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  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Fiona M. Lappin; Charles M. Medert; Kevin K. Hawkins; Sandra Mardonovich; Meng Wu; Richard C. Moore;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    Sex chromosomes are defined by a non-recombining sex-determining region (SDR) flanked by one or two pseudoautosomal regions (PARs). The genetic composition and evolutionary dynamics of the PAR is also influenced by its linkage to the differentiated non-recombining SDR; ...

  • Publication . Article . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    James Devillers;
    Publisher: MDPI AG

    Since the 1990s, the insect growth regulator pyriproxyfen has been widely used worldwide as a larvicide in vector control and in agriculture to fight a very large number of pests. Due to its widespread use it is of first importance to know how pyriproxyfen behaves in th...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Bhatt, Rashi; Gill, Michael J.; Hamilton, Healy; Han, Xuemei; Linden, Helaine M.; Young, Bruce E.;
    Publisher: Cambridge University Press (CUP)

    SummaryIndicators are necessary to monitor national progress toward commitments made to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), but countries often struggle to mobilize quantitative indicators for many biodiversity targets. Assessing the extent to which countries ...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Yamane, Kenichi; Nakaba, Satoshi; Yamaguchi, Masahiro; Kuroda, Katsushi; Sano, Yuzou; Lenggoro, I. Wuled; Izuta, Takeshi; Funada, Ryo;
    Publisher: MDPI AG

    We applied a method combining field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) with energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry (EDX) to visualize the deposition and localization of the submicron-sized ammonium sulfate (AS) particles. The AS particles emitted from an aeros...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Edna González-Bernal; Gregory P. Brown; Mathew S. Crowther; Richard Shine;
    Publisher: Wiley

    Although generalized habitat use may contribute to the success of invasive taxa, even species that are typically described as habitat generalists exhibit non-random patterns of habitat use. We measured abiotic and biotic factors in 42 plots (each 100 × 10 m) along a 4.2...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Bráulio Freitas de Marçal; Leonardo Esteves Lopes;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    AbstractManakins (Pipridae) are well-known by their promiscuous mating system. Nonetheless, scarce evidence suggests that the Helmeted Manakin Antilophia galeata, the only dichromatic manakin widely distributed in the South American Cerrado, is monogamic. We studied the...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    C. Beatty; Kate L. Mathers; C. Patel; Drew Constable; Paul J. Wood;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    AbstractThe increasing number of taxa being translocated across the globe is leading to many non-native species encountering indigenous taxa as well as other non-native species. Environmental heterogeneity may strongly influence the spatial distribution, habitat use and...

  • Authors: 
    Tao Wang; Qiu Wu; Ke Huang; Hong Zhang;
    Publisher: Binary Information Press

    For the drawbacks of GPS and GPS+pseudo-satellite deformation monitoring system, this paper analyzes the deformation monitoring system on the basis of pseudo-satellite, we introduce an improved genetic algorithm to implement the optimal distribution of the pseudo-satell...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    E. R. Toosi; John P. Schmidt; Michael J. Castellano;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    The transport and transformation of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) through the soil profile impact down-gradient ecosystems and are increasingly recognized as important factors affecting the balance between accumulation and mineral...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Jong Hum Kim; Christian Danve M. Castroverde;
    Publisher: MDPI AG

    The first layer of the plant immune system comprises plasma membrane-localized receptor proteins and intracellular receptors of the nucleotide-binding leucine-rich repeat protein superfamily. Together, these immune receptors act as a network of surveillance machines in ...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Dong Li; Lei Chen; Xiao Na Song; Guo Cheng Liu;
    Publisher: Trans Tech Publications, Ltd.

    Biochar has been applied in soil amelioration due to its multiple agricultural and environmental benefits. Biochar sample (BC) and biochar-based amendment (AD) were added into a poor quality soil (light sierozem) collected from Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region at the rates...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Atkinson, Beth; Bailey, Sallie; Vaughan, Ian Phillip; Memmott, Jane; Baeten, Lander;
    Country: United Kingdom

    Summary Testing restoration methods is essential for the development of restoration ecology as a science. It is also important to monitor a range of taxa, not just plants which have been the traditional focus of restoration ecology. Here, we compare the effects on groun...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Mercedes Uscola; Juan A. Oliet; Pedro Villar-Salvador; Eugenio Díaz-Pinés; Douglass F. Jacobs;
    Country: Spain

    Most studies examining inorganic N form effects on growth and nutrition of forest trees have been conducted on single species from boreal or temperate environments, while comparative studies with species from other biomes are scarce. We evaluated the response of two Med...

  • Publication . Conference object . 2014
    Authors: 
    Jinqiang Cui; Shupeng Lai; Xiangxu Dong; Peidong Liu; Ben M. Chen; Tong Heng Lee;
    Publisher: IEEE

    This paper presents a navigation system that enables small-scale unmanned aerial vehicles to navigate autonomously in foliage environment without GPS using a 2D laser range finder. The navigation framework consists of real-time onboard motion estimation and trajectory s...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Trevelline, Brian K.; Fontaine, Samantha S.; Hartup, Barry K.; Kohl, Kevin D.;
    Publisher: The Royal Society

    The central aim of conservation biology is to understand and mitigate the effects of human activities on biodiversity. To successfully achieve this objective, researchers must take an interdisciplinary approach that fully considers the effects, both direct and indirect,...

  • Authors: 
    D. D. Tiwari; S. B. Pandey; Nirmal Kumar Katiyar;
    Publisher: Gaurav Publications

    Field experiments were conducted to study the impact of stabilized N fertilizer on yield, nutrient uptake and soil quality under maize-wheat cropping sequence at Fertilizer Research Farm, Uttaripura, Kanpur Nagar (U. P.), Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture &...

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2013
    Authors: 
    Erika Pignatti; Sandro Pignatti;
    Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg

    This is a description of the vegetation composed essentially of shrubs (species of Salix or Alnus viridis) or else of tall herbs. It occurs in wet or shady habitats: forest clearings, on stones, along waterways, and on montane slopes in the foggy prealpine belt.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Umut Gunes Sefercik; Ayhan Ateşoğlu;
    Publisher: Italian Society of Sivilculture and Forest Ecology (SISEF)
    Country: Turkey

    In remote sensing, estimation of the forest stand height is an ever-challenging issue due to the difficulties encountered during the acquisition of data under forest canopies. Stereo optical imaging offers high spatial and spectral resolution; however, the optical corre...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    LeRoy Hansen;

    This paper presents the methodology, assumptions, and data used to generate regional and national environmental benefit estimates of the USDA's Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). It's assumed that, without the program, production and conservation practices on CRP lands...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Szymon Chmielewski; Tadeusz J. Chmielewski; Piotr Tompalski;
    Publisher: Institute of Agrophysics Polish Academy of Sciences

    A b s t r a c t. The aim of this research was to present the land cover structure and landscape diversity in the West Polesie Biosphere Reserve. The land cover classification was performed using Object Based Image Analysis in Trimble eCognition Developer 8 software. The...

  • Publication . Article . 2017
    Closed Access
    Authors: 
    T H Thomas;
    Publisher: SAGE Publications

    Vegetables are more important as a world food source than consideration solely of the area under cultivation would imply. Yet, although they are generally high-value crops the variety of plant species and cultural conditions embraced limits each one's economic potentia...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Xuejiao Wang; Lizhen Zhang; Jochem B. Evers; Lili Mao; Shoujun Wei; Xuebiao Pan; Xinhua Zhao; Wopke van der Werf; Zhaohu Li;
    Publisher: Oxford University Press
    Country: Netherlands

    In general, the quality of fruits depends on local conditions experienced by the fruit during its development. In cotton, fruit quality, and more specifically the quality of the fibre in the fruit, depends on interactions between fruit position in the plant architecture...

  • Authors: 
    Milan Chytrý; Lubomír Tichý;
    Publisher: Schweizerbart

    Aim: To describe the classification approach and protocols that were used in the project Vegetation of the Czech Republic and relate them to the comparative framework for broad-scale plot-based vegetation classification proposed by De Caceres et al. (2015). This descrip...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Wen, Jia; Zeng, Guangming;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract Disposal of dredged sediment contaminated with heavy metals on site or in landfills inevitably causes leaching of metals that generate new environmental problems. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of stabilizing heavy metal Cd in sediment taken f...

  • Authors: 
    Shu Gong; Rui Peng; Lichun Jiang; Shu-Jing Deng; Fangdong Zou;
    Publisher: Informa UK Limited

    AbstractThe Chinese Serow (Capricornis milneedwardsii) is a native species distributed in China and Southeast Asia, and has been listed as one of the Class II national protected species in China. Here we first determined and annotated its complete mitochondrial genome. ...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Manoel Daltro Nunes Garcia Junior; Monique Telcia dos Santos Damasceno; Maria Jeovana Lima Martins; Tiago Silva da Costa; Ricardo Marcelo dos Anjos Ferreira; Raimundo Nonato Picanço Souto;
    Publisher: Instituto Virtual da Biodiversidade | BIOTA - FAPESP

    Abstract: The Odonata Order comprises one of the largest groups of aquatic insects, 7,000 species are described worldwide, with approximately 860 species registered in Brazil, around 14% of the global fauna known to date. However, there are still great gaps in the knowl...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Abdoul-Rachid Chaibou Yacouba; Salmana Laouali Ibrahim; Abdoul Razak Moumouni Wage; Ibrahim Natatou;
    Publisher: Oriental Scientific Publishing Company

    Solvent extraction of uranium from sulfate liquor acid ore with Alamine 336 from two suppliers has been studied. The influence of various parameters, such as sulfuric acid concentration on uranium bearing solutions, concentration of Alamine 336, and concentration of ura...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Catalin Tanase; Lucia Odochian; Tiberius Balaes; Gabriela Lisa; Daniel Gherca; Aurel Pui;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    This paper is aimed to analyse the thermal behaviour in air of edible mushrooms through nonisothermal (TG, DTG, DTA) and calorimetric (Berthelot calorimeter) methods. The studied mushrooms were Pleurotus ostreatus spontaneously grown and from culture and Agaricus bispor...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Darinka Gjorgieva Ackova; Tatjana Kadifkova-Panovska; Katerina Bačeva Andonovska; Trajče Stafilov;
    Publisher: Informa UK Limited
    Country: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

    This study was designed to assess the effects of long term, high metal exposition (cadmium, lead, copper, nickel and zinc) on DNA damage in four plant model systems [Taraxacum officinale (Asteraceae), Matricaria recutita L. (Asteraceae), Robinia pseudoacacia L. (Fabacea...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Vijayashree Chandrashekar; Chandrika Chandrashekar; Rajath Shivakumar; Sourav Bhattacharya; Arijit Das; Bhaskar Gouda; Subbaramiah Sundara Rajan;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    Acrylamide finds diverse industrial applications but is considered an environmental threat because of its neurotoxic, carcinogenic, and teratogenic effects. Certain bacteria enzymatically degrade acrylamide to acrylic acid and ammonia. The present investigation was carr...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Muhammad Ijaz; Ahmad Nawaz; Sami Ul-Allah; Ahmad Sher; Abdul Sattar; Muhammad Rehan Sarwar; Ijaz Hussain; Anees Ur Rehman; M. A. Wahid; Mohammad Javed Ansari; +1 more
    Publisher: Public Library of Science

    Peanut (Arachis hypogea L.) is an important nut crop extensively grown in rainfed regions of Pakistan. The crop requires low inputs; thus, could grow successfully under diverse environmental conditions. Due to pegging ability, peanut grows aggressively in sandy and sand...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Kowiyou Yessoufou; Bezeng S. Bezeng; Orou G. Gaoue; Thato Bengu; Michelle van der Bank;
    Publisher: Canadian Science Publishing

    Alien invasive species are problematic both economically and ecologically, particularly on islands. As such, understanding how they interact with their environment is necessary to inform invasive species management. Here, we ask the following questions: What are the ma...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Fleming, C. H.; Fagan, W. F.; Mueller, T.; Olson, K. A.; Leimgruber, P.; Calabrese, J. M.;
    Publisher: Wiley

    Quantifying animals' home ranges is a key problem in ecology and has important conservation and wildlife management applications. Kernel density estimation (KDE) is a workhorse technique for range delineation problems that is both statistically efficient and nonparametr...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Carla Luciana Aban; Romina A. Verdenelli; Silvina Vargas Gil; Dina Jorgelina Huidobro; Jose Manuel Meriles; Carolina Pérez Brandan;
    Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)

    ABSTRACT Intensive agricultural practices have resulted in progressive soil degradation, with consequences on soil ecosystem services. The inclusion of service crops is a promising alternative to support the sustainability of the agricultural system. The aim of this stu...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Borrelli, P.; Panagos, P.; Märker, M.; Modugno, S.; Schütt, B.;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract As a member of the European Union, Italy has committed to the maintenance and protection of its forests based on sustainable forest development and management practices. According to Eurostat, Italy has the seventh largest forest surface available for wood supp...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Saleh Yousefi; Hamid Reza Moradi; Jan Boll; Sarah Schönbrodt-Stitt;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract Forest roads are the most essential projects in forest management. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of topographic factors on nutrient transport and degradation areas resulting from forest road construction in the Research and Educati...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Juan Carlos Sandino;
    Publisher: Vicerractoría Investigación

    During 30 days male euglossine bees were bait-sampled at 12 sites, in the central Pacific coast of Colombia (ten days and four sites at each of three adjacent habitats: farmlands, highly disturbed forest and less disturbed forest) and 487 individuals were captured. Most...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Sudipto Roy; Aidan Davison; Johan Östberg;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Competing demands between diverse considerations and the benefits sought make urban street tree species selection an extremely complex and challenging process for municipal land and tree managers, influencing urban greening initiatives across the world as well as in Aus...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Ryan E. Rapp; Avishek Datta; Suat Irmak; Timothy J. Arkebauer; Stevan Z. Knezevic;
    Publisher: Cambridge University Press (CUP)

    The nonnative biotype of common reed has invaded wetlands in many states including Nebraska, especially along the Platte River from Wyoming to the eastern edge of Nebraska. Therefore, three studies (disking followed by herbicide, mowing followed by herbicide, and herbic...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Pierre Grondin; Sylvie Gauthier; Daniel Borcard; Yves Bergeron; Jean Noël;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    Traditional approaches to ecological land classification (ELC) can be enhanced by integrating, a priori, data describing disturbances (natural and human), in addition to the usual vegetation, climate, and physical environment data. To develop this new ELC model, we stud...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Turczański, Krzysztof; Rutkowski, Paweł; Dyderski, Marcin K.; Wrońska-Pilarek, Dorota; Nowiński, Mirosław;
    Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute

    European ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.) dieback caused by the fungus Hymenoscyphus fraxineus (T. Kowalski) Baral, Queloz, and Hosoya has been affecting European forests since 1992. The disease drives severe crown defoliation, branch loss, and finally tree mortality in Euro...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Davis, Andrew K.; Schroeder, Hayley; Yeager, Ian; Pearce, Jana;
    Publisher: The Royal Society

    Developed countries around the world are criss-crossed with vast networks of roadways. Conservationists have recently focused attention on roadsides as possible locations for establishing pollinator habitat, with the monarch butterfly ( Danaus plexippus ) featuring pro...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Ana Carolina Santacruz-García; Sandra Bravo; Florencia del Corro; Elisa Mariana García; D.M. Molina-Terrén; Mónica A. Nazareno;
    Publisher: MDPI AG
    Country: Spain

    Resprouting is one of the main regeneration strategies in woody plants that allows post-fire vegetation recovery. However, the stress produced by fires promotes the biosynthesis of compounds which could affect the post-fire resprouting, and this approach has been poorly...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Josh Jenkins Shaw; Alexey Solodovnikov;
    Publisher: Pensoft Publishers
    Country: Denmark
    Project: EC | BIG4 (642241)

    Abstract Lord Howe is an oceanic and relatively young island situated in an area of complex geological and therefore biogeographical processes. The island boasts a large number of endemic species, including many beetles, however, few groups are in an adequate state of s...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Jana Leong-Škorničková; Quc Bình Nguyn; Otakar Šída;
    Publisher: Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France

    ABSTRACT Orchidantha virosa Skornick. & Q.B.Nguyn, sp. nov. (Lowiaceae), a new species from Phu Th province, northern Vietnam is described and illustrated here. The new species is unique among other species in Vietnam and Laos in its robust habit and size (up to 2 m) an...

  • Authors: 
    Dagmar Hagen; Tor Ivar Hansen; Bente J. Graae; Knut Rydgren;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract Anthropogenic disturbance in alpine ecosystems is on the increase, and knowledge is needed about restoration methods and their long-term effects in these environments. Sowing seeds from introduced grass species has been a common approach to encourage the growth...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Huang, Boqiang; Huang, Jinliang; Gilmore Pontius, Robert; Tu, Zhenshun;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract We compare two popular methods to quantify temporal change among categories: 1) Intensity Analysis and 2) the land use dynamic degrees. We apply the methods to measure land change both outside and inside the coastal zone of Longhai, which is a typical county-le...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Ahmad S. Muhameed; Amal M. Saleh;
    Publisher: IOSR Journals

    This study was carried out on some Iraqi soils in different regions of the country representating various physiographic units according to previous studies in soil survey and classification in order to classify them numerically using some physical, chemical, and mineral...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Chaloner, Thomas M.; Gurr, Sarah J.; Bebber, Daniel P.;
    Publisher: Nature Publishing Group

    The ecological niche can be thought of as a volume in multidimensional space, where each dimension describes an abiotic condition or biotic resource required by a species. The shape, size, and evolution of this volume strongly determine interactions among species and in...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Mario V Navasero; Randolph N Candano; Desiree M Hautea; Randy A Hautea; Frank A Shotkoski; Anthony M Shelton;
    Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)

    Studies on potential adverse effects of genetically engineered crops are part of an environmental risk assessment that is required prior to the commercial release of these crops. Of particular concern are non-target organisms (NTOs) that provide important ecosystem serv...