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  • 2013-2022
  • Open Access
  • Part of book or chapter of book
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  • Digital Humanities and Cultural Heritage

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  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Other literature type . Article . 2016
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Eva Soom Ammann; Corina Salis Gross; Gabriela Rauber;
    Country: Switzerland
    Project: SNSF | 'Doing death' and 'doing ... (139365)

    This paper focuses on the normative notion of ‘good death’, its practical relevance as a frame of reference for ‘death work’ procedures in institutional elder care in Switzerland and the ways in which it may be challenged within migrant ‘dying trajectories’. In contemporary palliative care, the concept of ‘good death’ focuses on the ideal of an autonomous dying person, cared for under a specialised biomedical authority. Transferred to the nursing home context, characterised by long-term basic care for the very old under conditions of scarce resources, the notion of ‘good death’ is broken down into ready-to-use, pragmatic elements of daily routines. At the same time, nursing homes are increasingly confronted with socially and culturally diversified populations. Based on ethnographic findings, we give insight into current practices of institutional ‘death work’ and tensions arising between contradicting notions of a ‘good death’, by referring to decision-making, life-prolonging measures, notions on food/feeding and the administration of sedative painkillers.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Arena, Francesca;
    Publisher: Le Mans Université
    Country: Switzerland

    Almost entirely overlooked throughout the 20th century, neglected by contemporary medical manuals, the clitoris has gradually returned centre stage thanks to Western feminism.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2020
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Roland Walter;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing

    Astrophysics deals with important questions characterizing human nature. Most of our knowledge was obtained in the last century. The data resulting from these explorations, collected in space or on ground, are of great value, encoding our knowledge of the Universe, of our past and of our future. With the emergence of clouds and deep learning, high level interfaces to these data could evolve towards providing direct access to knowledge. The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs can play a role towards a consensus in establishing a code of conduct on data handling and promoting the data and knowledge on the Universe as an intangible world cultural heritage.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2020
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Juliano Efson Sales; André Freitas; Siegfried Handschuh;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing

    This paper shows the preliminary results of an initial effort to analyse whether explanations associated with a semantic parser help users to generalise the system’s mechanisms regardless of their technical background. With the support of a user-centred experiment with 66 participants, we evaluated the user’s mental model by associating the linguistic features from a set of explanations to the system’s behaviour.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Book . Other literature type . 2018
    Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Bähler, Ursula;
    Publisher: Publications de l’École nationale des chartes
    Country: Switzerland

    PREMIÈRE APPROCHE TERMINOLOGIQUE Dès le premier cours donné en 1861 par Gaston Paris, alors âge de vingt-deux ans, au quai Malaquais, la typologie de la littérature française du Moyen Âge qui sera celle du philologue pendant plus de quarante ans est fixée : Histoire de la littérature française du moyen âge1[è]re Leçon. — Préliminaires. — Origines, formation et phases successives de la langue.2e Leçon. — Anciennes traditions épiques.3e Leçon. — Les épopées Carlovingiennes. — La...

  • Publication . Other literature type . Part of book or chapter of book . 2013
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Najeh Hajlaoui; Andrei Popescu-Belis;
    Publisher: Springer
    Country: Switzerland

    Automatic metrics for the evaluation of machine translation (MT) compute scores that characterize globally certain aspects of MT quality such as adequacy and fluency. This paper introduces a reference-based metric that is focused on a particular class of function words, namely discourse connectives, of particular importance for text structuring, and rather challenging for MT. To measure the accuracy of connective translation (ACT), the metric relies on automatic word-level alignment between a source sentence and respectively the reference and candidate translations, along with other heuristics for comparing translations of discourse connectives. Using a dictionary of equivalents, the translations are scored automatically, or, for better precision, semi-automatically. The precision of the ACT metric is assessed by human judges on sample data for English/French and English/Arabic translations: the ACT scores are on average within 2% of human scores. The ACT metric is then applied to several commercial and research MT systems, providing an assessment of their performance on discourse connectives.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Other literature type . Article . 2013
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Anne Condamines; Amélie Josselin-Leray; Cécile Fabre; Luce Lefeuvre; Aurélie Picton; Josette Rebeyrolle;
    Publisher: The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Countries: France, Switzerland

    V International Conference on Corpus Linguistics (CILC2013); International audience; The paper presents the early stage of the CRISTAL project, an original French project involving linguists, computer researchers and a firm specializing in multilingual text management. What is at stake from a linguistic point of view is a deeper analysis of the notion of Knowledge Rich Context proposed by Meyer (2001). Using comparable corpora, it analyzes how the notion of KRC can vary according to text genre and/or type of users.

  • Publication . Article . Part of book or chapter of book . 2017
    Open Access

    France’s hesitant stance on EU enlargement towards the Balkans is illustrative of a broader ambivalence among both French elites and citizens towards the European project. Despite principled support for the Balkans’ EU membership, achieving this step is no strategic priority for France. The official approach emphasizes strict conditionality and a rigorous monitoring of reform progress in aspirant countries. A hostile public opinion and superficial media coverage further strengthen the country’s reluctance to admit new, possibly unprepared candidates into the Union. Analysing the historical evolution of the French position on EU enlargement as well as its current political, institutional and societal expressions, this article construes France’s disinvestment from the Balkans’ EU perspective as the result of failed expectations and a growing disillusionment with the EU’s international role and its political future more broadly. Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, 17 (4)

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Fischer, Gyongyver Jennifer; Godefroid, Fabienne; Kindler, Pascal; Baldessin, Erika;
    Country: Switzerland

    Preliminary biostratigraphic and geochronological results obtained from a 44 m-long core drilled on the northern coast of Mayaguana Island (SE Bahamas) show that the topmost layers of the core date from the Burdigalian (Early Miocene), whereas the deepest units are of Chattian (Late Oligocene) or Aquitanian (Earliest Miocene) age. Accordingly, the platform aggraded 44 m of sediments in a 10 to 3 my time span, from the Chattian/Aquitanian to the Burdigalian, whereas previous surface investigations of the island showed that only 11 m of carbonates were accumulated in a 17 my-long period, between the Burdigalian and the Early Pleistocene. This new record shows that the accumulation rate of the Mayaguana Bank was much higher during the Late Paleogene/Early Miocene than during the time interval from the Middle Miocene to the Pleistocene. This decrease is likely due to vertical tectonic motions related to the late phases of the Cuban orogeny which reduced accommodation on the platform top. These results designate the Mayaguana Bank as an accurate gauge to record the elevation of sea-level highstands during the Neogene

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2020
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Delphine Carron;
    Publisher: Firenze University Press

    At the turn of the fourteenth century (1295-1301), the Florentine Dominican Remigio de’ Girolami produced a collection of essential texts connected to events in Florentine politics that present the testimony of a well-informed intellectual directly involved in the Communal crises. This article proposes to analyze, as a case study, the influence of Remigio’s five sermons on Florentine communal life. His preaching in reaction to the crises shaking Florence happened in dialogue with the institutions and citizens of the Commune. It bears witness to the interactions between Santa Maria Novella and the city of Florence and contributes to the development of the political philosophy of its time.

Advanced search in
Research products
arrow_drop_down
Searching FieldsTerms
Any field
arrow_drop_down
includes
arrow_drop_down
Include:
270 Research products, page 1 of 27
  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Other literature type . Article . 2016
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Eva Soom Ammann; Corina Salis Gross; Gabriela Rauber;
    Country: Switzerland
    Project: SNSF | 'Doing death' and 'doing ... (139365)

    This paper focuses on the normative notion of ‘good death’, its practical relevance as a frame of reference for ‘death work’ procedures in institutional elder care in Switzerland and the ways in which it may be challenged within migrant ‘dying trajectories’. In contemporary palliative care, the concept of ‘good death’ focuses on the ideal of an autonomous dying person, cared for under a specialised biomedical authority. Transferred to the nursing home context, characterised by long-term basic care for the very old under conditions of scarce resources, the notion of ‘good death’ is broken down into ready-to-use, pragmatic elements of daily routines. At the same time, nursing homes are increasingly confronted with socially and culturally diversified populations. Based on ethnographic findings, we give insight into current practices of institutional ‘death work’ and tensions arising between contradicting notions of a ‘good death’, by referring to decision-making, life-prolonging measures, notions on food/feeding and the administration of sedative painkillers.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2021
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Arena, Francesca;
    Publisher: Le Mans Université
    Country: Switzerland

    Almost entirely overlooked throughout the 20th century, neglected by contemporary medical manuals, the clitoris has gradually returned centre stage thanks to Western feminism.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2020
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Roland Walter;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing

    Astrophysics deals with important questions characterizing human nature. Most of our knowledge was obtained in the last century. The data resulting from these explorations, collected in space or on ground, are of great value, encoding our knowledge of the Universe, of our past and of our future. With the emergence of clouds and deep learning, high level interfaces to these data could evolve towards providing direct access to knowledge. The United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs can play a role towards a consensus in establishing a code of conduct on data handling and promoting the data and knowledge on the Universe as an intangible world cultural heritage.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2020
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Juliano Efson Sales; André Freitas; Siegfried Handschuh;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing

    This paper shows the preliminary results of an initial effort to analyse whether explanations associated with a semantic parser help users to generalise the system’s mechanisms regardless of their technical background. With the support of a user-centred experiment with 66 participants, we evaluated the user’s mental model by associating the linguistic features from a set of explanations to the system’s behaviour.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Book . Other literature type . 2018
    Open Access French
    Authors: 
    Bähler, Ursula;
    Publisher: Publications de l’École nationale des chartes
    Country: Switzerland

    PREMIÈRE APPROCHE TERMINOLOGIQUE Dès le premier cours donné en 1861 par Gaston Paris, alors âge de vingt-deux ans, au quai Malaquais, la typologie de la littérature française du Moyen Âge qui sera celle du philologue pendant plus de quarante ans est fixée : Histoire de la littérature française du moyen âge1[è]re Leçon. — Préliminaires. — Origines, formation et phases successives de la langue.2e Leçon. — Anciennes traditions épiques.3e Leçon. — Les épopées Carlovingiennes. — La...

  • Publication . Other literature type . Part of book or chapter of book . 2013
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Najeh Hajlaoui; Andrei Popescu-Belis;
    Publisher: Springer
    Country: Switzerland

    Automatic metrics for the evaluation of machine translation (MT) compute scores that characterize globally certain aspects of MT quality such as adequacy and fluency. This paper introduces a reference-based metric that is focused on a particular class of function words, namely discourse connectives, of particular importance for text structuring, and rather challenging for MT. To measure the accuracy of connective translation (ACT), the metric relies on automatic word-level alignment between a source sentence and respectively the reference and candidate translations, along with other heuristics for comparing translations of discourse connectives. Using a dictionary of equivalents, the translations are scored automatically, or, for better precision, semi-automatically. The precision of the ACT metric is assessed by human judges on sample data for English/French and English/Arabic translations: the ACT scores are on average within 2% of human scores. The ACT metric is then applied to several commercial and research MT systems, providing an assessment of their performance on discourse connectives.

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . Other literature type . Article . 2013
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Anne Condamines; Amélie Josselin-Leray; Cécile Fabre; Luce Lefeuvre; Aurélie Picton; Josette Rebeyrolle;
    Publisher: The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
    Countries: France, Switzerland

    V International Conference on Corpus Linguistics (CILC2013); International audience; The paper presents the early stage of the CRISTAL project, an original French project involving linguists, computer researchers and a firm specializing in multilingual text management. What is at stake from a linguistic point of view is a deeper analysis of the notion of Knowledge Rich Context proposed by Meyer (2001). Using comparable corpora, it analyzes how the notion of KRC can vary according to text genre and/or type of users.

  • Publication . Article . Part of book or chapter of book . 2017
    Open Access

    France’s hesitant stance on EU enlargement towards the Balkans is illustrative of a broader ambivalence among both French elites and citizens towards the European project. Despite principled support for the Balkans’ EU membership, achieving this step is no strategic priority for France. The official approach emphasizes strict conditionality and a rigorous monitoring of reform progress in aspirant countries. A hostile public opinion and superficial media coverage further strengthen the country’s reluctance to admit new, possibly unprepared candidates into the Union. Analysing the historical evolution of the French position on EU enlargement as well as its current political, institutional and societal expressions, this article construes France’s disinvestment from the Balkans’ EU perspective as the result of failed expectations and a growing disillusionment with the EU’s international role and its political future more broadly. Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, 17 (4)

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Fischer, Gyongyver Jennifer; Godefroid, Fabienne; Kindler, Pascal; Baldessin, Erika;
    Country: Switzerland

    Preliminary biostratigraphic and geochronological results obtained from a 44 m-long core drilled on the northern coast of Mayaguana Island (SE Bahamas) show that the topmost layers of the core date from the Burdigalian (Early Miocene), whereas the deepest units are of Chattian (Late Oligocene) or Aquitanian (Earliest Miocene) age. Accordingly, the platform aggraded 44 m of sediments in a 10 to 3 my time span, from the Chattian/Aquitanian to the Burdigalian, whereas previous surface investigations of the island showed that only 11 m of carbonates were accumulated in a 17 my-long period, between the Burdigalian and the Early Pleistocene. This new record shows that the accumulation rate of the Mayaguana Bank was much higher during the Late Paleogene/Early Miocene than during the time interval from the Middle Miocene to the Pleistocene. This decrease is likely due to vertical tectonic motions related to the late phases of the Cuban orogeny which reduced accommodation on the platform top. These results designate the Mayaguana Bank as an accurate gauge to record the elevation of sea-level highstands during the Neogene

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2020
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Delphine Carron;
    Publisher: Firenze University Press

    At the turn of the fourteenth century (1295-1301), the Florentine Dominican Remigio de’ Girolami produced a collection of essential texts connected to events in Florentine politics that present the testimony of a well-informed intellectual directly involved in the Communal crises. This article proposes to analyze, as a case study, the influence of Remigio’s five sermons on Florentine communal life. His preaching in reaction to the crises shaking Florence happened in dialogue with the institutions and citizens of the Commune. It bears witness to the interactions between Santa Maria Novella and the city of Florence and contributes to the development of the political philosophy of its time.

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