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  • 2013-2022
  • Open Access
  • Polish
  • “Lituanistika”, International Research Database

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Mironczuk, Jan;

    The article is divided into an introduction, three subchapters, and a conclusion. The introduction explains the purposes of the study, and the terminology used as well as presents the source basis. In the first subchapter, a genesis of the Reformation in Podlasie Region is outlined, with a role played by Mikołaj "The Black" Radziwiłł. Next, a list of Protestant churches is presented in the district of Podlasie existing in 1560-1796, together with the vicissitudes of the Protestants under the protection of the Radziwiłłs. The study closes with a conclusion containing the answers to the research questions posed in the introduction.

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    Kasner, Malgorzata;

    This paper is a review of the latest research work of two Lithuanian historians, Dangiras Mačiulis and Darius Staliūnas (Lithuanian Institute of History, Vilnius), entitled “Vilnius – The capital of Lithuania: A problem in the project of the national state (late 19th century – 1940)”. The authors in their work analyse the emergence, evolution and implementation of the idea of Vilnius as the capital of modern Lithuanian state at the turn of the 20th century until 1940. The monograph is based on valuable material from the archives, bibliographic sources and interesting iconography. With particular regard to the Lithuanian national project, describing and explaining the strategies of the symbolic appropriation of Vilnius and the question of Vilnius’ Lithuanisation, Mačiulis and Staliūnas first of all focus on the Lithuanian case in as much detail as possible. Here in the reviewed work we do not find such detailed analysis of Polish, Jewish, Belarusian or Russian attitudes towards the Vilnius question. Of course this does not detract from the importance of this inspiring book which is as a valuable academic publication and useful source for further research.

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    Kamper-Warejko, Joanna; Kulwicka-Kamińska, Joanna;

    The paper comprises a description of the religious language used in the Renaissance. It addresses the topic of the literature of Reformation and Counter-Reformation (Catholic Revival) periods and its significance as a uniting force for a given community of believers. Moreover, the paper describes the linguistic solutions and means of persuasion used to achieve that purpose. The study material are three sixteenth-century texts: two that originated in two Christian denominations – Catholic and Protestant ones (sermons published by Piotr Skarga and Petrus Artomius on the occasion of the Assumption Feast of Mary the Virgin in 1595) and one that derives from Islam (Surah 7 of the Quran “The Heights” translated by the Tatars of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, 16th century). The analysis covers the structure of these historical texts, the exponents of dialogue and the linguistic means of persuasion which include, among others, evaluative and directive language as well as stylistic devices. Research has shown that the three religious polemical texts can be classified as persuasive literature of the Reformation. They comprise linguistic exponents with impressive and expressive functions. In the linguistic layer, the texts contain universal features of the religious code, such as openness and polysemy, which are expressed by analogy, comparison, metonymy, metaphor, and making non-assertive utterances. The paper discusses lexis excerpted from the texts and denoting values as well as volitive and imperative and persuasive and emotive vocabulary with noticeable dichotomic references to what is good and what is bad. These elements arrange the sacred space of the religious texts and constitute the axis of integration for a given community of believers. The result of religious discourse of the Reformation is the presence of the exponents of the rhetorical style in Polish texts, which is manifested by the use of quotations from authoritative religious works, i.e. mainly from the Bible and the Quran.

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    Ostrowski, Norbert;

    Straipsnyje aptariama kelių lietuvių kalbos priešdėlinių veiksmažodžių (su-bradžióti, iš-skìlti, at-vérti / už-vérti , iš-réikšti, ap-àkti) daryba ir kaita bei jų sąsajos su paprastaisiais veiksmažodžiais (bradžióti, skìlti, vérti, réikšti, àkti). Abiems formoms būdinga deprefiksacija, tam tikros rūšies atbulinė daryba, pvz., subradžióti → bradžióti. This paper discusses the development of several Lithuanian prefixal verbs (su-bradžióti "to do a wrong thing", iš-skìlti "to strike spark", at-vérti / už-vérti "to open / to close", iš-réikšti "to express", ap-àkti "to go blind") and their relation to simplex forms (bradžióti "wade; do a wrong thing", skìlti "to strike spark", vérti "to thread; to prick; to open; to close", réikšti "to express, to mean", àkti "to go blind"). What these forms have in common is deprefixation, a kind of retrograde derivation exemplified by subradžióti → bradžióti.

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    Kowal, Jolanta;

    The aim of the article is to present the literary culture in Lithuania in the first decades of the nineteenth century from the perspective of a critical essay by Józef Ignacy Kraszewski entitled "Literature in Vilnius at the beginning of the 19th century" ("Literatura w Wilnie w początku XIX wieku"). In his text, Kraszewski expressed his great disappointment with exiguous and ectypal - in his opinion - products of the literary culture of this time. He presented a short characterisation of periodicals issued in the analysed period in the capital city of Lithuania and their literary content. He listed "Dziennik Wileński", "Pamiętnik Magnetyczny Wileński", "Wiadomości Brukowe", and "Tygodnik Wileński". Kraszewski's refl ections were often biased due to his subjective preferences (he was very harsh for Wiadomości Brukowe, hugely popular and widely read at that time). While talking about the state of literary culture in the first decades of the nineteenth century, Kraszewski had also referred to a famous dispute between classical and romantic writers. Apparently, he favoured the "new school", although with a dose of scepticism. At the end of his essay, Kraszewski mentioned a phenomenon of graphomania, characteristic of that period. The young Kraszewski as the author of the "Literature in Vilnius at the beginning of the 19th century" amazes us by his maturity and intransigence in his opinions and assessments. He claimed that such a type of criticism was proper and reasonable. It must be admitted that many of his comments do not seem to have lost any of their relevance.

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    Mariani, Andrea;

    This article analyzes the material culture of the Jesuits in Vilnius during the second half of the eighteenth century. Based on the manuscript inventories of Jesuit houses issued after the suppression of the Society of Jesus in 1773, the author examines the furniture and internal decoration of the Academic college next to St John’s Church, the professed house near St Casimir’s Church, the novitiate house next to St Ignatius’ Church, and the tertianship house nearby St Raphael’s Church. Attention is focused on paintings, heating systems, furniture, and tableware. The author attempts to assess the extent to which the Jesuit material culture was an expression of religious ideals. Moreover, since an increasing number of Jesuits came from noble families, the author considers whether the habits acquired at home before entering the Jesuit Order influenced the material culture of the Jesuit houses. Finally, the author seeks to verify whether the equipment of the Jesuit houses in Vilnius was richer or more modern than their equivalents in the province. Paintings enhanced religious piety, created a sense of unity among the religious community, and preserved the memory of its benefactors. Heating systems were based on a combination of fireplaces and tiled stoves, particularly suitable to the cold climate of the region. Fashionable tiled stoves defined as Saxon stoves (piece saskie) were located in the more richly decorated rooms, where guests were received. In the eighteenth century, new and more specialized pieces of furniture appeared, such as sofas, clocks, and folding tables. Unlike in the houses of the nobles, where broken clocks were sometimes displayed as status symbols, in the Jesuit houses these items had to be functional, since they regulated activities of the whole community. Tableware reflected the changes occurring in eighteenth-century eating culture when such new products as coffee, tea, and chocolate became more popular throughout the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. This prompted the appearance of new items, such as teacups and teapots. Food became less spiced and could be seasoned at the table, thus creating the need for new vessels like sugar-bowls and sauceboats. All these new items were available in Jesuit houses, albeit new drinks were treated more as medicines rather than ordinary items of consumption. New materials (glass and porcelain) also became more available, gradually superseding silver and tin. In this field, Jesuits continued to prefer tin and to some extent glass; porcelain was not used, while silver was associated to the religious sphere. On the basis of these considerations, the author concludes that Jesuit material culture was largely autonomous from that of the nobility. Due to the poverty vow, items had to be durable, but not ostentatious. Even when Jesuits possessed items that were popular among upper social layers, they lent these items a different meaning, which was more suitable to the needs and ideals of a religious order. Finally, the level of material culture was diverse among the houses of Vilnius Jesuits. Due to their public role, the Academy and the professed house were more richly equipped than the novitiate and the tertianship houses. The author observes that the Academy and the professed house did not differ from other major colleges in the Lithuanian Province.

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    Sawaniewska-Mochowa, Zofia;

    The article introduces the interesting, albeit controversial, figure of Maciej Wołonczewski (Motiejus Valančius), an important member of the nineteenth-century clergy, and his Polish-language legacy. The bishop of Samogitia’s "Domestic Notes" document persecutions of the Catholic Church in Lithuania after the November and January Uprisings at the hands of Russian Tzarist authorities, and reflect the state of Polish language and its social functions in this historical period. Valančius’ manuscripts, published in the volume edited by the historians Aldona Prašmantaitė and Jan Jurkiewicz [Motiejus Valančius, "Namų užrašai" (The Domestic Notes), Vilnius: Baltos Lankos, 2003], were subjected to the far-reaching standardization of spelling, thus they are not a reliable source for a linguistic research. A linguist, who would make the effort of describing the Polish language of the author, should therefore locate and take advantage the original sources, dispersed in various archives in Vilnius.

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    Maslowski, Michal;

    The notions of Central Europe and East-Central Europe (in opposition to Naumann’s Mitteleuropa), as well as Europe médiane, have replaced after the fall of Communism the term Eastern Europe, which was in universal use since the war. The metaphors offered by Miłosz, Kundera, and Braudel inspired the studious historical works of Halecki, Kłoczowski, Wandycz, Bibó and Szűcs, and Snyder, which, in turn, have revealed from their longue durée point of view a cohesiveness in the structures and identities of nations situated “between Germany and Russia;” the three historical kingdoms of Bohemia, Hungary, and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The distinctive identity of this region was expressed in the nineteenth century under the influence of Herder’s philosophy and Romantic poetry, by the figure of a “national poet” and the idea of “cultural nationhood,” which was distinct from the “nation state” associated with the Enlightenment paradigm. National “culture canons” and the “paradigmatic” type of identity of these countries were the result of specific cultural patterns. Meanwhile, a positional (“syntagmatic”) type of identity prevailed in bourgeois Western states. The transformation of countries after the fall of Communism, the political liberalization and pluralization of opinion, as well as the lack of a clear identity discourse in the West, have to some extent inspired the evolution towards politics of memory – an affirmation of the “paradigmatic” identity, which is not necessarily well suited for the conditions of modernity.

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    Dovda, Miroslav;

    The matrimonial covenant by which a man and a woman establish between them-selves a partnership of the whole of life is not a legal arrangement. In the Catholic Church it has been raised to the dignity of a sacrament between the baptized. The teaching of the Church is unambiguous that marriage is a divine institution. It is therefore referred to as ‛covenant’ instead of the former ‛contract’. This is a sacrament, which to assist at marriage must be an appropriate external form – requires a liturgical rite. Therefore, the ecclesiastical legislator formulated a rule regarding the form of the celebration of marriage. Based on the author’s sociological and pastoral research, the study explores the practical side of celebration of marriage in Wiłkawiszska Diocese.

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    Fedorovič, Irena;

    Straipsnio tikslas yra pristatyti Oskaro Kolbergo (1814–1890) gyvenimo kelią ir mokslinius nuopelnus, ypač lenkų etnografijos srityje. Žinomas lenkų tyrėjas pradėjo savo karjerą kaip muzikas ir kompozitorius. 1839 metais pradėjo užrašinėti lenkų liaudies dainų tekstus ir natas bei šokių melodijas. Šiam didelės aistros mokslui jis buvo ištikimas visą savo gyvenimą. Monumentalus mokslinis Oskaro Kolbergo darbas Liaudis, jos papročiai, gyvenimo būdas, kalba, padavimai, patarlės, apeigos, burtai, žaidimai, dainos, muzika ir šokiai (34 tomai) buvo pirmasis Lenkijoje ir vienas iš pirmųjų Europoje etnografijos srityje. Svarbią vietą Kolbergo mokslinėje veikloje užima Lietuva. XIX a. šeštajame dešimtmetyje jis populiarino lenkų spaudoje lietuvių liaudies dainas, 1858 m. lankėsi Lietuvoje. Bendradarbiavo su žinomu lenkų kalbotyrininku ir etnografu Janu Karlowicziumi (1836–1903) ir įžymiu lietuvių liaudies dainų rinkėju Jonu Juška (1815–1886). The aim of this article is the presentation of life and output of Oskar Kolberg (1814–1890). The main task is taking into consideration his merits in the field of Polish ethnography. This superb researcher started his career as a musician and composer. His first ethnography excursion took place in 1839, after it, he wrote a notation of Polish regional dances and songs. It was the beginning of his great scientific passion. His work “People, their habits, way of living, language, legends, ceremonies, witchcrafts, songs, music and dances” (34 volumes) – a compilation of folk traditions from all the Polish regions – was the best known of his works, the first in Poland and one of the few of this kind of monographic works published in the whole Europe. Very important part of his scientific work is dedicated to Lithuania. From 1840, he popularised Lithuanian songs in Polish papers, in 1858, he travelled to Lithuania. He collaborated with the well-known Polish ethnographer and linguist Jan Karłowicz (1836–1903) and with the Lithuanian folk songs collector Jonas Juška (1815–1886).

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    Mironczuk, Jan;

    The article is divided into an introduction, three subchapters, and a conclusion. The introduction explains the purposes of the study, and the terminology used as well as presents the source basis. In the first subchapter, a genesis of the Reformation in Podlasie Region is outlined, with a role played by Mikołaj "The Black" Radziwiłł. Next, a list of Protestant churches is presented in the district of Podlasie existing in 1560-1796, together with the vicissitudes of the Protestants under the protection of the Radziwiłłs. The study closes with a conclusion containing the answers to the research questions posed in the introduction.

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    Kasner, Malgorzata;

    This paper is a review of the latest research work of two Lithuanian historians, Dangiras Mačiulis and Darius Staliūnas (Lithuanian Institute of History, Vilnius), entitled “Vilnius – The capital of Lithuania: A problem in the project of the national state (late 19th century – 1940)”. The authors in their work analyse the emergence, evolution and implementation of the idea of Vilnius as the capital of modern Lithuanian state at the turn of the 20th century until 1940. The monograph is based on valuable material from the archives, bibliographic sources and interesting iconography. With particular regard to the Lithuanian national project, describing and explaining the strategies of the symbolic appropriation of Vilnius and the question of Vilnius’ Lithuanisation, Mačiulis and Staliūnas first of all focus on the Lithuanian case in as much detail as possible. Here in the reviewed work we do not find such detailed analysis of Polish, Jewish, Belarusian or Russian attitudes towards the Vilnius question. Of course this does not detract from the importance of this inspiring book which is as a valuable academic publication and useful source for further research.

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    Kamper-Warejko, Joanna; Kulwicka-Kamińska, Joanna;

    The paper comprises a description of the religious language used in the Renaissance. It addresses the topic of the literature of Reformation and Counter-Reformation (Catholic Revival) periods and its significance as a uniting force for a given community of believers. Moreover, the paper describes the linguistic solutions and means of persuasion used to achieve that purpose. The study material are three sixteenth-century texts: two that originated in two Christian denominations – Catholic and Protestant ones (sermons published by Piotr Skarga and Petrus Artomius on the occasion of the Assumption Feast of Mary the Virgin in 1595) and one that derives from Islam (Surah 7 of the Quran “The Heights” translated by the Tatars of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, 16th century). The analysis covers the structure of these historical texts, the exponents of dialogue and the linguistic means of persuasion which include, among others, evaluative and directive language as well as stylistic devices. Research has shown that the three religious polemical texts can be classified as persuasive literature of the Reformation. They comprise linguistic exponents with impressive and expressive functions. In the linguistic layer, the texts contain universal features of the religious code, such as openness and polysemy, which are expressed by analogy, comparison, metonymy, metaphor, and making non-assertive utterances. The paper discusses lexis excerpted from the texts and denoting values as well as volitive and imperative and persuasive and emotive vocabulary with noticeable dichotomic references to what is good and what is bad. These elements arrange the sacred space of the religious texts and constitute the axis of integration for a given community of believers. The result of religious discourse of the Reformation is the presence of the exponents of the rhetorical style in Polish texts, which is manifested by the use of quotations from authoritative religious works, i.e. mainly from the Bible and the Quran.

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    Ostrowski, Norbert;

    Straipsnyje aptariama kelių lietuvių kalbos priešdėlinių veiksmažodžių (su-bradžióti, iš-skìlti, at-vérti / už-vérti , iš-réikšti, ap-àkti) daryba ir kaita bei jų sąsajos su paprastaisiais veiksmažodžiais (bradžióti, skìlti, vérti, réikšti, àkti). Abiems formoms būdinga deprefiksacija, tam tikros rūšies atbulinė daryba, pvz., subradžióti → bradžióti. This paper discusses the development of several Lithuanian prefixal verbs (su-bradžióti "to do a wrong thing", iš-skìlti "to strike spark", at-vérti / už-vérti "to open / to close", iš-réikšti "to express", ap-àkti "to go blind") and their relation to simplex forms (bradžióti "wade; do a wrong thing", skìlti "to strike spark", vérti "to thread; to prick; to open; to close", réikšti "to express, to mean", àkti "to go blind"). What these forms have in common is deprefixation, a kind of retrograde derivation exemplified by subradžióti → bradžióti.

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    Kowal, Jolanta;

    The aim of the article is to present the literary culture in Lithuania in the first decades of the nineteenth century from the perspective of a critical essay by Józef Ignacy Kraszewski entitled "Literature in Vilnius at the beginning of the 19th century" ("Literatura w Wilnie w początku XIX wieku"). In his text, Kraszewski expressed his great disappointment with exiguous and ectypal - in his opinion - products of the literary culture of this time. He presented a short characterisation of periodicals issued in the analysed period in the capital city of Lithuania and their literary content. He listed "Dziennik Wileński", "Pamiętnik Magnetyczny Wileński", "Wiadomości Brukowe", and "Tygodnik Wileński". Kraszewski's refl ections were often biased due to his subjective preferences (he was very harsh for Wiadomości Brukowe, hugely popular and widely read at that time). While talking about the state of literary culture in the first decades of the nineteenth century, Kraszewski had also referred to a famous dispute between classical and romantic writers. Apparently, he favoured the "new school", although with a dose of scepticism. At the end of his essay, Kraszewski mentioned a phenomenon of graphomania, characteristic of that period. The young Kraszewski as the author of the "Literature in Vilnius at the beginning of the 19th century" amazes us by his maturity and intransigence in his opinions and assessments. He claimed that such a type of criticism was proper and reasonable. It must be admitted that many of his comments do not seem to have lost any of their relevance.

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    Mariani, Andrea;

    This article analyzes the material culture of the Jesuits in Vilnius during the second half of the eighteenth century. Based on the manuscript inventories of Jesuit houses issued after the suppression of the Society of Jesus in 1773, the author examines the furniture and internal decoration of the Academic college next to St John’s Church, the professed house near St Casimir’s Church, the novitiate house next to St Ignatius’ Church, and the tertianship house nearby St Raphael’s Church. Attention is focused on paintings, heating systems, furniture, and tableware. The author attempts to assess the extent to which the Jesuit material culture was an expression of religious ideals. Moreover, since an increasing number of Jesuits came from noble families, the author considers whether the habits acquired at home before entering the Jesuit Order influenced the material culture of the Jesuit houses. Finally, the author seeks to verify whether the equipment of the Jesuit houses in Vilnius was richer or more modern than their equivalents in the province. Paintings enhanced religious piety, created a sense of unity among the religious community, and preserved the memory of its benefactors. Heating systems were based on a combination of fireplaces and tiled stoves, particularly suitable to the cold climate of the region. Fashionable tiled stoves defined as Saxon stoves (piece saskie) were located in the more richly decorated rooms, where guests were received. In the eighteenth century, new and more specialized pieces of furniture appeared, such as sofas, clocks, and folding tables. Unlike in the houses of the nobles, where broken clocks were sometimes displayed as status symbols, in the Jesuit houses these items had to be functional, since they regulated activities of the whole community. Tableware reflected the changes occurring in eighteenth-century eating culture when such new products as coffee, tea, and chocolate became more popular throughout the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. This prompted the appearance of new items, such as teacups and teapots. Food became less spiced and could be seasoned at the table, thus creating the need for new vessels like sugar-bowls and sauceboats. All these new items were available in Jesuit houses, albeit new drinks were treated more as medicines rather than ordinary items of consumption. New materials (glass and porcelain) also became more available, gradually superseding silver and tin. In this field, Jesuits continued to prefer tin and to some extent glass; porcelain was not used, while silver was associated to the religious sphere. On the basis of these considerations, the author concludes that Jesuit material culture was largely autonomous from that of the nobility. Due to the poverty vow, items had to be durable, but not ostentatious. Even when Jesuits possessed items that were popular among upper social layers, they lent these items a different meaning, which was more suitable to the needs and ideals of a religious order. Finally, the level of material culture was diverse among the houses of Vilnius Jesuits. Due to their public role, the Academy and the professed house were more richly equipped than the novitiate and the tertianship houses. The author observes that the Academy and the professed house did not differ from other major colleges in the Lithuanian Province.

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    Sawaniewska-Mochowa, Zofia;

    The article introduces the interesting, albeit controversial, figure of Maciej Wołonczewski (Motiejus Valančius), an important member of the nineteenth-century clergy, and his Polish-language legacy. The bishop of Samogitia’s "Domestic Notes" document persecutions of the Catholic Church in Lithuania after the November and January Uprisings at the hands of Russian Tzarist authorities, and reflect the state of Polish language and its social functions in this historical period. Valančius’ manuscripts, published in the volume edited by the historians Aldona Prašmantaitė and Jan Jurkiewicz [Motiejus Valančius, "Namų užrašai" (The Domestic Notes), Vilnius: Baltos Lankos, 2003], were subjected to the far-reaching standardization of spelling, thus they are not a reliable source for a linguistic research. A linguist, who would make the effort of describing the Polish language of the author, should therefore locate and take advantage the original sources, dispersed in various archives in Vilnius.

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    Maslowski, Michal;

    The notions of Central Europe and East-Central Europe (in opposition to Naumann’s Mitteleuropa), as well as Europe médiane, have replaced after the fall of Communism the term Eastern Europe, which was in universal use since the war. The metaphors offered by Miłosz, Kundera, and Braudel inspired the studious historical works of Halecki, Kłoczowski, Wandycz, Bibó and Szűcs, and Snyder, which, in turn, have revealed from their longue durée point of view a cohesiveness in the structures and identities of nations situated “between Germany and Russia;” the three historical kingdoms of Bohemia, Hungary, and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The distinctive identity of this region was expressed in the nineteenth century under the influence of Herder’s philosophy and Romantic poetry, by the figure of a “national poet” and the idea of “cultural nationhood,” which was distinct from the “nation state” associated with the Enlightenment paradigm. National “culture canons” and the “paradigmatic” type of identity of these countries were the result of specific cultural patterns. Meanwhile, a positional (“syntagmatic”) type of identity prevailed in bourgeois Western states. The transformation of countries after the fall of Communism, the political liberalization and pluralization of opinion, as well as the lack of a clear identity discourse in the West, have to some extent inspired the evolution towards politics of memory – an affirmation of the “paradigmatic” identity, which is not necessarily well suited for the conditions of modernity.

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    Dovda, Miroslav;

    The matrimonial covenant by which a man and a woman establish between them-selves a partnership of the whole of life is not a legal arrangement. In the Catholic Church it has been raised to the dignity of a sacrament between the baptized. The teaching of the Church is unambiguous that marriage is a divine institution. It is therefore referred to as ‛covenant’ instead of the former ‛contract’. This is a sacrament, which to assist at marriage must be an appropriate external form – requires a liturgical rite. Therefore, the ecclesiastical legislator formulated a rule regarding the form of the celebration of marriage. Based on the author’s sociological and pastoral research, the study explores the practical side of celebration of marriage in Wiłkawiszska Diocese.

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    Fedorovič, Irena;

    Straipsnio tikslas yra pristatyti Oskaro Kolbergo (1814–1890) gyvenimo kelią ir mokslinius nuopelnus, ypač lenkų etnografijos srityje. Žinomas lenkų tyrėjas pradėjo savo karjerą kaip muzikas ir kompozitorius. 1839 metais pradėjo užrašinėti lenkų liaudies dainų tekstus ir natas bei šokių melodijas. Šiam didelės aistros mokslui jis buvo ištikimas visą savo gyvenimą. Monumentalus mokslinis Oskaro Kolbergo darbas Liaudis, jos papročiai, gyvenimo būdas, kalba, padavimai, patarlės, apeigos, burtai, žaidimai, dainos, muzika ir šokiai (34 tomai) buvo pirmasis Lenkijoje ir vienas iš pirmųjų Europoje etnografijos srityje. Svarbią vietą Kolbergo mokslinėje veikloje užima Lietuva. XIX a. šeštajame dešimtmetyje jis populiarino lenkų spaudoje lietuvių liaudies dainas, 1858 m. lankėsi Lietuvoje. Bendradarbiavo su žinomu lenkų kalbotyrininku ir etnografu Janu Karlowicziumi (1836–1903) ir įžymiu lietuvių liaudies dainų rinkėju Jonu Juška (1815–1886). The aim of this article is the presentation of life and output of Oskar Kolberg (1814–1890). The main task is taking into consideration his merits in the field of Polish ethnography. This superb researcher started his career as a musician and composer. His first ethnography excursion took place in 1839, after it, he wrote a notation of Polish regional dances and songs. It was the beginning of his great scientific passion. His work “People, their habits, way of living, language, legends, ceremonies, witchcrafts, songs, music and dances” (34 volumes) – a compilation of folk traditions from all the Polish regions – was the best known of his works, the first in Poland and one of the few of this kind of monographic works published in the whole Europe. Very important part of his scientific work is dedicated to Lithuania. From 1840, he popularised Lithuanian songs in Polish papers, in 1858, he travelled to Lithuania. He collaborated with the well-known Polish ethnographer and linguist Jan Karłowicz (1836–1903) and with the Lithuanian folk songs collector Jonas Juška (1815–1886).

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