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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Čaljkušić, Andrea;

    U završnom radu je prikazana povijest i razvoj nogometa u svijetu, od samih početaka u 19. stoljeću do današnjeg modernog nogometa. Također, dan je pregled svjetskih i evropskih nogometnih prvenstava kao i drugih važnih velikih natjecanja. Pored razvoja nogometa u svijetu, navedeni su svi važni nogometni datumi i događaji u Hrvatskoj od kraja 19. stoljeća do danas. Poseban naglasak dan je na HNK Hajduk, klub iz mog rodnog grada Splita te na hrvatsku reprezentaciju, s obzirom na značenje koje imaju za Split i Dalmaciju odnosno hrvatski narod u cjelini. U samom radu su posebno istaknuti nogometaši, treneri i funkcioneri koji su dali najveći doprinos popularnosti i razvoju nogometne igre u svijetu i Domovini. The final assignement presents the history and development of football in the world since the very first beginning in 19th century up until today's modern football. Also, it shows an overview of world and European football championships as well as other important competitions. Besides the development of world football, it is shown how football took place in Croatia from the end of 19th century until today. It is also important to mention HNK Hajduk, a club from my hometown Split and the Croatia national football team, considering the impact they have on Split, Dalmatia and the whole Croatia nation. In the final paper, football players, coaches and officials who gave the greatest contribution to the popularity and the development of world and Croatian football are mentioned and highlighted.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ University of Split ...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ University of Split ...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Kelava, Josipa;

    The paper presents and interprets contemporary field notes of intangible cultural heritage in the area of Posušje employing a multidisciplinary approach. The field notes were recorded from the beginning of 2010 until 2020. The interpretation is complemented by using relevant literary-theoretical literature. Introduction explains the dissertation's structure, materials used, methodology, aim of research and hypotheses. Introduction is followed by the chapter that deals with the historical and geographical characteristics of Posušje area. The first written mention of Posušje dates from 1378 in the description of the meeting convened by Margareta, the widow of the Croatian feudal lord Ivan Nelipić from Sinj, who owned Posušje. It is assumed that Posušje inherited its name from the droughts that marked the Posušje region. The long period of Ottoman rule left a deep mark on the life and the culture of the whole area. The help of the priests at the time of Ottoman rule was crucial for whole Christian community. Their commitment to the community continued through later periods. Today’s life of Posušje people is also closely connected to the religion and the church. The multidisciplinary analysis begins with the chapter on customs throughout the year. In the period of Advent, inhabitants of Posušje worship the holidays of St. Barbara, St. Nicholas, the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, St. Lucy and St. Thomas in a special way. The days of Materice and Očići are associated with giving cina so they took the names Ženska (Female) and Muška (Male) cina. Recently the custom of advent wreath is more and more existent in the homes. In the period of preparation for Christmas, Christmas Eve is the day with which most folk customs are associated. The day of Christmas is characterized by going to the Holy Masses, congratulating each other, exchanging presents, praying, eating Christmas meal and being with loved ones. Christmas is followed by the Christmas Octave (Božićna osmina), that celebrates the days of the saints: Stephen the First Martyr and John the Evangelist, then the Innocent Children and the St. Sylvester' Day. The New Year is the last day of the Christmas Octave. With the feast of the Holy Three Kings ends the Christmas period and then all Christmas decorations are removed. Candlemas is celebrated forty days after the Christmas in memory of the Presentation of Jesus Christ in the Temple in Jerusalem. It is also called Kalandora. This holiday is associated with the divinations about the weather and fertility of the year. Carnival customs took an important place in the past among adults. The scenes of grandmother and grandfather as well as the scenes of bride and groom that were seen very often in the past, are no longer present. These scenes have elements of folklore theatre. Nowadays, children disguise themselves as characters of their favourite heroes, princesses or animals. They go from house to house and receive money and sweets as gifts. With the holiday of Ash Wednesday begins the period of Lent. In this period of preparation for the greatest Christian holiday there are no festivities or weddings. In the past women often wore black clothes and did not cut their hair. The narrators testify that people often abstained from eating meat and dairy products during the period of Lent, and on Holy Wednesday, Annunciation and Holy Days they would only drink water and eat bread. Palm Sunday presents the introduction to the Holy Week. The Paschal Triduum begins with the Holy Thursday which is associated with the presentation of Keeping the Tomb of Christ. This custom is no longer present in the parish of Posušje. The day of Holy Friday was marked as a day for helping people in need, and Holy Saturday is marked by the preparation for the Easter. In the evening people go to the Easter Vigil where the priest blesses the prepared food. Easter marks the beginning of a new, happier period for Christians when Jesus's victory over death is celebrated. Other customs throughout the year refer to the Feast of Saint George, the Feast of Saint Mark the Evangelist, the Ascension, the Feast of Corpus Christi, the Feast of Saint Anthony, the Feast of Saint John the Baptist, the Feast of Saint Elijah, The Assumption of Mary into Heaven, the Feast of Saint Rocco, All Saints' Day and All Souls' Day. A great number of customs and divinations related to mentioned feasts do not belong to the living tradition of the Posušje area. The chapter on prayer oral songs brings an analysis of about forty originally recorded prayer songs and their variations. Prayers are classified into: morning prayers; community prayers (family and relatives) afternoon and evening prayers; evening (before going to sleep) prayers; commemorative prayers; prayers dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary and prayers dedicated to saints. A comparative approach shows that the verses of originally recorded prayer songs in Posušje appear in Croatian records of prayers in other areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina. There are numerous variations and interleaving of verses of different prayers on the studied area, which affirms the rich transmission of the oral folk prayers. The oral folk transmission of prayers is much less present nowadays. The motif and thematic world of the traditions of the Posušje region is diverse and rich. Based on the classification of Marko Dragić, traditions are classified into: historical, etiological, eschatological, mythical, demonological and stories from everyday life. Besides the traditions associated to the Ottoman rule, the most common are mythical and demonological themes. The contents of the traditions intertwine, so some of them could be classified into several different groups. That can especially be seen with historical and etiological traditions that are largely related to the theme of the Ottoman occupation. The historical traditions in the paper are related to stećci and the mentioned period of Ottoman occupation. Etiological traditions mostly originated on the historical level and on the basis of stories from everyday life. Eschatological traditions refer to the appearance of murdered new-borns and adults. The only mythical beings of traditions recorded at the area of Posušje are fairies. In the folk tradition fairies are characterized as beings that rarely do harm to people. They would do so if someone discovered their secret that they have a horse, donkey or goat hoof. They would also revenge to those people who discover others where they took them. To those who invoke them, they caused insanity. However, if someone did a favour to them, they would have always given that person a reward. Demonological beings also possess supernatural abilities. However, they always harm people in some way. These creatures are: witches, more, werewolf, devil and ominous birds. Stories from everyday life refer to: didactical stories about killing father, those that explain the causes of burying the dead after twenty-four hours have passed since death, the story about going to work in Dalmatia, story about the hero Sirovina from Rakitno and the story about three hunters. Main characters of legends recorded in the area of Posušje are Jesus Christ, Saint Peter and Saint Anthony. The paper also presents and interprets legends about the origin of Blidinje Lake which reflect the Old Testament motif of Sodom and Gomorrah. Compared to the customs that preceded the traditional wedding, the customs that precede contemporary weddings are significantly reduced. Considering wedding morning, day and evening, recently taken customs often overlap with the traditional ones. Therefore, in addition to frequently modified traditional customs such as welcoming wedding guests at home, aspersion, throwing an apple, toasting and giving presents, customs that have been adopted under the influence of various media such as the first wedding dance, cake-cutting and throwing the bridal bouquet appear in contemporary weddings. Ganga is the way of singing that is characteristic for the researched region. Although it is much less present today than it was in the last century, ganga is still considered to be an important part of the cultural tradition of Posušje area. The examples of gangas are classified according to the main motifs: about ganga and singing, ganga of love themes and other ganga that cover several different themes. The chapter on microstructures refers to proverbs and riddles. Proverbs were often used when one wanted to instruct or warn a certain way of behaving while riddles were used to entertain and to develop way of thinking. The paper presents sixty records of proverbs and fifty-two records of riddles classified alphabetically. In addition to the cattle raising and agriculture, inhabitants of Posušje in the past earned for their living by growing and selling tobacco. They also practiced traditional crafts and handicrafts. Carpenters, saddlers and coopers were engaged in wood processing. Blacksmiths made, sharpened and repaired items made of iron and steel. Stonemasonry or stone craft refers to craft of shaping rock. People used rock to build houses, farm buildings, draw-wells, drywells but also gravestones and crosses. The most common raw material in the production of textile handicrafts was wool. With the abandonment of cattle raising as the primary form of economy and the arrival of various factory materials, customs related to the manufacture of clothing and other items of wool were extinguished at the area of Posušje. Today, these items can more often be seen by elderly who keep them as a memory of past days. Conclusion of the dissertation presents the knowledge about the intangible cultural heritage of the area of Posušje, which is an integral and important part of the Croatian intangible cultural heritage. The paper ends with Resources and References. Key words: intangible cultural heritage, customs throughout the year, prayer oral songs, traditions, legends, wedding customs, gange, microstructures, economy, Posušje area. U radu se navode i multidisciplinarno analiziraju suvremeni terenski zapisi primjera nematerijalne kulturne baštine posuškoga kraja. Zapisi su nastajali u vremenskom razdoblju od 2010. do 2020. godine na području posuške općine. Interpretacija se nadopunila korištenjem relevantne književno-teorijske literature. U uvodnom dijelu rada izneseni su podatci o građi, metodologiji, ciljevima i hipotezama istraživanja. Nakon uvodnoga dijela pružen je osvrt na povijesni pregled posuškoga kraja. Prvi pisani spomen posuškoga imena potječe iz 1378. godine u opisu zbora kojeg je sazvala Margareta, udovica hrvatskog feudalca Ivana Nelipića iz Sinja, u čijem se vlasništvu nalazilo i Posušje. Pretpostavlja se da Posušje svoj naziv baštini po sušama koje su obilježile posuški kraj. Na život i kulturu Posušana dubok trag ostavilo je višestoljetno razdoblje osmanske vladavine. U to se vrijeme ističe snalažljivost svećenika i njihova pomoć koju su pružali narodu. Njihovo zalaganje za narod nastavilo se i kroz kasnija razdoblja, a danas je život Posušana također usko vezan uz vjeru i crkvu. Multidisciplinarna analiza građe započinje poglavljem o običajima kroz godinu, razdobljem adventa. Na poseban se način u ovom razdoblju štuju spomendani svete Barbare, svetoga Nikole, blagdan Bezgrješnoga začeća Blažene Djevice Marije, spomendani svete Lucije i svetoga Tome. Uz dane Materica i Očića vezuje se običaj davanja cine pa su tako ovi dani poprimili nazive Ženska i Muška cina. Od novijih adventskih običaja ističe se adventski vijenac koji je sve češće prisutan u domovima Posušana. U razdoblju priprave za Božić, Badnjak je dan uz kojeg se veže ponajviše narodnih običaja. Vrhunac božićnih blagdana je sami Božić, a karakterizira ga: odlazak na svete mise, čestitanje, darivanje, molitva, božićno jelo i druženje s najbližima. Nakon Božića slijedi Božićna osmina u kojoj se slave blagdani svetaca: Stjepana prvomučenika i Ivana evanđelista, zatim Nevina dječica i spomendan svetoga Silvestra. Zadnji dan u Božićnoj osmini zauzima Nova godina. Blagdanom Sveta tri kralja završava božićno razdoblje i tada se sklanjaju svi božićni ukrasi. Kršćanski blagdan Svijećnica slavi se četrdeset dana nakon Božića u spomen Prikazanja Gospodinovog u Hramu u Jeruzalemu. U narodu se naziva i Kalandora, a uz ovaj blagdan vežu se proricanja o vremenu i plodnosti godine. Pokladni običaji maskiranja i maskirnih ophoda u prošlosti su zauzimali važno mjesto među u posuškom kraju. Tako su bili česti prizori babe i dida, mlade i mladoženje 298 koji imaju elemente folklornog kazališta. Ovakvi prizori nisu više prisutni u pokladnoj tradiciji istraživanog područja. U današnje se vrijeme najčešće djeca prerušavaju u ustaljene likove omiljenih junaka, princeza ili životinja. Obilazeći kuće, djeca kao poklon primaju novce i slatkiše te se za njih u vrtićima i školama organiziraju maskenbali. Nakon poklada, danom Čiste srijede započinje korizmeno razdoblje pripreme za Uskrs. Ne održavaju se veselja ni svadbe, a žene su u prošlosti najčešće nosile crnu odjeću te nisu kratile kosu. Kazivači svjedoče kako se u prošlosti držalo više do posta, tako su se ljudi često suzdržavali od mesa i mliječnih proizvoda tijekom cijele korizme, a na Čistu srijedu, Blagovijest i Velike dane bi postili o kruhu i vodi. Uvod u Veliki tjedan nastupa blagdanom Cvjetnice ili Nedjeljom Muke Gospodnje, a Sveto trodnevlje započinje Velikim četvrtkom uz koji se veže prikazivanje Čuvanja Kristova groba koji se u posuškoj župi više ne održava. Na Veliki petak se očituje preduskrsni duh pomaganja drugima jer se osim sijanja rasada, nije smjelo raditi ništa o zemlji, osim ako je to bilo za potrebe siromašnih. Velika ili Bijela subota obilježena je spremanjem za sami blagdan Uskrsa. Navečer se odlazi na uskrsno bdijenje i blagoslov hrane. Blagdanom Uskrsa započinje novo, radosnije razdoblje za kršćane kada se slavi Isusova pobjeda nad smrću. Ostali godišnji običaji odnose se na: spomendan svetoga Jure, spomendan svetoga Marka, Spasovo, blagdan Tijelova, spomendan svetoga Ante, spomendan svetoga Ivana Krstitelja, spomendan svetoga Ilije, blagdan Velike Gospe, spomendan svetoga Roka, blagdan Svih svetih i Dušnoga dana. Velik dio običaja i divinacija vezanih uz navedene blagdane i spomendane ne pripadaju živoj tradiciji posuškoga kraja. Poglavlje o molitvenim usmenim pjesmama donosi analizu četrdesetak izvornih zapisa molitvenih pjesama i njihovih varijacija. Molitve su klasificirane na: jutarnje; općinske (zajedničke obiteljske i rodbinske) poslijepodnevne i večernje molitve, večernje (pred odlazak na spavanje); prigodne; molitve posvećene Blaženoj Djevici Mariji te svetačke molitve. Komparativnim pristupom utvrđeno je kako se stihovi izvorno zapisanih molitvenih pjesama u posuškom kraju pojavljuju u zapisima molitvi kod Hrvata na drugim područjima Bosne i Hercegovine. U samom Posušju dolazi do brojnih varijacija i prepletanja stihova različitih molitvi. To svjedoči o bogatoj, ali u današnje vrijeme znatno manje prisutnoj tradiciji prenošenja narodnih molitvi usmenim putem. Motivski i tematski svijet predaja posuškoga kraja raznolik je i bogat. Polazeći od klasifikacije Marka Dragića, predaje su podijeljene na: povijesne, etiološke, eshatološke, mitske, demonološke i pričanja iz života. Osim tematike turske vladavine, informanti se najviše zadržavaju na mitskim i demonološkim temama. Sadržaji predaja prepleću se, stoga bi se neke od njih mogle svrstati u više različitih skupina. Posebice je to u radu vidljivo kod povijesnih i etioloških predaja koje su velikim dijelom povezane s tematikom osmanske okupacije. Povijesne predaje u radu vezuju se uz stećke i spomenuto razdoblje osmanske okupacije. Zapisane etiološke predaje nastale su najvećim dijelom na povijesnoj razini te na temelju pričanja iz života. Eshatološke predaje kazuju o pojavljivanju ubijene tek rođene djece te odraslih osoba. Mitska bića posuških predaja su vile. Vile se u narodnim predajama karakteriziraju kao bića koja rijetko nanose zlo ljudima, a činile bi to ukoliko bi netko otkrio njihovu tajnu da imaju konjsko ili magareće kopito ili kozji papak. Također znale su se osvetiti onima koji bi otkrili drugima gdje su ih one vodile, a onima koji su ih prizivali izazivale su pomutnju razuma. Međutim, ukoliko bi im netko učinio uslugu, uvijek bi ga na neki način nagradile. Bića demonoloških predaja također posjeduju nadnaravne sposobnosti. Međutim, ona uvijek na neki način nanose ljudima zlo. U radu su ta bića: vještice i more, vukodlak, đavao te zloguke ptice. Pričanja iz života donose: poučnu priču o ubijanju oca, zatim predaje koje objašnjavaju uzroke pokapanja mrtvaca nakon što prođu dvadeset i četiri sata od smrti. Nadalje, navodi se priča o odlasku na nadnicu u Dalmaciju, priča o junaku Sirovini iz Rakitna te o tri lovca. U legendama zapisanim na posuškom području glavni su sudionici Isus Krist i sv. Petar te sv. Ante. U radu se također navode legende o postanku Blidinjskoga jezera u kojima se ogleda starozavjetni motiv Sodome i Gomore. U usporedbi s običajima koji su prethodili tradicijskom sklapanju braka, običaji koji prethode suvremenim svadbama znatno su reducirani. Kada je riječ o samom tijeku svadbenoga jutra, dana i večeri, najčešće dolazi do prepletanja tradicijskih i novijih svadbenih običaja. Tako su od tradicijskih, uz preinake, najzastupljeniji: doček svatova kod kuće, škropljenje prilikom odlaska u crkvu, prebacivanje jabuke preko krova kuće, zdravice te darivanje mladenaca i uzdarje uzvanicima. U suvremenim su svadbama najčešće prisutni, putem medija novije usvojeni običaji, prvi ples mladenaca, rezanje torte i bacanje buketa. Ganga je način pjevanja koji je karakterističan za istraživano područje. Iako se u današnje vrijeme može čuti znatno rjeđe nego je to bio slučaj u prošlom stoljeću, smatra se neizostavnim dijelom kulturne tradicije u posuškom kraju. Navedeni primjeri gangi u radu su klasificirani prema glavnim motivima. Tako su prikazani zapisi gangi koje govore o gangi i pjevanju, nadalje, gange ljubavne tematike i ostale gange koje obuhvaćaju više različitih tema. Poglavlje o mikrostrukturama odnosi se na poslovice i zagonetke. Poslovice su se često koristile kada bi se nekoga htjelo uputiti ili upozoriti na određeni način ponašanja dok su zagonetke služile za zabavu i razvijanje načina razmišljanja. Rad donosi šezdeset zapisa poslovica te pedeset i dva zapisa zagonetki. Poslovice i zagonetke klasificirane su abecedno. Pored osnovnih grana privređivanja stočarstva i poljoprivrede, Posušani su u prošlosti zarađivali za život uzgojem i prodajom duhana. Također, bavili su se tradicijskim zanatima i rukotvorinama. Obradom drva bavili su se stolari, samardžije i bačvari. Kovači su izrađivali, oštrili i popravljali predmete izrađene od željeza. Kamenoklesari i zidari su obrađivali kamen kojim su se gradile kuće, gospodarski objekti poput staja i mlinica, zatim bunari i čatrnje, suvozidine, a služio je također pri izradi nadgrobnih spomenika i križeva. Najčešća sirovina pri izradi tekstilnih rukotvorina bila je vuna. Napuštanjem stočarstva kao primarnog oblika privređivanja te dolaskom raznih tvorničkih materijala, običaji vezani uz izrađivanje odjevnih i drugih predmeta od vune gasili su se na posuškome području, a navedeni se vuneni predmeti danas najčešće mogu naći kod starijih osoba. U zaključku rada iznesene su spoznaje o nematerijalnoj kulturnoj baštini posuškoga kraja koja je sastavni i važan dio hrvatske nematerijalne kulturne baštine. Na kraju rada donosi se popis kazivača i literature.

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    Authors: Vukorepa, Karmen;

    U ovom radu prikazan je i obrazložen projekt tunela “Svjetlo”, u kojem se opisuju osnovne geometrijeske te prometne karakteristike. Projekt obuhvaća projektno rješenje kao i samu problematiku izgradnje tunela. Uz geološke i geotehničke karakteristike terena posebno su prikazane stijenske mase, načini iskopa, podgrade te su usvojena geotehnička i građevinska rješenja. This project presents and explains the construction of the tunnel “Svjetlo“. The project describes the basic geometric and traffic characteristics. The project includes design solutions and broader issues of tunnel construction. In addition to the geological and geotechnical characteristics of the terrain, rock masses and methods of excavation and subgrade, as well as adopted geotechnical and construction solutions, are also shown.

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    Authors: Živković Kuljiš, Loren; Belamarić, Josip; Korkut, Alem;

    Skripta za kolegij Kiparstvo 2 na Diplomskom studiju Odsjeka kiparstvo Umjetničke akademije u Splitu nastavlja se na skriptu za kolegij iz prethodnog semestra, Kiparstvo 1. Petnaest nastavnih jedinica nižu se slijedom sukladnim realnoj kiparskoj praksi, što predstavlja važno iskustvo za studente, osobito u kolegiju Kiparstvo 2 koji nastavno na prethodni kolegij omogućuje studentima daljnje razvijanje znanja i iskustva. Mogućnost percepcije i artikulacije novih sadržaja je jedan od najvažnijih aspekata razvoja procesa autorskog rada. Naglasak je na njegovoj otvorenosti i unaprjeđivanju, kao nadogradnji znanja iz prethodnog semestra. Kroz čitavu skriptu se utvrđuje osnovna struktura stvaralačkog procesa, no sada na zahtjevnijoj razini. Pažnja posvećena likovnom jeziku, kao temeljnom i objedinjujućem aspektu rada, u ovom semestru je dodatno naglašena i prezentirana nizom odabranih vizualnih primjera, kao i primjera citata autora koji se mogu tumačiti kao temelji izjave o radu. Skripta olakšava studentima ostvarivanje očekivanih ishoda učenja, odnosno osvješćivanje potpunog procesa realizacije suvremene autorske skulpture, od osmišljavanja ideje do izvedbe rada i promišljanja njegova postava u prostoru. The script for the course Sculpture 2 at the Graduate Study of the Department of Sculpture of the Art Academy in Split continues on the script for the course Sculpture 1 from the previous semester. Fifteen teaching units are arranged in sequences consistent with real sculptural practice. The possibility of perception and articulation of new content is one of the most important aspects of the development of the author's work process. The emphasis is on its openness and improvement, as an upgrade of knowledge from the previous semester. Throughout the script, the basic structure of the creative process is determined, but now at a more demanding level. The attention paid to the language of art, as a fundamental and unifying aspect of the work, this semester is further emphasized and presented by a series of selected visual examples, as well as examples of quotations from authors that can be interpreted as the basis of the artist’s statement. The script makes it easier for students to achieve the expected learning outcomes, i.e. awareness of the full process of realization of contemporary author's sculpture, from conceiving an idea to performing the work, and thinking about its layout in exhibition space.

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    Authors: Madunić, Antonia;

    This thesis is depicting narrative forms of oral literature of the Duvno region. It encompasses historical and etiological folklore narrations as well as a rewiew of church-folk heritage. Historical folklore myths are mostly concerned with sufferings that the people of the area experienced during the Ottoman occupation, but they also touch on legends of the first croatian king- Tomislav. Etiological narrations, on the other hand, are useful in explaining the origin of names of various localities. Regarding church-folk inheritance, it is important to note that Easter and Christmas traditions are the best indicators of the preservation of tradition. Dawn church masses, setting tree branches on fire (known as „badnjak“), washing face in floral water, and egg taping are just some of those traditions that can be found in Duvno region. Wedding ceremonials are mostly accompained by folk hymns, while the day of St. Nikola Tavelić, the patron saint of the Duvno basilica, takes place every July, gathering many residents of the region together. All in all, this thesis is concerned with many Christian and folk traditions that are typical for the region but are threatened to fall into oblivion. It is of paramount importance for these traditions and folk narrations to be permanently noted and archived and consequently protected from their disappearance in the region's identity. U ovom radu prikazani su usmenoknjiževni oblici duvanjskog kraja. Oni obuhvaćaju povijesne i etiološke predaje kao i osvrt na crkveno-pučku baštinu. Povijesne predaje, najvećim dijelom tiču se patnji i stradanja za vrijeme osmanske okupacije i podataka o prvom hrvatskom kralju Tomislavu. S druge strane, etiološke predaje donose nam podatke o podrijetlu naziva određenih lokaliteta. Kada je riječ o crkveno-pučkoj baštini važno je naglasiti kako su uskrsni i božićni običaji najbolji pokazatelj njegovanja tradicije. Mise zornice, paljenje badnjaka, post, umivanje u cvjetnoj vodi i tucanje jajima samo su neki od običaja koji su zastupljeni na području duvanjskog kraja. Svadbe i vjenčanja najčešće su popraćene izvođenjem seoskih himni, a manifestacija pod nazivom Dani svetog Nikole Tavelića održava se svake godine u srpnju i okuplja velikog broj Duvnjaka koji štuju istoimenog sveca, a koji je ujedno i zaštitnik duvanjske bazilike. U suštini, rad donosi mnogobrojne kršćanske i pučke običaje koji su karakteristični za duvanjski kraj, a kojima, nažalost, prijeti zaborav. Iznimno je važno da spomenuti običaji ostanu trajno zabilježeni i sačuvani od zaborava kao obilježje našeg identiteta

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    Authors: Marinović, Josipa-Verena;

    In this paper we are going to talk about the cultural heritage of the Ljubuski region in ethnological, anthropological and historical terms. At the beginning, in order to get an insight into the customs and life of the people in this area, we researched something about the city itself, about its location and history. In the continuation of our work, we researched various customs that are associated with different holidays throughout the year from Christmas to Easter, and through the great saints who are especially revered. In the paper, we also talked about customs that are associated with various celebrations and ceremonies, such as weddings and funerals. After that, we dealt with legends related to the origin of the names of certain places and hamlets that are specific. In the end, we also touched on historical figures who are associated with the Ljubuski region, where Duke Stjepan Vuksič Kosača stands out, with whom the origin of the town itself and the hajduk Andrijica Šimić are also associated. In the paper, we also gave examples of some songs that were sung at various celebrations and gatherings, and prayers that were especially addressed to some saints. U ovom radu govorimo o kulturnoj baštini ljubuškog kraja u etnološkom, antropološkom i povijesnom smislu. Na početku, kako bi mogli dobiti uvid u običaje i život ljudi u ovome kraju, istražili smo nešto o samom gradu, o njegovu smještaju i povijesti. U nastavku rada bavili smo se istraživanjem različitih običaja koji se vežu uz različite blagdane kroz godinu od Božića do Uskrsa, pa preko velikih svetaca koji se osobito štuju. U radu smo govorili i o običajima koji se vežu uz različita slavlja i obrede, poput vjenčanja i sprovoda. Nakon toga bavili smo se predajama vezanim uz nastanak imena pojedinih mjesta i zaseoka koja su specifična. Na kraju smo se dotakli i povijesnih osoba koje se vežu uz ljubuški kraj gdje se posebno ističe herceg Stjepan Vuksič Kosača uz kojeg se veže i nastanak samog grada te hajduk Andrijica Šimić. U radu smo naveli i primjere nekih pjesmica koje su pjevale na različitim slavljima i druženjima te molitve koje su bile posebno upućene nekim svecima.

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    Authors: Mušterić, Marina;

    Rad ne sadrži sažetak.

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    Authors: Burica, Matea;

    Oral literature is the oldest and longest-running type of literature which begun to collect, note and study not until the 18th century. Evolution and continuity of ecclesiastical folk singing repertoire could be traced due to numerous handwritten collections assembled by the priests, and transcribed by the singers. In this paper, traditional religious oral lyric of the Holy Week on the Island of Solta. The objective is to present the songs that are sung in the Parish of st. Stephen in Grohote, but also to depict the customs of our ancestors. Likewise, the objective of this paper is to note those customs, in order to preserve them at least in written form, considering that the younger generations do not care about aforesaid. In Grohote on the Island of Solta exist two issues – the first being that by publishing booklets of church singing every few years, the form is modified so that every following edition contains more and more new literary forms, and less Solta’s genuine. Another issue, even greater, is that no one except the elderly attends Holy Mass. Younger population, the ones that are supposed to inherit the cultural heritage and preserve tradition from oblivion, have entirely different interests. Thus, one day, when the elderly population is gone, the Church and entire Solta’s tradition will also be. Usmena je književnost najstarija i najdugotrajnija vrsta književnosti koja se počinje sakupljati, zapisivati i proučavati tek u XVIII. stoljeću. Razvoj i kontinuitet repertoara crkvenog pučkog pjevanja može se pratiti zahvaljujući brojnim rukopisnim zbirkama koje su sastavljali svećenici, a prepisivali pjevači. U ovom završnom radu predstavljena je tradicijska vjerska usmena lirika u Velikom tjednu na Šolti. Cilj je bio prikazati pjesme koje se pjevaju u župi Svetog Stjepana u Grohotama, ali i prikazati običaje naših predaka. Također, cilj ovog rada bio je i zapisati te običaje kako bi oni postojali barem na papiru, budući da mlađe generacije ne mare za običaje. U Grohotama na Šolti postoje dva problema. Prvi je taj što se izdavanjem knjižica s crkvenim pjesmama svako nekoliko godina mijenjaju oblici pjesama pa se tako sa svakim novim izdanjem može vidjeti sve više književnih oblika, a sve manje onih šoltanskih, izvornih. Drugi, još veći problem, jest taj što skoro nitko osim starih ljudi više ne dolazi na svetu misu. Mlado stanovništvo, oni koji bi trebali naslijediti kulturnu baštinu i sačuvati tradiciju od zaborava, imaju potpuno drugačije interese. Tako će jednoga dana, kada nestane starog stanovništva s otoka, nestati i Crkva i cijela šoltanska tradicija.

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    Authors: Radovan, Josip;

    Traditional cultural heritage includes different customs, traditions and goods that are part of the history of a nation. By passing these customs and traditions down from generation to generation, the nation is enriched on both cultural and spiritual level, creating a priceless fortune for the generations to come. Oral traditions, customs and beliefs play an important role in the lives of the elderly people who have helped in preserving them. A lot of the customs, traditions and beliefs are being kept alive even today, and they are all, to a certain extent, implemented in the contemporary lives of the people residing in a certain area. Annual customs are repeated year after year and they are mostly connected to certain dates in the Liturgical calendar. This paper talks about the annual folk customs related to certain holidays and memorial days, such as Christmas Eve, Christmas, New Year's Eve, Epiphany, Great Carnivals, Easter, All Saints' Day, and other saints-related memorial days celebrated in Dugopolje. Some general information and characteristics of the mentioned holidays and memorial days are noted, along with some local specialties typical for the Dugopolje area. Tradicijska kulturna baština skup je običaja, tradicija i dobara u povijesti nekog naroda. Prenošenjem običaja i tradicija s generacije na generaciju narod dobiva na kulturnom i duhovnom planu, stvarajući budućim naraštajima bogatstvo koje je neprocjenjivo. Usmene predaje, običaji i vjerovanja igraju važnu ulogu u životima starijih ljudi koji su pomogli u njihovom očuvanju. Neki običaji, tradicije i vjerovanja i dan danas se čuvaju, a implementirani su, makar malim dijelom, u suvremene živote naroda koji tu živi. Godišnji običaji ponavljaju se iz godine u godinu, a uglavnom su vezani uz određene crkveno-kalendarske datume. U ovom se radu navode godišnji narodni običaji vezani uz pojedine blagdane i spomendane, kao što su Badnji dan, Božić, Nova Godina, Sveta Tri Kralja, Velike Poklade, Uskrs, Svi Sveti, ali i spomendani brojnih svetaca koji se slave u Dugopolju. Zabilježene su opće karakteristike pojedinih blagdana i spomendana, kao i lokalne posebnosti karakteristične za dugopoljski kraj.

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    Authors: Marić, Matea;

    Globalizacijski procesi i povećanje standarda gostiju utjecali su na međunarodno turističko tržište. Destinacije da bi bile zanimljive i konkurentne moraju stalno podizati i obogaćivati razinu kvalitete svoje turističke ponude. Grad Hvar je poznata turistička destinacija, međutim primarni fokus je na mladim turistima i zabavi. Specifična prostorno-geografska te kulturno-povijesna obilježja predstavljaju odlične predispozicije za razvoj turističkih aktivnosti, nažalost kulturni i prirodni potencijali uvelike su neiskorišteni. Ključan korak za njihov razvoj bilo bi unaprjeđivanje starih i stvaranje novih kulturnih proizvoda koji bi bili prilagođeni aktualnim trendovima u svijetu te poboljšanje prateće infrastrukture. Registrirano je ukupno 90 kulturnih dobara na području grada Hvara u sklopu kojih je hvarska čipka od niti agave navedena kao nematerijalno dobro pod UNESCO-vom zaštitom. Kulturni i prirodni potencijali postoje, samo je potrebno napraviti atraktivne i zanimljive ponude. Bitan korak za postizanje toga je jačanje suradnje između grada i ostalih jedinica lokalne samouprave na otoku Hvaru. Zbog svega rečenog, grad Hvar može se nazvati pravom riznicom kulturno-povijesnog nasljeđa koja čini izvrsnu atrakcijsku podlogu za razvoj dugoročno održivog tipa turizma. Globalization processes and increasing guest standards have influenced the international tourism market. Destinations must constantly raise and enrich the level of quality of their tourist offer to be interesting and competitive. The city of Hvar is a famous tourist destination, but the primary focus is on young tourists and entertainment. Specific spatial-geographic and cultural-historical features represent excellent predispositions for the development of tourist activities, unfortunately cultural and natural potentials are largely unused. A key step in their development would be to improve the old and create new cultural products that would be adapted to current trends in the world and to improve the accompanying infrastructure. There are a total of 90 cultural assets registered in the area of the city of Hvar, in which the silk lace from the agave is listed as intangible heritage under UNESCO protection. Cultural and natural potentials exist, but it is necessary to make attractive and interesting tourist offers. One important step in achieving it is strengthening the cooperation between the city and other units of local self-government on the island of Hvar. Because of all this, the city of Hvar can be called the real treasury of cultural and historical heritage which makes an excellent base for the development of a long-term sustainable type of tourism

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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Čaljkušić, Andrea;

    U završnom radu je prikazana povijest i razvoj nogometa u svijetu, od samih početaka u 19. stoljeću do današnjeg modernog nogometa. Također, dan je pregled svjetskih i evropskih nogometnih prvenstava kao i drugih važnih velikih natjecanja. Pored razvoja nogometa u svijetu, navedeni su svi važni nogometni datumi i događaji u Hrvatskoj od kraja 19. stoljeća do danas. Poseban naglasak dan je na HNK Hajduk, klub iz mog rodnog grada Splita te na hrvatsku reprezentaciju, s obzirom na značenje koje imaju za Split i Dalmaciju odnosno hrvatski narod u cjelini. U samom radu su posebno istaknuti nogometaši, treneri i funkcioneri koji su dali najveći doprinos popularnosti i razvoju nogometne igre u svijetu i Domovini. The final assignement presents the history and development of football in the world since the very first beginning in 19th century up until today's modern football. Also, it shows an overview of world and European football championships as well as other important competitions. Besides the development of world football, it is shown how football took place in Croatia from the end of 19th century until today. It is also important to mention HNK Hajduk, a club from my hometown Split and the Croatia national football team, considering the impact they have on Split, Dalmatia and the whole Croatia nation. In the final paper, football players, coaches and officials who gave the greatest contribution to the popularity and the development of world and Croatian football are mentioned and highlighted.

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    Authors: Kelava, Josipa;

    The paper presents and interprets contemporary field notes of intangible cultural heritage in the area of Posušje employing a multidisciplinary approach. The field notes were recorded from the beginning of 2010 until 2020. The interpretation is complemented by using relevant literary-theoretical literature. Introduction explains the dissertation's structure, materials used, methodology, aim of research and hypotheses. Introduction is followed by the chapter that deals with the historical and geographical characteristics of Posušje area. The first written mention of Posušje dates from 1378 in the description of the meeting convened by Margareta, the widow of the Croatian feudal lord Ivan Nelipić from Sinj, who owned Posušje. It is assumed that Posušje inherited its name from the droughts that marked the Posušje region. The long period of Ottoman rule left a deep mark on the life and the culture of the whole area. The help of the priests at the time of Ottoman rule was crucial for whole Christian community. Their commitment to the community continued through later periods. Today’s life of Posušje people is also closely connected to the religion and the church. The multidisciplinary analysis begins with the chapter on customs throughout the year. In the period of Advent, inhabitants of Posušje worship the holidays of St. Barbara, St. Nicholas, the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary, St. Lucy and St. Thomas in a special way. The days of Materice and Očići are associated with giving cina so they took the names Ženska (Female) and Muška (Male) cina. Recently the custom of advent wreath is more and more existent in the homes. In the period of preparation for Christmas, Christmas Eve is the day with which most folk customs are associated. The day of Christmas is characterized by going to the Holy Masses, congratulating each other, exchanging presents, praying, eating Christmas meal and being with loved ones. Christmas is followed by the Christmas Octave (Božićna osmina), that celebrates the days of the saints: Stephen the First Martyr and John the Evangelist, then the Innocent Children and the St. Sylvester' Day. The New Year is the last day of the Christmas Octave. With the feast of the Holy Three Kings ends the Christmas period and then all Christmas decorations are removed. Candlemas is celebrated forty days after the Christmas in memory of the Presentation of Jesus Christ in the Temple in Jerusalem. It is also called Kalandora. This holiday is associated with the divinations about the weather and fertility of the year. Carnival customs took an important place in the past among adults. The scenes of grandmother and grandfather as well as the scenes of bride and groom that were seen very often in the past, are no longer present. These scenes have elements of folklore theatre. Nowadays, children disguise themselves as characters of their favourite heroes, princesses or animals. They go from house to house and receive money and sweets as gifts. With the holiday of Ash Wednesday begins the period of Lent. In this period of preparation for the greatest Christian holiday there are no festivities or weddings. In the past women often wore black clothes and did not cut their hair. The narrators testify that people often abstained from eating meat and dairy products during the period of Lent, and on Holy Wednesday, Annunciation and Holy Days they would only drink water and eat bread. Palm Sunday presents the introduction to the Holy Week. The Paschal Triduum begins with the Holy Thursday which is associated with the presentation of Keeping the Tomb of Christ. This custom is no longer present in the parish of Posušje. The day of Holy Friday was marked as a day for helping people in need, and Holy Saturday is marked by the preparation for the Easter. In the evening people go to the Easter Vigil where the priest blesses the prepared food. Easter marks the beginning of a new, happier period for Christians when Jesus's victory over death is celebrated. Other customs throughout the year refer to the Feast of Saint George, the Feast of Saint Mark the Evangelist, the Ascension, the Feast of Corpus Christi, the Feast of Saint Anthony, the Feast of Saint John the Baptist, the Feast of Saint Elijah, The Assumption of Mary into Heaven, the Feast of Saint Rocco, All Saints' Day and All Souls' Day. A great number of customs and divinations related to mentioned feasts do not belong to the living tradition of the Posušje area. The chapter on prayer oral songs brings an analysis of about forty originally recorded prayer songs and their variations. Prayers are classified into: morning prayers; community prayers (family and relatives) afternoon and evening prayers; evening (before going to sleep) prayers; commemorative prayers; prayers dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary and prayers dedicated to saints. A comparative approach shows that the verses of originally recorded prayer songs in Posušje appear in Croatian records of prayers in other areas of Bosnia and Herzegovina. There are numerous variations and interleaving of verses of different prayers on the studied area, which affirms the rich transmission of the oral folk prayers. The oral folk transmission of prayers is much less present nowadays. The motif and thematic world of the traditions of the Posušje region is diverse and rich. Based on the classification of Marko Dragić, traditions are classified into: historical, etiological, eschatological, mythical, demonological and stories from everyday life. Besides the traditions associated to the Ottoman rule, the most common are mythical and demonological themes. The contents of the traditions intertwine, so some of them could be classified into several different groups. That can especially be seen with historical and etiological traditions that are largely related to the theme of the Ottoman occupation. The historical traditions in the paper are related to stećci and the mentioned period of Ottoman occupation. Etiological traditions mostly originated on the historical level and on the basis of stories from everyday life. Eschatological traditions refer to the appearance of murdered new-borns and adults. The only mythical beings of traditions recorded at the area of Posušje are fairies. In the folk tradition fairies are characterized as beings that rarely do harm to people. They would do so if someone discovered their secret that they have a horse, donkey or goat hoof. They would also revenge to those people who discover others where they took them. To those who invoke them, they caused insanity. However, if someone did a favour to them, they would have always given that person a reward. Demonological beings also possess supernatural abilities. However, they always harm people in some way. These creatures are: witches, more, werewolf, devil and ominous birds. Stories from everyday life refer to: didactical stories about killing father, those that explain the causes of burying the dead after twenty-four hours have passed since death, the story about going to work in Dalmatia, story about the hero Sirovina from Rakitno and the story about three hunters. Main characters of legends recorded in the area of Posušje are Jesus Christ, Saint Peter and Saint Anthony. The paper also presents and interprets legends about the origin of Blidinje Lake which reflect the Old Testament motif of Sodom and Gomorrah. Compared to the customs that preceded the traditional wedding, the customs that precede contemporary weddings are significantly reduced. Considering wedding morning, day and evening, recently taken customs often overlap with the traditional ones. Therefore, in addition to frequently modified traditional customs such as welcoming wedding guests at home, aspersion, throwing an apple, toasting and giving presents, customs that have been adopted under the influence of various media such as the first wedding dance, cake-cutting and throwing the bridal bouquet appear in contemporary weddings. Ganga is the way of singing that is characteristic for the researched region. Although it is much less present today than it was in the last century, ganga is still considered to be an important part of the cultural tradition of Posušje area. The examples of gangas are classified according to the main motifs: about ganga and singing, ganga of love themes and other ganga that cover several different themes. The chapter on microstructures refers to proverbs and riddles. Proverbs were often used when one wanted to instruct or warn a certain way of behaving while riddles were used to entertain and to develop way of thinking. The paper presents sixty records of proverbs and fifty-two records of riddles classified alphabetically. In addition to the cattle raising and agriculture, inhabitants of Posušje in the past earned for their living by growing and selling tobacco. They also practiced traditional crafts and handicrafts. Carpenters, saddlers and coopers were engaged in wood processing. Blacksmiths made, sharpened and repaired items made of iron and steel. Stonemasonry or stone craft refers to craft of shaping rock. People used rock to build houses, farm buildings, draw-wells, drywells but also gravestones and crosses. The most common raw material in the production of textile handicrafts was wool. With the abandonment of cattle raising as the primary form of economy and the arrival of various factory materials, customs related to the manufacture of clothing and other items of wool were extinguished at the area of Posušje. Today, these items can more often be seen by elderly who keep them as a memory of past days. Conclusion of the dissertation presents the knowledge about the intangible cultural heritage of the area of Posušje, which is an integral and important part of the Croatian intangible cultural heritage. The paper ends with Resources and References. Key words: intangible cultural heritage, customs throughout the year, prayer oral songs, traditions, legends, wedding customs, gange, microstructures, economy, Posušje area. U radu se navode i multidisciplinarno analiziraju suvremeni terenski zapisi primjera nematerijalne kulturne baštine posuškoga kraja. Zapisi su nastajali u vremenskom razdoblju od 2010. do 2020. godine na području posuške općine. Interpretacija se nadopunila korištenjem relevantne književno-teorijske literature. U uvodnom dijelu rada izneseni su podatci o građi, metodologiji, ciljevima i hipotezama istraživanja. Nakon uvodnoga dijela pružen je osvrt na povijesni pregled posuškoga kraja. Prvi pisani spomen posuškoga imena potječe iz 1378. godine u opisu zbora kojeg je sazvala Margareta, udovica hrvatskog feudalca Ivana Nelipića iz Sinja, u čijem se vlasništvu nalazilo i Posušje. Pretpostavlja se da Posušje svoj naziv baštini po sušama koje su obilježile posuški kraj. Na život i kulturu Posušana dubok trag ostavilo je višestoljetno razdoblje osmanske vladavine. U to se vrijeme ističe snalažljivost svećenika i njihova pomoć koju su pružali narodu. Njihovo zalaganje za narod nastavilo se i kroz kasnija razdoblja, a danas je život Posušana također usko vezan uz vjeru i crkvu. Multidisciplinarna analiza građe započinje poglavljem o običajima kroz godinu, razdobljem adventa. Na poseban se način u ovom razdoblju štuju spomendani svete Barbare, svetoga Nikole, blagdan Bezgrješnoga začeća Blažene Djevice Marije, spomendani svete Lucije i svetoga Tome. Uz dane Materica i Očića vezuje se običaj davanja cine pa su tako ovi dani poprimili nazive Ženska i Muška cina. Od novijih adventskih običaja ističe se adventski vijenac koji je sve češće prisutan u domovima Posušana. U razdoblju priprave za Božić, Badnjak je dan uz kojeg se veže ponajviše narodnih običaja. Vrhunac božićnih blagdana je sami Božić, a karakterizira ga: odlazak na svete mise, čestitanje, darivanje, molitva, božićno jelo i druženje s najbližima. Nakon Božića slijedi Božićna osmina u kojoj se slave blagdani svetaca: Stjepana prvomučenika i Ivana evanđelista, zatim Nevina dječica i spomendan svetoga Silvestra. Zadnji dan u Božićnoj osmini zauzima Nova godina. Blagdanom Sveta tri kralja završava božićno razdoblje i tada se sklanjaju svi božićni ukrasi. Kršćanski blagdan Svijećnica slavi se četrdeset dana nakon Božića u spomen Prikazanja Gospodinovog u Hramu u Jeruzalemu. U narodu se naziva i Kalandora, a uz ovaj blagdan vežu se proricanja o vremenu i plodnosti godine. Pokladni običaji maskiranja i maskirnih ophoda u prošlosti su zauzimali važno mjesto među u posuškom kraju. Tako su bili česti prizori babe i dida, mlade i mladoženje 298 koji imaju elemente folklornog kazališta. Ovakvi prizori nisu više prisutni u pokladnoj tradiciji istraživanog područja. U današnje se vrijeme najčešće djeca prerušavaju u ustaljene likove omiljenih junaka, princeza ili životinja. Obilazeći kuće, djeca kao poklon primaju novce i slatkiše te se za njih u vrtićima i školama organiziraju maskenbali. Nakon poklada, danom Čiste srijede započinje korizmeno razdoblje pripreme za Uskrs. Ne održavaju se veselja ni svadbe, a žene su u prošlosti najčešće nosile crnu odjeću te nisu kratile kosu. Kazivači svjedoče kako se u prošlosti držalo više do posta, tako su se ljudi često suzdržavali od mesa i mliječnih proizvoda tijekom cijele korizme, a na Čistu srijedu, Blagovijest i Velike dane bi postili o kruhu i vodi. Uvod u Veliki tjedan nastupa blagdanom Cvjetnice ili Nedjeljom Muke Gospodnje, a Sveto trodnevlje započinje Velikim četvrtkom uz koji se veže prikazivanje Čuvanja Kristova groba koji se u posuškoj župi više ne održava. Na Veliki petak se očituje preduskrsni duh pomaganja drugima jer se osim sijanja rasada, nije smjelo raditi ništa o zemlji, osim ako je to bilo za potrebe siromašnih. Velika ili Bijela subota obilježena je spremanjem za sami blagdan Uskrsa. Navečer se odlazi na uskrsno bdijenje i blagoslov hrane. Blagdanom Uskrsa započinje novo, radosnije razdoblje za kršćane kada se slavi Isusova pobjeda nad smrću. Ostali godišnji običaji odnose se na: spomendan svetoga Jure, spomendan svetoga Marka, Spasovo, blagdan Tijelova, spomendan svetoga Ante, spomendan svetoga Ivana Krstitelja, spomendan svetoga Ilije, blagdan Velike Gospe, spomendan svetoga Roka, blagdan Svih svetih i Dušnoga dana. Velik dio običaja i divinacija vezanih uz navedene blagdane i spomendane ne pripadaju živoj tradiciji posuškoga kraja. Poglavlje o molitvenim usmenim pjesmama donosi analizu četrdesetak izvornih zapisa molitvenih pjesama i njihovih varijacija. Molitve su klasificirane na: jutarnje; općinske (zajedničke obiteljske i rodbinske) poslijepodnevne i večernje molitve, večernje (pred odlazak na spavanje); prigodne; molitve posvećene Blaženoj Djevici Mariji te svetačke molitve. Komparativnim pristupom utvrđeno je kako se stihovi izvorno zapisanih molitvenih pjesama u posuškom kraju pojavljuju u zapisima molitvi kod Hrvata na drugim područjima Bosne i Hercegovine. U samom Posušju dolazi do brojnih varijacija i prepletanja stihova različitih molitvi. To svjedoči o bogatoj, ali u današnje vrijeme znatno manje prisutnoj tradiciji prenošenja narodnih molitvi usmenim putem. Motivski i tematski svijet predaja posuškoga kraja raznolik je i bogat. Polazeći od klasifikacije Marka Dragića, predaje su podijeljene na: povijesne, etiološke, eshatološke, mitske, demonološke i pričanja iz života. Osim tematike turske vladavine, informanti se najviše zadržavaju na mitskim i demonološkim temama. Sadržaji predaja prepleću se, stoga bi se neke od njih mogle svrstati u više različitih skupina. Posebice je to u radu vidljivo kod povijesnih i etioloških predaja koje su velikim dijelom povezane s tematikom osmanske okupacije. Povijesne predaje u radu vezuju se uz stećke i spomenuto razdoblje osmanske okupacije. Zapisane etiološke predaje nastale su najvećim dijelom na povijesnoj razini te na temelju pričanja iz života. Eshatološke predaje kazuju o pojavljivanju ubijene tek rođene djece te odraslih osoba. Mitska bića posuških predaja su vile. Vile se u narodnim predajama karakteriziraju kao bića koja rijetko nanose zlo ljudima, a činile bi to ukoliko bi netko otkrio njihovu tajnu da imaju konjsko ili magareće kopito ili kozji papak. Također znale su se osvetiti onima koji bi otkrili drugima gdje su ih one vodile, a onima koji su ih prizivali izazivale su pomutnju razuma. Međutim, ukoliko bi im netko učinio uslugu, uvijek bi ga na neki način nagradile. Bića demonoloških predaja također posjeduju nadnaravne sposobnosti. Međutim, ona uvijek na neki način nanose ljudima zlo. U radu su ta bića: vještice i more, vukodlak, đavao te zloguke ptice. Pričanja iz života donose: poučnu priču o ubijanju oca, zatim predaje koje objašnjavaju uzroke pokapanja mrtvaca nakon što prođu dvadeset i četiri sata od smrti. Nadalje, navodi se priča o odlasku na nadnicu u Dalmaciju, priča o junaku Sirovini iz Rakitna te o tri lovca. U legendama zapisanim na posuškom području glavni su sudionici Isus Krist i sv. Petar te sv. Ante. U radu se također navode legende o postanku Blidinjskoga jezera u kojima se ogleda starozavjetni motiv Sodome i Gomore. U usporedbi s običajima koji su prethodili tradicijskom sklapanju braka, običaji koji prethode suvremenim svadbama znatno su reducirani. Kada je riječ o samom tijeku svadbenoga jutra, dana i večeri, najčešće dolazi do prepletanja tradicijskih i novijih svadbenih običaja. Tako su od tradicijskih, uz preinake, najzastupljeniji: doček svatova kod kuće, škropljenje prilikom odlaska u crkvu, prebacivanje jabuke preko krova kuće, zdravice te darivanje mladenaca i uzdarje uzvanicima. U suvremenim su svadbama najčešće prisutni, putem medija novije usvojeni običaji, prvi ples mladenaca, rezanje torte i bacanje buketa. Ganga je način pjevanja koji je karakterističan za istraživano područje. Iako se u današnje vrijeme može čuti znatno rjeđe nego je to bio slučaj u prošlom stoljeću, smatra se neizostavnim dijelom kulturne tradicije u posuškom kraju. Navedeni primjeri gangi u radu su klasificirani prema glavnim motivima. Tako su prikazani zapisi gangi koje govore o gangi i pjevanju, nadalje, gange ljubavne tematike i ostale gange koje obuhvaćaju više različitih tema. Poglavlje o mikrostrukturama odnosi se na poslovice i zagonetke. Poslovice su se često koristile kada bi se nekoga htjelo uputiti ili upozoriti na određeni način ponašanja dok su zagonetke služile za zabavu i razvijanje načina razmišljanja. Rad donosi šezdeset zapisa poslovica te pedeset i dva zapisa zagonetki. Poslovice i zagonetke klasificirane su abecedno. Pored osnovnih grana privređivanja stočarstva i poljoprivrede, Posušani su u prošlosti zarađivali za život uzgojem i prodajom duhana. Također, bavili su se tradicijskim zanatima i rukotvorinama. Obradom drva bavili su se stolari, samardžije i bačvari. Kovači su izrađivali, oštrili i popravljali predmete izrađene od željeza. Kamenoklesari i zidari su obrađivali kamen kojim su se gradile kuće, gospodarski objekti poput staja i mlinica, zatim bunari i čatrnje, suvozidine, a služio je također pri izradi nadgrobnih spomenika i križeva. Najčešća sirovina pri izradi tekstilnih rukotvorina bila je vuna. Napuštanjem stočarstva kao primarnog oblika privređivanja te dolaskom raznih tvorničkih materijala, običaji vezani uz izrađivanje odjevnih i drugih predmeta od vune gasili su se na posuškome području, a navedeni se vuneni predmeti danas najčešće mogu naći kod starijih osoba. U zaključku rada iznesene su spoznaje o nematerijalnoj kulturnoj baštini posuškoga kraja koja je sastavni i važan dio hrvatske nematerijalne kulturne baštine. Na kraju rada donosi se popis kazivača i literature.

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    Authors: Vukorepa, Karmen;

    U ovom radu prikazan je i obrazložen projekt tunela “Svjetlo”, u kojem se opisuju osnovne geometrijeske te prometne karakteristike. Projekt obuhvaća projektno rješenje kao i samu problematiku izgradnje tunela. Uz geološke i geotehničke karakteristike terena posebno su prikazane stijenske mase, načini iskopa, podgrade te su usvojena geotehnička i građevinska rješenja. This project presents and explains the construction of the tunnel “Svjetlo“. The project describes the basic geometric and traffic characteristics. The project includes design solutions and broader issues of tunnel construction. In addition to the geological and geotechnical characteristics of the terrain, rock masses and methods of excavation and subgrade, as well as adopted geotechnical and construction solutions, are also shown.

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    Authors: Živković Kuljiš, Loren; Belamarić, Josip; Korkut, Alem;

    Skripta za kolegij Kiparstvo 2 na Diplomskom studiju Odsjeka kiparstvo Umjetničke akademije u Splitu nastavlja se na skriptu za kolegij iz prethodnog semestra, Kiparstvo 1. Petnaest nastavnih jedinica nižu se slijedom sukladnim realnoj kiparskoj praksi, što predstavlja važno iskustvo za studente, osobito u kolegiju Kiparstvo 2 koji nastavno na prethodni kolegij omogućuje studentima daljnje razvijanje znanja i iskustva. Mogućnost percepcije i artikulacije novih sadržaja je jedan od najvažnijih aspekata razvoja procesa autorskog rada. Naglasak je na njegovoj otvorenosti i unaprjeđivanju, kao nadogradnji znanja iz prethodnog semestra. Kroz čitavu skriptu se utvrđuje osnovna struktura stvaralačkog procesa, no sada na zahtjevnijoj razini. Pažnja posvećena likovnom jeziku, kao temeljnom i objedinjujućem aspektu rada, u ovom semestru je dodatno naglašena i prezentirana nizom odabranih vizualnih primjera, kao i primjera citata autora koji se mogu tumačiti kao temelji izjave o radu. Skripta olakšava studentima ostvarivanje očekivanih ishoda učenja, odnosno osvješćivanje potpunog procesa realizacije suvremene autorske skulpture, od osmišljavanja ideje do izvedbe rada i promišljanja njegova postava u prostoru. The script for the course Sculpture 2 at the Graduate Study of the Department of Sculpture of the Art Academy in Split continues on the script for the course Sculpture 1 from the previous semester. Fifteen teaching units are arranged in sequences consistent with real sculptural practice. The possibility of perception and articulation of new content is one of the most important aspects of the development of the author's work process. The emphasis is on its openness and improvement, as an upgrade of knowledge from the previous semester. Throughout the script, the basic structure of the creative process is determined, but now at a more demanding level. The attention paid to the language of art, as a fundamental and unifying aspect of the work, this semester is further emphasized and presented by a series of selected visual examples, as well as examples of quotations from authors that can be interpreted as the basis of the artist’s statement. The script makes it easier for students to achieve the expected learning outcomes, i.e. awareness of the full process of realization of contemporary author's sculpture, from conceiving an idea to performing the work, and thinking about its layout in exhibition space.

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    Authors: Madunić, Antonia;

    This thesis is depicting narrative forms of oral literature of the Duvno region. It encompasses historical and etiological folklore narrations as well as a rewiew of church-folk heritage. Historical folklore myths are mostly concerned with sufferings that the people of the area experienced during the Ottoman occupation, but they also touch on legends of the first croatian king- Tomislav. Etiological narrations, on the other hand, are useful in explaining the origin of names of various localities. Regarding church-folk inheritance, it is important to note that Easter and Christmas traditions are the best indicators of the preservation of tradition. Dawn church masses, setting tree branches on fire (known as „badnjak“), washing face in floral water, and egg taping are just some of those traditions that can be found in Duvno region. Wedding ceremonials are mostly accompained by folk hymns, while the day of St. Nikola Tavelić, the patron saint of the Duvno basilica, takes place every July, gathering many residents of the region together. All in all, this thesis is concerned with many Christian and folk traditions that are typical for the region but are threatened to fall into oblivion. It is of paramount importance for these traditions and folk narrations to be permanently noted and archived and consequently protected from their disappearance in the region's identity. U ovom radu prikazani su usmenoknjiževni oblici duvanjskog kraja. Oni obuhvaćaju povijesne i etiološke predaje kao i osvrt na crkveno-pučku baštinu. Povijesne predaje, najvećim dijelom tiču se patnji i stradanja za vrijeme osmanske okupacije i podataka o prvom hrvatskom kralju Tomislavu. S druge strane, etiološke predaje donose nam podatke o podrijetlu naziva određenih lokaliteta. Kada je riječ o crkveno-pučkoj baštini važno je naglasiti kako su uskrsni i božićni običaji najbolji pokazatelj njegovanja tradicije. Mise zornice, paljenje badnjaka, post, umivanje u cvjetnoj vodi i tucanje jajima samo su neki od običaja koji su zastupljeni na području duvanjskog kraja. Svadbe i vjenčanja najčešće su popraćene izvođenjem seoskih himni, a manifestacija pod nazivom Dani svetog Nikole Tavelića održava se svake godine u srpnju i okuplja velikog broj Duvnjaka koji štuju istoimenog sveca, a koji je ujedno i zaštitnik duvanjske bazilike. U suštini, rad donosi mnogobrojne kršćanske i pučke običaje koji su karakteristični za duvanjski kraj, a kojima, nažalost, prijeti zaborav. Iznimno je važno da spomenuti običaji ostanu trajno zabilježeni i sačuvani od zaborava kao obilježje našeg identiteta

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    Authors: Marinović, Josipa-Verena;

    In this paper we are going to talk about the cultural heritage of the Ljubuski region in ethnological, anthropological and historical terms. At the beginning, in order to get an insight into the customs and life of the people in this area, we researched something about the city itself, about its location and history. In the continuation of our work, we researched various customs that are associated with different holidays throughout the year from Christmas to Easter, and through the great saints who are especially revered. In the paper, we also talked about customs that are associated with various celebrations and ceremonies, such as weddings and funerals. After that, we dealt with legends related to the origin of the names of certain places and hamlets that are specific. In the end, we also touched on historical figures who are associated with the Ljubuski region, where Duke Stjepan Vuksič Kosača stands out, with whom the origin of the town itself and the hajduk Andrijica Šimić are also associated. In the paper, we also gave examples of some songs that were sung at various celebrations and gatherings, and prayers that were especially addressed to some saints. U ovom radu govorimo o kulturnoj baštini ljubuškog kraja u etnološkom, antropološkom i povijesnom smislu. Na početku, kako bi mogli dobiti uvid u običaje i život ljudi u ovome kraju, istražili smo nešto o samom gradu, o njegovu smještaju i povijesti. U nastavku rada bavili smo se istraživanjem različitih običaja koji se vežu uz različite blagdane kroz godinu od Božića do Uskrsa, pa preko velikih svetaca koji se osobito štuju. U radu smo govorili i o običajima koji se vežu uz različita slavlja i obrede, poput vjenčanja i sprovoda. Nakon toga bavili smo se predajama vezanim uz nastanak imena pojedinih mjesta i zaseoka koja su specifična. Na kraju smo se dotakli i povijesnih osoba koje se vežu uz ljubuški kraj gdje se posebno ističe herceg Stjepan Vuksič Kosača uz kojeg se veže i nastanak samog grada te hajduk Andrijica Šimić. U radu smo naveli i primjere nekih pjesmica koje su pjevale na različitim slavljima i druženjima te molitve koje su bile posebno upućene nekim svecima.

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    Authors: Mušterić, Marina;

    Rad ne sadrži sažetak.

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    Authors: Burica, Matea;

    Oral literature is the oldest and longest-running type of literature which begun to collect, note and study not until the 18th century. Evolution and continuity of ecclesiastical folk singing repertoire could be traced due to numerous handwritten collections assembled by the priests, and transcribed by the singers. In this paper, traditional religious oral lyric of the Holy Week on the Island of Solta. The objective is to present the songs that are sung in the Parish of st. Stephen in Grohote, but also to depict the customs of our ancestors. Likewise, the objective of this paper is to note those customs, in order to preserve them at least in written form, considering that the younger generations do not care about aforesaid. In Grohote on the Island of Solta exist two issues – the first being that by publishing booklets of church singing every few years, the form is modified so that every following edition contains more and more new literary forms, and less Solta’s genuine. Another issue, even greater, is that no one except the elderly attends Holy Mass. Younger population, the ones that are supposed to inherit the cultural heritage and preserve tradition from oblivion, have entirely different interests. Thus, one day, when the elderly population is gone, the Church and entire Solta’s tradition will also be. Usmena je književnost najstarija i najdugotrajnija vrsta književnosti koja se počinje sakupljati, zapisivati i proučavati tek u XVIII. stoljeću. Razvoj i kontinuitet repertoara crkvenog pučkog pjevanja može se pratiti zahvaljujući brojnim rukopisnim zbirkama koje su sastavljali svećenici, a prepisivali pjevači. U ovom završnom radu predstavljena je tradicijska vjerska usmena lirika u Velikom tjednu na Šolti. Cilj je bio prikazati pjesme koje se pjevaju u župi Svetog Stjepana u Grohotama, ali i prikazati običaje naših predaka. Također, cilj ovog rada bio je i zapisati te običaje kako bi oni postojali barem na papiru, budući da mlađe generacije ne mare za običaje. U Grohotama na Šolti postoje dva problema. Prvi je taj što se izdavanjem knjižica s crkvenim pjesmama svako nekoliko godina mijenjaju oblici pjesama pa se tako sa svakim novim izdanjem može vidjeti sve više književnih oblika, a sve manje onih šoltanskih, izvornih. Drugi, još veći problem, jest taj što skoro nitko osim starih ljudi više ne dolazi na svetu misu. Mlado stanovništvo, oni koji bi trebali naslijediti kulturnu baštinu i sačuvati tradiciju od zaborava, imaju potpuno drugačije interese. Tako će jednoga dana, kada nestane starog stanovništva s otoka, nestati i Crkva i cijela šoltanska tradicija.

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    Authors: Radovan, Josip;

    Traditional cultural heritage includes different customs, traditions and goods that are part of the history of a nation. By passing these customs and traditions down from generation to generation, the nation is enriched on both cultural and spiritual level, creating a priceless fortune for the generations to come. Oral traditions, customs and beliefs play an important role in the lives of the elderly people who have helped in preserving them. A lot of the customs, traditions and beliefs are being kept alive even today, and they are all, to a certain extent, implemented in the contemporary lives of the people residing in a certain area. Annual customs are repeated year after year and they are mostly connected to certain dates in the Liturgical calendar. This paper talks about the annual folk customs related to certain holidays and memorial days, such as Christmas Eve, Christmas, New Year's Eve, Epiphany, Great Carnivals, Easter, All Saints' Day, and other saints-related memorial days celebrated in Dugopolje. Some general information and characteristics of the mentioned holidays and memorial days are noted, along with some local specialties typical for the Dugopolje area. Tradicijska kulturna baština skup je običaja, tradicija i dobara u povijesti nekog naroda. Prenošenjem običaja i tradicija s generacije na generaciju narod dobiva na kulturnom i duhovnom planu, stvarajući budućim naraštajima bogatstvo koje je neprocjenjivo. Usmene predaje, običaji i vjerovanja igraju važnu ulogu u životima starijih ljudi koji su pomogli u njihovom očuvanju. Neki običaji, tradicije i vjerovanja i dan danas se čuvaju, a implementirani su, makar malim dijelom, u suvremene živote naroda koji tu živi. Godišnji običaji ponavljaju se iz godine u godinu, a uglavnom su vezani uz određene crkveno-kalendarske datume. U ovom se radu navode godišnji narodni običaji vezani uz pojedine blagdane i spomendane, kao što su Badnji dan, Božić, Nova Godina, Sveta Tri Kralja, Velike Poklade, Uskrs, Svi Sveti, ali i spomendani brojnih svetaca koji se slave u Dugopolju. Zabilježene su opće karakteristike pojedinih blagdana i spomendana, kao i lokalne posebnosti karakteristične za dugopoljski kraj.

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