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  • Authors: 
    Jiong Wang; Toshiro Tanimoto;
    Publisher: Seismological Society of America (SSA)

    ABSTRACT We propose a single-station approach to estimate near-surface elastic structure using collocated pressure and seismic instruments. Our main result in this study is near-surface rigidity (shear modulus) structure at 784 EarthScope Transportable Array (TA) statio...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Charles A. Knight; Arthur L. DeVries;
    Publisher: International Glaciological Society

    AbstractA variety of frost-crystal forms found growing from the vapor in ice caves and tunnels in the Antarctic are described and illustrated. Complex layered structures found within large, skeletal crystals are ascribed to the action of the temperature gradient. Some n...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Oguntoke, Olusegun; Emoruwa, Folayemi O.; Taiwo, Matthew A.;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    Indiscriminate disposal and open burning of sawmill and municipal solid wastes constitute hazards to the quality of the immediate environment and human health. This study assessed the levels of pollutants emitted by burning sawmill and municipal wastes, and their potent...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Miller, Todd R.; Bartlett, Sarah L.; Weirich, Chelsea A.; Hernandez, John;
    Publisher: American Chemical Society (ACS)

    Temporal variability of toxins produced by cyanobacteria in lakes is relatively unknown at time scales relevant to public health (i.e., hourly). In this study, a water quality monitoring buoy was outfitted with an automated water sampler taking preserved samples every 6...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Francisco Alvarez; Matthew Smith;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    This paper illustrates how Machine Learning techniques can be used to assess the impact of environmental protocols that are sparsely activated over time. A case study is analysed: the impact of a protocol that sets traffic restrictions on NO2 levels in Madrid’s urban ar...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Persson, M.; Futaana, Y.; Nilsson, H.; Stenberg Wieser, G.; Hamrin, M.; Fedorov, A.; Zhang, T. L.; Barabash, S.;
    Publisher: American Geophysical Union (AGU)
    Country: France

    International audience; We investigate the heavy ion density and velocity in the Venusian upper ionosphere near the North Pole, using the Ion Mass Analyzer, a part of the Analyzer of Space Plasmas and Energetic Atoms 4, together with the magnetic field instruments on Ve...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Nikolaos Christidis; Peter A. Stott;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract Understanding the role of anthropogenic forcings in regional hydrological changes can help communities plan their adaptation in an informed manner. Here we apply attribution research methods to investigate the effect of human influence on historical trends in w...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Yousaf Latif; Ge Shunqi; Shahid Bashir; Wasim Iqbal; Salman Ali; Muhammad Ramzan;
    Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg

    This research looked at the effects of COVID-19 on a number of the world's most important stock exchanges, as well as the empirical relation between the COVID-19 wave and stock market volatility. In order to plan proper portfolio diversification in international financi...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Daniel Hoornweg; Lorraine Sugar; Claudia Lorena Trejos Gómez;
    Publisher: SAGE Publications

    Cities are blamed for the majority of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. So too are more affluent, highly urbanised countries. If all production- and consumption-based emissions that result from lifestyle and purchasing habits are included, urban residents and their assoc...

  • Authors: 
    Chumki Basu; Manikandan Padmanaban; Sebastien Guillon; Luc Cauchon; Martin DeMontigny; Innocent Kamwa;
    Publisher: IEEE

    Control room operators play an important role in mitigating the effects of disturbances on the power grid. We focus on solar storms and geomagnetic disturbances in this paper. Providing operators with advanced tools that reveal relationships between variables that chara...

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Seidl, Martin; Hadrich, Bilel; Palmier, Luiz; Petrucci, Guido; Nascimento, Nilo;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Country: France

    International audience; The paper presents an analysis of runoff behaviour of four urban catchments between the municipalities of Belo Horizonte and Contagem in Brazil, linked to their land use. Two years of online measurement of flow data, combined with spatial analysi...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    C. S. Wright;
    Publisher: Cambridge University Press (CUP)

    During recent years a firm relationship has been established between disappearing solar fragments and geomagnetic disturbances (Joselyn and McIntosh 1981; McNamara and Wright 1982; Wright and McNamara 1983). Wright and McNamara (1983) showed that the average magnitude a...

  • Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Sainan Wang; Mike J. Newland; Wei Deng; Andrew R. Rickard; Jacqueline F. Hamilton; Amalia Muñoz; Milagros Ródenas; Mónica Vázquez; Liming Wang; Xinming Wang;
    Project: EC | EUROCHAMP-2020 (730997)

    Formic acid (HCOOH), one of the most important and ubiquitous organic acids in the Earth’s atmosphere, contributes substantially to atmospheric acidity and affects pH-dependent reactions in the aqu...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Zheng, Meiyu; Zhao, Xiaoyu; Xu, Shu; Lu, Dongwei;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    In this work, an ultrathin polyamide (PA) membrane was fabricated via in situ removing polysulfone (PSF) substrate from the PSF-PA forward osmosis membrane for the first time. The physicochemical properties of the PA membranes were confirmed by means of surface morpholo...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Ji, Chenyang; Shen, Chao; Zhou, Yixi; Zhu, Kongyang; Sun, Zhe; Zuo, Zhenghong; Zhao, Meirong;
    Publisher: American Chemical Society (ACS)

    Polyhalogenated carbazoles (PHCZs) are a kind of rising environmental pollutant that has been reported to pose high risk to human beings and the natural environment. PHCZs are of a similar molecular structure with of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and exhibi...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Zhaowei Wang; Xing Yang; Tingting Qin; Guiwei Liang; Yan Li; Xiaoyun Xie;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    A novel magnetic attapulgite–biochar composite (MABC) derived from natural attapulgite, cauliflower leaves, and FeCl3 was successfully prepared as a low-cost adsorbent for oxytetracycline (OTC) removal from aqueous solution. Characterization experiments by different tec...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Lingzi Zhao; Yongsheng Zhao; Bingjun Yang; Honghui Teng;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    Carboxymethyl cellulose–stabilized sulfidated nano zerovalent iron (CMC-S-nZVI) was tested for its capacity to the removal of Cr(VI) in this study. The effect of synthesis approaches on morphology and properties of CMC-S-nZVI was studied. Results revealed CMC-S-nZVI pre...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Caroline Aparecida Vaz de Araujo; Alex Graça Contato; Guilherme Mauro Aranha; Giselle Maria Maciel; Charles Windson Isidoro Haminiuk; Fabíola Dorneles Inácio; Jean Henrique da Silva Rodrigues; Rosane Marina Peralta; Cristina Giatti Marques de Souza;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    The concern with the environment and the depletion of natural resources has aroused the interest for the rational use and recycling of water. Therefore, this study evaluated the capacity of the Trametes sp. M3 isolate in the bioremediation of Reactive Blue (RB) 268 dye ...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Muhammad Wasif Zafar; Shah Saud; Fujun Hou;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    This study investigates the impacts of globalization and financial development on environmental quality by incorporating energy consumption in the framework of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis for selected countries in the Organization for Economic Co-op...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Vidović, Kristijan; Kroflič, Ana; Jovanovič, Primož; Šala, Martin; Grgić, Irena;
    Publisher: American Chemical Society (ACS)
    Country: Slovenia

    The ultimate goal in the understanding of complex chemical processes is a complete description of the underlying reaction mechanism. In the present study and for this purpose, a novel experimental platform is introduced that builds upon electrochemistry capable of gener...

  • Publication . Preprint . Other literature type . 2020
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    A. A. Evtushenko; F. A. Kuterin; Ekaterina Svechnikova;

    The paper presents the results of self-consistent axially symmetric modelling of a daytime sprite. Perturbations of the concentrations of ions, neutral compounds, excited atoms and molecules along with disturbances of the atmospheric conductivity and electric field due ...

  • Publication . Article . 2017
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Uri Schattner;
    Publisher: American Geophysical Union (AGU)

    Mounting a magnetic sensor on a bicycle offers an efficient, low-cost method of collecting ground magnetic field data over rough terrain where conventional vehicles dare not venture.

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Barceló‐Llull, Bàrbara; Pascual, Ananda; Ruiz, Simón; Escudier, Romain; Torner, Marc; Tintoré, Joaquín;
    Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
    Country: Spain

    Eight years of glider data are used to characterize the temporal and spatial variability of a region in the western Mediterranean that will constitute one of the targets for the calibration phase of the Surface Water and Ocean Topography (SWOT) satellite mission. The ch...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Haoyuan Cai; Yi Sun; Jing Liu; Xiaoping Wang;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract A near-ideal solar thermal absorber is designed theoretically in this paper. The absorber consists of 2-dimensional W square grating arrays, which are embedded in SiO2 layer that is deposited on a W/SiO2/W waveguide. The optical performance of this metamaterial...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    R. D. Robinson; Jennifer M. Tuxford; K. V. Sheridan; R. T. Stewart;
    Publisher: Cambridge University Press (CUP)

    We present a catalogue of 668 major metre-wavelength radio events. The data was collected from dynamic spectra (taken at Dapto, N.S.W. until 1966 and at Culgoora, N.S.W. thereafter) by means of a radio spectrograph, which records the intensity of radio emission as a fun...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Jun Zhang; Cheng-Wei Chai; Laurel K. ThomasArrigo; Shi-Chen Zhao; Ruben Kretzschmar; Fang-Jie Zhao;
    Publisher: American Chemical Society (ACS)
    Project: SNSF | Reducing Cd and As uptake... (IZLCZ2_170120)

    Phylogenetically diverse species of bacteria can mediate anaerobic oxidation of ferrous iron [Fe(II)] and/or arsenite [As(III)] coupled to nitrate reduction, impacting the biogeochemical cycles of Fe and As. However, the mechanisms for nitrate-dependent anaerobic oxidat...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Jia, Guifei; Zeng, Lingrong; Zhao, Shan; Ge, Shijia; Long, Xiaofang; Zhang, Yuping; Hu, Deyu;
    Publisher: Wiley

    The present study investigates the occurrence of pymetrozine residues in cauliflower samples obtained from six cauliflower-producing areas of China during fixed time periods in 2017 and estimates the dietary risk of pymetrozine in cauliflower. A liquid chromatography wi...

  • Authors: 
    Magazzino, C.; Cerulli, G.;
    Publisher: (:unav)

    ABSTRACTThis paper examines the relationship among carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, GDP, and energy in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries by using a Responsiveness Scores (RS) approac...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Lin, Lijin; Wu, Caifang; Wang, Jin; Liao, Ming’an; Yang, Daiyu; Deng, Honghong; Lv, Xiulan; Xia, Hui; Liang, Dong; Deng, Qunxian;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    In this study, farmland and mining ecotypes of Solanum photeinocarpum (a potential cadmium (Cd) hyperaccumulator plant) were reciprocally hybridized each other, and the Cd accumulation characteristics of the F1 hybrids were studied. In pot experiments, higher biomasses ...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Yi-Fei Wang; Min Qiao; Dong Zhu; Yong-Guan Zhu;
    Publisher: American Chemical Society (ACS)

    The effects of pharmaceuticals as emerging contaminants in soil on the gut microbiome and antibiotic resistome in nontarget soil fauna are largely elusive. In this study, we explored the composition of the bacterial community and the presence of antibiotic resistance ge...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Brice Takam; Jean-Baptiste Tarkwa; Elie Acayanka; Serge Nzali; Darryle M Chesseu; Georges Y. Kamgang; Samuel Laminsi;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    The reason that some molecules, but not others, are easily adsorbed was not fully understood. In order to spotlight the effect of morphological structure and surface functional composition of adsorbate rather than focusing only on the nature of adsorbent as in most of l...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Nikola Hodkovicova; Pavla Sehonova; Jana Blahova; Martin Faldyna; Petr Marsalek; Premysl Mikula; Petr Chloupek; Radka Dobsikova; Vladimir Vecerek; Monika Vicenova; +2 more
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    The effect of venlafaxine, a pharmaceutical commonly found in aquatic environment, was analyzed on non-target organism, Danio rerio (Hamilton, 1822). D. rerio embryos were treated by two different concentrations of venlafaxine: either concentration relevant in aquatic e...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Curtis, Kyle; Gonzalez, Raul A.;
    Publisher: American Chemical Society (ACS)

    Microbial source tracking can identify waterbodies at risk of contamination using host-associated molecular markers. No assay used for microbial source tracking is both 100% host-specific and sensitive for human or animal fecal contamination. Using literature sensitivit...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Shamim Ahmad; Anwer Ali; Ahmad Ashfaq;
    Publisher: Excellent Publishers
  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Yanhu Ji; Bin Liu; Jian Song; Rubing Pan; Jian Cheng; Hong Su; Heng Wang;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    Schizophrenia (SCZ) hospital re-admissions constitute a serious disease burden worldwide. Some studies have reported an association between air pollutants and hospital admissions for SCZ. However, evidence is scarce regarding the effects of ambient particulate matter (P...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Yang, Juan; Li, Wenlong; Zhu, Qingyao; Yang, Mengting; Li, Juying; Zhang, Junmin; Yang, Bo; Zhao, Xu;
    Publisher: American Chemical Society (ACS)

    Humic substances are commonly known disinfection byproduct (DBP) precursors. Tannic acid is one precursor of humic substances in organic degradation, and it occurs ubiquitously in both source water and wastewater. In this study, the biological degradation process was si...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Scaratti, Gidiane; De Noni Júnior, Agenor; José, Humberto Jorge; de Fatima Peralta Muniz Moreira, Regina;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    1,4-Dioxane is a synthetic cyclic ether traditionally used as a chlorinated solvent stabilizer. It is a small molecule and recalcitrant compound that is difficult to remove by conventional processes and in this regard, there is a need for the development of new technolo...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    de Haas, T.; Densmore, A. L.; den Hond, T.; Cox, N. J.; Landdegradatie en aardobservatie; Landscape functioning, Geocomputation and Hydrology;
    Publisher: American Geophysical Union (AGU)
    Country: Netherlands

    Debris‐flow fans form by shifts of the active channel, termed avulsions. Field and experimental evidence suggest that debris‐flow avulsions may be induced by depositional lobes that locally plug a channel or super‐elevation of the channel bed above the surrounding fan s...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Azzi, Elias S.; Karltun, Erik; Sundberg, Cecilia;
    Publisher: American Chemical Society (ACS)

    Several cities in Sweden are aiming for climate neutrality within a few decades and for negative emissions thereafter. Combined biochar, heat, and power production is an option to achieve carbon sequestration for cities relying on biomass-fuelled district heating, while...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    María del Consuelo Hernández-Berriel; Iván Y. Hernández-Paniagua; Kevin C. Clemitshaw; José A. Nila-Cuevas; Otoniel Buenrostro-Delgado;
    Publisher: Centro de Ciencias de la Atmosfera

    The organic fraction (OF) is the main component of urban solid wastes (USW) generated in Mexico and other developing countries. The increasing generation of USW in combination with the long periods required for OF stabilization at confinement sites has exceeded the mana...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Gema L. Batanero; Andy J. Green; Juan A. Amat; Marion Vittecoq; Curtis A. Suttle; Isabel Reche;

    Abstract. Coastal wetlands are valuable ecosystems with high biological productivity and diversity, which provide ecosystem services such as a reduction in the inputs of nitrogen into coastal waters, and storage of organic carbon, thus, acting as net carbon sinks. The r...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Shafiqur Rehman; Narayanan Natarajan; Mohamed Mohandes; Joshua P. Meyer; Mahbub Alam; Luai M. Alhems;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    The objective of this work is to understand the fluctuating nature of wind speed characteristics on different time scales and to find the long-term annual trends of wind speed at different locations in South Africa. The hourly average mean wind speed values over a perio...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Ali Al-Amer; Daoud Ali; Saud Alarifi; Abdullah A. Alkahtane; Mohammed Al-Zharani; Mohamed M. Abdel-Daim; Gadah Albasher; Rafa Almeer; Nouf Alsultan; Abdulaziz Almalik; +4 more
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    Metal nanomaterials such as bismuth oxide nanoparticles (Bi2O3NPs) have been extensively used in cosmetics, dental materials, pulp capping, and biomedical imaging. There is little knowledge about the health risk of Bi2O3NPs in humans, which warrants a thorough toxicity ...

  • English
    Authors: 
    Leite, Â.; Sousa, H. F. P. e.; Vidal, D. G.; Dinis, M. A. P.;
    Publisher: Taylor and Francis

    Sustainable development does not prosper in unhappy societies, as it is a direct indicator of well-being and inequality. As part of well-being, the pursuit of happiness should be understood as a fundamental human goal for all nations and integrate the public policy obje...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Pola Lomza; Krzysztof Poszytek; Aleksandra Sklodowska; Lukasz Drewniak;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV
  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Bao, Qing; Wu, Xiaofei; Li, Jinxiao; Wang, Lei; He, Bian; Wang, Xiaocong; Liu, Yimin; Wu, Guoxiong;
    Publisher: Science China Press., Co. Ltd.

    El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) in the equatorial Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) in the equatorial Indian Ocean are two major natural variabilities on seasonal and inter-annual timescales. In this study, the Flexible Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Land Sys...

  • Open Access Portuguese
    Authors: 
    Barbara Irene Wasinski Prado; Erico Peixoto Araujo; Francisco Armond Amaral;
    Publisher: Universidade de São Paulo

    Este texto apresenta a aplicação da ferramenta Realidade Aumentada– RA Sandbox (traduzida como Caixa de Areia de Realidade Aumentada) no Planejamento da Paisagem e no Planejamento Urbano e Rural. Relata-se, a partir da experiência educacional topológica realizada com o ...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Mirjam Pfeiffer; Dushyant Kumar; Carola Martens; Simon Scheiter;

    Abstract. Vegetation responses to changes in environmental drivers can be subject to temporal lags. This implies that vegetation is committed to future changes once environmental drivers stabilize. Understanding the trajectories of such committed changes is important as...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Yongli Guo; Zhang Wen; Cheng Zhang; Hamza Jakada;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    A rare super-large fractured karst aquifer located in Zibo city, Shandong Province of Northern China was polluted by petroleum hydrocarbons from a petrochemical company. Over the last 30 years, it has been the focus of several remediation efforts. In this study, the con...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    R. Lakshmipathy; P. Harikrishna; Bapuji Naidu; D. Bhaskar Rao;
    Publisher: Excellent Publishers