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  • Open Access Russian
    Authors: 
    L. I. Tochicki;
    Publisher: The United Institute of Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus

    The quantitative characteristics of information resources for automated information systems (AIS) are proposed in the paper. The entities represented in the AIS by the information object mappings and their components (information unit and information element) are considered. The composition of the system information space is substantiated, which represents the whole amount of information being processed in the system, auxiliary information resources and all data of the system and its users. Application of the quantitative values to AIS information resources characteristics, taking into account the sense properties of information objects being mapped in AIS, will make it possible to raise the design decision making quality of AIS and its performance within the lifecycle.

  • Open Access Russian
    Authors: 
    V. M. Romanchak;
    Publisher: The United Institute of Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus

    The paper considers a local wavelet transform with a singular basis wavelet. The problem of nonparametric approximation of a function is solved by the use of the sequence of local wavelet transforms. Traditionally believed that the wavelet should have an average equal to zero. Earlier, the author considered singular wavelets when the average value is not equal to zero. As an example, the delta-shaped functions, participated in the estimates of Parzen – Rosenblatt and Nadara – Watson, were used as a wavelet. Previously, a sequence of wavelet transforms for the entire numerical axis and finite interval was constructed for singular wavelets. The paper proposes a sequence of local wavelet transforms, a local wavelet transform is defined, the theorems that formulate the properties of a local wavelet transform are proved. To confirm the effectiveness of the algorithm an example of approximating the function by use of the sum of discrete local wavelet transforms is given. 

  • Open Access Russian
    Authors: 
    D. I. Kachkou;
    Publisher: The United Institute of Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus

    The article is an essay on the development of technologies for natural language processing, which formed the basis of BERT (Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers), a language model from Google, showing high results on the whole class of problems associated with the understanding of natural language. Two key ideas implemented in BERT are knowledge transfer and attention mechanism. The model is designed to solve two problems on a large unlabeled data set and can reuse the identified language patterns for effective learning for a specific text processing problem. Architecture Transformer is based on the attention mechanism, i.e. it involves evaluation of relationships between input data tokens. In addition, the article notes strengths and weaknesses of BERT and the directions for further model improvement.

  • Open Access Russian
    Authors: 
    Yu. N. Sotskov; Natalja G. Egorova; Natalja M. Matsveichuk;
    Publisher: The United Institute of Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus

    Time-management refers to planning the available time in correspondence with personal goals and preferences of the employee. The criterion for efficient time-management lies in achieving definite goals in minimum possible time. This paper presents a short review of the literature on time-management. It is shown how scheduling theory may be used for optimal planning in time-management. The problem of minimizing the total (average) weighted completion time of the planned jobs by an employee is considered provided that only lower and upper bounds of the possible processing time of each job are known before scheduling. Software for constructing a permutation of the given jobs with the largest relative semi-perimeter of the optimality parallelepiped has been developed. Computational experiment on the computer showed the effectiveness of the developed algorithms for constructing schedules for time-management.

  • Open Access Russian
    Authors: 
    M. L. Radziukevich; V. F. Golikov;
    Publisher: The United Institute of Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus

    The main options for the formation of a shared secret using synchronized artificial neural networks and possible patterns of behavior of a cryptanalyst are considered. To solve the problem of increasing the confidentiality of the generated shared secret, if it is used as a cryptographic key, it is proposed to use the mixing a certain number of results of individual synchronizations (convolution). As a mixing function, we consider the convolution of the vectors of network weights by bitwise addition modulo 2 of all the results of individual synchronizations. It is shown that the probability of success of a cryptanalyst is reduced exponentially with an increase of the number of terms in the convolution and can be chosen arbitrarily small. Moreover, the distribution law of the generated key after convolution is close to uniform and the uniformity increases with the number of terms in the convolution.

  • Open Access Russian
    Authors: 
    K. I. Kostyuk; A. V. Branitski; V. V. Roubo; I. M. Nesterovich;
    Publisher: The United Institute of Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus

    The positions of theRepublicofBelarusin the field of ICT, the levels of medical data store and collection, HL7 FHIR standard are considered. International standard HL7 FHIR for the exchange of medical data, designed to improve the interaction of independent medical information systems and reduce the cost of developing interfaces. FHIR introduces the term Resource as the main unit of meaningful information for transferring and storing data, describes a set of information resources and a protocol for interacting with the resource store through a REST service or messaging. A fixed basic set of information resources is designed to cover 80 % of information scenarios. This standard is used in the national system of electronic prescriptions in theRepublicofBelarus.

  • Open Access Russian
    Authors: 
    Guschinsky, Nikolay; Battaïa, Olga; Dolgui, Alexandre;
    Publisher: The United Institute of Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus
    Country: France

    A problem of design of a flow line composed of stationary machines for sequential batch machining is considered. A MIP model for synthesis of manufacturing process structure is proposed. The model takes into account main technological and structural constraints with the criterion of the minimal line equipment cost. Results of solving a real industrial example are also presented.

  • Open Access Russian
    Authors: 
    M. N. Bobov; A. V. Kurylovich;
    Publisher: The United Institute of Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus

    The article discusses distributed infocommunication networks, in which the interaction of users, application servers and databases is carried out. When accessing an infocommunication network, the first procedure is to authenticate the agents through their authentication by password mechanism. It is shown that for social networks with a large number of users, widely used assessment of the security of password systems based on the calculation of the determination probability is not sufficient. The probability of the same passwords for two users with a password length of 6, 7 and 8 characters with alphabet size of 36, 42 and 57 characters and the number of users no more than 10 million is shown. An assessment of the strength of password authentication systems for info-communication networks based on the "birthday paradox" criterion is given. It has been determined that well-known social networks with a number of users comparable to the number of passwords used are not resistant to "birthday attacks". It is shown that for such systems the resistance of the password system to cracking should be assessed by m=A n/2 criterion.

  • Open Access Russian
    Authors: 
    N. A. Kirienko;
    Publisher: The United Institute of Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus

    The problem of partitioning a logical circuit into subcircuits is considered. It is of great importance when performing optimization transformations in the process of circuit synthesis. The brief review of partitioning methods and algorithms is given, and two groups of algorithms are identified: constructive and iterative one. The interpretation of a logical circuit in the form of a graph is presented. The problem of partitioning in terms of a graph-theoretic model is defined and some algorithms for solving the partitioning problem are proposed. Logic circuit functions are defined by a system of logical equations. Algorithms perform the partitioning the system of logical equations into subsystems with the restrictions of the number of input and output variables. The data structures to execute the algorithms are defined. Various types of equations connections, obtaining better solutions for partitioning are described. The problems of the use of partitioning algorithms to improve the quality of the circuit at the stage of technology-independent optimization are investigated. The results of an experimental study carried out by the BDD optimization procedure for the functional description of the circuit and LeonardoSpectrum synthesis confirm the effectiveness of the developed algorithms. The algorithms are implemented as partitioning circuit procedures in the experimental FLC system for logical design.

  • Open Access Russian
    Authors: 
    Y. A. Drybin; S. V. Sadau; V. S. Sadau;
    Publisher: The United Institute of Informatics Problems of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus

    It is shown that the choice of the time sampling parameter of the digital model of a continuous dynamic system with chaotic modes based on its dynamics makes it possible to control the characteristics of the output sequence, including avoiding short cycles and periodic behavior modes. On the example of the Lorentz system, the analysis of the law of motion of a chaotic system, linearized in the vicinity of points of stable and unstable equilibrium, is carried out, on the basis of which the parameters of the mathematical model of the generator of pseudo-random numbers are selected. The output sequence of numbers generated in proposed way is subjected to statistical and correlation analysis. Based on the results of the tests carried out, we can say that the obtained pseudo-random sequences based on continuous chaotic systems have statistically random properties and can be used in steganographic and cryptographic systems.

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