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  • Authors: 
    Thomas Kaercher; Jasna Dietz; C. Jacobi; Reinhold Berz; Holm Schneider;
    Publisher: Informa UK Limited

    AbstractPurpose: X-linked hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (XLHED) is the most common form of ectodermal dysplasia. Clinical characteristics include meibomian gland disorder and the resulting hyperevaporative dry eye. In this study, we evaluated meibography and ocular ...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Ma, Dan; Hao, Zhenyu; Sun, Rui; Bartlam, Mark; Wang, Yingying;
    Publisher: American Society for Microbiology

    ABSTRACT Curvibacter sp. strain PAE-UM, isolated from river sediment, is a typical ultramicrobacterium capable of phthalate ester degradation. The genome of Curvibacter sp. PAE-UM consists of 3,284,473 bp, and its information will provide insights into the molecular me...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Tyler Silverman; Mohammed Naffakh; Carlos Marco; Gary Ellis;
    Publisher: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
    Country: Spain

    Nanocomposites of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) and tungsten disulfide inorganic nanotubes (INT-WS) were prepared by blending in solution, and the effects of INT-WS on the isothermal crystallization behavior and kinetics of PHBV were investigated f...

  • Authors: 
    Yun Xiang; Beth Tarasawa;
    Publisher: Informa UK Limited

    The rapid expansion of charter schools reflects a growing interest in education reform and school turnaround efforts across the United States. However, national research on charter school performance remains inconclusive. Of particular debate is the impact of transferri...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    F. Colombo; Carlos Oscar Limarino; Luis Antonio Spalletti; Pere Busquets; Raúl Cardó; I. Méndez-Bedia; Nemesio Heredia;
    Publisher: Servicio Publicaciones
    Country: Argentina

    New data on some neopalaeozoic lithostratigraphic units of the central sector of the Argentinean Precordillera are presented. The western Precordillera displays occasional outcrops of siliciclastic rocks of the Late Palaeozoic. These rocks are separated by two main unco...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Singh, T.; Patnaik, A.;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    Abstract The brake pad hybrid phenolic composites based on lapinus–aramid fibre combination are designed, fabricated and characterized for various physical, chemical, mechanical, thermo-mechanical and tribo-performance. The physical properties such as water absorption, ...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Celia Marlowe; Kieran Hyder; Kieran Hyder; Martin D. J. Sayer; Martin D. J. Sayer; Jan Kaiser;
    Country: United Kingdom

    There is a lack of depth-resolved temperature data, especially in coastal areas, which are often commonly dived by SCUBA divers. Many case studies have demonstrated that citizen science can provide high quality data, although users require more confidence in the accurac...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Teffer, Amy K.; Staudinger, Michelle D.; Juanes, Francis;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    We present the first quantitative analyses of dolphinfish (Coryphaena hippurus) foraging habits and trophic interactions with co-occurring yellowfin (Thunnus albacares) and albacore (T. alalunga) tunas in the Southern New England region of the western North Atlantic Oce...

  • Authors: 
    James A. Hoyle;
    Publisher: Michigan State University Press

    Bottom set gill nets were used to describe and track the fish community in northeastern Lake Ontario from 1992–2012. Six fixed, depth-stratified transects, spread more or less evenly from the mouth of the St. Lawrence River in the Kingston Basin to Brighton in central L...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Lindborg, Eva; Andersson, Peter;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
    Country: Sweden

    AbstractIn winter, the sea around Sweden and Finland as well as parts of the waters around Canada, Russia and the USA become ice covered, and ships may require assistance from icebreakers to proceed to their destinations. This paper accordingly analyses the cost structu...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Efrizal, Efrizal; Zakaria, Indra Junaidi; Rusnam, Rusnam; Suryati, Suryati; Yolanda, Nofa;
    Publisher: F1000 ( Faculty of 1000 Ltd)

    Background: Currently, great progress in the artificial propagation of commercially important portunid crabs of the genus Portunus has been achieved, and various methods have been adopted in mass-scale hatchery activities. This study analyzed the biological testing of f...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Denise Risch; Peter J. Corkeron; William T. Ellison; Sofie M. Van Parijs;
    Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)

    In their paper: “Ecosystem scale acoustic sensing reveals humpback whale behavior synchronous with herring spawning processes and re-evaluation finds no effect of sonar on humpback song occurrence in the Gulf of Maine in Fall 2006” Gong et al. [1] used acoustic monitori...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Krishnan, Saloni; Sellars, Elise; Wood, Helena; Bishop, Dorothy V. M.; Watkins, Kate E.;
    Country: United Kingdom

    Feedback is typically incorporated in word learning paradigms, in both research studies and commercial language learning apps. While the common-sense view is that feedback is helpful during learning, relatively little empirical evidence exists about the role of feedback...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Bignardi, S.; Santarato, G.; Abu Zeid, N.;
    Publisher: EAGE Publications

    SUMMARY Seismic surface wave methods allow to retrieve the shallow subsurface shear wave velocity. Among these, the “Multi-channel Analysis of Surface Waves” is to date one of the most widely adopted non-invasive active-source approaches in the professional world for th...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    R. Prerna; V. S. Naidu; Soniya Sukumaran; S. N. Gajbhiye;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    The identification of temporal change in the extent of coral reefs and mangroves patches along the Narara and Kalubhar islands was performed using multi-temporal data from 1999 to 2010 (LISS III and LISS IV (MX)). For extractingcoral reefs,thereflectancesofthefeaturewer...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Han, Shuoshuo; Bangs, Nathan L.; Carbotte, Suzanne M.; Saffer, Demian M.; Gibson, James C.;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    At sediment-rich subduction zones, megathrust slip behaviour and forearc deformation are tightly linked to the physical properties and in situ stresses within underthrust and accreted sediments. Yet the role of sediment consolidation at the onset of subduction in contro...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Hua-Jie Liu; Jing-Gong Wang; Yu Xia; Meng-Jie Yang; Si-Wa Liu; Liang-Cheng Zhao; Xiu-Ping Guo; Yun-Jun Jiang; Xin Li; Qing-Feng Wu; +1 more
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    Abstract To assess the response of lichen elemental compositions to road traffic and species difference in the context of high dust input and anthropogenic emissions, two foliose epiphytic lichens (Phaeophyscia hirtuosa, PHh; Candelaria fibrosa, CAf) were sampled near a...

  • Authors: 
    José Maria Landim Dominguez;
    Publisher: Springer Netherlands

    This chapter discusses the Todos os Santos Bay (Baia de Todos os Santos—BTS), one of the Brazil’s largest embayments. Salvador, which is one of the largest metropolises in the country and was Brazil’s first capital, is located on its shores. The bay is a feature of eros...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Wang, Shuguang; Sobel, Adam H.; Nie, Ji;
    Publisher: American Geophysical Union (AGU)

    Two Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) events, observed during October and November 2011 in the equatorial Indian Ocean during the DYNAMO field campaign, are simulated in a limited-area cloud-resolving model using parameterized large-scale dynamics. Three parameterizations...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Hossain, M.S.; Bujang, J.S.; Zakaria, M.H.; Hashim, M.;
    Publisher: Informa UK Limited

    This review evaluates various methods employed to produce seagrass habitat maps using optical and acoustic remote-sensing (RS) techniques coupled with in situ sampling to highlight recent advances and to define areas where potential future research should be focused in ...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Marco Antonio Hernández-Lepe; José Alberto López-Díaz; Laura A. de la Rosa; Rosa Patricia Hernández-Torres; Abraham Wall-Medrano; Marco Antonio Juárez-Oropeza; José Pedraza-Chaverri; Rene Urquidez-Romero; Arnulfo Ramos-Jiménez;
    Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group

    Introduction In order to reduce cardiovascular disease risk factors, a healthy diet must include dietary antioxidants from different sources (eg, Spirulina maxima) and regular practice of exercise should be promoted. There is some evidence from animal studies that S. ma...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Tom O Delmont; Evan Kiefl; Ozsel Kilinc; Ozcan C Esen; Ismail Uysal; Michael S Rappé; Steven Giovannoni; A Murat Eren;
    Publisher: eLife Sciences Publications, Ltd
    Project: TARA | Tara Oceans (2), NSERC

    Members of the SAR11 order Pelagibacterales dominate the surface oceans. Their extensive diversity challenges emerging operational boundaries defined for microbial 'species' and complicates efforts of population genetics to study their evolution. Here, we employed singl...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Erhan Pişkin;
    Publisher: Springer Nature

    In this work, we consider coupled nonlinear wave equations with degenerate damping and source terms. We will show the blow up of solutions in finite time with positive initial energy. This improves earlier results in the literature.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Neda Trifonova; Daniel E. Duplisea; Andrew Kenny; David Maxwell; Allan Tucker;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing
    Country: United Kingdom

    In this study, dynamic Bayesian networks have been applied to predict future biomass of geographically different but functionally equivalent fish species. A latent variable is incorporated to model functional collapse, where the underlying food web structure dramaticall...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Long, Jonathan Z.; Roche, Alexander M.; Berdan, Charles A.; Louie, Sharon M.; Roberts, Amanda J.; Svensson, Katrin J.; Dou, Florence Y.; Bateman, Leslie A.; Mina, Amir I.; Deng, Zhaoming; +8 more
    Publisher: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
    Project: NIH | CIRCULATING FACTORS THAT ... (4R00DK105203-03), NIH | Annotating the Role of Dy... (5R01CA172667-03), NIH | The role of circulating S... (4R00DK111916-03)

    N-acyl amino acids (NAAs) are a structurally diverse class of bioactive signaling lipids whose endogenous functions have largely remained uncharacterized. To clarify the physiologic roles of NAAs, we generated mice deficient in the circulating enzyme peptidase M20 domai...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Albert L. Harting; Jason D. Baker; Thea C. Johanos;
    Publisher: Wiley

    Obtaining a range-wide abundance estimate for the Hawaiian monk seal (Neomonachus schauinslandi; monk seal) has formerly not been possible because of data limitation at sites where the only available data are infrequent counts. We describe a new method for obtaining abu...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Maria Elisa Sabatini; Mattia Donà; Paola Leonetti; Andrea Minio; Massimo Delledonne; Daniela Carboneral; Massimo Confalonieri; Giorgio Giraffa; Alma Balestrazzi;
    Publisher: Wiley

    The role of plant tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase 1α in genome stability is studied using a Medicago truncatula MtTdp1α-depleted line. Lack of MtTdp1α results in a 39% reduction of methylated cytosines as compared to control. RNA-Seq analyses revealed that 11 DNA transpos...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Hirose, Fuyuki; Maeda, Kenji; Yoshida, Yasuhiro;
    Publisher: Oxford University Press (OUP)

    SUMMARY We estimated the maximum magnitude of earthquakes in the Japan-Kuril-Kamchatka trench subduction zone with a method based on the conservation of seismic moment and the record of interplate seismicity from 1977 to 2017. The key point of this method is to base cal...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Anna Abbrescia; Luigi Leonardo Palese; Sergio Papa; Antonio Gaballo; Pietro Alifano; Anna M. Sardanelli;
    Publisher: Bentham Science Publishers

    Recently has been acknowledged the healthy use of Bacillus and related bacteria as probiotics. A mixture reported to contain four probiotic strains of Bacillus clausii is marketed as an OTC (Over The Counter) medicinal supplement for human use. Their poliantibiotic resi...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Sun Zhaoqun; Wan Rong; Zhu Yugui; Talib Kalhoro Muhammad; Moshin Muhammad;
    Publisher: Sophia Publishing Group, Inc.

    This paper analyzes some variation in the global eel industry and the main producing countries (regions) of eel production trends based on the 1950-2012 global eel production data. The results show that in 1950-2012, the overall global eel production rose rapidly. The w...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Peter Schweitzer; Mark Strikman; Christian Weiss;

    Recent theoretical studies have provided new insight into the intrinsic transverse momentum distributions of valence and sea quarks in the nucleon at a low scale. The valence quark transverse momentum distributions (q - qbar) are governed by the nucleon's inverse hadron...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Kalsi, Namrata; Drautz-Moses, Daniela I.; Uchida, Akira; Purbojati, Rikky W.; Houghton, James N. I.; Chénard, Caroline; Wong, Anthony; Kolundžija, Sandra; Clare, Megan E.; Kushwaha, Kavita K.; +7 more
    Publisher: American Society for Microbiology

    ABSTRACT Microbacterium sp. strain SGAir0570 was isolated from air samples collected in Singapore. Its genome was assembled using single-molecule real-time sequencing and MiSeq short reads. It has one chromosome with a length of 3.38 Mb and one 59.2-kb plasmid. It conta...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Rakesh Kumar Gunda; Suresh Kumar Reddy Narala;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract In modern industry, mechanical parts are subjected to friction and wear, leading to heat generation, which affects the reliability, life, and power consumption of machinery. Effective cooling and lubrication in the machining zone are essential to improve fricti...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Patel, Amir; Boje, Edward; Fisher, Callen; Louis, Leeann; Lane, Emily;
    Publisher: The Company of Biologists

    ABSTRACT During high-speed pursuit of prey, the cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) has been observed to swing its tail while manoeuvring (e.g. turning or braking) but the effect of these complex motions is not well understood. This study demonstrates the potential of the cheeta...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Peijian Shi; David A. Ratkowsky; Johan Gielis;
    Publisher: MDPI AG
    Country: Belgium

    Many natural shapes exhibit surprising symmetry and can be described by the Gielis equation, which has several classical geometric equations (for example, the circle, ellipse and superellipse) as special cases. However, the original Gielis equation cannot reflect some d...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Stefan Panaiotov; Ivan Simeonovski; Victoria Levterova; Ventzislav Karamfilov; Nadia Brankova; Kristin Tankova; Katrina Campbell; Pauline Jacob; Karim Helmi; Bas Boots; +6 more
    Publisher: MDPI AG
    Country: United Kingdom
    Project: EC | ΜΑQUΑ (265409)

    The coast of the Bulgarian Black Sea is a popular summer holiday destination. The Dam of Iskar is the largest artificial dam in Bulgaria, with a capacity of 675 million m3. It is the main source of tap water for the capital Sofia and for irrigating the surrounding valle...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    V. V. Malyar; Vl. A. Brykov;
    Publisher: Pleiades Publishing Ltd

    The genetic variability distribution of two mtDNA segments of chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) (Walbaum, 1792) and Sakhalin taimen (Parahucho perryi) (Brevoort, 1856) was examined in populations of the Sea of Japan and the Sea of Okhotsk. The values of haplotype and nucl...

  • Authors: 
    GRISCHENKO, ANDREI V.; GORDON, DENNIS P.; MELNIK, VIACHESLAV P.;
    Publisher: Magnolia Press

    This work describes Bryozoa of the orders Cyclostomata and Ctenostomata found associated with polymetallic nodules collected by box-coring in the eastern part of the Russian exploration area of the Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone (CCFZ) under contract to Yuzhmorgeologi...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Marcel Cardillo;
    Publisher: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

    AbstractIn vertebrates, large body size is often a key diagnostic feature of species threatened with extinction. However, in amphibians the link between body size and extinction risk is highly uncertain, with previous studies suggesting positive, negative, u-shaped, or ...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    A. M. Orlov; Svetlana Y. Orlova; A. A. Volkov; Dmitry V. Pelenev;
    Publisher: Co-Action Publishing

    The first record of the humpback anglerfish ( Melanocetus johnsonii ) in Antarctic waters (Ross Sea) is documented. Species identification is confirmed by the structure of the escal bulb and analysis of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) gene. This rec...

  • Authors: 
    Jhih-Wei Shih; Jung-Chun Chi; Yuan-Hao Huang; Pei-Yun Tsai; I-Wei Lai;
    Publisher: IEEE

    Based on spatial modulation (SM), spatial permu- tation modulation (SPM) has been recently proposed to enhance the performance of the multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) system. SPM maps data bits to both the QAM symbol and permutation array. At successive time instan...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Mai Taniguchi; Satomi Nadanaka; Soichiro Tanakura; Shogo Sawaguchi; Sachiko Midori; Yumeto Kawai; Shogo Yamaguchi; Yui Shimada; Yuki Nakamura; Yasuyo Matsumura; +7 more
    Publisher: Japan Society for Cell Biology

    The Golgi stress response is a mechanism by which, under conditions of insufficient Golgi function (Golgi stress), the transcription of Golgi-related genes is upregulated through an enhancer, the Golgi apparatus stress response element (GASE), in order to maintain homeo...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    María Ana Tovar-Hernández; Harry A. ten Hove; Olev Vinn; Michał Zatoń; Jesús Angel de León-González; María Elena García-Garza;
    Country: Poland

    The Indonesian archipelago is one of the most diverse regions in the marine World. Many contributions on polychaete worms have been published since the Dutch Siboga Expedition to the Indonesian archipelago at the end of the 19th century. In this study, we examined speci...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Hisashi Yokoyama;
    Publisher: Wiley

    To discuss the possibility of co-culturing Pacific oyster with the sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus, a field experiment was conducted in an oyster farm. Apostichopus japonicus juveniles (mean wet weight, 0.08 g) were cultured below an oyster raft and at a control sta...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    İzzet Yilmaz;
    Publisher: Wiley

    A growing number of studies report an increase in jellyfish populations worldwide that may have consequences for marine planktonic food web dynamics. The principal objective of this study was to understand the changes in a zooplankton community during blooms of Liriope ...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Ostrowski, Rafał; Stella, Magdalena;
    Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH

    Abstract The paper deals with the sandy coastal zone at Lubiatowo in Poland (the south Baltic Sea). The study comprises experimental and theoretical investigations of hydrodynamic and lithodynamic processes in the coastal region located close to the seaward boundary of...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Guang-Hui Xu;
    Publisher: PeerJ

    Neopterygii is a large group of ray-finned fishes which underwent a rapid radiation in the Middle Triassic. Until recently, 11 stem neopterygians have been recovered from the early Middle Triassic Luoping Biota in eastern Yunnan, China, and they are small to medium-size...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Alton Yeung; Goetz Bramesfeld; Joon Chung; Stephen Foster;
    Publisher: Canadian Science Publishing

    A small unmanned aerial vehicle (SUAV) was developed with the specific objective to explore atmospheric wind gusts at low altitudes below 500 m. These gusts have significant impact on the flight characteristics and performance of SUAVs. The SUAV carried an advanced air...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Guix, Susana; Pintó, Rosa; Bosch, Albert;
    Publisher: MDPI
    Country: Spain
    Project: EC | SafeConsumE (727580)

    Norovirus (NoV) causes about one-fifth of all cases of foodborne diseases and is a foremost cause of domestically acquired foodborne acute gastroenteritis and outbreaks. NoV infections are often associated with the consumption of contaminated fresh and ready-to-eat prod...

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2016
    Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Jan Suchacek; Pavel Herot;
    Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan UK

    The case of the Ostrava City in the Czech Republic provides unique experience of an area, which was always too remote from all the centres of political power, that is, from Vienna in Austro-Hungarian Empire era, as well as Prague in the era of Czechoslovakia. This dista...