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702 Research products, page 1 of 71

  • 2013-2022
  • Open Access
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  • ELTE Digital Institutional Repository (EDIT)

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  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2017
    Open Access Hungarian
    Authors: 
    Milan Harvalík;
    Publisher: Uppsala-Budapest
    Country: Hungary
    Project: EC | COLLMOT (227878)
  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Alexandra Markó; Andrea Deme; Márton Bartók; Tekla Etelka Gráczi; Tamás Gábor Csapó;
    Country: Hungary
    Project: EC | COLLMOT (227878)

    We examined vowel-initial irregular phonation in real words as a function of vowel quality, backness and height, and speech rate in Hungarian. We analyzed two types of irregular phonation: glottalization and glottal stop. We found that open vowels elicited more irregular phonation than mid and close ones, but we found no effect of the backness. The frequency of irregular phonation was lower in fast than in slow speech. Inconsistently with the claims of earlier studies, the relative frequency of glottalization to glottal stops was not influenced by speech rate in general. However, while /i/ was produced with a relatively higher ratio of glottal stops in fast speech, the open vowels showed the widely documented tendency of being realized with relatively less glottal stops under the same conditions.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Kelényi, Borbála;
    Country: Hungary
    Project: EC | COLLMOT (227878)
  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Reto Burri; Alexander Nater; Takeshi Kawakami; Carina F. Mugal; Pall I. Olason; Linnéa Smeds; Alexander Suh; Ludovic Dutoit; Stanislav Bureš; László Zsolt Garamszegi; +8 more
    Publisher: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
    Countries: Spain, Sweden, Hungary
    Project: SNSF | Genomics of reproductive ... (140171), SNSF | Genomics of reproductive ... (134299), EC | NEXTGENMOLECOL (249976)

    Speciation is a continuous process during which genetic changes gradually accumulate in the genomes of diverging species. Recent studies have documented highly heterogeneous differentiation landscapes, with distinct regions of elevated differentiation (“differentiation islands”) widespread across genomes. However, it remains unclear which processes drive the evolution of differentiation islands; how the differentiation landscape evolves as speciation advances; and ultimately, how differentiation islands are related to speciation. Here, we addressed these questions based on population genetic analyses of 200 resequenced genomes from 10 populations of four Ficedula flycatcher sister species. We show that a heterogeneous differentiation landscape starts emerging among populations within species, and differentiation islands evolve recurrently in the very same genomic regions among independent lineages. Contrary to expectations from models that interpret differentiation islands as genomic regions involved in reproductive isolation that are shielded from gene flow, patterns of sequence divergence (dxy and relative node depth) do not support a major role of gene flow in the evolution of the differentiation landscape in these species. Instead, as predicted by models of linked selection, genome-wide variation in diversity and differentiation can be explained by variation in recombination rate and the density of targets for selection. We thus conclude that the heterogeneous landscape of differentiation in Ficedula flycatchers evolves mainly as the result of background selection and selective sweeps in genomic regions of low recombination. Our results emphasize the necessity of incorporating linked selection as a null model to identify genome regions involved in adaptation and speciation. Peer reviewed

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Müller, Márta;
    Publisher: ELTE Germanistisches Institut
    Country: Hungary
    Project: EC | COLLMOT (227878)
  • Publication . Article . 2018
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Bodó, Csanád; Heltai, János Imre;
    Country: Hungary
    Project: EC | COLLMOT (227878)
  • Open Access Hungarian
    Authors: 
    unknown;
    Publisher: Budapest
    Country: Hungary
    Project: EC | COLLMOT (227878)

    A kötet a Magyar Gyógypedagógusok Egyesületének éves szakmai konferenciáján elhangzott előadások alapján készült rövid tanulmányokat tartalmazza. A kötet bemutatja, hogy a szakemberek és segítő szervezetek közreműködésével miként lehet elősegíteni a speciális társadalmi megsegítést igényló gyermekek, fiatalok és felnőttek életminőségének javulását, esélyegyenlőségének megvalósulását.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Csaba Ferencz; G.V. Lizunov; François Crespon; Ivan Price; Ludmil Bankov; Dorota Przepiórka; Klaus Brieß; Denis Dudkin; Andrey Girenko; Valery Korepanov; +10 more
    Publisher: EDP Sciences
    Country: Hungary
    Project: EC | POPDAT (263240)

    In the frame of the FP7 POPDAT project the Ionosphere Waves Service (IWS) has been developed and opened for public access by ionosphere experts. IWS is forming a database, derived from archived ionospheric wave records to assist the ionosphere and Space Weather research, and to answer the following questions: How can the data of earlier ionospheric missions be reprocessed with current algorithms to gain more profitable results? How could the scientific community be provided with a new insight on wave processes that take place in the ionosphere? The answer is a specific and unique data mining service accessing a collection of topical catalogs that characterize a huge number of recorded occurrences of Whistler-like Electromagnetic Wave Phenomena, Atmosphere Gravity Waves, and Traveling Ionosphere Disturbances. IWS online service (http://popdat.cbk.waw.pl) offers end users to query optional set of predefined wave phenomena, their detailed characteristics. These were collected by target specific event detection algorithms in selected satellite records during database buildup phase. Result of performed wave processing thus represents useful information on statistical or comparative investigations of wave types, listed in a detailed catalog of ionospheric wave phenomena. The IWS provides wave event characteristics, extracted by specific software systems from data records of the selected satellite missions. The end-user can access targets by making specific searches and use statistical modules within the service in their field of interest. Therefore the IWS opens a new way in ionosphere and Space Weather research. The scientific applications covered by IWS concern beyond Space Weather also other fields like earthquake precursors, ionosphere climatology, geomagnetic storms, troposphere-ionosphere energy transfer, and trans-ionosphere link perturbations. © 2014 C. Ferencz et al.

  • Open Access Hungarian
    Authors: 
    Orsolya Endrődy-Nagy;
    Country: Hungary
    Project: EC | COLLMOT (227878)

    - -

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Péter Ábrahám; Kóspál; M. Kun; O. Fehér; G. Zsidi; J. A. Acosta-Pulido; M. I. Carnerero; D. Garcia-Alvarez; Attila Moór; B. Cseh; +17 more
    Country: Hungary
    Project: EC | SACCRED (716155)

    V582 Aur is an FU Ori-type young eruptive star in outburst since $\sim$1985. The eruption is currently in a relatively constant plateau phase, with photometric and spectroscopic variability superimposed. Here we will characterize the progenitor of the outbursting object, explore its environment, and analyse the temporal evolution of the eruption. We are particularly interested in the physical origin of the two deep photometric dips, one occurred in 2012, and one is ongoing since 2016. We collected archival photographic plates, and carried out new optical, infrared, and millimeter wave photometric and spectroscopic observations between 2010 and 2017, with high sampling rate during the current minimum. Beside analysing the color changes during fading, we compiled multiepoch spectral energy distributions, and fitted them with a simple accretion disk model. Based on pre-outburst data and a millimeter continuum measurement, we suggest that the progenitor of the V582 Aur outburst is a low-mass T Tauri star with average properties. The mass of an unresolved circumstellar structure, probably a disk, is 0.04 M$_{\odot}$. The optical and near-infrared spectra demonstrate the presence of hydrogen and metallic lines, show the CO bandhead in absorption, and exhibit a variable H$\alpha$ profile. The color variations strongly indicate that both the $\sim$1 year long brightness dip in 2012, and the current minimum since 2016 are caused by increased extinction along the line of sight. According to our accretion disk models, the reddening changed from $A_V$=4.5 mag to 12.5 mag, while the accretion rate remained practically constant. Similarly to the models of the UXor phenomenon of intermediate and low-mass young stars, orbiting disk structures could be responsible for the eclipses. Comment: 20 pages, 11 figures, accepted for publication in ApJ

Advanced search in
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
702 Research products, page 1 of 71
  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2017
    Open Access Hungarian
    Authors: 
    Milan Harvalík;
    Publisher: Uppsala-Budapest
    Country: Hungary
    Project: EC | COLLMOT (227878)
  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Alexandra Markó; Andrea Deme; Márton Bartók; Tekla Etelka Gráczi; Tamás Gábor Csapó;
    Country: Hungary
    Project: EC | COLLMOT (227878)

    We examined vowel-initial irregular phonation in real words as a function of vowel quality, backness and height, and speech rate in Hungarian. We analyzed two types of irregular phonation: glottalization and glottal stop. We found that open vowels elicited more irregular phonation than mid and close ones, but we found no effect of the backness. The frequency of irregular phonation was lower in fast than in slow speech. Inconsistently with the claims of earlier studies, the relative frequency of glottalization to glottal stops was not influenced by speech rate in general. However, while /i/ was produced with a relatively higher ratio of glottal stops in fast speech, the open vowels showed the widely documented tendency of being realized with relatively less glottal stops under the same conditions.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Kelényi, Borbála;
    Country: Hungary
    Project: EC | COLLMOT (227878)
  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Reto Burri; Alexander Nater; Takeshi Kawakami; Carina F. Mugal; Pall I. Olason; Linnéa Smeds; Alexander Suh; Ludovic Dutoit; Stanislav Bureš; László Zsolt Garamszegi; +8 more
    Publisher: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
    Countries: Spain, Sweden, Hungary
    Project: SNSF | Genomics of reproductive ... (140171), SNSF | Genomics of reproductive ... (134299), EC | NEXTGENMOLECOL (249976)

    Speciation is a continuous process during which genetic changes gradually accumulate in the genomes of diverging species. Recent studies have documented highly heterogeneous differentiation landscapes, with distinct regions of elevated differentiation (“differentiation islands”) widespread across genomes. However, it remains unclear which processes drive the evolution of differentiation islands; how the differentiation landscape evolves as speciation advances; and ultimately, how differentiation islands are related to speciation. Here, we addressed these questions based on population genetic analyses of 200 resequenced genomes from 10 populations of four Ficedula flycatcher sister species. We show that a heterogeneous differentiation landscape starts emerging among populations within species, and differentiation islands evolve recurrently in the very same genomic regions among independent lineages. Contrary to expectations from models that interpret differentiation islands as genomic regions involved in reproductive isolation that are shielded from gene flow, patterns of sequence divergence (dxy and relative node depth) do not support a major role of gene flow in the evolution of the differentiation landscape in these species. Instead, as predicted by models of linked selection, genome-wide variation in diversity and differentiation can be explained by variation in recombination rate and the density of targets for selection. We thus conclude that the heterogeneous landscape of differentiation in Ficedula flycatchers evolves mainly as the result of background selection and selective sweeps in genomic regions of low recombination. Our results emphasize the necessity of incorporating linked selection as a null model to identify genome regions involved in adaptation and speciation. Peer reviewed

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Müller, Márta;
    Publisher: ELTE Germanistisches Institut
    Country: Hungary
    Project: EC | COLLMOT (227878)
  • Publication . Article . 2018
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Bodó, Csanád; Heltai, János Imre;
    Country: Hungary
    Project: EC | COLLMOT (227878)
  • Open Access Hungarian
    Authors: 
    unknown;
    Publisher: Budapest
    Country: Hungary
    Project: EC | COLLMOT (227878)

    A kötet a Magyar Gyógypedagógusok Egyesületének éves szakmai konferenciáján elhangzott előadások alapján készült rövid tanulmányokat tartalmazza. A kötet bemutatja, hogy a szakemberek és segítő szervezetek közreműködésével miként lehet elősegíteni a speciális társadalmi megsegítést igényló gyermekek, fiatalok és felnőttek életminőségének javulását, esélyegyenlőségének megvalósulását.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Csaba Ferencz; G.V. Lizunov; François Crespon; Ivan Price; Ludmil Bankov; Dorota Przepiórka; Klaus Brieß; Denis Dudkin; Andrey Girenko; Valery Korepanov; +10 more
    Publisher: EDP Sciences
    Country: Hungary
    Project: EC | POPDAT (263240)

    In the frame of the FP7 POPDAT project the Ionosphere Waves Service (IWS) has been developed and opened for public access by ionosphere experts. IWS is forming a database, derived from archived ionospheric wave records to assist the ionosphere and Space Weather research, and to answer the following questions: How can the data of earlier ionospheric missions be reprocessed with current algorithms to gain more profitable results? How could the scientific community be provided with a new insight on wave processes that take place in the ionosphere? The answer is a specific and unique data mining service accessing a collection of topical catalogs that characterize a huge number of recorded occurrences of Whistler-like Electromagnetic Wave Phenomena, Atmosphere Gravity Waves, and Traveling Ionosphere Disturbances. IWS online service (http://popdat.cbk.waw.pl) offers end users to query optional set of predefined wave phenomena, their detailed characteristics. These were collected by target specific event detection algorithms in selected satellite records during database buildup phase. Result of performed wave processing thus represents useful information on statistical or comparative investigations of wave types, listed in a detailed catalog of ionospheric wave phenomena. The IWS provides wave event characteristics, extracted by specific software systems from data records of the selected satellite missions. The end-user can access targets by making specific searches and use statistical modules within the service in their field of interest. Therefore the IWS opens a new way in ionosphere and Space Weather research. The scientific applications covered by IWS concern beyond Space Weather also other fields like earthquake precursors, ionosphere climatology, geomagnetic storms, troposphere-ionosphere energy transfer, and trans-ionosphere link perturbations. © 2014 C. Ferencz et al.

  • Open Access Hungarian
    Authors: 
    Orsolya Endrődy-Nagy;
    Country: Hungary
    Project: EC | COLLMOT (227878)

    - -

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Péter Ábrahám; Kóspál; M. Kun; O. Fehér; G. Zsidi; J. A. Acosta-Pulido; M. I. Carnerero; D. Garcia-Alvarez; Attila Moór; B. Cseh; +17 more
    Country: Hungary
    Project: EC | SACCRED (716155)

    V582 Aur is an FU Ori-type young eruptive star in outburst since $\sim$1985. The eruption is currently in a relatively constant plateau phase, with photometric and spectroscopic variability superimposed. Here we will characterize the progenitor of the outbursting object, explore its environment, and analyse the temporal evolution of the eruption. We are particularly interested in the physical origin of the two deep photometric dips, one occurred in 2012, and one is ongoing since 2016. We collected archival photographic plates, and carried out new optical, infrared, and millimeter wave photometric and spectroscopic observations between 2010 and 2017, with high sampling rate during the current minimum. Beside analysing the color changes during fading, we compiled multiepoch spectral energy distributions, and fitted them with a simple accretion disk model. Based on pre-outburst data and a millimeter continuum measurement, we suggest that the progenitor of the V582 Aur outburst is a low-mass T Tauri star with average properties. The mass of an unresolved circumstellar structure, probably a disk, is 0.04 M$_{\odot}$. The optical and near-infrared spectra demonstrate the presence of hydrogen and metallic lines, show the CO bandhead in absorption, and exhibit a variable H$\alpha$ profile. The color variations strongly indicate that both the $\sim$1 year long brightness dip in 2012, and the current minimum since 2016 are caused by increased extinction along the line of sight. According to our accretion disk models, the reddening changed from $A_V$=4.5 mag to 12.5 mag, while the accretion rate remained practically constant. Similarly to the models of the UXor phenomenon of intermediate and low-mass young stars, orbiting disk structures could be responsible for the eclipses. Comment: 20 pages, 11 figures, accepted for publication in ApJ

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