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Alzheimers Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (1U01AG024904-01)
1,847 Research products (1 rule applied)

  • 2014-2023
  • Open Access
  • Publications
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Sophie Loizillon; Simona Bottani; Aurélien Maire; Sebastian Ströer; +3 Authors

    International audience; Containing the medical data of millions of patients, clinical data warehouses (CDWs) represent a great opportunity to develop computational tools. Magnetic resonance images (MRIs) are particularly sensitive to patient movements during image acquisition, which will result in artefacts (blurring, ghosting and ringing) in the reconstructed image. As a result, a significant number of MRIs in CDWs are corrupted by these artefacts and may be unusable. Since their manual detection is impossible due to the large number of scans, it is necessary to develop tools to automatically exclude (or at least identify) images with motion in order to fully exploit CDWs. In this paper, we propose a novel transfer learning method for the automatic detection of motion in 3D T1-weighted brain MRI. The method consists of two steps: a pre-training on research data using synthetic motion, followed by a fine-tuning step to generalise our pre-trained model to clinical data, relying on the labelling of 4045 images. The objectives were both (1) to be able to exclude images with severe motion, (2) to detect mild motion artefacts. Our approach achieved excellent accuracy for the first objective with a balanced accuracy nearly similar to that of the annotators (balanced accuracy>80 %). However, for the second objective, the performance was weaker and substantially lower than that of human raters. Overall, our framework will be useful to take advantage of CDWs in medical imaging and highlight the importance of a clinical validation of models trained on research data.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Hyper Article en Lig...arrow_drop_down
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    Hyper Article en Ligne
    Other literature type . 2022
    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Medical Image Analysis
    Article . 2023
    License: Elsevier TDM
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Hyper Article en Lig...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Medical Image Analysis
      Article . 2023
      License: Elsevier TDM
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Clinton J. Wang; Natalia S. Rost; Polina Golland;

    Image-to-image translation has seen major advances in computer vision but can be difficult to apply to medical images, where imaging artifacts and data scarcity degrade the performance of conditional generative adversarial networks. We develop the spatial-intensity transform (SIT) to improve output image quality while closely matching the target domain. SIT constrains the generator to a smooth spatial transform (diffeomorphism) composed with sparse intensity changes. SIT is a lightweight, modular network component that is effective on various architectures and training schemes. Relative to unconstrained baselines, this technique significantly improves image fidelity, and our models generalize robustly to different scanners. Additionally, SIT provides a disentangled view of anatomical and textural changes for each translation, making it easier to interpret the model's predictions in terms of physiological phenomena. We demonstrate SIT on two tasks: predicting longitudinal brain MRIs in patients with various stages of neurodegeneration, and visualizing changes with age and stroke severity in clinical brain scans of stroke patients. On the first task, our model accurately forecasts brain aging trajectories without supervised training on paired scans. On the second task, it captures associations between ventricle expansion and aging, as well as between white matter hyperintensities and stroke severity. As conditional generative models become increasingly versatile tools for visualization and forecasting, our approach demonstrates a simple and powerful technique for improving robustness, which is critical for translation to clinical settings. Source code is available at github.com/clintonjwang/spatial-intensity-transforms.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ IEEE Transactions on...arrow_drop_down
    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
    Article . 2023
    License: CC BY
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ IEEE Transactions on...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
      IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
      Article . 2023
      License: CC BY
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Simona Bottani; Ninon Burgos; Aurélien Maire; Dario Saracino; +3 Authors

    International audience; A variety of algorithms have been proposed for computer-aided diagnosis of dementia from anatomical brain MRI. These approaches achieve high accuracy when applied to research data sets but their performance on real-life clinical routine data has not been evaluated yet. The aim of this work was to study the performance of such approaches on clinical routine data, based on a hospital data warehouse, and to compare the results to those obtained on a research data set. The clinical data set was extracted from the hospital data warehouse of the Greater Paris area, which includes 39 different hospitals. The research set was composed of data from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative data set. In the clinical set, the population of interest was identified by exploiting the diagnostic codes from the 10th revision of the International Classification of Diseases that are assigned to each patient. We studied how the imbalance of the training sets, in terms of contrast agent injection and image quality, may bias the results. We demonstrated that computer-aided diagnosis performance was strongly biased upwards (over 17 percent points of balanced accuracy) by the confounders of image quality and contrast agent injection, a phenomenon known as the Clever Hans effect or shortcut learning. When these biases were removed, the performance was very poor. In any case, the performance was considerably lower than on the research data set. Our study highlights that there are still considerable challenges for translating dementia computer-aided diagnosis systems to clinical routine.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Hyper Article en Lig...arrow_drop_down
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    image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
    Medical Image Analysis
    Article . 2023
    License: Elsevier TDM
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    HAL-Inserm
    Preprint . 2022
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Hyper Article en Lig...arrow_drop_down
      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
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      image/svg+xml Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao Closed Access logo, derived from PLoS Open Access logo. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Closed_Access_logo_transparent.svg Jakob Voss, based on art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina and Beao
      Medical Image Analysis
      Article . 2023
      License: Elsevier TDM
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      HAL-Inserm
      Preprint . 2022
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Leo L. Duan; Arkaprava Roy;

    Spectral clustering views the similarity matrix as a weighted graph, and partitions the data by minimizing a graph-cut loss. Since it minimizes the across-cluster similarity, there is no need to model the distribution within each cluster. As a result, one reduces the chance of model misspecification, which is often a risk in mixture model-based clustering. Nevertheless, compared to the latter, spectral clustering has no direct ways of quantifying the clustering uncertainty (such as the assignment probability), or allowing easy model extensions for complicated data applications. To fill this gap, we propose the Bayesian forest model as a generative graphical model for spectral clustering. This is motivated by our discovery that the posterior connecting matrix in a forest model has almost the same leading eigenvectors, as the ones used by normalized spectral clustering. To induce a distribution for the forest, we develop a ``forest process'' as a graph extension to the urn process, while we carefully characterize the differences in the partition probability. We derive a simple Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm for posterior estimation, and demonstrate superior performance compared to existing algorithms. We illustrate several model-based extensions useful for data applications, including high-dimensional and multi-view clustering for images.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ arXiv.org e-Print Ar...arrow_drop_down
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    https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
    Article . 2022
    License: CC BY
    Data sources: Datacite
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      https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
      Article . 2022
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  • image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/
    Authors: Giulia, Arenare; Riccardo, Manca; Paolo, Caffarra; Annalena, Venneri; +1 Authors

    Data Availability Statement: All ADNI data are made publicly available upon request. Copyright © 2023 by the authors. Background: Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) are associated with faster decline in mild cognitive impairment (MCI). This study aimed to investigate the association between NPS severity and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) biomarkers, i.e., amyloid-β (Aβ), phosphorylated tau protein (p-tau) and hippocampal volume ratio (HR), to characterise in more detail MCI patients with a poor prognosis. Methods: A total of 506 individuals with MCI and 99 cognitively unimpaired older adults were selected from the ADNI dataset. The patients were divided into three different groups based on their NPI-Q total scores: no NPS (n = 198), mild NPS (n = 160) and severe NPS (n = 148). Regression models were used to assess the association between the severity of NPS and each biomarker level and positivity status. Results: Cerebrospinal fluid Aβ levels were positively associated with older age and lower MMSE scores, while higher p-tau levels were associated with female sex and lower MMSE scores. Only patients with severe NPS had a lower HR (β = −0.18, p = 0.050), i.e., more pronounced medio-temporal atrophy, than those without NPS. Discussion: Only HR was associated with the presence of NPS, partially in line with previous evidence showing that severe NPS may be explained primarily by greater grey matter loss. Future longitudinal studies will be needed to ascertain the relevance of this finding. The data collection and sharing for this project were funded by the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) (National Institutes of Health Grant U01 AG024904) and DOD ADNI (Department of Defense, award number W81XWH-12-2-0012). The ADNI is funded by the National Institute on Aging, the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering and through generous contributions from the following: AbbVie, Alzheimer’s Association; Alzheimer’s Drug Discovery Foundation; Araclon Biotech; BioClinica, Inc.; Biogen; Bristol Myers Squibb Company; CereSpir, Inc.; Cogstate; Eisai Inc.; Elan Pharmaceuticals, Inc.; Eli Lilly and Company; EuroImmun; F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd. and its affiliated company Genentech, Inc.; Fujirebio; GE Healthcare; IXICO Ltd.; Janssen Alzheimer Immunotherapy Research & Development, LLC.; Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development LLC.; Lumosi-ty; Lundbeck; Merck & Co., Inc.; Meso Scale Diagnostics, LLC.; NeuroRx Research; Neurotrack Technologies; Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation; Pfizer Inc.; Piramal Imaging; Servier; Takeda Pharmaceutical Company; and Transition Therapeutics. The Canadian Institutes of Health Research is providing funds to support the ADNI clinical sites in Canada. Private sector contributions are facilitated by the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (www.fnih.org (accessed on 10 July 2023)). The grantee organization is the Northern California Institute for Research and Education, and the study is coordinated by the Alzheimer’s Therapeutic Research Institute at the University of Southern California. ADNI data are disseminated by the Laboratory for Neuro Imaging at the University of Southern California. R.M. acknowledges the support received through a research fellowship from the Alzheimer’s Association.

    image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ Brain Sciencesarrow_drop_down
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    Brain Sciences
    Other literature type . Article . 2023
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    Brain Sciences
    Article . 2023
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      Brain Sciences
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      Brain Sciences
      Article . 2023
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    Authors: Yike, Zhang; Wenliang, Fan; Xi, Chen; Wei, Li; +1 Authors

    In the clinical treatment of Alzheimer’s disease, one of the most important tasks is evaluating its severity for diagnosis and therapy. However, traditional testing methods are deficient, such as their susceptibility to subjective factors, incomplete evaluation, low accuracy, or insufficient granularity, resulting in unreliable evaluation scores. To address these issues, we propose an objective dementia severity scale based on MRI (ODSS-MRI) using contrastive learning to automatically evaluate the neurological function of patients. The approach utilizes a deep learning framework and a contrastive learning strategy to mine relevant information from structural magnetic resonance images to obtain the patient’s neurological function level score. Given that the model is driven by the patient’s whole brain imaging data, but without any possible biased manual intervention or instruction from the physician or patient, it provides a comprehensive and objective evaluation of the patient’s neurological function. We conducted experiments on the Alzheimer’s disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) dataset, and the results showed that the proposed ODSS-MRI was correlated with the stages of AD 88.55% better than all existing methods. This demonstrates its efficacy to describe the neurological function changes of patients during AD progression. It also outperformed traditional psychiatric rating scales in discriminating different stages of AD, which is indicative of its superiority for neurological function evaluation.

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    Sensors
    Other literature type . Article . 2023
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    Sensors
    Article . 2023
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    Authors: Linfeng Liu; Siyu Liu; Lu Zhang; Xuan Vinh To; +2 Authors

    Accurate medical classification requires a large number of multi-modal data, and in many cases, different feature types. Previous studies have shown promising results when using multi-modal data, outperforming single-modality models when classifying diseases such as Alzheimer's Disease (AD). However, those models are usually not flexible enough to handle missing modalities. Currently, the most common workaround is discarding samples with missing modalities which leads to considerable data under-utilisation. Adding to the fact that labelled medical images are already scarce, the performance of data-driven methods like deep learning can be severely hampered. Therefore, a multi-modal method that can handle missing data in various clinical settings is highly desirable. In this paper, we present Multi-Modal Mixing Transformer (3MT), a disease classification transformer that not only leverages multi-modal data but also handles missing data scenarios. In this work, we test 3MT for AD and Cognitively normal (CN) classification and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) conversion prediction to progressive MCI (pMCI) or stable MCI (sMCI) using clinical and neuroimaging data. The model uses a novel Cascaded Modality Transformers architecture with cross-attention to incorporate multi-modal information for more informed predictions. We propose a novel modality dropout mechanism to ensure an unprecedented level of modality independence and robustness to handle missing data scenarios. The result is a versatile network that enables the mixing of arbitrary numbers of modalities with different feature types and also ensures full data utilization in missing data scenarios. The model is trained and evaluated on the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) dataset with the state-of-the-art performance and further evaluated with The Australian Imaging BiomarkerLifestyle Flagship Study of Ageing (AIBL) dataset with missing data.

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    Authors: Kersten Diers; Hannah Baumeister; Frank Jessen; Emrah Düzel; +2 Authors

    The hippocampus is one of the most studied neuroanatomical structures due to its involvement in attention, learning, and memory as well as its atrophy in ageing, neurological, and psychiatric diseases. Hippocampal shape changes, however, are complex and cannot be fully characterized by a single summary metric such as hippocampal volume as determined from MR images. In this work, we propose an automated, geometry-based approach for the unfolding, point-wise correspondence, and local analysis of hippocampal shape features such as thickness and curvature. Starting from an automated segmentation of hippocampal subfields, we create a 3D tetrahedral mesh model as well as a 3D intrinsic coordinate system of the hippocampal body. From this coordinate system, we derive local curvature and thickness estimates as well as a 2D sheet for hippocampal unfolding. We evaluate the performance of our algorithm with a series of experiments to quantify neurodegenerative changes in Mild Cognitive Impairment and Alzheimer's disease dementia. We find that hippocampal thickness estimates detect known differences between clinical groups and can determine the location of these effects on the hippocampal sheet. Further, thickness estimates improve classification of clinical groups and cognitively unimpaired controls when added as an additional predictor. Comparable results are obtained with different datasets and segmentation algorithms. Taken together, we replicate canonical findings on hippocampal volume/shape changes in dementia, extend them by gaining insight into their spatial localization on the hippocampal sheet, and provide additional, complementary information beyond traditional measures. We provide a new set of sensitive processing and analysis tools for the analysis of hippocampal geometry that allows comparisons across studies without relying on image registration or requiring manual intervention. Comment: Updated to journal publication

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    https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
    Article . 2023
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      https://doi.org/10.48550/arxiv...
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    Authors: Minji Park; Seong-Hyeon Kang; Kyuseok Kim; Youngjin Lee;

    In this study, we optimized the σ-values of a block matching and 3D filtering (BM3D) algorithm to reduce noise in magnetic resonance images. Brain T2-weighted images (T2WIs) were obtained using the BrainWeb simulation program and Rician noise with intensities of 0.05, 0.10, and 0.15. The BM3D algorithm was applied to the optimized BM3D algorithm and compared with conventional noise reduction algorithms using Gaussian, median, and Wiener filters. The clinical feasibility was assessed using real brain T2WIs from the Alzheimer’s Disease Neuroimaging Initiative. Quantitative evaluation was performed using the contrast-to-noise ratio, coefficient of variation, structural similarity index measurement, and root mean square error. The simulation results showed optimal image characteristics and similarity at a σ-value of 0.12, demonstrating superior noise reduction performance. The optimized BM3D algorithm showed the greatest improvement in the clinical study. In conclusion, applying the optimized BM3D algorithm with a σ-value of 0.12 achieved efficient noise reduction.

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    Applied Sciences
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    Authors: Sophia, Lazarova; Denitsa, Grigorova; Dessislava, Petrova-Antonova; , For The Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative;

    Alzheimer’s disease is an incurable disorder that accounts for up to 70% of all dementia cases. While the prevalence of Alzheimer’s disease and other types of dementia has increased by more than 160% in the last 30 years, the rates of undetected cases remain critically high. The present work aims to address the underdetection of Alzheimer’s disease by proposing four logistic regression models that can be used as a foundation for community-based screening tools that do not require the participation of medical professionals. Our models make use of individual clock drawing errors as well as complementary patient data that is highly available and easily collectible. All models were controlled for age, education, and gender. The discriminative ability of the models was evaluated by area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC), the Hosmer-Lemeshow test, and calibration plots were used to assess calibration. Finally, decision curve analysis was used to quantify clinical utility. We found that among 10 possible CDT errors, only 3 were informative for the detection of Alzheimer’s disease. Our base regression model, containing only control variables and clock drawing errors, produced an AUC of 0.825. The other three models were built as extensions of the base model with the step-wise addition of three groups of complementary data, namely cognitive features (semantic fluency score), genetic predisposition (family history of dementia), and cardio-vascular features (BMI, blood pressure). The addition of verbal fluency scores significantly improved the AUC compared to the base model (0.91 AUC). However, further additions did not make a notable difference in discriminatory power. All models showed good calibration. In terms of clinical utility, the derived models scored similarly and greatly outperformed the base model. Our results suggest that the combination of clock symmetry and clock time errors plus verbal fluency scores may be a suitable candidate for developing accessible screening tools for Alzheimer’s disease. However, future work should validate our findings in larger and more diverse datasets.

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    Brain Sciences
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Alzheimers Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (1U01AG024904-01)
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    Authors: Sophie Loizillon; Simona Bottani; Aurélien Maire; Sebastian Ströer; +3 Authors

    International audience; Containing the medical data of millions of patients, clinical data warehouses (CDWs) represent a great opportunity to develop computational tools. Magnetic resonance images (MRIs) are particularly sensitive to patient movements during image acquisition, which will result in artefacts (blurring, ghosting and ringing) in the reconstructed image. As a result, a significant number of MRIs in CDWs are corrupted by these artefacts and may be unusable. Since their manual detection is impossible due to the large number of scans, it is necessary to develop tools to automatically exclude (or at least identify) images with motion in order to fully exploit CDWs. In this paper, we propose a novel transfer learning method for the automatic detection of motion in 3D T1-weighted brain MRI. The method consists of two steps: a pre-training on research data using synthetic motion, followed by a fine-tuning step to generalise our pre-trained model to clinical data, relying on the labelling of 4045 images. The objectives were both (1) to be able to exclude images with severe motion, (2) to detect mild motion artefacts. Our approach achieved excellent accuracy for the first objective with a balanced accuracy nearly similar to that of the annotators (balanced accuracy>80 %). However, for the second objective, the performance was weaker and substantially lower than that of human raters. Overall, our framework will be useful to take advantage of CDWs in medical imaging and highlight the importance of a clinical validation of models trained on research data.

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    Medical Image Analysis
    Article . 2023
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      Medical Image Analysis
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    Authors: Clinton J. Wang; Natalia S. Rost; Polina Golland;

    Image-to-image translation has seen major advances in computer vision but can be difficult to apply to medical images, where imaging artifacts and data scarcity degrade the performance of conditional generative adversarial networks. We develop the spatial-intensity transform (SIT) to improve output image quality while closely matching the target domain. SIT constrains the generator to a smooth spatial transform (diffeomorphism) composed with sparse intensity changes. SIT is a lightweight, modular network component that is effective on various architectures and training schemes. Relative to unconstrained baselines, this technique significantly improves image fidelity, and our models generalize robustly to different scanners. Additionally, SIT provides a disentangled view of anatomical and textural changes for each translation, making it easier to interpret the model's predictions in terms of physiological phenomena. We demonstrate SIT on two tasks: predicting longitudinal brain MRIs in patients with various stages of neurodegeneration, and visualizing changes with age and stroke severity in clinical brain scans of stroke patients. On the first task, our model accurately forecasts brain aging trajectories without supervised training on paired scans. On the second task, it captures associations between ventricle expansion and aging, as well as between white matter hyperintensities and stroke severity. As conditional generative models become increasingly versatile tools for visualization and forecasting, our approach demonstrates a simple and powerful technique for improving robustness, which is critical for translation to clinical settings. Source code is available at github.com/clintonjwang/spatial-intensity-transforms.

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    IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
    Article . 2023
    License: CC BY
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      image/svg+xml art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos Open Access logo, converted into svg, designed by PLoS. This version with transparent background. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_white.svg art designer at PLoS, modified by Wikipedia users Nina, Beao, JakobVoss, and AnonMoos http://www.plos.org/ IEEE Transactions on...arrow_drop_down
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      IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
      Article . 2023
      License: CC BY
      Data sources: Crossref
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    Authors: Simona Bottani; Ninon Burgos; Aurélien Maire; Dario Saracino; +3 Authors

    International audience; A variety of algorithms have been proposed for computer-aided diagnosis of dementia from anatomical brain MRI. These approaches achieve high accuracy when applied to research data sets but their performance on real-life clinical routine data has not been evaluated yet. The aim of this work was to study the performance of such approaches on clinical routine data, based on a hospital data warehouse, and to compare the results to those obtained on a research data set. The clinical data set was extracted from the hospital data warehouse of the Greater Paris area, which includes 39 different hospitals. The research set was composed of data from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative data set. In the clinical set, the population of interest was identified by exploiting the diagnostic codes from the 10th revision of the International Classification of Diseases that are assigned to each patient. We studied how the imbalance of the training sets, in terms of contrast agent injection and image quality, may bias the results. We demonstrated that computer-aided diagnosis performance was strongly biased upwards (over 17 percent points of balanced accuracy) by the confounders of image quality and contrast agent injection, a phenomenon known as the Clever Hans effect or shortcut learning. When these biases were removed, the performance was very poor. In any case, the performance was considerably lower than on the research data set. Our study highlights that there are still considerable challenges for translating dementia computer-aided diagnosis systems to clinical routine.

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    Other literature type . 2022
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    Medical Image Analysis
    Article . 2023
    License: Elsevier TDM
    Data sources: Crossref
    HAL-Inserm
    Preprint . 2022
    Data sources: HAL-Inserm
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