contribution à un site web; Several countries in the Western Balkans have responded to the Covid-19 outbreak with draconian measures that entail a further erosion of democracy, writes Natasha Wunsch. She argues the pandemic is shining a spotlight on the impact of geopolitical competition in the Western Balkans, where authoritarian forces are undermining the EU’s democracy promotion efforts.
Project: UKRI | Centre for Climate Change... (ES/K006576/1)
CIFOR Infobrief 290; Entender los vínculos que existen entre adaptación y mitigación ayuda a identificar los cobeneficios y reduce las interacciones negativas entre estos dos ámbitos del cambio climático.Entre las barreras se encuentran el aislamiento institucional y la falta de información: los actores que trabajan en adaptación no están bien informados sobre las acciones de mitigación y viceversa.Los análisis de redes de políticas nos permiten ver con mayor claridad las interacciones que existen entre los actores que trabajan en adaptación y aquellos que trabajan en mitigación, y lo que se puede hacer para mejorarlas.También, nos muestran a los actores de siempre y a los inesperados que pueden facilitar los vínculos entre estos dos ámbitos.Este InfoBrief resume los hallazgos de un análisis de redes de políticas climáticas llevado a cabo en Perú y publicado en la revista Climate Policy (Locatelli et al. 2020).
Position paper for the work- shop on Sharing Perspectives on the Design of Shape-Changing Interfaces at the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI'16); We present the results of a focus group that aims at exploring deformable and shape-changing objects that are already surrounding users in their daily life. The reason why we are doing this is that, although shapechanging interfaces are becoming more popular, it is currently not clear what type of shape-changes are relevant for the design of these new devices. With our approach we hope to elicit new ideas of shape-change interaction. We discuss the implications for design and the future direction of this work.
European Research Area - Network on the Industrial Handling of Raw Materials for European Industries; roadmap of the "ERA-MIN" eranet; Non-energy and non-agricultural raw materials underpin the global economy and our quality of life. They are vital for the EU's economy and for the development of environmentally friendly technologies essential to European industries. However, the EU is highly dependent on imports, and securing supplies has therefore become crucial. A sustainable supply of mineral products and metals for European industry requires a more efficient and rational consumption, enhanced substitution and improved recycling. Recycling from scrap to raw materials has been rapidly gaining in quantity and efficiency over the last years. However, continuous re-use cannot provide alone the necessary quantities of mineral raw materials, due to i) recycling losses, ii) the worldwide growing demand in raw materials, and iii) the need of "new" elements for the industry. To fully meet future needs, metals and mineral products from primary sources will still be needed in the future. Most of them will continue to be imported from sources outside Europe; but others can, and should, be produced domestically. Advanced research and innovation are required to improve the capacity of existing technologies to discover new deposits, to improve the efficiency of the entire geomaterials life cycle from mineral extraction to the use as secondary resource of products at the end of their industrial life, and to reduce the environmental footprint of raw materials extraction and use. Research and innovation must be made to acquire knowledge as well, and to improve our basic understanding of all engineering and natural processes involved in the raw materials life cycle, as well as the coupling of these processes. Finally, research has to go beyond the present-day economic and technological constraints, and it should be closely associated with training and education in order to maintain existing skills and to share the most recent developments with the industrial sector. A long-term vision of research is necessary in order to have the capacity of evaluating the environmental and societal impacts of present and developing industrial activities and to imagine tomorrow's breakthrough concepts and technologies that will create new industrial opportunities. These objectives require the input of contrasted scientific and technical skills and competences (earth science, material science and technology, chemistry, physics, engineer, biology, engineering, environmental science, economy, social and human sciences, etc). An important challenge is to gather all these domains of expertise towards the same objective. The ERA-MIN Research Agenda aims at listing the most important topics of research and innovation that will contribute to i) secure the sustainable supply and management of non-energy and non-agricultural raw materials, and ii) offer opportunities of investment and employment opportunities in the EU.
Critical Review of Pourquoi les mathématiques sont-elles difficiles? by Lény Oumraou, preface by Jacques Dubucs, (Vuibert, « Philosophie des sciences » series, Paris, 2009, viii pages, 216 pages); International audience