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  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Ke Gao; Hadi Aliakbarpour; Joshua Fraser; Koundinya Nouduri; Filiz Bunyak; Ricky Massaro; Guna Seetharaman; Kannappan Palaniappan;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    Ubiquitous low cost multi-rotor and fixed wing drones or unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have accelerated the need for reliable, robust, and scalable Structure-from-Motion (SfM) and Multi-View Stereo (MVS) pipelines suitable for a variety of flightpath trajectories espe...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    María Laura Ramos; Carlos Hernán Moscuzza; Alicia Fernández Cirelli;
    Publisher: Centro de Ciencias de la Atmosfera

    The use of feedlot cattle manure appears as an important source of certain trace metals in soils that can be mobilized by water modifying the surface and groundwater quality. The current study is focused on assessing the availability of copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), cobalt (C...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Wang Yifei; Xinshan Song; Zhongshuo Xu; Xin Cao; Jing Song; Wei Huang; Xiaoyan Ge; Huaping Wang;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    The functionalized biochar was assembled on modified zeolite to synthesize a novel modified composite adsorbent. The latter was applied to simultaneous adsorption of ammonium and nitrate. The Box–Behnken design (BBD) in response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to ...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Leila Gharib; Asghar Keshtkar; Ayaz Ghorbani;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    Electromagnetic (EM) interference and its suppression are one of the major issues in most current systems design. The electric device such as railgun generates the EM fields that unintentionally propagate away from the structure. Railgun that have significant amounts of...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Sabina Licen; Sergio Cozzutto; Pierluigi Barbieri;
    Publisher: Taiwan Association for Aerosol Research

    ABSTRACT Air particulate matter dimensions are a key air quality parameter which can be related to composition, transport properties, exposure and effects on humans and the environment. Optical particle counters are increasingly used for dynamic ambient air particle mat...

  • Authors: 
    Y. Inome; Tokonatsu Yamamoto; Masahiro Teshima; H. Ohoka; D. Nakajima; Razmik Mirzoyan;
    Publisher: IEEE

    We have developed a pulse laser for a calibration of photon sensors used in a high energy experiments. The pulse width of the laser beam is 110 ps in full width at half maximum (FWHM) and its peak intensity is adjustable up to 100 mW. This pulse laser is composed of a s...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Esmeralda Mendoza-Mendoza; A.G. Nuñez-Briones; A. P. Ysiwata-Rivera; A. I. Moral-Rodríguez; Luis Alfonso García-Cerda; René D. Peralta-Rodríguez; J. Rodríguez-Hernández; José Luis Rodríguez-López;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    Organic dyes constitute one of the main pollutants existing in wastewater, perturbing aquatic life and causing environmental problems. Photocatalytic oxidation represents an alternative process for effective and easy degradation of dyes. In this study, the synthesis of ...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Feng, Gangli; Zhou, Wancheng; Deng, Hongwei; Yang, Minghao; Qing, Yuchang; Luo, Fa; Zhu, Dongmei; Huang, Zhibin; Zhou, Yingying; Wang, Chunhai;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    The A-site substituted (20 mol% Sr2+ and Ca2+) and B-site substituted (20 mol% Co3+ and Mn3+) M-type BaFe12O19 (BFO) ceramics were synthesized and the magnetic properties and microwave absorption were investigated. The A-site substitution by Ca2+ or B-site substitution ...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Iskandar Shah Mohd Zawawi;
    Publisher: Tamkang Journal of Mathematics

    In this paper, the block backward differentiation α formulas (BBDF-α) is derived for solving first order stiff ordinary differential equations with oscillating solutions. The consistency and zero stability conditions are investigated to prove the convergence of the meth...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Wenbin Jiang; Jingxiang Low; Keke Mao; Delong Duan; Shuangming Chen; Wei Liu; Chih-Wen Pao; Jun Ma; Shuaikang Sang; Chang Shu; +8 more
    Publisher: American Chemical Society (ACS)

    Photocatalysis provides an intriguing approach for the conversion of methane to multicarbon (C2+) compounds under mild conditions; however, with methyl radicals as the sole reaction intermediate, the current C2+ products are dominated by ethane, with a negligible select...

  • Authors: 
    Zhengkai Li; Zhiyao Zhang; Zhen Zeng; Jun Yuan; Shangjian Zhang; Yali Zhang; Zhengping Zhang; Yong Liu;
    Publisher: The Optical Society

    An approach to realizing a highly selective and stable tunable dual-passband microwave photonic filter (MPF) is proposed and experimentally demonstrated, in which two passbands have a fixed frequency interval. The MPF is achieved based on phase-to-intensity modulation (...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Ryo Sasaki; Kohei Sato; Kazuhito V. Tabata; Hiroyuki Noji; Kazushi Kinbara;
    Publisher: American Chemical Society (ACS)

    Transmembrane proteins within biological membranes exhibit varieties of important functions that are vital for many cellular activities, and the development of their synthetic mimetics allows for deep understanding in related biological events. Inspired by the structure...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Mohamed El-Borhamy;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    This article is concerned with the study of chaos transition of the duffing oscillator in the presence of fractional-order derivative and third-order polynomial delayed position feedback. The main aim of the work is focused on proving that the existence of time delay pa...

  • Publication . Article . Preprint . 2019
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Benjamin Passer;

    We study containment and uniqueness problems concerning matrix convex sets. First, to what extent is a matrix convex set determined by its first level? Our results in this direction quantify the disparity between two product operations, namely the product of the smalles...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Olov Lönnqvist;
    Publisher: Stockholm University Press

    Methods now in common use for making prognostic charts to a large extent are based on time derivatives, while the numerical methods start from space derivatives. That is the fundamental difference between them. It is shown that the present methods give at times very goo...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Mark Lautens; Andrew Whyte;
    Publisher: Georg Thieme Verlag KG
  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Li, Lei; Liu, Jian-Guo;

    We consider a discretization of Caputo derivatives resulted from deconvolving a scheme for the corresponding Volterra integral. Properties of this discretization, including signs of the coefficients, comparison principles, and stability of the corresponding implicit sch...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Aneel Salman; Bakhtawar Sethi; Faheem Aslam; Tahir Kahloon;
    Publisher: Pluto Journals

    This study attempts to examine the relationship between Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) and Carbon Dioxide (CO2) emissions in Pakistan. Panel unit root, panel co-integration, and Fully Modified OLS (FMOLS) estimators were employed to investigate the existence of long-run r...

  • Publication . Article . Preprint . 2019
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Amini, Kasra; Biegert, Jens; Calegari, Francesca; Chacón, Alexis; Ciappina, Marcelo F; Dauphin, Alexandre; Efimov, Dmitry K; Figueira de Morisson Faria, Carla; Giergiel, Krzysztof; Gniewek, Piotr; +15 more
    Countries: United Kingdom, Spain, Poland, Spain, Germany
    Project: EC | TRANSFORMER (788218), EC | HICONO (641272), EC | LASERLAB-EUROPE (654148)

    This paper has been prepared by the Symphony collaboration (University of Warsaw, Uniwersytet Jagielloński, DESY/CNR and ICFO) on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of the 'simple man's models' which underlie most of the phenomena that occur when intense ultrashort la...

  • Authors: 
    Noca Alon; Andy Liu;
    Publisher: Informa UK Limited

    "As high-speed electronic communication becomes commonplace, there is a tremendous need for better transmission schemes-ones that minimize the effect of inevitable transmission errors, ones that protect confidential or secret messages, ones that route messages most effi...

  • Authors: 
    Eva Acosta; Miguel Olvera-Angeles; Enrique González-Amador; Jose Sasian; Jim Schwiegerling; Justo Arines;
    Publisher: The Optical Society

    Wavefront coding is a technique that combines optical phase elements and digital signal processing in order to increase the effective depth of focus of optical systems. The success of wavefront coding lies in the design of a suitable phase mask placed at the system’s ap...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    R. Russell M. Paterson;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    Palms are highly significant tropical plants. Oil palms produce palm oil, the basic commodity of a highly important industry. Climate change from greenhouse gasses is likely to decrease the ability of palms to survive, irrespective of them providing ecosystem services t...

  • Publication . Article . 2016
    Authors: 
    Xingzhong Xu;
    Publisher: World Scientific Pub Co Pte Lt

    Let ℱ be a saturated fusion system over a finite p-group S, and let Z ≤ Zn (ℱ), which is strongly closed in S with respect to ℱ. In this paper, we prove that there is a natural bijection from the set of normal subsystems of ℱ containing Z to the set of normal subsystem...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Hui Zhang; Ye Chu; Phat M. Dang; Yueyi Tang; Tao Jiang; Josh Clevenger; Peggy Ozias-Akins; C. Corley Holbrook; Ming Li Wang; Howard Campbell; +2 more
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    Two QTLs on ChrB09 significantly associated with both early and late leaf spots were identified by genome-wide association study in the US peanut mini-core collection. Early leaf spot (ELS) and late leaf spot (LLS) are two serious peanut diseases in the USA, causing ten...

  • Publication . Part of book or chapter of book . 2020
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Giselle Reis; Zan Naeem; Mohammed Hashim;
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing

    Sequent calculus is a pervasive technique for studying logics and their properties due to the regularity of rules, proofs, and meta-property proofs across logics. However, even simple proofs can be large, and writing them by hand is often messy. Moreover, the combinator...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Rooha Khurram; Zhan Wang; Muhammad Fahad Ehsan;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    Recently, rising distress over ecological pollution owing to water contamination by coloring effluents primarily due to dyes is of growing concern. The development of semiconductor/magnetic oxide–based nanomaterials has verified to be a potent remediation means for wate...

  • Publication . Article . 2019 . Embargo End Date: 01 Jan 2019
    Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Martinella, C.; Stark, R.; Ziemann, T.; Alia, R. G.; Kadi, Y.; Grossner, U.; Javanainen, A.;
    Publisher: ETH Zurich
    Countries: Finland, Switzerland

    IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, 66 (7)

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Liu, Chang; Zhang, Ai-Yong; Si, Yang; Pei, Dan-Ni; Yu, Han-Qing;
    Publisher: American Chemical Society (ACS)

    The electrode is the key in electrochemical process for water and wastewater treatment. Many nonstoichiometric metal oxides are active electrode materials but have poor stability under strong anodic polarization due to their susceptible nature of the oxygen vacancies on...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    René P. M. Lafleur; Svenja Herziger; Sandra M. C. Schoenmakers; Arthur D. A. Keizer; Jahaziel Jahzerah; Bala N. S. Thota; Lu Su; Paul H. H. Bomans; Nico A. J. M. Sommerdijk; Anja R. A. Palmans; +4 more
    Countries: Netherlands, Germany
    Project: EC | SYNMAT (788618)

    Supramolecular fibers in water, micrometers long and several nanometers in width, are among the most studied nanostructures for biomedical applications. These supramolecular polymers are formed through a spontaneous self-assembly process of small amphiphilic molecules b...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Bernard J. Matkowsky;
    Publisher: American Mathematical Society (AMS)

    We consider the eigenvalue problem for the Laplace operator in a two dimensional domain, bounded by a smooth, closed convex curve C C , on which the eigenfunctions vanish. Waves whose wavelengths λ \lambda are very small may be viewed as particles traveling a...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Zhang Xiang; Lu Ben-Quan; Li Ji-Guang; Zou Hong-Xin;
    Publisher: Acta Physica Sinica, Chinese Physical Society and Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

    The Dirac-Hartree-Fock approximation is adopted to calculate the mass shift and the field shift for the 5d<sup>10</sup>6s <sup>2</sup>S<sub>1/2</sub>→5d<sup>9</sup>6s<sup>2 2</sup>D<sub>5/2</sub> cl...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Aswathy Asok; Haribabu Krishnan;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    Developing a non-platinum (Pt) counter electrode (CE) in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) gained widespread consideration in scientific research. The counter electrode substitutes for Pt should exhibit enhanced conductivity and electrocatalytic nature. In the current ...

  • Authors: 
    Allie Davis; Amy Javernick-Will; Sherri M. Cook;
    Publisher: American Chemical Society (ACS)

    Sanitation acceptance is unlikely if user priorities are not addressed. However, sanitation systems are commonly implemented, especially in resource-limited communities, without incorporating local context. Understanding sanitation systems' abilities to address differen...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Ian Parsons;
    Publisher: Mineralogical Society

    SummaryVariations in the value of 2θ131 – 2θ13̄1 of two anorthoclase feldspars of compositions Ab95Or5 and Ab90Or10 were investigated by hydrothermal crystallization of gels for long periods in the temperature range 500–950 °C, at water vapour pressures up to 15 000 lb/...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Venkatraman, Ravi Kumar; Orr-Ewing, Andrew J.;
    Country: United Kingdom

    A long-standing ambition of photochemists is to excite species selectively in a complex liquid solution and in turn instigate a controlled chemical reaction. Benzophenone (Bzp) has been studied over six decades as a model system for understanding the photophysics and ph...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Jeremy Alexander Davis; Maurizio Boscardin; Michele Crivellari; Livio Fanò; Matthew Large; Mauro Menichelli; Arianna Morozzi; Francesco Moscatelli; Francesco Moscatelli; Maria Movileanu-Ionica; +11 more
    Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
    Country: Switzerland

    There is currently a renewed interest in hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) for use in particle detection applications. Whilst this material has been comprehensively investigated from a numerical perspective within the context of photovoltaic and imaging applicatio...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Faheem,; Du, Jiangkun; Bao, Jianguo; Hassan, Muhammad Azher; Irshad, Sana; Talib, Muhammad Afnan; Zheng, Han;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    The presence of phosphorus in water is a major cause behind the eutrophication of the aquatic environment. The growing trend focuses on the use of agriculture waste to fabricate biosorbents with higher removal capabilities for phosphate present in wastewater. Herein, a ...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Jie Zhou; Fengling Guo; Jiaping Fu; Ying Xiao; Jinping Wu;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    ‘Fengtou’ ginger is a high quality ginger (Zingiber Officinale Roscoe) cultivar only planted in Laifeng County, Enshi, Huhei, China, and is a National Product of Geographical Indication originated. ‘Fengtou’ ginger yield is low compared with most ginger. Therefore, it i...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Kanda, Shinji; Shimizu, Yasuo; Ohno, Yutaka; Shirasaki, Kenji; Nagai, Yasuyoshi; Kasu, Makoto; Shigekawa, Naoteru; Liang, Jianbo;
    Publisher: IOP publishing

    Direct bonding of diamond and Cu was successfully fabricated by surface activated bonding (SAB) method at room temperature. The interfacial structure of the diamond/Cu bonding interface was investigated by transmission electron microscope (TEM) and electron energy-loss ...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Yu-Chung Tsao; Chia-Hsin Hung; Thuy-Linh Vu;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    Given the diversity of styles and sizes in apparel, marker planning which aims to arrange and move all the pattern parts of garments onto a long thin paper before the cutting process is a very important process for the apparel industry. In order to decrease the wastage ...

  • Publication . Article . Other literature type . 2019
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Butler, Nathaniel;
    Publisher: American Society of Plant Biologists (ASPB)

    Western cultivated carrot ( Daucus carota ssp. sativus ) is broadly known for its orange pigmentation and accumulation of carotenoids, known as the carotene group (var sativus ). However, the eastern wild carrot (ssp. carota ) originating from southwestern Asia over a c...

  • Open Access English
    Authors: 
    Hsiao-Yi Chen; Davide Sangalli; Marco Bernardi;
    Country: United States
    Project: EC | NFFA-Europe (654360), EC | MaX (824143)

    Electron-phonon ($e$-ph) interactions are key to understanding the dynamics of electrons in materials, and can be modeled accurately from first-principles. However, when electrons and holes form Coulomb-bound states (excitons), quantifying their interactions and scatter...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Hayami, Ryohei; Nakamoto, Wataru; Sato, Yohei; Yamamoto, Kazuki; Gunji, Takahiro;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    Organic–inorganic hybrid films were prepared by transalkoxylation of poly(bisphenol A-co-epichlorohydrin) (PBE) and titanium phosphonate clusters, such as [Ti4(μ3-O)(OiPr)5(μ-OiPr)3 (O3PPh)3]·thf (Ti4P3), [Ti(OiPr)(acac)(O3PPh)]4 (Ti4P4; acac = acetylacetonato), and Ti7...

  • Publication . Preprint . Article . 2019
    Open Access
    Authors: 
    Sarah Dean; Horia Mania; Nikolai Matni; Benjamin Recht; Stephen Tu;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC
    Country: United States
    Project: NSF | CAREER: Efficient Atomic ... (1359814)

    This paper addresses the optimal control problem known as the Linear Quadratic Regulator in the case when the dynamics are unknown. We propose a multi-stage procedure, called Coarse-ID control, that estimates a model from a few experimental trials, estimates the error i...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    J. B. Allen; T. Deans;
    Publisher: Mineralogical Society

    SummaryA detrital assemblage of magnesian ilmenite, pyrope, chrome-diopside, rutile, and zircon has been traced to outcropping ultrabasic alkaline rocks, hitherto unknown in the Melanesian region. Analyses and descriptions of these ‘kimberlite indicator minerals’ are gi...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Sebkhi, Nordine; Sahadat, Nazmus; Hersek, Sinan; Bhavsar, Arpan; Siahpoushan, Shayan; Ghoovanloo, Maysam; Inan, Omer T.;
    Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

    Permanent magnet localization (PML) is a nascent method of wireless motion tracking that can estimate the 5D state (3D position and 2D orientation) of a cylindrical magnet from its magnetic field. PML is well suited for applications where a wireless tracking is crucial,...

  • Open Access
    Authors: 
    Claire Evans; Sara Pollock; Leo G. Rebholz; Mengying Xiao;
    Publisher: Society for Industrial & Applied Mathematics (SIAM)

    This paper provides theoretical justification that Anderson acceleration (AA) improves the convergence rate of contractive fixed-point iterations in the vicinity of a fixed-point. AA has been used ...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Montanari, Arthur N.; Freitas, Leandro; Torres, Leonardo A. B.; Aguirre, Luis A.;
    Publisher: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

    Recent works aim to establish necessary and sufficient conditions to guarantee phase synchronization between clusters of oscillators, usually assuming knowledge of the intra-cluster connections, that is, connections among oscillators of the same cluster. In this context...

  • Authors: 
    Tieyang Wang; Kaifang Chen; Tao Tang; Huarong Gong; Jinjun Feng;
    Publisher: IEEE

    A cavity cascade model is presented for the large signal beam-interaction analysis of folded waveguide (FWG) traveling wave tube (TWT). We use an equivalent circuit to describe the FWG and the parameters of the circuit are provided. A large signal simulation code was bu...

  • Closed Access
    Authors: 
    Lou, Jinxiu; Wang, Wei; Zhu, Lizhong;
    Publisher: American Chemical Society (ACS)

    Halobenzoquinones (HBQs) are frequently detected disinfection byproducts (DBPs) in drinking water with high toxicity and relevance to public health. In this study, we characterized the occurrence, formation, and oxidative stress of the HBQs in tea. 2,6-DCBQ and TetraC-1...