes; Isabella Aguilera-Betti; +8 Authors

    Streamflow in south-central Chile (SCC, ∼ 37–42∘ S) is vital for agriculture, forestry production, hydroelectricity, and human consumption. Recent drought episodes have generated hydrological deficits with damaging effects on these activities. This region is projected to undergo major reductions in water availability, concomitant with projected increases in water demand. However, the lack of long-term records hampers the development of accurate estimations of natural variability and trends. In order to provide more information on long-term streamflow variability and trends in SCC, here we report findings of an analysis of instrumental records and a tree-ring reconstruction of the summer streamflow of the Río Imperial (∼ 37∘ 40′ S–38∘ 50′ S). This is the first reconstruction in Chile targeted at this season. Results from the instrumental streamflow record (∼ 1940 onwards) indicated that the hydrological regime is fundamentally pluvial with a small snowmelt contribution during spring, and evidenced a decreasing trend, both for the summer and the full annual record. The reconstruction showed that streamflow below the average characterized the post-1980 period, with more frequent, but not more intense, drought episodes. We additionally found that the recent positive phase of the Southern Annular Mode has significantly influenced streamflow. These findings agree with previous studies, suggesting a robust regional signal and a shift to a new hydrological scenario. In this paper, we also discuss implications of these results for water managers and stakeholders; we provide rationale and examples that support the need for the incorporation of tree-ring reconstructions into water resources management. Fil: Fernández, Alfonso. Universidad de Concepción; Chile Fil: Muñoz, Ariel. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso; Chile Fil: González Reyes, Álvaro. Universidad Austral de Chile; Chile Fil: Aguilera Betti, Isabella. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso; Chile Fil: Toledo, Isadora. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso; Chile Fil: Puchi, Paulina. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso; Chile Fil: Sauchyn, David. University of Regina; Canadá Fil: Crespo, Sebastián Andrés. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso; Chile Fil: Frene, Cristian. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile; Chile Fil: Mundo, Ignacio Alberto. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas. Centro Científico Tecnológico Conicet - Mendoza. Instituto Argentino de Nivología, Glaciología y Ciencias Ambientales. Provincia de Mendoza. Instituto Argentino de Nivología, Glaciología y Ciencias Ambientales. Universidad Nacional de Cuyo. Instituto Argentino de Nivología, Glaciología y Ciencias Ambientales; Argentina Fil: González, Mauro. Universidad Austral de Chile; Chile Fil: Vignola, Raffaele. Cátedra Latinoamericana en Decisiones Ambientales para el Cambio Global; Costa Rica

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    https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-2...
    Preprint . 2017
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    Hydrology and Earth System Sciences (HESS)
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    CONICET Digital
    Article . 2018
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    NARCIS; Research@WUR
    Article . 2018
    License: CC BY
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      https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-2...
      Preprint . 2017
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: Crossref
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      Article . 2018
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      Hydrology and Earth System Sciences (HESS)
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      Article . 2018
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      Article . 2018
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    Authors: Leclerc, Grégoire (ed.);

    International debates on climate change have been arguing the need to foster adaptation planning in Latin America where impacts are expected to be more significant given the vulnerable socio‐economic context and reliance on natural resources. However little progress has been made both at national and at community level due to the complexity of adaptation planning in these countries, and due to the difficulty in managing socio-environmental dynamics characterized by deep uncertainties, potential tensions in cross‐scale interactions among scientists, policy makers and local communities among others. This four-year project helped local communities, Civil Society Organizations (CSO) and scientists in Latin America and Europe in engaging in inter‐disciplinary action‐research to increase their collective capacity to adapt to climate change. EcoAdapt focused on water security as a mobilizing issue that is i) critical due to climate and societal changes; ii) is linked to social tensions; iii) is key for the livelihood of local communities. EcoAdapt consortium was made of 5 CSO partners and 4 RTD partners who joined forces to address water security in “Model Forest” landscapes in Argentina (Jujuy), Bolivia (Quiquitano), and Chile (Alto Malleco). Knowledge sharing formed the backbone of the project and was done in such a way that partners develop a critical view of their own sources of knowledge, which fostered the creation of new, socially‐validated knowledge. It has also provided scientists and policy‐makers with an in‐depth insight into local knowledge and issues, which framed the identification of knowledge gaps and the research to be done. We confirmed that adaptation to climate change goes way beyond coping and is not something that can be done in isolation by any player at any organization level. EcoAdapt developed studies, tools, training material, strategic adaptation plans for water security, and implemented several adaptation pilot projects for the benefit of marginal groups in Argentina, Bolivia and Chile. These include labour and resource efficient sleeve irrigation, frost-preventing tree curtains, water harvesting, protection of ritual sites, efficient woodstoves, installation and maintenance of water pumps, and the creation of the Zapoco watershed protected area in Bolivia. The project built lasting capacity in the Model Forests to address water security in a local development perspective and the context of climate change, and capacity in scientists in developing research at the science-society interface. The EcoAdapt process, backed by a broad dissemination strategy with a presence in high-level events such as UNFCCC COP 18/19/20/21, has contributed to improve capacity for institutional coordination, awareness and prevention of water‐related conflicts, and initiated various initiatives that are being scaled-out in the landscape in the region and in Europe.

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    Authors: Coll Besa, Monica; Canedi, Virgina; Leclerc, Grégoire; Schillinger, Ralf; +4 Authors

    La región latinoamericana ha sido afectada de forma creciente por una serie de eventos climáticos extremos en los últimos años. La medida en que estos impactos afectan un territorio depende de la capacidad de respuesta para enfrentarlos, o aprovecharlos de ser el caso. Este enfoque enfatiza la necesidad de una planificación estratégica para la adaptación en la región de Latino América. Bajo la premisa de que el agua y los servicios ambientales que presta son los aspectos más críticos para la adaptación al cambio climático en los territorios de trabajo de EcoAdapt, el proyecto se centra en estudios para la formulación y aplicación de estrategias de adaptación en torno a la gestión hídrica tomando en cuenta las realidades y los planes de desarrollo local en los territorios. Esto implica analizar y entender el contexto socio-institucional de cada sitio del proyecto, para que las estrategias de adaptación que se formulen más adelante se integren más fácilmente a los planes existentes y tengan aceptación social en los espacios de decisión. Este documento se enfoca en el análisis de contexto de la cuenca Los Pericos-Manantiales, área piloto de la Asociación Bosque Modelo Jujuy (BMJ) para el proyecto EcoAdapt. Este análisis se alimenta de los resultados obtenidos en la primera fase de diagnóstico del proyecto. Esta primera fase comprende la indagación, en terreno, sobre las percepciones locales en torno al uso, planificación y gestión del recurso hídrico en la cuenca y el mapeo de redes sociales relevantes para la gestión hídrica de la cuenca. También integra un análisis de contexto de políticas que complementa los datos obtenidos de fuentes primarias. El análisis socio-institucional permite entender mejor la problemática actual percibida por los actores locales en torno al recurso hídrico y sobre el cual se construyen posibles escenarios y estrategias de adaptación para la futura gestión de recursos naturales, pero en especial, de recursos hídricos de la cuenca, de forma colectiva con los actores locales, en un contexto de desarrollo local y mayor variabilidad climática. Combinando estas percepciones locales y el análisis de redes sociales en torno al manejo del recurso hídrico en la cuenca, el estudio identifica barreras y fortalezas para el diagnóstico, planificación y gestión del recurso hídrico en el territorio. Este mapeo de barreras y fortalezas permite visualizar posibles puntos de entrada para sobrellevar algunas de las barreras identificadas construyendo sobre capacidades existentes en el territorio. El análisis también ayuda a identificar actores clave que tienen el potencial de jugar el rol de agentes de cambio a futuro, que como aliados del proyecto, pueden contribuir al proceso de cambio que éste busca generar en el territorio y facilitar el diseño e implementación de acciones piloto bajo un marco más amplio que busca contribuir a la adaptación en el territorio.

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    Authors: Cuevas, Melissa; Fallot, Abigaïl;

    With the intention to precise the contribution of water to the socio-economy of Forest Model Landscape, several methodological proposals are revised, that allow to estimate water consumption. Three main methods are considered on the basis of their scope and implementation case: water footprint; estimation from an input-output matrix; life-cycle analysis inventories. They are presented in a synthetic way, highlighting their specificities and possible relevance in the contexts of rural territories with knowledge gaps on the water situation.

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Leclerc, Grégoire;

    We introduce Fuzzy Cognitive Modelling (FCM) and provide step by step guidance and tips for using iModeler (both qualitative and quantitative approaches), the use of FCM in EcoAdapt Story and Simulation (S&S) approach based on Structured Decision Making, and briefly describe the FCM models being developed in the three study sites. This version correspond to iModeler version 4 (January 2004).

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    Agritrop
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    Authors: Fallot, Abigaïl; Le Coq, Jean-François; Salinas, Julio Cesar; Aguilar, Teresa; +3 Authors

    Climate threats exacerbate issues of natural resource management in rural landscapes, namely water, forest and agricultural land. In order to consistently address these issues, we highlight the usefulness of a joint vision of the landscape where the actors share their knowledge on the mechanisms at work when considering the central problem that affect the landscape as well as the proposed solutions. On the basis of several case studies, we present and analyze participatory conceptual modelling as a process and a series of methods that allow building a shared understanding of the landscape as a socio-ecological system. The case study that better illustrates the diversity of suitable methods and necessary adjustments in the modelling process, is the Zapoco watershed in the Chiquitano Model Forest (Bolivia), characterized both by its natural richness and its economic poverty. In the framework of the research-action EcoAdapt project for community-based adaptation at the landscape level, we reviewed the modelling approaches which better served our purpose and ended in the articulation of tools belonging to different approaches. As a main result, we obtained graphical representations that the actors can easily understand and use to describe their context (Open Standards for the Practices of Conservation), their practices (Problem-Actors-Resources-Dynamics-Interactions) and their history (Resilience thinking). In a practical way, the models built address the complexity of the landscape and bring into focus needs for research (knowledge gaps, main uncertainties) and for action (coordination failures, unsustainable dynamics). From the perspective of companion modelling, we finally discuss the outreach of participatory conceptual modelling in the promotion of climate smart agriculture. International audience

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    Authors: Delgado Serrano, María del Mar; Mistry, Jayalaxshmi; Matzdorf, Bettina; Leclerc, Gregoire;

    This Special Feature gathers the results of five research projects funded by the 7th Research Framework Program of the European Union and aims to identify successful cases of community-based management of environmental challenges in Latin America. The funding scheme, Research for the benefit of Civil Society Organizations, fostered innovative research approaches between civil society and research organizations. More than 20 field sites have been explored, and issues such as trade-offs between conservation and development, scientific versus local knowledge, social learning, ecosystem services, community owned solutions, scaling-up and scalingout strategies, the influence of context and actors in effective environmental management and governance, and the conflicts of interests around natural resources have been addressed. Based on our experiences as project coordinators, in this editorial we reflect on some of the important lessons gained for research praxis and impact, focusing on knowledge of governance models and their scaling-out and scaling-up, and on methods and tools to enable action research at the science–civil society interface. The results highlight the richness of community-based management experiences that exist in Latin America and the diversity of approaches to encourage the sustainable community-based management of environmental challenges.

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    Ecology and Society
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    Ecology and Society
    Article . 2017 . Peer-reviewed
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    Ecology and Society
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    DOAJ
    Article . 2017
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    Ecology and Society
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    Ecology and Society
    Article . 2016 . Peer-reviewed
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    Article . 2017
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      Article . 2017
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    Authors: Fernández, Alfonso; Muñoz, Ariel; González-Reyes, Álvaro; Aguilera-Betti, Isabella; +8 Authors

    Streamflow in south-central Chile (SCC, ∼ 37–42∘ S) is vital for agriculture, forestry production, hydroelectricity, and human consumption. Recent drought episodes have generated hydrological deficits with damaging effects on these activities. This region is projected to undergo major reductions in water availability, concomitant with projected increases in water demand. However, the lack of long-term records hampers the development of accurate estimations of natural variability and trends. In order to provide more information on long-term streamflow variability and trends in SCC, here we report findings of an analysis of instrumental records and a tree-ring reconstruction of the summer streamflow of the Río Imperial (∼ 37∘ 40′ S–38∘ 50′ S). This is the first reconstruction in Chile targeted at this season. Results from the instrumental streamflow record (∼ 1940 onwards) indicated that the hydrological regime is fundamentally pluvial with a small snowmelt contribution during spring, and evidenced a decreasing trend, both for the summer and the full annual record. The reconstruction showed that streamflow below the average characterized the post-1980 period, with more frequent, but not more intense, drought episodes. We additionally found that the recent positive phase of the Southern Annular Mode has significantly influenced streamflow. These findings agree with previous studies, suggesting a robust regional signal and a shift to a new hydrological scenario. In this paper, we also discuss implications of these results for water managers and stakeholders; we provide rationale and examples that support the need for the incorporation of tree-ring reconstructions into water resources management.

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    Other ORP type . 2019
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    Authors: Cuevas, Melissa; Fallot, Abigaïl;

    Este documento presenta un diagnóstico de la información existente, a nivel cuantitativo y cualitativo, de las actividades principales en el territorio seleccionado en términos del empleo, la situación del agua y el uso de la tierra en tres Bosques Modelos en Bolivia, Argentina y Chile. El Bosque Modelo Chiquitano se encuentra ubicado en una de las últimas regiones forestales tropicales secas de América del Sur, en el departamento de Santa Cruz, Bolivia. El municipio de Concepción representa un área de 28,514 km2 y una población de 21,000 personas (estimación 2010), 89% con necesidades básicas insatisfechas en cuanto al servicio de agua. Las actividades principales en términos de empleo en Concepción son la agricultura, la ganadería y la silvicultura, seguidas de la industria manufacturera y el comercio. El Bosque Modelo Jujuy se encuentra ubicado en los departamentos de El Carmen y San Antonio, en la provincia de Jujuy, Argentina. Representa un área de 912 + 690 = 1,602 km2 y una población de 97,039 + 4,466 = 101,505 personas (censo 2010). 29% de los hogares sufren de privación material. Las actividades principales del municipio en términos de empleo son la agricultura, la ganadería y la silvicultura, seguidas del comercio y la administración pública. El Bosque Modelo Araucarias de Alto Malleco se encuentra ubicado en la XIX Región, Chile e incluye las comunas de Lonquimay y Curacautín. Representa un área de 3,914 + 1,664 = 5,578 km2 y una población de 15,376 + 11,482 = 26,858 habitantes (estimación 2011) con tasas de pobreza alcanzando 34%. Las principales fuentes de ingreso de estas comunas son la ganadería, la actividad forestal y la agricultura, seguidas del comercio y el turismo. La ganadería en Lonquimay en general es de trashumancia entre invernadas y veranadas, debido a las condiciones geográficas y climáticas. This paper presents a diagnosis of the existing information, quantitative and qualitative, on the main activities in the selected landscapes in terms of employment, water situation and land use , in three Model Forests in Bolivia, Argentina and Chile. The Chiquitano Model Forest is located in one of the last tropical dry forest regions of South America, in the department of Santa Cruz, Bolivia. The municipal district of Concepcion represents an area of 28,514 square kilometers and a population of about 21,000 persons. The main activities in terms of employment in Concepción are agriculture, livestock and forestry, followed by manufacturing and trade. The Jujuy Model Forest is located in the departments of El Carmen and San Antonio, in the province of Jujuy, Argentina. The area is of 1,602 km2 and the population of 101,505 persons. The main activities in terms of employment in El Carmen and San Antonio are agriculture, livestock and forestry, followed by the trade and public administration. The Araucarias de Alto Malleco Model Forest is located in the communes of Lonquimay and Caracautin in the province of Malleco in Region XIX, Chile. The territory is 5,578 km wide and hosts about 27,000 persons. The main sources of income of these communes are livestock, forestry and agriculture, followed by trade and tourism. Lonquimay livestock is predominantly transhumant between wintering and summer pastures, due to the geographic and climatic conditions. 57 pages

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