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  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Chi Chen; Niko Hildebrandt;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV
    Country: France

    Abstract Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have been widely applied as highly efficient luminescence quenchers in combination with a large variety of donor fluorophores. While the application of such systems in optical biosensing has resulted in significant advances of biologi...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Ayupova, Takhmina; Tosi, Daniele; Shaimerdenova, Madina; Korganbayev, Sanzhar; Sypabekova, Marzhan; Bekmurzayeva, Aliya; Blanc, Wilfried; Sales, Salvador; Guo, Tuan; Molardi, Carlo;
    Publisher: HAL CCSD
    Countries: France, Spain

    © 2020 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permissíon from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertisíng or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Joakim Romson; Oliver Freiholtz; Anher Saeed; Adrián Soto Kronberg; Athea Thomas; Jamie Godfrey; Michael Malkoch; Scott M. Grayson; Åsa Emmer;
    Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc.

    RATIONALE A calibration solution for mass spectrometry needs to cover the range of interest with intense and sufficiently narrowly spaced peaks. Limited options fulfilling this may lead to compromises between performance and ease of use. SpheriCal® -ESI was designed to ...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Hasan, Raqibul; Ahmed, Wael Abdullah; Lu, Jeng-Hau; Ng, Herman Jalli; Kissinger, Dietmar;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    This paper describes a differential microstrip patch antenna array and a rectangular waveguide to coupled differential microstrip line transition operating at 122 GHz. The antenna array is realized in series-fed topology/architecture and is very suitable for MIMO radar ...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Fan, Junfeng; Jing, Fengshui; Yang, Lei; Teng, Long; Tan, Min;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    Initial weld point guiding is the premise of intelligentized welding process. At present, many initial weld point guiding methods based on structured light vision sensors and passive vision sensors have been presented. However, the methods based on structured light visi...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Zhou Ping; Gongbo Zhou; Li Yingming; He Zhenzhi; Yiwen Liu;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    Visual inspection method (VIM) has attracted more and more attention because it is fast, nondestructive, automatic, and objective, which can replace manual inspection method or assist other non-destructive testing methods for wire ropes (WR) to a certain extent. However...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Sviatoslav Ivanov; Edward G. Kostsov;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    Modern multi-element IR arrays rely on the principle of maximum thermal insulation between the sensing element and the substrate with the required technology being complex and expensive. With the increase of array size technological demands regarding the quality of ther...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Moein Radman; Milad Moradi; Ali Chaibakhsh; Mojtaba Kordestani; Mehrdad Saif;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
    Project: NSERC

    In this article, a new fusion scheme based on the Dempster–Shafer Evidence Theory (DSET) is introduced for Epileptic Seizure Detection (ESD) in brain disorders. Firstly, various features in temporal, spectral, and temporal-spectral domains are extracted from Electroence...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Sun, Luan Zi; Liu, Lu; Zhang, Mengyu; Yang, Liang; Guo, Tongtian;
    Publisher: Wiley

    Rationale The carbon stable isotope composition (δ13 C value) of a plant can reflect prolonged drought and salinity, as different isotopic signals resulting from drought and salinity can be retained in plant tissue. Commonly, drought and salinity are interrupted by inte...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Yongxin Li; Zewei Luo; Chuyan Zhang; Rui Sun; Chen Zhou; Chengjun Sun;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract Nucleic acids are not only genetic information carriers but also powerful building blocks for signal amplification. Among the amplification strategies based on nucleic acids, entropy-driven circuit (EDC) is considered as a milestone in the field of DNA circuits...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    A. A. Kuzanyan; Vahan Nikoghosyan; Armen S. Kuzanyan;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    In this paper we have proposed the design of a single-photon thermoelectric detector’s detection pixel consisting of heat sink (W), thermoelectric sensor (CeB6), absorber (W), and antireflection layer (SiO2). It is justified that the detector with such a detection pixel...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Boris Braginsky; Alon Baruch; Hugo Guterman;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    A Doppler velocity log (DVL) provides a three-dimensional representation of the velocity of an underwater vehicle to the vehicle’s DVL-aided inertial navigation system (INS). It is a key element in determining the precision of the INS. This paper presents an algorithm f...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Du Yi; Liao Kefei; Shan Ouyang; Li Jingjing; Gaojian Huang;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    In modern high-dynamic battlefield environments, the time and aperture resources of multifunction radar systems are often viewed as important system resources. In this paper, a time and aperture resource allocation strategy for multitarget inverse synthetic aperture rad...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Duan, Yaoxin; Lam, Kam-Yiu; Lee, Victor C.S.; Nie, Wendi; Liu, Kai; Li, Hao; Xue, Chun Jason;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    Received signal strength (RSS)/channel state information (CSI) fingerprinting techniques have been widely adopted for wireless local area network (WLAN)-based indoor localization. However, in most of the RSS/CSI fingerprinting techniques, an application/software has to ...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Yan, Jipeng; Yang, Xingchen; Sun, Xueli; Chen, Zhenfeng; Liu, Honghai;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    A novel sensor technology is urgently required to sense the human motion behavior for wearable human–machine interfaces (HMIs) in a wide spectrum of applications, such as rehabilitation. The inherent limitations of surface electromyography signals and the shortages of t...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Oksana Trushkevych; Morteza Tabatabaeipour; Steve Dixon; M. D. G. Potter; Gordon Dobie; Charles MacLeod; Rachel S. Edwards;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
    Country: United Kingdom

    Electromagnetic acoustic transducers (EMATs) are well suited to generating and detecting a variety of different ultrasonic wavemodes, without the need for couplant, and they can be operated through some coatings. EMATs can be used to generate shear horizontal (SH) waves...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Yongjian Ai; Feng Zhang; Chenlong Wang; Ruoxiao Xie; Qionglin Liang;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract As one of emerging applications of lab-on-a-chip, microfluidics contribution to pharmaceutical science has arose increasing attention. The demand of lab-on-a-chip technologies for pharmaceutical science led to the development of Pharm-Lab on a Chip, which repre...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Jeon, Minho; Do, Minjae; Kawashima, Daisuke; Takei, Masahiro;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    Void fraction in gas–liquid flow has been estimated using the artificial neural network (ANN) with electrical current response (ECR) from a voltage–current (VC) system, which measures electrical currents through the combination with eight electrodes attached around a pi...

  • Authors: 
    Kitisak Osathanunkul; Kittikorn Hantarkul; Part Pramokchon; Paween Khoenkaw; Nasi Tantitharanukul;
    Publisher: IEEE

    The automatic urinal flushing system has been developed in the market for a long time. However, none of them is smart. No information is collected from the traditional automatic urinal flushing system. No one knows how many times it has been used in a day. No operationa...

  • Authors: 
    Muhammad Novrizal Abdi Sahid; Takeshi Kiyoi;
    Publisher: Informa UK Limited

    Mast cells (MCs) are well known for their role in allergic conditions. This cell can be activated by various types of secretagogues, ranging from a small chemical to a huge protein. Mast cell activation by secretagogues triggers the increase in intracellular calcium (iC...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Oluwadamilola Gideon Osasona; Opeoluwa Adewale-Fashoro; Testimony J. Olumade; Judith U. Oguzie; U George; Olumuyiwa Elijah Ariyo; Oluwatosin Oluwagbenga Oguntoye;
    Publisher: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

    ABSTRACTIntroductionHepatitis B virus(HBV) infects about 2 billion people globally and accounts for mortality of about 800,000 from liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for 70% of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) global burden. HIV...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Annasamy Gowri; N. Ashwin Kumar; B. S. Suresh Anand;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Early diagnosis and ultrahigh sample throughput screening are the need of the hour to control the geological spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. Traditional laboratory tests such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction ...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Sumit Majumder; M. Jamal Deen;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
    Project: NSERC

    Recent advances in micro-electromechanical systems technology have enabled the evolution of miniature, low-power, and high-performance inertial motion sensors that are commonly found in most present-day smart gadgets. Furthermore, high-speed and power-efficient communic...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Wenxu Wang; Damian Marelli; Minyue Fu;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    In this article we study the problem of localizing a fleet of vehicles in an indoor environment using ultra-wideband (UWB) signals. This is typically done by placing a number of UWB anchors with respect to which vehicles measure their distances. The localization perform...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Kaustav Roy; Harshvardhan Gupta; Vijayendra Shastri; Ajay Dangi; A. Antony Jeyaseelan; Soma Dutta; Rudra Pratap;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    We report on the suitability of a Piezoelectric Micromachined Ultrasound Transducer (PMUT) based system for fluid density measurement in both static and dynamic conditions. We exploit the well-known phenomenon of the virtual added mass induced changes in the resonant fr...

  • Authors: 
    Junaid Iqbal Khan; Usman Zabit;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    Using a self-mixing laser interferometric sensor, the aim of this paper is to propose two new and distinct Fourier transform based methods for estimation of optical coupling factor and linewidth enhancement factor, as well as displacement of a target over all feedback r...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Junjie Zhang; Guangmin Sun; Yuge Sun; Huijing Dou; Anas Bilal;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    A method of Upper Limb Activities Recognition (UPLA) based on Neural Networks is presented. The accuracy of activity recognition will be influenced by the size of sliding window, the overlapping of adjacent sequences and the number of neurons for neural networks. Wherea...

  • Publication . Other literature type . Article . 2021
    Closed Access English
    Authors: 
    Ashish Pandharipande;
    Country: Netherlands

    The proliferation of the Internet and mobile devices has led to users increasingly communicating with each other and expressing themselves on a variety of digital channels. Social sensing refers to the collection, processing and analyses of data from such social media a...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Ruchi Singh; Ritesh Bhardwaj; Gaurav Siddharth; Pawan Kumar; Shaibal Mukherjee;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    Here, an analytical model for dark current and photoresponsivity of ZnO-based thin film homojunction p-i-n ultraviolet (UV) photodetector (PD) is presented. This work provides a succinct insight about the effect of reverse bias voltage, thickness variation on the respon...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Zhang, Rui; Pu, Shengli; Li, Yuqi; Zhao, Yongliang; Jia, Zixuan; Yao, Jilei; Li, Yongxi;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    A kind of composite structure consisting of Mach–Zehnder interferometer (MZI) cascaded with fiber Bragg grating (FBG) is proposed for simultaneous measurement of magnetic field and temperature. The MZI structure consists of a pair of up-tapered joints, which are used to...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Deb Majumder, Bansari; Roy, Joyanta Kumar; Padhee, Subhransu;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    Due to rapid advancement in technology, recently a significant amount of work has been carried out in the field of multi-mode sensor and multifunctional sensor. A single unit of multifunctional sensor provides multiple measurements, which eventually reduces the cost of ...

  • Publication . Article . Other literature type . 2021
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Zahra Hosseinpoor; Mohammad Mehdi Arefi; Roozbeh Razavi-Far; Niloofar Mozafari; Saeede Hazbavi;
    Publisher: Scholarship at UWindsor
    Country: Canada

    This article presents an industrial implementation of a virtual sensor in the process of fault detection of an induction motor. An ensemble-learning soft-sensor is developed to detect broken rotor bar that is essential to prevent irreparable damage. Most of the existing...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Mingyang Lu; Xiaobai Meng; Liming Chen; Ruochen Huang; Wuliang Yin; Anthony Peyton;
    Country: United Kingdom

    Eddy current methods are wildly used for measuringthe electromagnetic property of ferromagneticsamples due to its high sensitivities and portability (when using the remote electromagnetic sensor). However, in diverse applications, the eddy current measurement is always ...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Miao, Wenchao; Lam, K. H.; Pong, Philip W. T.;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    Due to the environmental concerns and new energy policies, worldwide expectations for energy production utilizing photovoltaic (PV) systems are increasing significantly. The aluminum electrolytic capacitor (AEC) is extensively used in filtering application for power ele...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Zhenyuan Xu; Maosong Pang; Wenhao Zhao; Dongzhi Zhang;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    The graphitic nitrogen carbide/alpha-iron oxide (g-C3N4/ $\alpha $ -Fe2O3) nanostructure is prepared by hydrothermal method. The g-C3N4/ $\alpha $ -Fe2O3 hybrid was characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray (XRD)....

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Jiang, Rui; Liu, Xinghua; Wang, Han; Ge, Shuzhi Sam;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    This paper focuses on the problem of secure attitude estimation for autonomous vehicles. Based on the established AHRS measuring model and the attack model, we have decomposed the optimal Kalman estimate into a linear combination of local state estimates. We then propos...

  • Authors: 
    Shreya Nag; Susmita Pradhan; Hemanta Naskar; Runu Banerjee Roy; Bipan Tudu; Panchanan Pramanik; Rajib Bandyopadhyay;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    In this present work, electrochemical detection and quantification of formalin (FAL) trace present in mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) was premeditated using a cerium oxide nanoparticle modified graphite paste electrode (CeO2@GP). Cerium oxide (CeO2) nanoparticles (nps) wer...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Lulu Xu; Xiao Chen; Sirui Tan; Zhirun Hu; Baoan Ying; Terry Tao Ye; Yi Li;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
    Project: EC | ETexWeld (644268)

    This paper proposes an accurate model for yarn-based embroidered coil antenna used in Near Field Communication (NFC) applications. Traditionally, the inductance of a coil-shaped antenna is calculated using the Wheeler’s equation, while accurate enough for metallic coil ...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Shkel, Anton A.; Kim, Eun Sok;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    This paper reports the implementation and evaluation of an array-based recognition system for the detection of wheezing in breathing. We describe the design and fabrication of a resonant microphone array for pre-filtered acoustic signal acquisition, and outline a novel ...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Yijie Qin; Keyan Li; Chang Yao; Wang Xianran; Jun Ou-Yang; Xiaofei Yang;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    Magnetic anomaly detection is an effective method for detecting ferromagnetic targets. The practical application of target detection by measuring the magnetic gradient has been confirmed in many studies, and its suppression of background noise has been widely recognized...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Prince Bawuah; J. Axel Zeitler;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract The rapid development of terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS) as a highly versatile analytical tool for the characterisation of pharmaceutical materials has drawn considerable attention over the past two decades. In this review an overview of the curren...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Singh, Mukul; Patkar, Rajul S.; Vinchurkar, Madhuri; Baghini, Maryam Shojaei;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    This paper for the first time demonstrates a low cost, easy to make, disposable and paper-based soil pH sensor. The measurement of soil pH is performed using three electrode based electrochemical platform. The sensor is printed using screen-printing technique on a non-t...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Kaushal Kishore; S. A. Akbar;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    The phase-sensitive detection (PSD), popularly referred to as lock-in amplifier (LIA) has been around for quite a long time. Lock-in amplifier has been quite a versatile measurement instrument for extracting low-level signals buried in noise. In the recent past, the imp...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Fabian N. Murrieta-Rico; Vitalii Petranovskii; Donald H. Galvan; Joel Antúnez-García; Rosario I. Yocupicio-Gaxiola; Vera Tyrsa;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    Optoelectronic oscillators (OEO) based sensors generate low-phase-noise signals, whose frequency is in the order of GHz. These sensors are highly sensitive to parameters like strain, transverse load or temperature. Particularly, an OEO transforms a wavelength change int...

  • Authors: 
    Weijie Zhan; Jianxin Yi; Xianrong Wan; Yunhua Rao;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    The low-altitude airspace is becoming more and more busy. To ensure low-altitude safety, non-cooperative systems (e.g. the passive radars) should be developed in addition to the cooperative ones. Nevertheless, several classes of targets (e.g. aircrafts, birds, and vehic...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Amitabha Datta; Haritha Mamidala; Deepa Venkitesh; Balaji Srinivasan;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    We report the experimental demonstration of a reference-free Distributed Anti-Stokes Raman Thermometry (DART) scheme for real-time power line monitoring in overhead power transmission (OPGW/OPC) cables. Our work is based on the loop configuration in which only the anti-...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Soumendu Chakraborty; Satish K. Singh; Kush Kumar;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    In today’s world, where the need for security is paramount and biometric access control systems are gaining mass acceptance due to their increased reliability, research in this area is quite relevant. Also with the advent of IOT devices and increased community support f...

  • Authors: 
    William McDonnell; Ashish Mishra; Changzhi Li;
    Publisher: IEEE

    Nonlinear components can be used to generate third order intermodulation frequencies. Taking advantage of this phenomenon the movement of a nonlinear target can be monitored and distinguished from background clutter. This paper discusses the use of an intermodulation ra...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Marco Coha; Federica Dal Bello; Debora Fabbri; Paola Calza; Claudio Medana;
    Publisher: Wiley

    RATIONALE Bisphenol E (BPE) and bisphenol S (BPS) have recently replaced bisphenol A as monomers for producing polycarbonates. However, BPE and BPS can pose hazards as they are known to be endocrine disruptors. Despite the huge increase in their use, there is a lack of ...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Jiaqi Xu; Xuanmeng Zhu; Xi Zhou; Farjana Yeasmin Khusbu; Changbei Ma;
    Publisher: Elsevier BV

    Abstract Silver nanoclusters stabilized with DNA scaffolds, with excellent physical and chemical properties, have emerged as a versatile tool in biomedical systems. Silver nanoclusters as a late-model nanomaterial with a small size less than 2 nm shows good stability an...